Adult Siamese cats – Guidelines for raising Siamese cats

       Cat’s paw is a tool for cat to catch mice, climb and defend itself. If the owner keeps a cat to catch mice, of course, he can’t trim his feet. If the owner keeps a cat as a companion animal, he should often trim the cat’s paws to avoid scratching people, damaging clothes, furniture, floors, etc. Trim feet should start from a small age, once a month or so. The specific methods are as follows:

       Hold the Siamese cat in your arms, hold one of the cat’s feet with your left hand, squeeze it slightly with your thumb, index finger and middle finger, and then you can stretch out your paws. Then hold the nail knife with the right hand, carefully cut off the transparent part of the front end of the claw, and then use the small file on the nail knife to polish the claw. When pruning, don’t cut too much to avoid hurting Siamese cat’s feet. Then cut and polish the other claws in turn.

       Bathing Siamese cats can not only keep cats clean and beautiful, but also remove some parasites on their body surface, promote blood circulation and metabolism, and play a role in disease prevention and fitness. It’s better to cultivate the habit of bathing from an early age, and then to bathe cats when they are adults. Cats will be very reluctant.

       Before taking a bath, you should prepare the utensils for bathing, such as bathtub, bath towel, detergent, comb (preferably one is sparse and the other is dense), brush, etc.

       When bathing, the water temperature should not be too low or too high, so as not to scald the hands; the detergent used should not be too irritating, so as not to irritate the skin; the fur of the long haired cat should be combed before bathing to prevent tangle; the action of bathing should be quick, and the hair should be washed in a short time as soon as possible; after washing, the hair should be dried with bath towel immediately, and the towel can not make the hair completely dry, so blowing can be used When the air temperature is low, it is better to cover the special towel quilt or other warm keeping articles to prevent cold.

       The tongue of Siamese cat is rough, with special barbed tongue. It looks like a comb. Siamese cat often uses the method of tongue licking to comb its fur. The parts that can’t be licked, such as head, shoulder, back and neck, should be combed with claws. Even so, it’s best to groom the cat once a day. Because the cat will depilate all the year round, especially in spring and autumn, when the cat combs, it will swallow the hair into the stomach and form a hair ball in the stomach over time. If it can’t be vomited out, and can’t be discharged through the intestinal tract in time, it will form the hair ball blocking, affecting appetite and even life-threatening.

       When carding, carding should be done not only along the hair, but also against the wool. When combing, Siamese cats can first wet their hair with water, and then rub it to make the coat stand up for easy carding. If the fur of a long haired cat is tangled or stuck together, it can be opened with the tip of a finger or combed slowly and carefully with a thin toothed comb. If the felt has been rolled, you can use scissors to cut the felt into thin strips along the growth direction of the wool, and then comb it with a comb. If the rolling felt is serious, the coat can be cut off to make it grow again.

       The eyes of healthy Siamese cats are bright and vivid. When Siamese cats are ill or in poor health, they are afraid of seeing light and shed tears. Some cat species, the nasolacrimal duct is easy to block and tear. Cat tears too much, in the nasal corner of the eye is often accompanied with eye droppings, can be dipped in cotton wool 2% boric acid solution, gently wipe off.

       Siamese cat ear care, mainly to remove wax. The method is: disinfect the external auditory canal with 75% alcohol cotton ball, dip olive oil or edible vegetable oil with cotton stick, soak the dry earwax, and take out the earwax carefully with tweezers after it softens. Do not break the mucous membrane of ear canal to prevent infection and suppuration. Once the cat’s external auditory canal is infected and suppurated, it can be gently scrubbed with cotton stick dipped in hydrogen peroxide, and repeatedly scrubbed until there is no pus on the extracted cotton stick, and then the hydrogen peroxide in the ear canal will be dried with absorbent cotton. Scrub several times, the infection can be cured. If the cat’s earwax is too much and the cat shakes its head to scratch its ear, it should be treated by a veterinarian in time.

       Conservation and management of kittens

       Two to five months old kittens are in growth. More calories are necessary for fast growing kittens. A cat weighing 1 kg at 3-4 months after birth needs 130-250 calories per day, 100 calories after six months, and 80 calories for adult cats. In terms of nutrients, cats are basically carnivores, so they need more animal protein. In addition, if calcium intake is insufficient, it will lead to incomplete growth of bones, teeth and claws; when taurine is insufficient, it will cause blindness or heart muscle disease; when vitamin A is insufficient, it will also cause visual impairment or deterioration of skin condition. Therefore, we should consider giving more of these nutrients. The calcium requirement of young cats is 40% higher than that of adult cats.

       Because the development of young cats needs these kinds of nutrients, if you only feed cat meat, there will be malnutrition, but if you give the cat too much vitamin, it will cause poisoning symptoms. In the past, many cats were fed with leftovers, but at that time, cats could go out of the house to catch some small problems of insufficient nutrition.

       Today’s cats are kept indoors, so cat owners should pay special attention to nutrition. If there is no correct nutrition related knowledge, it is better not to do the cat’s food by themselves. It is a good way to make the cat healthy and grow by feeding the cat feed produced by the factory. It is suggested that cat owners should choose different feeds to feed their cats according to their life cycle (infancy, adulthood, pregnancy, etc.).

       Finally, it should be noted that although young people eat a lot at the developmental stage, they basically control the amount of food they eat. For kittens, as long as they are willing to eat, it doesn’t matter how many meals they feed a day. There is no need to limit the number of times a day.

       Geriatric care

       In old age, old cats will lose their hearing, and some cats will gradually lose their hearing. The skin appears thin and dry. The hair is severely depilated. The body becomes weak and the muscles atrophy. The fluid between the joints begins to dry out, causing inflammation and discomfort. The lens of the eyeball became turbid and slightly gray blue. The fur around the mouth, nose and ear turns white or yellow. Attention should be paid to the regular care of elderly cats and improvement of living conditions. Joint pain is a common disease of elderly pets. If it can’t exercise regularly, you can gently massage muscles or move joints of limbs for it when it is resting. Regular deworming

       Because some intestinal parasites (such as Ascaris lumbricoides) are ingested or transmitted by other organisms (such as fleas, mosquitoes, etc.), and the kittens in the same nest like to lick each other, so the young cats must be treated regularly. Adult cats can’t help but contact the secretions or excreta left by other dogs on the grass with their tongue when they make social guidance and go to meet friends by smell. In this way, they will be infected with parasites. Therefore, adult cats should be treated regularly.

       The common internal parasites include Ascaris lumbricoides, tapeworms, coccidia, hookworm, trichomonas, Giardia, scorchera and heartworm, etc. the external parasites are mainly Demodex, scabies, urticaria, fleas and lice.

       It is suggested that you should stop the parasite’s disturbance to the growth and development of kittens from the age of 10 weeks and prevent the occurrence of parasitic enteritis. The choice of anthelmintic should be very scientific. It is not exactly the same as human’s anthelmintic, and the dosage is not the same. Therefore, you should choose a regular pet hospital. Don’t let “quack doctor” affect the baby’s health.

       Sarcoptes cat ear acariasis: scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by Sarcoptes scabies. The sick cats have severe itching and eczema like changes. There is a highly infectious ear mite disease in cats, which is caused by ear mites and is one of scabies.

       Symptoms and diagnosis: the disease is a contact infectious parasitic disease, so contact with sick cats, or sharing of combing and bathing tools between sick cats and healthy cats, as well as cross contact of breeders are the causes of the disease.

       Scabies mainly occurs in the head (bridge of the nose, orbit, auricle and root of the ear), sometimes it can also occur in the chest, under the abdomen, armpit, the inner thigh and the root of the tail, etc. when serious, it can affect the whole body. The cat is itchy and restless, scratching the affected part with the forelimb, biting the affected part with the mouth or rubbing the affected part on the surrounding objects. The affected part showed flushing, with rash, small nodules, subcutaneous thickening, formation of scales, often lack of hair. Severe scratching and biting can cause local infection, suppuration, otitis externa and local bleeding. Acariasis caused by ear mites or small ear mites, first occurs in the ear, with severe itching. The affected cat constantly shakes its ear and shakes its head. The ear is often scratched and bleeding, and is infected with purulent mites, forming abscess type acariasis. In order to distinguish from alopecia and other diseases, it is better to scrape the skin scraps at the junction of the diseased and healthy parts of the cat, dissolve them with 10% caustic soda solution, and then observe the scabies under a low power microscope.

       The characteristics of the mite and the spread of the disease: the body of scabies is nearly round or oval, the back is convex, milky white or light yellow. The size of female mite was 0.3-0.5 ¡Á 0.25-0.4mm, and that of male was 0.2-0.3 ¡Á 0.15-0.2mm. The jaw body is short and located at the front end; the claws are pincerlike with small teeth at the tip, which are suitable for biting the cuticle of host skin. The whiskers are divided into three segments. No eyes and valves. On the back of the body, there are transverse wavy striations and rows of scaly spines. There are several pairs of rod-shaped setae and long bristles in the posterior half of the body. The abdomen is smooth with only a few setae and 4 pairs of feet. The foot is short and thick, divided into 5 segments, showing a conical shape. The distance between the first two pairs of feet and the last two pairs of feet is larger, and there are horny processes at the base of the feet. The end of the first two pairs of feet of female mite have long handle claw pad, called ambulacra, which is the sensitive part of sense; the end of the last two pairs of feet is different between male and female, and the female has long setae, while the fourth pair of feet of male has suction pad. The ovipositing foramen of female mites are located in the front of the last two pairs of feet, showing a transverse fissure shape; the outer part of male mites is located slightly behind the fourth pair of feet. Both of them are located in the center of the posterior edge of the body.

       treatment

       It is one of the most important preventive measures to keep the environment clean and utensils clean. Cats should not be allowed to go out at will, and the sick cats should be isolated and treated in time. It is necessary to comb and bathe cats on time, disinfect cat houses and cat utensils regularly, strengthen feeding management, and enhance cats’ physique and disease resistance. First of all, the affected part of the sick cat and its surrounding areas should be thoroughly sheared, soaked and washed with warm soapy water to remove dirt and scab. Then, 0.5% aqueous solution or ointment should be applied locally. When rubbing, the drug should penetrate into the skin. Repeat once every 5-7 days. Generally, it can be cured after 2-3 times. However, the surface area of animals should not be smeared more than 1 / 3 each time to prevent poisoning. 0.1% phoxim emulsion, 0.1% dimethacrylate solution and Mieshaling were effective. Siamese cats are elegant and lovely. How many owners can resist the temptation in their hearts and not touch and hold them? However, if you don’t have the right way to cuddle, you are vulnerable to Siamese cats. Siamese cats don’t want your cuddle or your cuddle is uncomfortable. They will run away or scratch you and then run away. How to hold Siamese cats correctly?

       first. Before holding Siamese cat, don’t suddenly reach out to catch it. The best way is to gently approach it before cuddling, and then gently stroke the cat to relax its vigilance, so that it feels very comfortable and safe.

       Second. After gently holding the Siamese cat and holding up the whole body, your hands should be in the shape of a cradle, so that the cat can lie comfortably in your arms.

       Third. In the process of cuddling, the Siamese cat’s paw should be placed in its own arms, and then the latter half of the body of the Siamese cat should be held firmly.

       Fourth. You can also put the relaxed Siamese cat’s paw on his shoulder, and then hold up the latter part of his body and hold it steadily. The most important thing is to make the Siamese cat comfortable and not resist. Most Siamese cats are happy to be held, but they don’t like to hold them too long. Once they are cuddled for a long time, they will feel uncomfortable and run away.

       [edit paragraph] species names

       Species name: Siamese cat

       English Name: Siamese

       Siamese cat, also known as Ximu cat and Thai cat, is a world-famous short haired cat, and also a representative breed of short hair cat.

       Ethnic history Siamese cat originated in Thailand (so called Siam). More than 200 years ago, this precious cat was only raised in Thailand’s palaces and monasteries. It was a nobleman who stayed at home. In 1884, when the British Consul in Bangkok left office, he brought the Siamese cat, one of the gifts of the kingdom of Thailand, back to England. It was immediately valued by many cat lovers in Britain. The following year, the cat appeared at the Crystal Palace cat exhibition outside London, causing shock. In 1920, it was introduced to the United States, and later spread all over the world. It was welcomed by cat lovers all over the world.

       According to relevant records, the history of keeping Siamese cats in the Royal Palace of Thailand can be traced back to the period of King Rama v. since then, Siamese cats have settled down in the palace, and people in the court have raised them as carefully as princes and princesses. They are so Jeweled that even the bowls for drinking and eating are either gold or silver. They live in luxurious rooms equipped with air conditioning, and three meals a day are cooked by a special cook. Even when Thailand is in financial crisis and the economy is in a serious downturn, Siamese cats in the court still live a happy and carefree life.

       Life habits

       Siamese cat is strong and active, witty and flexible, curious and understanding. Siamese cats like to walk with people and can walk with their belts. It needs the master’s constant caress and care, loyal to the master, deep feelings, if forced to separate from the master, may die of depression. Siamese cats are very smart, and can quickly learn somersault and toss back. The call of Siamese cat is unique. It seems to be talking with people or crying with children, and the sound is very loud. Combined with the above characteristics, Siamese cat is known as “cat like a dog”.

       [edit this paragraph] shape features

       The head is slender and wedge-shaped. The skull is flat and straight from the top of the head to the tip of the nose when viewed from the side. The face is sharp and V-shaped, and the muzzle is sharp, forming a V-shape from the tip of the muzzle to the tip of the ear. The bridge of the nose is high and straight. It is an equilateral triangle from the nose to the ear tip. The cheek is thin and the teeth are scissors bite. The ears are large, with a broad base and sharp, erect ears. Eyes of moderate size, almond shaped, dark blue or light green color. The elongated line from the inner corner of the eye to the tip of the eye forms a V shape with the tip of the ear. The eyes are slightly convex. The tail is long and thin, and the tip of the tail is slightly curly. The length is equal to the hind limbs. It has good flexibility, muscular development, slim body, sharp sharp corners and long legs. The palms are small and oval. The tail is long and beautiful, with a sharp end.

       Body type: medium size, slender and slim. It has fine bones and strong muscles. Long neck, long body and slender tail. The abdomen is compact but not upturned. The buttocks are strong and shoulder width. The limbs are slender and coordinated. The forelegs are slightly shorter than the hind legs.

       Coat color: body hair is uniform and monochromatic, but seal spots are allowed. There is a little shadow on the blue spots. The color of body hair should be obviously contrasted with spot color. All the characteristic spots (nose, limbs, ears, tail) are the same color, and there should be no mixed hair color and white in the spots. The spot color of feature parts should be the following four kinds: Seal color spot: body is beige color. The face, ears, lower half of legs, feet and back are all seal colors. Blue spot: the body is beige. The face, ears, feet and tail are blue gray. Chocolate spots: Ivory body, face, ears, legs, feet, tail for chocolate color. Lilac spots (LILAC spots): white and pinkish gray on the body. The face, ears, legs and tail are lavender.

       Classification of varieties

       Seal accent

       The traditional color of Siamese cat first appeared in Europe in 1880’s. The capillaries are short and smooth, close to the body, and are precocious, but they can only be born when they are older.

       Blue accent

       One of the traditional Siamese cats has been one of the most popular breeds since the 1930s. It is said to be the most tender and affectionate of Siamese cats.

       Chocolate key color

       It was developed from the early Siamese cat with seal color, but was allowed to show in 1950. Kittens are almost pure white, and only when they are about one year old can they completely grow chocolate spots. The developed kittens tend to have darker color in adulthood.

       Lavender accent

       It first appeared in an exhibition in England in 1896, when it was eliminated because the key color was “not blue enough”. It is one of the four typical Siamese cats.

       Red accent

       Originally known as “orange focus”, it was first exhibited in Britain in 1934. It was disputed because of its different fur color from traditional Siamese cats. This kind of cat is produced by mating with the red spotted Persian cat.

       Cream key color

       Like the red key color, they are new varieties of fine color, also known as “cheese color key color” in foreign countries.

       Seal hawksbill

       This kind of cat had deep tattoos in its early days, but now it has been basically eliminated. It has a close relationship with the red key color. The voice of Siamese cat is louder than other Siamese cats. It is a natural loud voice.

       Blue hawksbill

       Hawksbill pattern is derived from hawksbill short haired cat. After screening, it retains the body characteristics of Siamese cat. Like other hawksbill turtles, there are almost only female cats.

       Chocolate tortoise shell

       In North America, some of them think that they are short haired cats with key colors, while in Britain, they are included in Siamese cats. All of them have been approved.

       Red tiger spot

       When Siamese cats were introduced into Europe, it was known that this breed had a variety of tiger spot key colors. In 1902, there was a description of the first Siamese cat with tiger spot key color, but it was not famous until recently. They were known as “shadow key color Siamese cat” in the early stage, and later called “Bobcat key color Siamese cat”. It was only in 1966 that Britain officially called “Siamese cat with red tiger spot”.

       The guardian of the temple

       There are many legends about Siamese cats in the world. One of them is that a Siamese princess was afraid of losing her ring when she was bathing in a stream. She wanted to find a safe place to put the ring away. When she was looking left and right, she found that her favorite cat raised its tail, so the princess put the ring on its tail. Since then, the tail of all Siamese cats has always been high, some people say it is used to set the princess’s ring. Of course, it’s just a legend. No one will believe it. But one thing is recognized by the Thai people, that is, Siamese cats have the highest soul life, so in Thailand, they are often regarded as the guardian God of the temple.

       It is said that in Thailand a long time ago, there were countless ancient artifacts in ancient mysterious temples. There were always two Siamese cats watching day and night, and no one was allowed to approach except the priest and the king. Only when the mother Siamese cats give birth, they leave the temple for a day, so as not to stain the sanctity of the temple.

       Until one day, the strange spirit took advantage of the male Siamese cat to take care of the Siamese cat who was about to give birth, and stole a precious artifact. The spirit declares that this is a test for the kingdom. Only noble, loyal and beautiful life can retrieve this artifact, otherwise the world will lose this ancient artifact forever. Therefore, the king sent many people who thought they were qualified to look for this treasure from the forest, but they all failed. When the whole kingdom was in great distress, the priest recommended the temple keeper Siamese cat for this arduous task.

       Two Siamese cats lived up to expectations and found artifacts in the ever-changing spirit forest. In order to bring the artifact back to the temple, the male cat returns to the temple to inform the priest, while the female cat stays in the forest to guard the artifact. After the male cat left, the female cat sat between the clumps of branches and leaves. In order to protect the artifact intact, it bent her tail and wrapped the artifact around its tail.

       Four nights later, when the male returned to the mother, he found himself the father of five lovely babies. But the female cat who gave birth to her baby still did not forget her duty of guarding, and kept her tail around the artifact, so that the end of its tail has been curved ever since. And interestingly, the tails of its five babies are also covered. Due to the great achievements of Siamese cats, they are closely protected to ensure the purity of their bloodlines.

       The most expensive pet

       Most loving women are fond of small animals such as cats and dogs, and the preference for pets often reflects the heroine’s personality and characteristics. There was once a lovely deer carrying Audrey Hepburn’s endless love, perhaps because Hepburn’s gentle nature is the same. Vivien Li also has a great love for small animals. She and Oliver’s nest, the villa notley, even feed swans. But Vivien Li’s favorite animal is a Siamese cat with her own grace and intelligence. Vivien Leigh is often referred to as “the cat like woman” because of her elegant, lovely, noble and mysterious charm. Scarlett in gone with the wind is often regarded as a copy of Vivien Leigh herself, while in the original, the author Margaret. Mitchell used cat to describe Scarlett countless times. Maybe Vivien Li and cat’s fate is the fate of fate.

       The Siamese cat, known as the “Prince of cats”, is probably the most extroverted of cats. Its temperament is unpredictable, strong personality and curiosity. It’s not quiet. If you’re looking for a straight cat, Siamese is your best choice. It is very sensitive and emotional, like to be accompanied, do not like loneliness, can not tolerate indifference. If it is treated coldly, it will become depressed. It is a “big mouth”, often hoarse and loud harassment of the host, followed the host everywhere, hoping to get attention. Its feelings are very specific, with a strong possessive desire, emotional disclosure, and even jealousy. He likes to socialize and play with children, but he doesn’t like to be with other cats. Siamese cats are sensitive to the cold and like comfortable apartment life. In Thailand, they are often dressed in jewels, even drinking water and eating late are gold or silver. They live in luxury rooms with air conditioning, and three meals a day are served by special people. Even when Thailand is in financial crisis and the economy is in a serious downturn, Siamese cats in the court still live a happy and carefree life. Nandivetta, who has been caring for Siamese cats in Thailand’s royal palace for many years, said: “these cats have noble blood and are the king’s favorite. We treat them kindly out of respect for the past, and we will continue to do so. I believe that the Siamese cat will not disappear even if the elephant disappears from the earth in the future

       Lifespan of Siamese cats

       In general, mixed breed cats live longer than purebred cats, with the exception of Siamese cats and jinjila cats (Siamese cats live longer than purebred cats, but jinjila cats live shorter). The life span of the sterilized cat is longer than that of the fat cat, and the cat fed with balanced diet or canned food will live longer than that fed with leftovers.

       However, clinical studies have shown that no matter how fast or slow the aging of cats is, organ functions will begin to change significantly when cats are over 6 years old. Many diseases that are prone to occur in old cats mostly occur after the age of 6. Just as humans will enter the sunset, pets will change from Naughty and cute little ones to slow-moving elders. Like people, old pets like to live a comfortable life. They should not be forced to do things they don’t like. They should have compassion for their behavior.

       In old age, old cats will lose their hearing, and some cats will gradually lose their hearing. The skin appears thin and dry. The hair is severely depilated. The body becomes weak and the muscles atrophy. The fluid between the joints begins to dry out, causing inflammation and discomfort. The lens of the eyeball became turbid and slightly gray blue. The fur around the mouth, nose and ear turns white or yellow. Attention should be paid to the regular care of elderly cats and improvement of living conditions.

       1. Feeding: changes in the amount of exercise will change the digestion and absorption capacity of the intestine, as well as the filtration and detoxification functions of the liver and kidney. We should pay more attention to the hardness of the food suitable for cats, and appropriately supplement calcium, iron, vitamins and other trace elements, and change the food of different tastes;

       Note: do not eat food that is not easy to digest and ensure water supply.

       2. Brushing teeth: if possible, brush your favorite teeth to reduce bacterial invasion caused by gingival inflammation;

       3. Eye care: often use wet cotton to remove excess mucus and clean the skin around the eyes;

       4. Ear care: check the inner ear canal regularly;

       5. Joint care: joint pain is a common disease of elderly pets. If it can’t exercise regularly, you can gently massage muscles or move limbs and joints for it when it is resting.

       Correct nursing methods for Siamese cats

       Cat’s paw is a tool for cat to catch mice, climb and defend itself. If the owner keeps a cat to catch mice, of course, he can’t trim his feet. If the owner keeps a cat as a companion animal, he should often trim the cat’s paws to avoid scratching people, damaging clothes, furniture, floors, etc. Trim feet should start from a small age, once a month or so. The specific methods are as follows:

       Hold the Siamese cat in your arms, hold one of the cat’s feet with your left hand, squeeze it slightly with your thumb, index finger and middle finger, and then you can stretch out your paws. Carefully cut off the transparent part of the front end of the claw with the right hand holding the nail knife, and then use the small file on the nail knife to polish the claw. When pruning, don’t cut too much to avoid hurting Siamese cat’s feet. Then cut and polish the other claws in turn.

       Bathing Siamese cats can not only keep the cats clean and beautiful, but also remove some parasites on the body surface, promote blood circulation and metabolism, and play a role in disease prevention and fitness. It’s better to cultivate the habit of bathing from an early age, and then to bathe cats when they are adults. Cats will be very reluctant.

       Before taking a bath, you should prepare the utensils for bathing, such as bathtub, bath towel, detergent, comb (preferably one is sparse and the other is dense), brush, etc.

       When bathing, the water temperature should not be too low or too high, so as not to scald the hands; the detergent used should not be too irritating, so as not to stimulate the skin; the fur of long haired cats should be combed before bathing to prevent entanglement; the bathing action should be rapid, and the hair should be washed in a short time as far as possible; after washing, the hair should be wiped dry with bath towel immediately. When the temperature is low, it is best to cover with a special towel Or other warm products to prevent colds.

       The tongue of Siamese cat is rough, with special barbed tongue. It looks like a comb. Siamese cat often uses the method of tongue licking to comb its fur. The parts that can’t be