Can dogs eat onions

       Onion belongs to Liliaceae and Allium, which originated from southwest Asia. It was cultivated in China in the early 20th century. It is harmless to human beings, but it is easy to cause poisoning after being eaten by dogs. The case of onion poisoning in dogs was first reported in China in 1998. The dose of onion poisoning in dogs recorded in domestic literature was 15-20 g / kg body weight. With the rise of the pet industry, the number of domestic dogs increased sharply, onion poisoning cases increased gradually. Onion contains a toxic component, n-propyl disulfide, which can oxidize hemoglobin into Heinz corpuscles after feeding. The reticuloendothelial system phagocytizes a large number of red blood cells containing Heinz bodies, thus causing acute hemolytic anemia and damage. Due to the heat resistance of the harmful components of onion, people put the unfinished onion and its soup into rice to feed dogs, which caused poisoning.

       Sick dogs are depressed and lose their appetite

       Case introduction

       The sick dog was a female Teddy, 2 years old, weighing about 5 kg. Recently, the dog’s spirit is depressed, appetite decreased, excretion of obvious red urine, feces are basically normal. After consultation, the chief complaint was unknown. Clinical examination showed that the diseased dogs had pale mucosa, pale gums, rapid breathing and heartbeat, and normal temperature of 38 ¡æ. According to the general condition of the sick dog, the blood routine test was carried out. The red blood cell number was 4.9 ¡Á 1012 / L, which was significantly reduced, and the white blood cell number was 18.3 ¡Á 109 / L, which was significantly increased. Moreover, the blood was thin and the blood coagulation time was prolonged. Anemia was initially diagnosed. Combined with the detailed consultation after the disease, the owner recalled that he had fed his dog fried eggs with onion before the onset of the disease, and then appeared the above symptoms.

       Dog blood test results

       Diagnosis and treatment process

       According to the typical clinical symptoms (hemoglobinuria), combined with blood routine examination, blood biochemistry and urine test, onion poisoning can be diagnosed. According to the condition, take comprehensive treatment.

       First of all, stop feeding onion containing food: and accelerate the excretion of poison, intramuscular injection of furosemide, 2mg / kg body weight, once a day;

       Secondly, liver protection therapy: 10% glucose injection * * 100 ml, vitamin C 4 ml, adenosine triphosphate 2 ml, coenzyme a 100000 units, Inosine Injection * * 2 ml, liver Tai Le (main ingredients: gentian, Plantago seed, bupleurum, angelica, etc.) 4 ml, mix well, intravenous drip;

       

       After the above measures, the dog’s condition was effectively controlled. After 4 days of treatment, the color of urine returned to normal, diet and spirit gradually improved, and the condition was greatly improved. One week later, the dogs recovered and their diet was normal.

       In the treatment of the dog, the condition is obviously improved

       Diagnosis and treatment experience

       In clinical diagnosis, according to the history of eating onion and typical clinical symptoms (hemoglobinuria), the disease can be basically diagnosed. If necessary, it can be combined with routine examination, blood biochemistry and urine examination for diagnosis. Comprehensive treatment should be adopted in clinical treatment of onion poisoning in dogs. First of all, diuretics can promote the excretion of denatured hemoglobin in the body. And pay attention to the protection and treatment of liver, for the sick dogs with severe anemia, blood transfusion should be timely to improve the curative effect.

       Because of its special stimulation and rich nutrition, especially rich in vitamin C, onion is deeply loved by people and is harmless to human beings. However, animals such as dogs and cats can cause poisoning after eating. This substance is not easy to be damaged by heating, baking and other factors, so whether raw onion, cooked onion, or dried, sun dried, crushed onion, can cause dog poisoning. In addition, onion and onion powder are often used as seasoning agent to add to feed, pet will have anemia, hemoglobinuria and so on. If pet is fed with such food for a long time, mild anemia and jaundice are often formed, and polychromatic red blood cells and a large number of Heinz’s corpuscles increase. Therefore, the owners of dogs must pay more attention when feeding dogs, do not feed onion, chocolate and other harmful food to the dog, otherwise the consequences are unimaginable.

       Pets can’t eat onions, garlic and ginger.. It can cause poisoning and other phenomena..

       If the dog eats “excessive” (more than 40 grains) of garlic or

       Toxic dose: 1-2 small pieces of onion a week is enough to damage the operation of red blood cells, affect the amount of oxygen, and thus unable to provide the body with enough oxygen.

       Poisoning symptoms: weight loss, fatigue, laziness, frequent wheezing, depression, rapid pulse, weakness, and membranous secretion on gingiva and mouth.

       What dogs can’t eat is chocolate.. It can also cause poisoning..

       Dogs

       Onion and spicy copy pepper, pepper, pepper, green onion, garlic and other stimulating food are not suitable for dogs. Because these foods will stimulate the dog’s gastrointestinal tract, not only cause inflammation, but also affect the dog’s sense of smell.

       Onion contains a toxic component, n-propyl disulfide, which can oxidize hemoglobin into Heinz’s corpuscles after eating by dogs. The reticuloendothelial system phagocytizes a large number of red blood cells containing Heinz’s body, thus causing acute hemolytic anemia and damage.

       Generally, dogs weighing 15-25 kg can have severe anemia within 7-8 days after eating a medium-sized onion. In 1-2 days after eating, red or dark red hemoglobinuria was excreted, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, palpitation, splenomegaly and other symptoms were observed. Long term feeding a small amount of onion can cause chronic poisoning, showing yellow gangrene and anemia.

       Onion poisoning dog, light stop feeding onion can recover naturally. Patients with severe hemolysis should be given glucose and Ringer’s solution. At the same time, cardiac stimulants such as sodium and diuretics (furosemide) should be given. If necessary, blood transfusion should be carried out.

       When we are eating, dogs will stare at the food in our mouth and hands. Their eyes are always full of hunger and thirst. The owner in the eyes can’t bear to sneak one or two pieces of food for the dog to eat. Seeing the dog’s happy appearance, he can’t give more food.

       In addition, some owners still keep the idea of keeping dogs in the ancient times. They think that dogs can eat what people can eat. However, the physiological structure and metabolism of people and dogs are different, and the relative nutritional requirements are also different. Therefore, some food can be fatal to dogs, so the “food” of dogs can not be ignored!

       Standing on the nutritional needs of dogs, the food cooked by human beings is too greasy and too salty. Dogs who eat human food for a long time are likely to be overweight. Obesity is the fuse of many diseases, such as heart disease, pancreatic disease and even skin. Therefore, love but not the key. Simply feeding dogs dry feed is the best master of love.

       However, no matter how regular the owners are to feed their dogs with dry feed, some quaint dogs will still steal food by turning over the garbage can or jumping onto the dining table to steal food. Therefore, the following forbidden foods should be placed carefully:

       1) Chocolate – Gee, there must be a lot of people wondering about the danger of chocolate! Chocolate is a fatal attraction to dogs. This is because the * caffeine and theobromine contained in chocolate have a serious impact on the dog’s heart and central nervous system, but some iron toothed owners will say that my dog has eaten chocolate, but it’s OK! That’s because you don’t have a dangerous dose. Usually a chocolate bar sold on the market can cause discomfort to the dog, ranging from diarrhea to vomiting, convulsions and even death. Moreover, the amount of chocolate the dog eats will accumulate in the body and it will take a long time to metabolize, So it may be OK to feed a chocolate today, but another chocolate the next day won’t be so lucky!

       2) Raw or undercooked meat – in the movie, fierce hunters cut off the meat of their prey and throw it directly to the dog, but these legends don’t tell you that raw meat contains Salmonella Salmonella and E.coli, which can cause gastrointestinal diseases in dogs.

       3) Expired food – some people will be reluctant to discard the expired food because it does not look moldy or smelly. However, these expired foods have potential risks. Maybe there are molds or other bacteria. It is very difficult to smell them by sight and nose. You should not throw them to dogs to solve the problem Food.

       4) Bones of chickens, ducks, geese, fish, cattle, pigs – most people know that chicken bones with small spines can not be fed to dogs, but they think that cattle and pigs’ bones can be chewed by dogs. This is a wrong idea, because these bones may be bitten into small pieces by dogs, and the small pieces will wear and even pierce the esophagus and gastrointestinal tract, or cause gastrointestinal obstruction Plug.

       5) I believe many people will give their dogs chicken skin or make them eat leftovers from their plates, but you may not know that eating greasy food often leads to pancreatitis, so don’t treat your dog as a rotten bucket because it’s too wasteful to discard leftovers.

       6) Salt – when a dog eats poison, someone will use salt water to induce vomiting. However, if a dog takes a teaspoon of salt per kilogram, it will be fatal. Therefore, if a dog accidentally eats any poison, he should send it to the doctor as soon as possible. Don’t take a small prescription and cause a disaster.

       7) Garlic and onions – if your dog stealthily eats garlic chicken (more than 40 grains of garlic) or a small bag of fried onion rings, it can cause anemia. This is because garlic and onion contain a lot of sulfide, which can damage the dog’s red blood cells. Even if you cook the garlic and onion, you still can’t remove the sulfide.

       In fact, it is not only these foods that dogs can’t eat. For example, if they often eat fruits, they will also have soft stools or diarrhea due to excessive intake of vitamin C and fiber, and even have functional abnormalities and stones when they are older.

       However, the above seven foods have a high risk to dogs, so people who have a dog baby at home must understand the severity. Although everyone loves to eat delicious food and hopes to share it with dogs, there are fatal dangers behind these tempting foods. Therefore, people who really love dogs must have the courage to refuse the temptation of all human food and say “no” for dogs if they want to live a long and healthy life Only simple feeding dog feed is the only way for dogs to be healthy.

       The total amount of all kinds of feed that the dog eats in a day and night is called the dog’s diet.

       Foreign dogs are mostly fed with commercial feed, which can be purchased from the market. This kind of feed is a full price feed prepared by scientific method. It has good palatability, comprehensive nutrition, easy digestion and absorption, and is very convenient to use.

       It is generally divided into three types: dry feed, semi wet feed and canned feed.

       (1) Dry feed has low water content, including granular, scaly, coarse powder and expanded feed. This kind of feed can be stored for a long time without refrigeration, and sufficient drinking water should be provided when feeding.

       (2) The moisture content of semi wet feed is between 20% and 30%. It is usually made into small cakes or granules. It is packaged in sealed bags. It has preservatives and does not need to be refrigerated. However, it should not be stored for a long time after being opened.

       (3) The moisture content of canned (wet type) feed is 74 ~ 78%. It is made into various kinds of canned dog food. It has complete nutrition and good palatability. It is the most popular dog feed.

       At present, only a few units in China produce commercial dog feed, most of which are self-made. It is easy to cause incomplete feed nutrition, loss of nutrients due to improper preparation method, or some diseases caused by partial feeding of dogs. In order to make the dog healthy and long, it is necessary to mix all kinds of feed in a certain proportion to make a more comprehensive diet.

       The best recipe for caring for dogs

       The following is a few simple dog diet formula, for reference only.

       ¡ª¡ªFormula 1: 400g meat, 400g Cereals, 100g vegetables, 5-15g salt. Cook these ingredients into food balls and feed them in batches.

       ¡ª¡ªFormula 2: 400g meat, 700g rice, wheat and vegetables, 10-20g salt.

       ¡ª¡ªFormula 3: rice 35%, corn flour 35%, sorghum flour 10%, soybean cake 10%, wheat bran 10%, salt 1%, bone meal 2%, fish meal 6%, meat 0.25 kg, vegetables 0.15 kg – Formula 4 meat 350 g, rice 250 g, pasta 300 g, vegetables 400 g, milk dregs 100 g, animal fat 10 g, fish liver oil 8 g, yeast 6 g, carrot 60 g, salt 10 g, bone meal 14 G.

       The following problems should be paid attention to when preparing ration

       First, nutrition should be comprehensive. According to the nutritional components of various feeds and the nutritional needs of dogs, they should be selected and reasonably matched. First of all, we should consider meeting the needs of protein, fat and carbohydrate, and then appropriately supplement vitamins and inorganic salts. First consider the quality, then consider the quantity.

       Second, we should not feed a single feed for a long time, so as to avoid anorexia. We should change the formula of the diet frequently and adjust the feeding.

       The third is to consider the digestibility of food. The food eaten into the body can not be fully digested, absorbed and utilized. For example, the digestibility of plant protein is 80%, and 20% is unusable. Therefore, the nutrients in the diet should be higher than those in the diet.

       Pet doctor: what don’t dogs eat

       The fourth is to pay attention to hygiene, silk materials to fresh, clean, easy to digest, moldy feed can not be used.

       The fifth is to pay attention to the proportion of heat in feed. High calorie in feed can make dog fat, affect the uniformity of dog body, and even cause anorexia.

       In addition, all kinds of feed should be processed before feeding in order to increase the palatability of feed, improve the appetite of dogs, improve the digestibility of feed, and prevent harmful substances from injuring dogs. Raw meat or viscera should be washed with water, chopped and cooked, then mixed with vegetables and boiled for a short time to make it a mixed vegetable soup.

       Vegetables should be washed thoroughly to remove sediment. Raw meat and lettuce should not be used to feed dogs to prevent parasitic diseases and infectious diseases, but it should not be cooked for a long time to avoid losing a lot of vitamins. Rice should not be watered many times to make full use of nutrients. Rice can be made into rice, flour into steamed bread, corn flour into cakes or Wotou, and then mixed with vegetable soup to feed. The bone can be directly fed to the dog to chew, or made into bone meal and mixed with other feed.

       1¡¢ Rice with egg and melon

       The raw materials needed are milk, eggs, cucumber, dried chicken, Meimao powder or calcium powder, etc.

       The method is: beat the eggs, add the milk, stir evenly, steam in the microwave oven for 3 minutes, make egg soup. Cut the cucumber and chicken into small pieces, wait for the egg soup to cool to room temperature, mix into the egg soup, and add Meimao powder or calcium powder, etc.

       2¡¢ Rice with beef and vegetables

       The raw materials are beef stuffing, eggs, chicken powder, cabbage, carrot, calcium powder, etc.

       The method is: put the eggs into the beef stuffing, stir evenly, steam in the microwave oven until the meat is cooked. Dice cabbage and carrot, stir fry in oil, then mix into cooked beef, air to room temperature, add a small amount of chicken powder, calcium powder, stir evenly, then.

       Note: the vegetables, meat and nutrition in the recipe can be arbitrarily matched. It is better to use it as a seasoning for dog food. Feeding once a week is enough.

       Cool pet website:

       Raw or cooked onions and scallions contain disulfide, which is harmless to human body, but can cause oxidation of red blood cells in cats, dogs, sheep, horses and cattle. May cause hemolytic anemia.

       Many owners don’t think it’s harmful to feed them, but they all have a process of accumulation. It doesn’t mean that if you feed the dog a piece of chocolate today, he will die tomorrow. All toxic substances must reach a certain amount before they can play a role. When the dog is in a sub-health state, it may not be easy to find out, but it is late to turn into the late stage of the disease.

       Onion and other food products contain irritant substances, which can stimulate the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and cause inflammation. Onion contains a toxic component called n-propyl disulfide. No matter it is cooked onion or raw onion, the dog will oxidize hemoglobin into Heinz corpuscle after ingestion of the substance. The red blood cells containing Heinz corpuscle are greatly engulfed by reticuloendothelial system, resulting in acute hemolytic anemia and damage.

       Onion is food for human, but it is poison for dog. Acute poisoning usually occurs in 1-2 days after eating. The color of urine varies from light red to dark red. In case of severe poisoning, the dog’s urine is brown or greasy, appetite is decreased, mental depression, palpitation, vomiting and diarrhea may lead to death if the treatment is not timely. However, chronic poisoning is often seen in dogs fed with a small amount of onion or onion juice for a long time, often showing mild anemia and jaundice.

       For parents preparing to keep pet dogs, raw or cooked onions contain disulfide, which is harmless to human body, but it is just right for cats and dogs not to eat. This will cause red blood cell oxidation of dogs and may lead to hemolytic anemia. One or two small pieces of onion in a week can damage the operation of red blood cells, affect the oxygen delivery, and thus can not provide enough oxygen for the animal body.

       Dogs

       Onion and pepper, pepper, pepper, Chinese prickly ash, onion, garlic and other stimulating food are not suitable for dogs to eat. Because these foods will stimulate the dog’s gastrointestinal tract, not only cause inflammation, but also affect the dog’s sense of smell.

       Onion contains a toxic component, n-propyl disulfide, which can oxidize hemoglobin into Heinz’s corpuscles after eating by dogs. The reticuloendothelial system can phagocytize the red blood cells containing Heinz’s corpuscles, thus causing acute hemolytic anemia and damage.

       Generally, dogs weighing 15-25 kg can have severe anemia within 7-8 days after eating a medium-sized onion. In 1-2 days after eating, red or dark red hemoglobinuria was excreted, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, palpitation, splenomegaly and other symptoms were observed. Long term feeding a small amount of onion can cause chronic poisoning, showing yellow gangrene and anemia.

       Onion poisoning dog, light stop feeding onion can recover naturally. Patients with severe hemolysis should be given glucose and Ringer’s solution. At the same time, cardiac stimulants such as sodium and diuretics (furosemide) should be given. If necessary, blood transfusion should be carried out.

       Onions are food to humans, but toxic to dogs because they contain n-propyl disulfide. It can oxidize hemoglobin and form Heinz’s corpuscle. The red blood cells containing a large number of these corpuscles can be engulfed by reticuloendothelial system cells and cause anemia. At the same time, it can damage ¡Á. It was confirmed that Heinz’s corpuscles could be found in the red blood cells of dogs fed with a medium-sized cooked onion or continuously fed with cooked food mixed with onion juice, and severe anemia occurred in 7-10 days. The oral dose of poisoning was 15-20g / kg body weight. The dog could be poisoned by feeding cooked food with onion and onion juice.

       There are two kinds of symptoms in poisoned dogs

       1. Acute poisoning. It usually occurs in 1-2 days after eating. The color of urine varies from light red to dark red. In case of severe poisoning, the urine of the dog is brown or greasy, appetite is decreased, mental depression, palpitation, vomiting and diarrhea may lead to death if the treatment is not timely.

       2. Chronic poisoning. It is often seen in a small amount of onion juice in dogs fed with onion for a long time.

       Diagnostic methods: (1) interrogation. According to the history of feeding onion or onion juice cooked food and typical hemoglobinuria, the diagnosis can be basically made. (2) Laboratory examination: routine blood test (acute poisoning: the plasma was pink, the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin and HT value were moderately reduced, reticulocyte increased, the size of red blood cells was different and showed obvious polychromatic, the total number of white blood cells slightly increased, etc. Chronic poisoning: increase of polychromatic red blood cells and red blood cells with a large number of Heinz’s corpuscles.) Blood biochemical and urine tests are helpful for the diagnosis of the disease.

       The treatment methods were as follows

       For dogs with severe hemolysis, glucose solution or Ringer’s solution, ATP, coenzyme A, VC, etc. can be injected intravenously to dogs with severe hemolysis; compound vitamin B and vitamin E can be orally or intramuscularly injected. In dogs with severe anemia, blood transfusion or blood tonic can be given. Antibiotics, prednisone and dexamethasone can be given appropriately according to the condition of the sick dog.

       experience:

       1. The disease usually occurs two days after eating onion, and many of them come into being one week later;

       2. The dog owner did not know that the onion would be poisoned and would not tell the doctor that he had fed the onion. Doctors often ignore this aspect of inquiry. The disease is easy to be misdiagnosed.

       3. Feeding history of onion, anemia and hemoglobinuria are the key to diagnose the disease.

       4. If necessary, blood transfusion can greatly improve the cure rate of the disease.

       When I eat, the dog stares at my mouth and hands. My eyes are always full of hunger and thirst. The eye owner is less than willing to sneak in. Two pieces of food are given to the dog to eat. If the dog is satisfied with the joy model, he can give more food

       In addition, some owners keep the idea of keeping a dog early in the past. They believe that eating food is the same as the structure and metabolism of the dog. Some food is dangerous to the dog, and the dog’s food is neglected

       Standing dog nutrition needs class cooking food is too greasy and too salty, eating food dog is prone to fat and obesity, may lead to diseases such as dirty disease, pancreatic disease, and even skin all affect the key point, simply feed the dog dry feed is good

       On the owner’s rules and regulations of feeding dogs dry fodder: the dog steals the garbage can or jumps over the dining table to steal food. Ten items of forbidden food should be placed:

       1) Chocolate – eh ~ ~ ~ you may doubt the danger of chocolate. Chocolate dogs say that the coffee caffeine and alkali theobromine in chocolate seriously affect the dog’s viscera and central nervous system. Some iron toothed owners must say that my dog eats chocolate. Eating a dangerous dose of chocolate on the market can cause the dog to feel comfortable. It can cause vomiting, convulsions and even death when the dog eats chocolate In the body, you need to metabolize it. So if you feed a chocolate, you may eat another chocolate lucky!

       2) Meat or undercooked meat – the movie British fierce hunt cuts the prey meat directly to the dog to eat some legend tells that the meat contains Salmonella and Enterobacter E.coli and other bacteria that cause gastrointestinal diseases in dogs

       3) Period food – the appearance of some period food is not moldy or smelling peculiar smell. It is dangerous to discard some food. It may be difficult to find mold or its bacteria by eyes and nose, and it is afraid to be afraid. Therefore, it is necessary to throw it to dogs

       4) Chicken, duck, goose, fish, cattle and pig bones all know that chicken bones are fine spines, but they think that the bones of cattle and pigs are thick enough for dogs to chew and play with. They think that some bones can chew and wear the fragments, and even pierce the esophagus and gastrointestinal tract or create intestinal obstruction

       5) I believe that if you give your dog a chicken skin or a plate of leftovers, you can know that eating greasy food is easy to get pancreatitis, so you have to throw away the leftovers. It’s too wasteful for the dog to make a rotten bucket

       6) Salt – dogs eat poison saltwater to induce vomiting dogs to take teaspoon of salt per kilogram is fatal. Dogs should be sent to the doctor as soon as possible to accept the disaster

       7) Garlic and onion – dog eat garlic chicken (over 40 pieces of garlic) or fried onion ring to make dog anemia garlic and onion content sulfide can destroy dog red blood cell count garlic and onion cooking treatment still remove sulfide

       In fact, dogs can eat some food, such as eating water vitamin C, fiber intake to make dogs soft stool or pull belly, and even show functional stones

       The seven items of food are dangerous for dogs. The baby dogs must understand their seriousness. Although they hope to enjoy some tempting food with dogs, they are deadly dangerous. If a real dog wants to be healthy for a long time, he must have the courage to refuse all kinds of food temptations. Saying no for dogs, only simple feeding of dog feed can make dogs and dogs healthy

       The total amount of all kinds of feed that dogs eat in the day and night is called dog food

       Foreign dogs feed commercial feed market choose seed feed prepared by the Department of full price feed palatable nutrition comprehensive easy to digest and absorb the use of non convenient

       There are three general types: dry feed and semi wet canned feed

       (1) Dry type feed has low moisture content, granular, cake like, coarse powder expanded feed should be stored in cold storage room, and sufficient drinking water should be provided for feeding

       (2) Semi wet feed with moisture content of 20 ~ 30% is usually packaged in a cake or granular sealed bag. The preservative must be refrigerated and stored for a long time

       (3) Canned (wet type) feed with water content of 74 ~ 78% makes all kinds of canisters for dogs with complete nutrition and palatability

       At present, only a small number of units in our country produce commercial dog feed, which is easy to cause complete or mixed nutrition loss or partial feeding of dogs. Some diseases will make dogs healthy. According to their nutritional needs, various kinds of feeds should be mixed according to their nutritional needs to make comprehensive food

       Good recipes for dogs

       This paper introduces several simple food rations for dogs for reference only

       –Match 1: 400 g meat, 400 g cereal, 400 g vegetable, 100 g salt, 5-15 g cooked food

       –Match 2: 400g meat, 700g wheat, vegetables, 10 ~ 20g salt

       –Match 3: rice 35% corn flour 35% sorghum flour 10% soybean cake 10% bran 10% plus salt 1% bone meal 2% fish meal 6% meat 0.25 kg green vegetables 0.15 kg

       The following problems should be paid attention to when preparing grain

       Nutrition should be based on all kinds of feed nutrition and dog nutrition needs, and reasonable collocation should be considered firstly to meet the needs of protein, fat and carbohydrate, and then to supplement vitamin, organic salt, quality and quantity should be considered first

       Feeding single feed in the second energy period can not cause anorexia, which needs to be fed by changing the food formulation

       Third, the digestibility of food should be considered. The digestibility of plant protein should be 80% 20%. The content of nutrients should be higher than that of dogs

       Pet doctor: dogs need to eat

       Fourth, pay attention to the Wei silk material to be fresh, clean, easy to digest, moldy feed can be used

       Fifth, we should pay attention to the ratio of feed to calorie. The higher calorie of feed can make the dog fat, affect the uniformity of dog body and even cause appetite vibration

       In addition, all kinds of feed should be processed before feeding to increase the palatability of feed, improve the appetite of dogs, improve the digestibility of feed, and prevent harmful substances from

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