Most of the cats we see belong to short haired cats. No matter domestic or wild cats, short haired cats seem to be more adaptable to this society and environment. We will find that long haired cats are more lazy and full of personality, while short haired cats are more stubborn and refuse to recognize life.
1¡¢ The short haired cat has a lively character
Most cats are short haired, and they have a tendency to run around compared to long haired cats. In particular, Asian cats headed by Siamese cats and thinner faced cats like Abyssinian cats, their bodies are very tight and muscular, and they always run around tirelessly. Even at home, they are often mischievous.
Short haired cats are still relatively unknown. They have a strong tendency to be coquettish to people, and want the other party to care more about their own mood. They always express their love directly to their masters. However, if the short haired cats are alone for a long time, they will accumulate tension, and they will run around and make trouble.
In 1966, Canada first bred hairless cats, which took the articles on cat fur to another extreme. There is a big difference between hairless cats and short haired cats – they prefer to be quiet.
2¡¢ The mainstream of cats is “* *”
Most pet dogs are purebred dogs, while the mainstream of pet cats is “* *”. ***Cats are not only very different in character, but also in their body patterns. Because their genes have been mixed together since a long time ago, the cat’s fur has different colors and patterns. These patterns are just like their “* *”, and the owner can even recognize his cat with a glance.
3¡¢ The stripe pattern is a classical pattern
The classical patterns on some cats are the kind of circular or swirling stripes seen in their ancestors, the Libyans. Among them, the most classic style is a large spiral pattern on the side of the body and a circular pattern on the tail. This pattern on the cat is very helpful for them to hide themselves in the grass and other places.
There are many varieties of short haired cats, which are almost distributed all over the world. The common breeds are as follows: British short hair cat, American short hair cat, European short hair cat, Oriental short hair cat, Siam cat, curly cat (four varieties), Burmese cat (including American Burmese cat and European Burmese cat), Havana cat, Singapore cat, man Island cat (man Island cat), Egypt cat, Bengal cat and Scotch fold The common breeds of long haired cats in the following groups: eared cats, American Curly eared cats, Canadian shimmering cats, Canadian hairless cats (Sphinx cats), short tailed cats, nakat cats, Abyssinian cats, Bombay cats, Russian Blue Cats, and Asian cats (including pomila cats) with long hair are as follows: Persian Cats (Longair in Britain), jinjila cats, Himalayan cats, (generally speaking, jinjila and Himalayan cats are Persian cats), Maine cats, Berman cats, Angora cats, Turkish Van cats, Norwegian forest cats, Siberian forest cats, Muppets, and somari cats.
Cats are not as big as dogs. The smallest cat is the Singapore cat. “Singapore cat” is the name of this breed, but it is not always as small as two or three month old kittens. It can only be counted as half as small as other cats. The hair is very short, the eyes are big and round, the personality is smart and lively, very smart variety, it looks like a kind of elf at a glance. Secondly, jinjila, which has excellent appearance, is smaller, the better. Ordinary jinjila is about the same size as ordinary cats. There are more than ten thousand small jinjila in China. This breed is more difficult to care for. Among all purebred cats, this is the most difficult one to keep
Persian cat, Siamese cat, folded ear cat, Russian Blue Cat and so on. These are very noble and beautiful cats. Their appearance is lovely and unique. For example, the most special thing about the cat is that it has a pair of folded ears. In addition to these cats, some cats are also very cute and charming. For example: Himalayan cat, British short hair cat, American short hair cat, exotic short hair cat, Norwegian Forest cat Maine cat, German curly cat, man Island tailless cat, * bobtail cat, Singapore cat, Muppet cat, Somali cat, perm roll cat, Kolat cat, Bombay cat, siberian cat, Turkish Angora, Havana brown cat, American shorttail cat, scoo cat, chinjila cat, American stiff cat, Egyptian cat, Berman cat, dongchini cat, Turkish Van Cat, KONIS curly cat Oriental short hair cat, key color short hair cat, Burmese cat, ragged cat, Shandong lion cat, charter cat, Abyssinia cat, Canadian hairless cat, Bali cat, OSI cat, American Curly eared cat, etc.
The smallest is the Singapore cat
There are many short haired cats, which are distributed all over the world
British, American, European, Oriental, Siamese, curly, Burmese (divided into American Burmese and European Burmese), Havana, Singapore, man (Isle of man), Egyptian, Bengal, Scottish, American, California, California and Canadian hairless (sphinx) Cat), short tailed cat, nakat cat, Abyssinian cat, Bombay cat, Russian Blue Cat, Asian cat group (including pomila cat)
The common breeds of long haired cats are as follows:
Persian Cats (Longair in Britain), jinjila cats, Himalayan cats, (generally speaking, jinjila and Himalayan cats are Persian cats), Maine cats, Berman cats, Angora cats, Turkish Van cats, Norwegian forest cats, Siberian forest cats, Muppets, and somari cats.
Chinese civet cat, Persian, Himalaya, chingira, British short hair, American short hair (Weihe’s model cat), exotic short hair (Garfield), Oriental short hair, North American short hair, Siamese cat, Canadian hairless cat, sugolian fold ear, highland fold ear, Bengal leopard cat, Russian Blue Cat, Egyptian cat, Maine cat, Berman cat, Norwegian Forest cat, charter cat, kratt cat, ha Vanna cat, puppet cat, fanxijuan ear, Angora cat, Singapore cat.
£¨1£© Short haired cat
Abyssinia cat is also called Ethiopian cat and ballet cat. Because the color of Abyssinian cat is the same as that of hare, the British also call it “rabbit cat”. Abicynian cat is dignified, dignified, solemn, born with the appearance of an emperor. In addition, its red and yellow, varying in depth, unpredictable, gorgeous and moving fur, many cat lovers fall in love with it. Abyssinia is the world’s most popular short haired cat, especially in North America.
The Egyptian cat is also known as the Egyptian god cat. The Egyptian cat originated in Egypt and may be the first domestic cat in the world. As early as 1400 A.D., the frescoes of ancient Egyptian temples on the banks of the Nile River showed the image of a spotted cat. In ancient Egypt, cats were the incarnation of gods. People worshipped cats very much. They should be buried after death. Due to the decline of ancient Egypt, the status of Egyptian cats was also shaken. It was not until the reign of Constantine in the 4th century that Egyptian cats began to exist as ordinary small creatures. In 1953, the first Egyptian cat was introduced to Italy, and then to the United States. In 1957, the Egyptian cat made its debut at the Royal cat show in London, and was recognized by the Cat Association 15 years later. He is intelligent and warm-hearted, timid and fragile. He has a good memory and is patient with children. His voice is light and beautiful. Afraid of strangers.
Head: the head is medium-sized, slightly rounded wedge-shaped, with slight protrusion from the forehead to the bridge of the nose. The forehead, cheek and side face are plump. The lower palate of male cat is developed.
Ears: large ears, slightly pointed forward. The outer hair of the ear is short and dense, and the inner ear has long hair, which curls and protrudes outward.
Eyes: large, almond shaped, slightly hanging on the tip of the eye, pale green, glass green or millet green. When the kitten is happy, her eyes become more and more green. If she is angry, she turns to amber.
Body: medium build, slim, muscular, especially neck and shoulder muscles.
Limbs: longer, hind legs longer than forelimbs. Body coordination, can stand up with the tip of the claw.
Toes: small ovate but slightly rounded. Tail: medium in length, thick at base, slightly slender at tip.
Coat: the coat is soft, smooth and glossy. The biggest feature is that there are all kinds of stripes on all parts of the body. A typical Egyptian cat has an “m” pattern on its forehead and a pattern on its cheek. The neck pattern is thin and strong, the shoulder stripe is wide, and the back of the shoulder is spot like. There are Necklace patterns broken in two in the throat. The body spots are irregular distribution, the tail hair is dark, and the limbs have horizontal stripes.
Coat color: there are three representative colors.
Silver: the background color is light silver, with black spots on the irregular silver stripes, nose and lip; the eyes are surrounded by black lines; the nose is brick red and the toes are black.
Bronze color: the background color is light brown, with chocolate spots on the irregular bronze stripes. The edges of nose, lips and eyes are surrounded by brown lines. The nose mirror is brick red, and the toes are black or brown.
Smoke color: the background color is dark gray, gray with black spots, the villi is silver, the edges of nose, lips and eyes are surrounded by black lines, the nose mirror is black, and the toes are black.
Disadvantages: the head is short and round, the ears are small, the muzzle is sharp, and the body is short and fat. Tail abnormal twist, multi toe, white spots are inferior.
American short haired cat is famous for its big body, strong bone, developed muscles, intelligent nature and docile nature. It is a large and medium-sized breed of short hair cat. The cat’s fur is thick and dense, and there are more than 30 kinds of fur color, among which the silver stripe is particularly valuable.
The American short haired cat originated in the United States. There are two opinions about its origin. Some people believe that the cat is a Native American cat, bred by long-term breeding; others believe that it was brought from Europe with American immigrants in the 17th century and improved.
He is gentle in character, intelligent and homesick. He likes playing with children and is very attached to his master. He is good at catching mice, easy to raise and strong adaptability.
The body weight of American short haired cats is about 9 kg for male cats and 4.5 kg for females.
Head: the head is large and round, with plump and round cheeks; the mouth and cheek are in harmony with the large and round head; the nasal bridge is straight, slightly concave, and the tip of the nose is slightly curved upward; the palate is compact and the upper lip is relatively vertical; the mandible of male cats is developed.
Ear: large, slightly round, with wide distance between two ears, but not wide at base of ear.
Eyes: the eyes are big and round, bright and bright. The distance between the two eyes is wide, and the ends of the eyes are slightly suspended.
Body: medium length, strong physique, strong bones, developed muscles, round chest, powerful shoulders, straight back, coordinated and elastic limbs. The male cat is much bigger than the female cat.
Limbs: long, muscular, and bony.
Toe: the toe is big and round, the meat pad is rich and elastic.
Tail: moderate in length, thick at base and blunt at end.
Coat: short, hard and dense.
Fur color: there are five categories of fur colors recognized by American short haired cats, namely, single color (blue, black, red and Tan Yellow), gradual color (gradual gold, gradual silver white, etc.), mixed hair color (mixed color of blue spot and white, mixed color of red spot and white, Among these five categories, each category includes several species. There are more than 30 species, of which silver stripe is the most representative and valuable.
The body is too short, too thin, and the tail is too short; muscle relaxation is the disadvantage. The tail is twisted abnormally, and the chest has white spots or button spots. The offspring crossed with other varieties are inferior.
Myanmar cat is also known as bamitz cat and black Shao cat. It is famous for its round head. No matter the front or side of the head, it is round head and round head from head to tail.
Burmese cats originated in Myanmar, but today’s breed dates back to 1930. At that time, Joseph topson of the United States brought back a brown female cat from Myanmar, and then carried out a series of inbreeding with Siamese cat and American short hair cat in the research room of Harvard University, and finally bred today’s Burmese cat. In 1936, it was recognized by the Cat Association and formulated the corresponding standards.
Burmese cats are precocious. They begin to oestrus in about 5 months and give birth in 7 months. The life span of Burmese cats is longer, generally 16-18 years old, some even longer.
Warm personality, lively and active, soft voice, funny talk, rich expression, brave, intelligent, love coquetry.
Head: round head, face front, side are muddy, so plump. The nose is medium in length, the nose is brown and has obvious depression. The tone is short.
Ear: the tip of the ear is slightly round and slightly forward inclined. The distance between the two ears is larger, and there is a certain distance from the round head.
Eyes: round eyes, slightly convex, expressive. The distance between the eyes is wide, and the color of the eyes is golden yellow or yellow green.
Body: medium size, slender trunk, strong bones, strong muscles, long neck, round chest, chest depth and width, straight back.
Limbs: the limbs are slender and in harmony with the body, and the muscle waist is strong and powerful. The feet are tan.
Toe: round or oval toe, compact, grip strength.
Coat: the coat is short and dense, and the nap is glossy, smooth and delicate like silk.
Coat color: Brown and black purple are the most basic coat colors. In addition, there are red, cream, blue, chocolate, purple and other fur colors. Among them, brown sable is the best.
Disadvantages: small eyes, slender trunk, dull fur, flat head, oriental cat body shape are all shortcomings. The tail is abnormally twisted. There are white spots, button spots, eye color other than standard eye color is inferior.
Havana brown cat, also known as the Havana cat, is named after its fur, which is the same as the reddish brown of Havana cigar and Havana rabbit. For many years, the all brown cat has been loved by people. Many people believe that the all brown cat can protect its owner from bad luck. The Havana brown cat entered Europe in the 19th century and formed an all brown breed in 1930. In order to make the cat more colorful and warm reddish brown on the basis of brown, British breeders conducted a variety of combination experiments, using Siamese cat with chocolate coat color gene and chocolate color flowers on her body and British black short haired female cat, and obtained offspring with color change,
After 1953, it was further used with Russian Blue Cat, Siamese cat and other cat breeds to breed today’s Havana brown cat.
He is intelligent, curious, lively and playful. He gets along well with other cats.
Head: head length slightly larger than width. There were obvious depressions and spots in eyes, muzzle and long beard. The bridge of the nose is depressed. The mandible is broad, strong and muscular.
Ears: large ears, rounded tips, slightly forward, with large distance between ears.
Eyes: the eyes are roughly oval, and the eye color is mainly green, crystal clear.
Body: medium build, Oriental slender body. The waist is high and the back is flat, and the muscles of the whole body are dynamic. The shoulder neck is in proportion to the body.
Limbs: long and slender, in proportion to the body and tail.
Toe: small and oval is top grade.
Tail: the tail is of equal length and the tail is thin.
Coat: in short haired cats, the hairs are of medium length, straight and glossy, and densely distributed close to the body surface.
Fur color: there are two kinds of fur: Brown (chocolate color) and gray (Frost color) with rose warm color system. Among them, chocolate color is more red and thicker Tan than Burmese cat. The nose and toes are brown, with rose color and brown beard.
The disadvantages are wide and round head, no depression in eyes, muzzle and long beard, protuberant ridge and thin mandible. The tail is abnormally twisted. There are white spots, button spots; eyes, nose mirror, toe, beard color outside the standard is inferior.
British short haired cat is a short haired cat breed bred in the 19th century after long-term breeding. It is a popular companion animal in western countries. The British short haired cat has a long history, its origin can be traced back to 2000 years ago, when Caesar led the Roman expeditionary army into Britain and brought the domestic cat to Britain. During the 400 years of Roman rule in Britain, these domestic cats and local wild cats naturally bred and developed into a short hairy breed only after targeted breeding in the 19th century. In 1901, the Cat Association of England defined the standard. At the end of the 19th century, the cat was one of the most common species in the cat show held in London.
Calm personality, gentle, gentle and emotional, intelligent, good at taking care of themselves, easy to raise.
Head: the head is big and round, the cheek is plump, the nose is short and straight, the muzzle is strong and strong.
Ears: the ears are medium in size, rounded at the top, and wide apart from each other.
Eyes: round and large, with wide distance between eyes. Eye color has orange, blue, strange color and so on.
Body: medium to large, with strong bones. The neck is thick and short, and the shoulders are thick and in harmony with the neck. The chest is wide and round, the waist is thick and round, and the muscles are plump.
Limbs: short and thick, strong and powerful.
Toes: large and round toes, compact, short and powerful claws.
Tail: the tail is short and thick, the base is thick, the tail end is thin, and the tail tip is round.
Coat: the coat is short and dense, adheres to the body surface and is elastic.
Fur color: there are 18 kinds of fur colors recognized by British short haired cats, among which blue is the most popular and popular.
The disadvantages are thick and hard coat, Oriental shape and long coat. Those mixed with Persian cat or other breeds are inferior.
Siamese cat, also known as Thai cat, was first raised in Thailand’s royal family and temples. It was once a palace “secret treasure” rarely known to the outside world. Now it is the representative of the most popular purebred short haired cat. Siamese cat originated from Thailand and has a long history of more than 200 years. In 1884, the British Consul in Bangkok brought one of the gifts, the Siamese cat with seal stain, back to England. The following year, the cat appeared in the Crystal Palace cat show outside London, causing a great sensation and world-famous. In 1920, it was spread to all parts of the world. He is intelligent, active, quick, curious and affectionate. The mood changes greatly, sometimes quiet, sometimes impatient, sometimes modest, sometimes arrogant. Like freedom, loyal to the master, elegant temperament.
Angora cat, originated from Turkey, is one of the oldest long haired cat breeds, named after the old name of Ankara, the capital of Turkey — Angola.
It entered Italy and France in the 16th century, and then entered Britain. It was the first and most popular breed of long haired cat to enter Europe at that time. He first arrived in the United States in 1963. It was established in 1970 and recognized by many cat associations.
He is smart and agile, independent and active. Like to play in the water, even in the shallow, warm pool swimming.
Head: long and wedge-shaped. The nose is long and straight without depression. Straight line from forehead to nose tip.
Ears: large, erect, pointed at the end of the ear, broad at the base, and long with hair in the ear.
Eyes: large, almond shaped, slightly hanging on the tip of the eye. Eye color has blue, amber, golden yellow, mandarin duck eye (golden silver) color.
Body: slender, medium size, back undulation, chest compact and thin, waist high, neck thin.
Limbs: the limbs are tall and thin, and the length is in proportion to the body. The hind limbs are longer than the forelimbs.
Toes: the toes are small, round, compact, with feathering between the toes.
Tail: long tail, pointed tail, fluffy tail, tail should have several circles of deep golden brown hair.
Coat: the whole body is covered with medium length wool. The hair is fine but not tangled. It is like silk. It is glossy and has a few waves. The hair is long and the tail hair is fluffy and dense.
Coat color: according to the standard before 1970, only white was recognized. The coat was white and monochromatic without stripes and spots. The nose and toes were pink. Now in addition to red, blue, black monochrome, but also recognized gray and tiger spot color.
Defect nose, toe is not pink, bite is not correct (not scissors bite) for the shortcomings. Short and fat body, tail abnormal twist, eye color outside the standard color is inferior.
Ragdol cat is the largest cat species with the largest body shape and weight. The average adult cat weighs more than 10 kg. Although he is a big man, his character is very gentle and serene. He is born with an indifferent attitude. Ragdol is a breed bred by breeders in California, west coast of the United States, around 1960.
He is gentle and serene in character, gentle in voice, close to people, bold, and has a look of being aloof from the world.
Head: the head is medium-sized, slightly round V-shaped; the skull between the ears is flat, the cheek is plump and round; the muzzle is slightly pointed. The bridge of the nose is slightly depressed, with a few spots on the nose.
Ears: the ears are moderate in size and slightly rounded at the ends. Eyes: the eyes are large, oval, with wide distance between the two eyes, and the eye color is blue or cyan magnetic.
Body: body length, strong bones, muscular, chest wide and deep, hindquarters developed. The neck is thick and short, and it is well coordinated with the body shape. Growth is slow, and it takes 3 years to fully grow to adult size and weight.
Limbs: the length of the limbs is medium, the bones are strong, and they are in proportion to the body.
Toe: big and round toe, strong grip, full of hair between the toes.
Tail: the base of tail is thick and the tail is thin.
Coat: the coat is long and dense, fluffy and not close to the body. The hair is soft as silk and full of luster. The body hair growing in the facial features is slightly shorter, but the hair from the top of the head to the shoulder and back is gradually growing longer, especially the chest coat is the longest, and the neck is also covered with long hair. The hairs between the ears and toes are long and dense.
Coat color: it has three color systems: single color, mixed color and spot color. The main coat colors are blue, chocolate, lilac (Frost), seal spots and so on.
[disadvantage] cross mixed coat color is the disadvantage. The tail and ears have white hair color, the tail is abnormal twisted, with redundant or missing toes, and the eye color is worse than that of blue.
Bowman cat is also known as Baman cat, Myanmar God cat and Myanmar holy cat. It is said that the ancestors of the Bowman cat used to guard temples in Ancient Southeast Asia. This legend adds some mysterious religious color to this beautiful long haired cat. The Borman cat has the body shape similar to Persian cat and Himalayan cat, and the spot of Siamese cat. The whole body is covered with silver white long hair, while the color of the face, ears, gall and tail hair is gradually dark, and the four claws are white, just like wearing a white hand cover, so it is called “four hoof treading on the snow”. Also known as “snowshoe cat” in the United States. The ancestry of Bowman cat originated from Burma. They are said to have been brought into Europe by a British army major in 1898 and bred in France in 1925. But what it was really known about was at several cat shows during World War II.
Like other Oriental cats, Bowman cats grow fast and develop early. They can be in estrus in about 7 months. Generally, they give birth to 3-5 cubs per litter. When the kitten was born, the whole body was white, and after a few months, dark hair appeared.
He is lively and intelligent, has rich feelings, and is not afraid of strangers; he is gentle and friendly, eager for the master’s favor and likes to play with the master; his voice is sweet and his behavior is appropriate; he loves to be clean and has a pleasant life in a comfortable home, and he also likes to take a walk in the courtyard or garden when the weather is fine.
Head: the head is wide and round; the front of the head is tilted backward and slightly convex. The nose is straight, the tip of the nose drops slightly slowly, and looks like an eagle nose. The cheek is muscular and round. The facial hair is short, but the outer buccal hair is long and the beard is dense.
Ears: the ears are large and erect, with rounded ends, wide distance between the tips of the ears, and moderate distance between the roots of the ears. The cheeks and ears present a distinctive “V” shape, which is very harmonious with the outline of the head.
Eyes: the eyes are large and round, the distance between the two eyes is slightly wider, and the eye color is dark green or sapphire blue.
Body: medium to large, with strong bones, deep chest, wide waist, straight back, short round abdomen, short legs and long body.
Limbs: short and thick, with well-developed bones, strong muscles, and upright forelimbs.
Toes: large and round, with strong grip and short claws.
Tail: the tail is medium in length, in harmony with the body, with dense tail hair.
Coat: the hair is long and thick, silky, fine and glossy; the hair on the neck is long, but the coat on the shoulder blade is short; the coat from the chest to the lower abdomen is slightly wavy; the hair on the abdomen is allowed to curl a little.
Fur color: the body hair should be a single color without stripes, but a small amount of dark color is allowed in seal color spots and blue spots. The more obvious the difference between body hair and spots, the better. The same color is the best for the spots on the face, ears, limbs and tail; the hair tips of the spots should not be mixed with white. The four claws should be white. The spots are white, purple and blue.
Disadvantages four claws less white, abdomen and chest have white hair, body hair is mixed color for the shortcomings. Four claws without white hair, spots outside the limbs with white spots, tail twisted or bent, eyes strabismus are inferior
Balinese cat, also known as Bali cat and Java cat, is produced by natural variation or recessive genetic traits of Siamese cat, so it was originally called long haired Siamese cat. Balinese cat is native to the United States. It is a long hairy mutant found in the offspring of Duro cat raised by Mrs. beren Smith in New York state at the beginning of this century. It has been bred through a series of breeding, purification and breeding. It was exhibited in the United States in 1930 and first recognized in the United States in 1963. It is now one of the most popular varieties in the world.
He is intelligent and active, likes to climb high and jump low. He has strong ability to complete skillful movements, rich feelings and strong resolution of the host’s voice. He likes to be coquettish and courteous to the host, and is fond of playing. The cry is small.
Head: the head is long and sharp, with a V-shaped outline. It opens straight from the mandible to the top of the ear, forming a triangular shape. The head is flat and straight from the top of the head to the tip of the nose. Nose long and straight, not concave, from the forehead to the nose into a straight line, avoid bending up and down. The top of mandible (Chin) is sharp angle, keep V shape.
Ear: large, pointed, base wide, V-shaped from mandible.
Eyes: moderate in size, almond shaped, slightly protruding, blue eyes.
Body: Slim, slender, linear, typical oriental cat posture. The bone is thin, the muscle is compact, the ribs are extended, and the ch