Can pregnant women have cats

       cat

       As for pregnant cats, it’s because everyone is afraid of getting toxoplasmosis in cats. Toxoplasma is actually a very tiny parasite, not only in cats, but also in other animals, birds and fresh vegetables in the soil.

       Toxoplasmosis is a recessive infection. More than half of human beings will also be infected. It is not dangerous for healthy adults and children, and it can produce antibodies. Take the cat to the pet hospital for examination, blood test can know if it has Toxoplasma gondii.

       Eating undercooked meat, especially pork and mutton, is also easy to infect Toxoplasma gondii, and the infection rate is very high. Try to let the cat feed cooked food or cat food at home. Don’t let them hunt outside.

       The only way women can transmit toxoplasmosis through cats is through direct contact with cat faeces, and cats excrete the organism only in faeces throughout their lives, and it is not likely to become infectious until 24 hours later. When you have to clean up cat feces, you must wear rubber gloves, wash your hands afterwards, wash your hands after touching cats, and pay attention to the places where cats often move.

       be careful:

       We can find that Toxoplasma gondii can be produced in other places besides the feces of cats. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that you can’t keep a cat when you are pregnant. Keeping a cat will not affect your fertility. As long as we pay attention to the usual sanitation, we should clean the poop and food bowl of the cat at least once a day. Now mothers to be can relax. They don’t have to worry about pregnancy. They can’t raise cute cats. They don’t have to worry about whether raising cats will affect their fertility. As long as we pay attention to cleanliness and hygiene, we can prevent the invasion of toxoplasmosis!

       Women are not allowed to have cats during pregnancy. Because cats have a parasite called Toxoplasma, which can be transmitted to pregnant women through cats. Pregnant women infected with Toxoplasma gondii will not only cause fetal malformations, such as small head, hydrocephalus, congenital deafness, mental retardation, etc., but also lead to intrauterine infection, abortion or stillbirth. Therefore, women in pregnancy is not allowed to keep cats, other pets had better not keep. Because the pet’s body hair is more, parasites are also more, for pregnant women themselves and the fetus will have a great impact.

       No cats. Cats are easy to be infected with Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasma infection is a zoonotic disease. Cats and other animals are the source of infection. Mild acquired infection is often asymptomatic, but antibodies can be found in serum; severe cases can cause various symptoms, such as high fever, muscle or joint pain, lymphadenopathy, etc.; intrauterine infection through placenta can cause stillbirth and preterm birth, which can show a series of central nervous system symptoms and congenital damage of eyes and viscera. Pregnant women with Toxoplasma infection can cause abortion, premature delivery, fetal death, hydrocephalus, neurodevelopmental disorders, etc.

       Absolutely not!

       Every happy family hopes to have a smart, healthy, lively and lovely baby. Toxoplasma gondii is the enemy of pregnant women and fetuses. One quarter of the world’s population is threatened, and 400-4000 cases of congenital toxoplasmosis occur in the United States every year. According to statistics, there are more than 61 million people infected with toxoplasmosis in China, including 13 million to 15 million women of childbearing age. Toxoplasma gondii is one of the pathogens of intrauterine infection. Every year, about 90000 newborns are born with Toxoplasma gondii damage. The infection rate of Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women is 6.6% – 32.9%, which seriously affects the growth and development of fetus. It can be seen that Toxoplasma gondii is eugenic.

       1¡¢ Infection route of Toxoplasma gondii

       Toxoplasma gondii is usually fostered in cats, dogs, eggs, beef and mutton. In daily life, such as close contact with cats and dogs, frequent eating hot pot, eating undercooked meat food and so on, are susceptible to Toxoplasma gondii infection.

       1) If eating raw or undercooked meat, spread through the digestive tract;

       2) It was scratched by animals and spread through damaged skin and mucosa;

       3) Blood transfusion and transplantation of infected organs;

       4) Vertical transmission through placenta. When pregnant women infected with Toxoplasma gondii, Toxoplasma gondii through the blood flow through the placenta, resulting in congenital infection of the fetus.

       2¡¢ Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy

       Toxoplasmosis in pregnant women can threaten the fetus. It is mainly caused by blood dissemination, which leads to abortion, premature birth, stillbirth and fetal infection. The older the pregnant women are, the more likely they are to infect the fetus.

       If infected in early pregnancy, Toxoplasma gondii is difficult to pass through the placenta, so only 15% of newborns will have congenital infection, but because of the poor resistance of the fetus at this time, it is basically fatal, and most of the manifestations are abortion or embryo stop development.

       In the second trimester of pregnancy, about 25% of the newborns will be infected. Most of them are miscarriage or intrauterine death in the third trimester of pregnancy.

       Late pregnancy infection, the risk of fetal involvement as high as 60%, the performance of intrauterine fetal death, premature delivery. Most of the surviving fetuses have severe neurological disorders and other birth defects.

       There are many kinds of fetal malformations after intrauterine infection, most of which are found in nervous system and eye. Typical manifestations are Subin’s tetralogy, including hydrocephalus or microcephaly, retinochoroiditis, convulsions, and cerebral calcification. Infection can also cause necrosis of multiple organs, such as hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, lymphadenopathy, myocarditis, anemia, thrombocytopenia and microphthalmos. Due to severe meningitis and progressive calcification of the superficial cortex, hydrocephalus, mental retardation and epilepsy did not occur until childhood. It accounts for about 2% of the causes of mental retardation in the United States.

       3¡¢ Prevention of Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy

       Some favorite pets, such as cats and dogs, are important sources of infection of toxoplasmosis. Pregnant women are advised not to keep these pets or contact with excreta.

       Wash hands thoroughly after processing pig, sheep, cattle and other raw meat food, and cook all kinds of meat food, eggs and milk. Do not blindly pursue the taste and prevent the intake of food containing Toxoplasma gondii.

       Wash your hands before meals. Vegetables and fruits should be fully cleaned before eating.

       Women of childbearing age should be tested for etiology or serology, and the infected women should be treated for half a year before they can get pregnant again.

       cat

       As for pregnant cats, it is because everyone is afraid of being infected with toxoplasmosis in cats. Toxoplasma gondii is actually an extremely small parasite, which can be found not only in cats, but also in other animals, birds and fresh vegetables in the soil.

       Toxoplasmosis is a recessive infection. More than half of human beings will also be infected. It is not dangerous for healthy adults and children, and it can produce antibodies. Take the cat to the pet hospital for examination, blood test can know if it has Toxoplasma gondii.

       Eating undercooked meat, especially pork and mutton, is also easy to infect Toxoplasma gondii, and the infection rate is very high. Try to feed cooked food or cat food at home. Don’t let them hunt outside.

       The only way women can transmit toxoplasmosis through cats is through direct contact with cat faeces, and cats excrete the organism only in faeces throughout their lives, and it is not likely to become infectious until 24 hours later. When you have to clean up cat feces, you must wear rubber gloves, wash your hands afterwards, wash your hands after touching cats, and pay attention to the places where cats often move.

       be careful:

       We can see that Toxoplasma gondii can also be produced in other places besides the feces of cats. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that you can’t keep a cat when you are pregnant. Keeping a cat will not affect your fertility. As long as we pay attention to the usual sanitation, we should clean the stool and food bowl of the cat at least once a day. Now mothers to be can relax. They don’t have to worry about pregnancy. They can’t raise cute cats. They don’t have to worry about whether raising cats will affect their fertility. As long as we pay attention to cleanliness and hygiene, we can prevent the invasion of toxoplasmosis!

       It is generally not recommended to keep cats and other articles after pregnancy because cats have Toxoplasma gondii. If there is Toxoplasma gondii infection, abortion, premature birth or stillbirth may occur. Therefore, it is not recommended to contact cats and dogs during pregnancy. Cats and dogs are important sources of infection of Toxoplasma gondii. Therefore, if cats and dogs are kept, the risk of Toxoplasma gondii infection is likely to occur. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid cats as far as possible. If you keep a cat at home, you must test for Toxoplasma gondii before pregnancy, otherwise Toxoplasma gondii infection will adversely affect the embryo. Pregnancy must pay attention to the rules of work and rest, to the hospital to do a good job in the relevant inspection, each period needs to do relevant testing, if there are abnormal conditions, you need to symptomatic treatment according to the examination results. It is not recommended to keep pets after pregnancy, and pay attention to hygiene.

       Cats are the main hosts of Toxoplasma parasitica. Toxoplasmosis parasitized in the intestines of cats, which can be excreted with feces and pollute the surrounding environment. If pregnant women eat water and food contaminated by Toxoplasma gondii, or if they are infected with toxoplasmosis through physical contact, the bacteria can enter the fetus through the placenta, resulting in fetal development disorders, resulting in fetal malformations, such as hydrocephalus, cerebellar malformations, mental retardation, visual impairment, hepatosplenomegaly, and even abortion, premature delivery, stillbirth and fetal malformations – freaks. Therefore, pregnant women should not contact or keep cats.

       cat

       As for pregnant cats, it is because everyone is afraid of being infected with toxoplasmosis in cats. Toxoplasma gondii is actually an extremely small parasite, which can be found not only in cats, but also in other animals, birds and fresh vegetables in the soil.

       Toxoplasmosis is a recessive infection. More than half of human beings will also be infected. It is not dangerous for healthy adults and children, and it can produce antibodies. Take the cat to the pet hospital for examination, blood test can know if it has Toxoplasma gondii.

       Eating undercooked meat, especially pork and mutton, is also easy to infect Toxoplasma gondii, and the infection rate is very high. Try to let the cat feed cooked food or cat food at home. Don’t let them hunt outside.

       The only way women can transmit toxoplasmosis through cats is through direct contact with cat faeces, and cats excrete the organism only in faeces throughout their lives, and it is not likely to become infectious until 24 hours later. When you have to clean up cat feces, you must wear rubber gloves, wash your hands afterwards, wash your hands after touching cats, and pay attention to the places where cats often move.

       be careful:

       We can see that Toxoplasma gondii can also be produced in other places besides the feces of cats. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that you can’t keep a cat when you are pregnant. Keeping a cat will not affect your fertility. As long as we pay attention to the usual sanitation, we should clean the stool and food bowl of the cat at least once a day. Now mothers to be can relax. They don’t have to worry about pregnancy. They can’t raise cute cats. They don’t have to worry about whether raising cats will affect their fertility. As long as we pay attention to cleanliness and hygiene, we can prevent the invasion of toxoplasmosis!

       Cats are the main hosts of Toxoplasma parasitica. Toxoplasmosis parasitized in the intestines of cats, which can be excreted with feces and pollute the surrounding environment. If pregnant women eat water and food contaminated by Toxoplasma gondii, or infected with toxoplasmosis through physical contact, the bacteria can enter the fetus through the placenta, leading to fetal development disorders, resulting in fetal malformations, such as hydrocephalus, cerebellar malformations, mental retardation, visual impairment, hepatosplenomegaly and so on. In severe cases, it can even lead to abortion, premature delivery, stillbirth and fetal malformation – strange Fetus. Therefore, pregnant women should not contact or keep cats.

       Cats and Toxoplasma gondii are topics that every pregnant woman will worry about. Today, we will answer the question: is it really impossible to have a cat after pregnancy?

       The life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii can be divided into five stages: trophozoites, cysts, schizoites, gametophytes and oocysts.

       Feline is the only terminal host of Toxoplasma gondii. Only in the intestinal epithelial cells of feline animals can Toxoplasma gondii have sexual reproduction. But any animal can become an intermediate host of Toxoplasma gondii.

       Schematic diagram of Toxoplasma gondii

       In the human body, for example, after the oocysts enter the human body, they release trophozoites in the intestinal tract; then tachyzoites and bradyzoites invade the intestinal wall, enter the monocyte macrophage system through the circulatory system (blood vessels and lymphatic vessels), and spread to all organs of the body with the circulation of monocyte macrophages.

       The wide adaptability of Toxoplasma gondii makes its infection rate very high. According to statistics, there are more than 61 million people infected with Toxoplasma gondii in China, including 13 million to 15 million women of childbearing age [1]. However, the incidence rate of the developed areas and large and medium-sized city is relatively low, probably because of the less contact with animal, or the better hygienic condition of food and drinking water.

       Toxoplasma infection can be divided into acute and chronic, but no matter what kind of infection, there will be no serious symptoms. Unless the infected person’s immune function is incomplete (e.g. a patient suffering from immunodeficiency disease or taking immunosuppressive drugs) or a fetus whose immune system is not yet mature. The latter is the most worrying.

       Love hate meow

       Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women can be transmitted to the fetus through the placenta. Toxoplasma gondii infection in early pregnancy (within the first three months) may lead to abortion, premature birth, abnormal fetus, stillbirth and other serious consequences; in the second and later stages of pregnancy, the infection is mostly invisible, and some symptoms appear only after months or even years of birth, such as retinal defects, Central nervous system abnormalities, etc.

       According to a survey conducted by Nanjing Center for Disease Control and prevention, those who are positive for Toxoplasma gondii infection are more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes. They are higher than those in the non infected group in terms of spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and birth defects [2]. Therefore, women in pregnancy and pregnancy should not be careless.

       According to some studies, cats only excrete feces containing Toxoplasma gondii oocysts after initial infection, and only pregnant women with initial infection of Toxoplasma gondii need to be aware of the possibility of vertical transmission. Therefore, the probability of adverse pregnancy caused by raising cats is very small [3].

       However, some studies believe that the antibody produced by human Toxoplasma gondii infection is not enough to completely eliminate the body. Pregnant women may be affected by previous infections due to changes in hormone levels. ¡¾4¡¿

       According to the comprehensive data, although contact with animals may increase the probability of Toxoplasma infection, it is far from necessary to panic. If you keep a cat, you must have regular physical examination and disinfestation to avoid contact with cat dung. In a house without pets, it is not everything, because the probability of Toxoplasma gondii infection through food is higher.

       Take a bath regularly to remove insects and keep it clean

       Fortunately, Toxoplasma gondii is extremely sensitive to heat and can kill Toxoplasma gondii at 50 ¡æ for 30 minutes. Therefore, at all times, we should encourage cooked food and try not to eat raw or semi raw food.

       Mothers to be do not panic if they really suspect that they are infected with Toxoplasma gondii. They should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time.

       In terms of diagnosis, antibody detection methods are commonly used, and the recognition is not high. The latest torch screening guidelines for pregnancy do not recommend screening for Toxoplasma gondii infection in all pregnant women. PCR can be used to detect Toxoplasma gondii DNA in amniotic fluid to improve the accuracy of detection results. ¡¾5¡¿

       ***Whether or not cats are at risk of Toxoplasma gondii infection, the most important thing is not to eat undercooked food. If there is a cat at home, pay special attention to the health of pets, shovel excrement do not touch excrement.

       ——————————–

       reference

       ¡¾1¡¿ Gan Shaobai, Chen guanjin, Shen Jiguang, et al. Toxoplasmosis in China ¡² m ¡³. Hong Kong: Asia Pharmaceutical publishing house, 2000:57-60

       ¡¾2¡¿ Xia Wei, Zhang Xiaojun, Chen Xiwei. Different pregnancy outcomes of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women in Nanjing [J]. Chinese Journal of schistosomiasis control, 2011, 23 (2): 183-186

       

       ¡¾4¡¿ Xu Qian, Hua Haiyong. Effect of Toxoplasma gondii infection on fetus during pregnancy [J]. Chinese Journal of schistosomiasis control, 2010, 22 (2): 187-188

       ¡¾5¡¿ Zhang Ning, Yan Suwen, Feng Zhichun. Guidelines for torch screening during pregnancy [J]. Journal of developmental medicine, 2013, 4:018

       The copyright of the content with the signature of “tadpole staff” belongs to tadpole staff. Any media, website or individual shall not reprint without authorization, otherwise corresponding legal liability shall be investigated. Please send email to [email protected] ¡£ The signed articles published on this website only represent the author’s point of view and have nothing to do with this website. In case of infringement, the author shall bear the responsibility.

       Author: Zhao Yanchang

       cat

       As for pregnant cats, it’s because everyone is afraid of being infected with toxoplasmosis in cats. Toxoplasma is actually a tiny parasite, not only in cats, but also in other animals, birds and fresh vegetables in the soil.

       Toxoplasmosis is a recessive infection. More than half of human beings will also be infected. It is not dangerous for healthy adults and children, and it can produce antibodies. Take the cat to the pet hospital for examination, blood test can know if it has Toxoplasma gondii.

       Eating undercooked meat, especially pork and mutton, is also easy to infect Toxoplasma gondii, and the infection rate is very high. Try to let the cat feed cooked food or cat food at home. Don’t let them hunt outside.

       The only way women can transmit toxoplasmosis through cats is through direct contact with cat faeces, and cats excrete the organism only in faeces throughout their lives, and it is not likely to become infectious until 24 hours later. Always wear rubber gloves when you don’t clean the cat’s feces. Wash your hands after touching the cat. Also wash your hands after touching the cat. Also pay attention to cleaning the cat’s frequent activities.

       be careful:

       We can see that Toxoplasma gondii can also be produced in other places besides the feces of cats. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that you can’t keep a cat when you are pregnant. Keeping a cat will not affect your fertility. As long as we pay attention to the usual sanitation, we should clean the stool and food bowl of the cat at least once a day. Now mothers to be can relax. They don’t have to worry about pregnancy. They can’t raise cute cats. They don’t have to worry about whether raising cats will affect their fertility. As long as we pay attention to cleanliness and hygiene, we can prevent the invasion of toxoplasmosis!

       It is generally not recommended to keep cats and other pets after pregnancy because cats have Toxoplasma gondii. If there is Toxoplasma gondii infection, abortion, premature birth or stillbirth may occur. Therefore, it is not recommended to contact cats, dogs and other animals during pregnancy. Cats and dogs are an important source of infection of Toxoplasma gondii. Therefore, if you keep a cat or dog, you are likely to have the risk of Toxoplasma gondii infection. It is recommended to avoid cats as far as possible. If you keep a cat at home, you must test for Toxoplasma gondii before pregnancy, otherwise Toxoplasma gondii infection will adversely affect the embryo. Pregnancy must pay attention to the rules of work and rest, to the hospital to do a good job in the relevant inspection, each period needs to do relevant testing, if there are abnormal conditions, you need to symptomatic treatment according to the examination results. Do not recommend pets after pregnancy, be sure to pay attention to hygiene.

       Cats and Toxoplasma gondii are topics that every pregnant woman will worry about. Today, we will answer the question: is it really impossible to have a cat after pregnancy?

       arch

       The life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii can be divided into five stages: trophozoites, cysts, schizoites, gametophytes and oocysts.

       Feline is the only terminal host of Toxoplasma gondii. Only in the intestinal epithelial cells of feline animals can Toxoplasma gondii have sexual reproduction. But any animal can become an intermediate host of Toxoplasma gondii.

       Schematic diagram of Toxoplasma gondii

       In the human body, for example, after the oocysts enter the human body, they release trophozoites in the intestinal tract; then tachyzoites and bradyzoites invade the intestinal wall, enter the monocyte macrophage system through the circulatory system (blood vessels and lymphatic vessels), and spread to all organs of the body with the circulation of monocyte macrophages.

       The wide adaptability of Toxoplasma gondii makes its infection rate very high. According to statistics, there are more than 61 million people infected with Toxoplasma gondii in China, including 13 million to 15 million women of childbearing age [1]. However, the incidence rate of the developed areas and large and medium-sized city is relatively low, probably because of the less contact with animal, or the better hygienic condition of food and drinking water.

       Toxoplasma infection can be divided into acute and chronic, but no matter what kind of infection, there will be no serious symptoms. Unless the infected person’s immune function is incomplete (e.g. a patient with immunodeficiency disease or taking immunosuppressive drugs) or a fetus whose immune system is not yet mature. The latter is the most worrying.

       Love hate meow

       Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women can be transmitted to the fetus through the placenta. Toxoplasma gondii infection in early pregnancy (within the first three months) may lead to serious consequences such as abortion, premature delivery, abnormal fetus, stillbirth and so on; in the second and later stages of pregnancy, most of the infections are invisible, and some symptoms appear only after months or even years of birth, such as retinal defects and central nervous system abnormalities.

       According to a survey conducted by Nanjing Center for Disease Control and prevention, those who are positive for Toxoplasma gondii infection are more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes. They are higher than those in the non infected group in terms of spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and birth defects [2]. Therefore, women in pregnancy and pregnancy should not be careless.

       According to some studies, cats only excrete feces containing Toxoplasma gondii oocysts after initial infection, and only pregnant women with initial infection of Toxoplasma gondii need to be aware of the possibility of vertical transmission. Therefore, the probability of adverse pregnancy caused by raising cats is very small [3].

       However, some studies believe that the antibody produced by human Toxoplasma gondii infection is not enough to completely eliminate the body. Pregnant women may be affected by previous infections due to changes in hormone levels. ¡¾4¡¿

       According to the comprehensive data, although contact with animals may increase the probability of Toxoplasma gondii infection, it is far from necessary to panic. If you keep a cat, you must have regular physical examination and disinfestation of the cat, and avoid contact with cat feces. Families that do not keep pets are not lucky, because the probability of Toxoplasma infection through food is higher.

       Take a bath regularly to remove insects and keep it clean

       Fortunately, Toxoplasma gondii is extremely sensitive to heat and can kill Toxoplasma gondii at 50 ¡æ for 30 minutes. Therefore, at all times, we should encourage cooked food and try not to eat raw or semi raw food.

       

       In terms of diagnosis, antibody detection methods are commonly used, and the recognition is not high. The latest torch screening guidelines for pregnancy do not recommend screening for Toxoplasma gondii infection in all pregnant women. PCR can be used to detect Toxoplasma gondii DNA in amniotic fluid to improve the accuracy of detection results. ¡¾5¡¿

       ***Whether or not cats are at risk of Toxoplasma gondii infection, the most important thing is not to eat undercooked food. If there is a cat at home, pay special attention to the health of pets, shovel excrement do not touch excrement.

       ——————————–

       reference

       ¡¾1¡¿ Gan Shaobai, Chen guanjin, Shen Jiguang, et al. Toxoplasmosis in China ¡² m ¡³. Hong Kong: Asia Pharmaceutical publishing house, 2000:57-60

       ¡¾2¡¿ Xia Wei, Zhang Xiaojun, Chen Xiwei. Different pregnancy outcomes of Toxoplasma gondii infection in Nanjing [J]. Chinese Journal of schistosomiasis control, 2011, 23 (2): 183-186

       ¡¾3¡¿ Lean camel, children or pets, science squirrel Association, 2010

       ¡¾4¡¿ Xu Qian, Hua Haiyong. Effect of Toxoplasma gondii infection on fetus during pregnancy [J]. Chinese Journal of schistosomiasis control, 2010, 22 (2): 187-188

       ¡¾5¡¿ Zhang Li, Yan Suwen, Feng Zhichun. Guidelines for torch screening during pregnancy [J]. Journal of developmental medicine, 2013, 4:018

       The copyright of the content with the signature of “tadpole staff” belongs to tadpole staff. Any media, website or individual shall not reprint without authorization, otherwise corresponding legal liability shall be investigated. Please send email to [email protected] ¡£ The signed articles published on this website only represent the author’s point of view and have nothing to do with this website. In case of infringement, the author shall bear the responsibility.

       Author: Zhao Yanchang

       Yes, the most common saying about not keeping a cat is that cats have bacteria that can easily cause abortion. People who know more about it say that there are Toxoplasma gondii on cats, which will have a serious impact on the fetus. But that’s not true.

       Where do Toxoplasma appear. Toxoplasma gondii is a tiny parasite. Cats may have this parasite, but not all cats have it. The Toxoplasma gondii in cats is also transmitted from other places. It is not naturally carried by cats, such as eating mice. Cats born indoors are generally immune to infection. In addition to rural areas, most of them keep cats in captivity. It is inevitable to eat mice.

       In addition, eating undercooked meat, especially pork and mutton, is also easy to infect Toxoplasma gondii. Like cats, animals like pigs and sheep can also be transmitted with Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasma gondii may also remain on some birds, unclean vegetables, etc. People may also have Toxoplasma gondii.

       The correct way is to check Toxoplasma gondii regularly during pregnancy and pregnancy. Families with meow people can also check the cat, and then let the cat completely keep indoors; give the cat cooked food or finished cat food, and don’t let them hunt outside; pregnant cat owners should avoid contacting the cat’s excrement and litter Basin, or wear gloves when contacting the above substances After washing hands carefully; mothers to be should eat very cooked meat; wash hands after processing raw meat and before eating; wash the cutting board and knife with boiling water; clean vegetables and fruits thoroughly to remove all residual soil and other poll

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