Cat breed and name – what are the cat breeds?

       A lot. Scotch cat with folded ears. But how lovely) Himalayan cat (Persian cat) jinjila short haired cat (there are many countries in the United Kingdom and the United States) short haired Garfield. Civet cat Desert Cat Siamese cat snowshoe cat Turkish cat Norwegian Forest Cat American puppet cat Russian blue cat I can remember that’s all

       Chinese civet cat, Persian, Himalaya, chingira, British short hair, American short hair (Weihe’s model cat), exotic short hair (Garfield), Oriental short hair, North American short hair, Siamese cat, Canadian hairless cat, sugolian fold ear, highland fold ear, Bengal leopard cat, Russian Blue Cat, Egyptian cat, Maine cat, Berman cat, Norwegian Forest cat, charter cat, kratt cat, ha Vanna cat, puppet cat, fanxijuan ear, Angora cat, Singapore cat. First of all, love the cat!!!!!!!!!!!

       [impure cat]

       The most common cat in the world, commonly known as domestic cat. There are all kinds of colors, but most of them are Shuang. In any case, all cats that can’t find any species are listed here. Non purebred cats are intelligent, love home, like to catch mice, and have many breeders.

       [Abyssinian cat]

       Also known as “rabbit cat” elegant body, facial expression is extremely rich, red and yellow hair, gorgeous extraordinary, attracted many cat lovers. Abicynian cats are active and active, like free activities, but smart and easy to tame, can teach a lot of play movements, suitable for breeding.

       [Egyptian cat]

       Its body is slightly fat and round, with short legs, and its coat is covered with strip-shaped long spots. It was regarded as a god cat in ancient Egypt. Egyptian cats are friendly to people, lively and naughty, but more sensitive, if not taken care of, easy to escape.

       [long haired cat]

       The back hair of long haired cats is longer, generally 5-10 cm long, which varies with seasons. Long haired cats are bigger, more docile, more dependent, and like to be close to people. However, it is easy to depilate and needs to be combed frequently, so it is difficult to raise.

       Canadian hairless cat

       The appearance is funny and strange. The whole body is almost hairless. The body is long and thin. The tail is long and thin like the tail of a mouse. The color is gray and white. Canadian hairless cats are affectionate, quiet and kind to people, but they don’t like cuddling. Because of their peculiar appearance, they are seldom loved.

       California shinning cat

       Origin: California, USA, hybrid cat. It is covered with leopard stripes, with golden, silver and blue, brown fur and other kinds of hair, the outside is very beautiful. California shinning cat is lively and lovely, intelligent and healthy, gregarious by nature, can get along well with other cats and even dogs, and be loyal to its owner.

       [curly cat]

       It can be divided into two kinds: KONIS curly cat and Devon curly cat. The body is long and thin, with big ears, and the whole body is short and curly with wavy hair. It looks strange. Curly cat is clever and naughty, warm to people, like to play, but afraid of the cold, difficult to raise.


       Native to Thailand, its coat color is silver blue, also known as Thai silver cat. It is rare and valuable due to its small production. Siamese cats are short and fat. Colette is quiet in character, but alert, and does not like strangers. Male cats are particularly aggressive.

       American short haired cat

       Native to the United States, it belongs to a large cat species. Compared with the British short haired cat, it has a slightly longer face and mouth and more stripes. American short haired cat is independent in character, but it is good at running and catching mice. It is suitable for families with courtyard.

       Bengal cat

       It is a cross between a small wild cat and a domestic cat. The spots on the body are different from those of other leopard spotted cats. They are distributed horizontally and look like rose shaped. The Regala cat is gentle and friendly, but because of its wild cat blood, it is easy to be excited and often makes uncontrollable calls.


       A hybrid of Burmese cat and American black short haired cat. It is called “Little Black Panther” because it is black and glossy. It is large and muscular. It is called “Little Black Panther”. It is quite gentle, likes to be with people, and has rich feelings. When being hugged, the throat purrs constantly.

       European short haired cat

       It is similar in appearance to the British short haired cat, but not of its bloodline. Its body and face are slightly longer than that of the British short haired cat. The fur is short and thick, and the texture is brittle and easy to break. European short haired cat is alert and sensitive, has strong hunting ability and is a good rat catcher.

       Scotch cat

       It is a very beautiful and lovely cat. Its body, head and limbs are round, its tail is thick and short, its ears are close to its head, and its eyes are big and round. Scotch cat is quiet, intelligent and tolerant. It can get along with children and is suitable for family rearing.

       [exotic short haired cat]


       Siamese cat

       It is produced in Thailand and has long hair varieties in the same family. No matter what color the coat is, the hair color of the face, tail and limbs is relatively deep, with five long stature, long mouth and big ears. Siamese cats are very emotional, affectionate and loyal to their owners, but their emotions are unstable. They like to make a lot of noise and make annoying calls.

       Singapore cat

       Small and delicate, muscular, it belongs to the dwarf category among cats. The heaviest male cat is rare. There are more than 5 catties of Singapore cats. They are active and playful, curious, like to drill randomly, and even get into the sewer. They are not loved by people.

       British short haired cat

       British Bobcat has a long history, but it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that it became popular. The cat is round and plump, with thick, short and developed limbs, short and dense fur, big head, round face, and large and round eyes with various colors according to different fur. The cat is gentle, calm, friendly and easy to raise.

       British short haired American, European, Oriental, Siamese, curly, Burmese, Havana, Singapore, man Island, Egypt, Bangladesh, Scotland, America, California, California, Canada hairless, * short tailed, khorat, Abyssinian, Bombay, Russian blue, Scotch, Scottish, American, California, California, Canada The basic classification of Muppet cat, Angora cat, Singapore cat and Himalayan cat is purebred, long hair and short hair~

       Let’s first talk about European and American short hair


       Chartreuse – a very old breed, the first cat raised by French monks. It has round head, thick body, short straight hair and only gray monochrome. It’s very similar to English short grey, and many cats will be grouped into one group.

       American Shorthair, whose ancestors were brought to the house by European immigrants, is not recognized as a purebred cat by the European cat society. The survival and hunting ability is very strong, the cat is similar to the English short but big, overall like an athlete, strong limbs. Personality is short, intelligent, friendly, calm and adaptable.

       American Wirehair – a new breed of curly haired cat, which was discovered in 1970s in the United States due to the variation of kitten factor in one litter (domestic cat). Personality such as short: smart, friendly, just hair variation, a small number, not popular.

       Bombay is produced by American short and Burmese cat. It is black in shape, with round head, yellow or light blue eyes, and its coat is bright. It is different from the ordinary black cat. Active, playful, friendly and approachable. The voice is small, like the attention of the host.

       Russian Blue – medium build, green eyes, grey body (nose, toe) gray (Cat Club term is “blue”), short thick hair, light, fine and soft, bristle like upright. Independent, calm, able to live alone for a long time, friendly with children and other pets.

       Scottish Fold – a new breed of scottish fold, which appeared in Scotland in 1961. It has medium-sized body, small round head, drum body and various fur colors. The spleen is gentle and calm. Folding ear is a strong gene, and the offspring will produce more folded ears.

       Rex ¨C it first appeared in Cornwall, UK in 1950, and then in Devon, UK, and in Germany, curls with different genetic characteristics also appeared. Medium build, body length, long limbs, large ears, small face, body without facial hair, only bottom hair curl. Hair color and eye color are not specified.

       Canadian hairless, or Sphinx ¨C a hairless kitten was found in a litter of kittens in 1966. After growing up with his mother, the hairless gene stabilized and gave birth to the next generation of this variety. However, there are few pure glabrous genes passed down. Cats are not completely hairless. They have fine hairs on their backs, heads, ears and tail tips. The breed is rare, only a very small number, the International Cat Association does not recognize.

       Manx – native to Ireland, no tail or very short tail, thick back, long hind legs, walking like jumping, thick coat, various coat colors. Personality like dog, loyal to the owner, friendly to the dog. The tailless gene is a death gene. Under the influence of the gene, kittens often die.

       Let’s talk about European and American long hair

       Norwegian Forest – medium length of hair, thick undercoat, and good protection from rain and snow. Its ancestors are wild cats living in the forest. They are very strong and powerful, with a triangular head, thick hair on both the face and neck, and a medium-sized tail. They are very beautiful in various colors. Smart, playful, approachable, calm, gregarious, rat catcher. Not suitable for subtropical life.

       Maine Coon ¨C thirty native products of Maine in the United States, which look like “Norwegian forest”, are said to have a common ancestor. The hair is thick but silky, easy to comb, with a large tail and long hair. It has a strong body and a variety of hair colors. Very smart, playful, approachable and independent.

       Ragdoll – this is a new breed of American in 1960. Only some American cats will set the standard. It has a large body, medium hair length, blue eyes, golden white hair on the whole body, dark hair on the ears, face, tail tip, and dark or white hair on the four feet. Personality like dog, loyal to the master, love to play.

       Asian cat breeds.

       Let’s start with short hair

       Siamese, native to Thailand, is of medium build, slender and long limbs. Its hind legs are longer than those of its forelegs, its tail is long, its neck is long, its head is triangular, its eyes are blue, its nose is long, its ears are big, its body hair is golden yellow, and its silk is short and straight. It feels light and elegant in general. It is characterized by dark ears, nose, mouth, toes and tail. There are four different colors. Very smart, curious, active, but talkative, noisy, jealous, aggressive, strong minded. Two cats are hard to get along with.

       Oriental short hair is called “foreign” in Britain. It has the same ancestor and special emblem as Siam, but it has only one coat color. There is no dark spot of “Himalayan gene”. It can be said that it is monochromatic Siam. Green eyes (only white cats are basket eyes) with various coat colors and markings. His personality is similar to Siam. He is intelligent, curious, active and fun.

       H * * ana ¨C the fact is that dark chocolate is short in the East, and the name is because of the cat’s fur color, such as “Cuban Savannah cigar.”.

       Korat, a medium-sized cat native to Thailand, has only silver gray fur and golden green eyes. It is a domesticated household cat with few people. However, it needs companionship and can get along with dogs.

       Burmese, a thicker than Siamese cat, only brown is recognized by the American Cat Association, while 10 colors are recognized by the British Cat Association. The “Burmese gene” is the unique inheritance of this cat. Each hair has its own color, and its color distribution is different from that of other cats. Personality is very independent and active, friendly to the people you like, noisy, love to run out.

       Tonkinese, a hybrid of Siamese and Burmese cats, is characteristic of coexisting parents. Often in a mixed breed of kittens, there are Siamese cats, Burmese cats and Tokyo cats.

       Singapore ¨C the ancestors are native cats and stray cats from Singapore. The body is the smallest among cats. The shape is similar to that of the East, short, big eyes and big ears. The coat is light brown with light stripes, and its back, legs and tail are deep. Adaptable, curious and friendly. Cat international is not recognized as an independent breed.

       ***Japanese bobtail – it is characterized by a small ball on the tail. The shape and short face of the eyes are also different from other varieties. Hair color is mainly white, often with large yellow or yellow black. Short tailed offspring are produced only when both parents are short tailed. Smart, friendly, talkative and active.

       Exotic Shorthair is a breed produced by Burmese and Persian cats. It has a short hairy appearance, round head, flat nose, thick body, short limbs, light, fine and soft short hair, and various kinds of hair. Character like ancestors: quiet, close, loyal, introverted.

       Let’s talk about long hair

       Persian ¨C the most populous long haired cat. The head is round, the face is round, the neck is thick and short, the eyes are big and round, the ears are round, the nose is short, flat and wide, and the mouth is powerful. The body is medium to large, with 4 short, straight and stout limbs, huge and powerful soles, thick short and thick hair on the tail. The body hair is long, thick and soft. The face and neck are hairy. The whole body hair is the same length. The overall feeling is thick and beautiful, but the hair is easy to knot. There are 36 approved coat colors. Calm, approachable, loyal and introverted.

       Himalayan is a breed produced by Siam and Persian cats. It is basically a Persian cat with “Himalaya gene” characteristics [dark ears, nose, mouth, toes and tail tips], but the breed is not stable and far away from the Persian standard.

       Birman, a mixture of Siamese and Persian cats, is said to have been born in France in 1919. The coat color is like Himalaya, but its head and face are longer than Persian cat. It’s not Siam in general, nor Persian cat. The wool is heavy and not easy to knot. The special style is four hooves on the snow, with dark face, ears, legs and tail, light hair and blue eyes. Calm, approachable, more active than Persian cats and friendly with other pets.

       Turkish Angora ¨C hairy East. Medium body, triangular head, long body, long legs, long tail. A variety of hair colors, two colors (white with other colors) for more, the bottom hair is not thick, not easy to knot. Character is like Oriental breed: smart, curious, active, noisy and talkative.

       Turkish Van ¨C a native cat in the Van Lake area of Turkey, which is not recognized by the American Cat Association. This is a large and early maturing variety. It can eat meat in five or six weeks and weighs about 4 kg in October. The coat color is mostly white and yellow, with yellow tail. In winter, the bottom hair is very thick, not afraid of water, and likes swimming. Independent, not at the mercy of others, hunting nature, need more activity, not adapt to high temperature weather.

       Balinese in 1950, a Siamese cat in the United States was mutated to produce a hairy Siamese cat. After genetic stability, it became a new breed. Its body shape, coat color and blue eyes are similar to Siamese cat. Its long hair is light as silk and has no thick undercoat.

       Finally, Africa. There are not many kinds of cats

       Egyptian Mau is a kind of Oriental short hair with unique spots. It is said that it was brought to Europe from Egypt, and it is also said that it is a spotted cat developed from Oriental short hair domestic cat. Its main fur colors are black and yellow. The character and body shape are like the Oriental short hair cat.

       Abyssinian ¨C originally from Abyssinia (today’s Mesopotamia), it was brought to Europe in the 19th century to breed. It is a rare variety that can not be found in the original area. Medium build, moderate length of limbs and tail, muscular. The cat’s hair is medium long, and each hair has two or three rings of color. The cat has a special body, like the fur color of a lion. Very intelligent, active, good at hunting and gregarious. Love your master.

       Somali ¨C essentially a long haired Abyssinian cat with a distinctive multi ring color composition. Mainly red and brown, green or amber, clear eyes, intelligent, active, hunting, gregarious, curious.


       Basically famous are: Siamese cat, produced in Egypt, has a long history. Persian cat, Canadian hairless cat, Siberian forest cat, Norwegian Forest cat, American short hair, Scotch fold ear, Abyssinian cat, jinjila, Russian Blue Cat, American Curly ear, Rhine cat, Himalayan cat and so on, please send a website to you. There are introductions in it. It’s quite detailed

       There are many varieties. The European domestic cat originated from F. silvestris in Africa, and the Asian cat is generally believed to have originated from the Desert Cat (F. libyca) in India. At present, there are four popular cat species: 1. Western breeds and foreign breeds. Origin classification is a popular method in the West. 2. Purebred cats and cats. It was classified according to the angle of cultivar cultivation. 3. Domestic cats and wild cats. According to the living environment, however, there is no strict boundary between the two. 4. Long hair cat and short hair cat. They are classified mainly according to the length of their hair, for example, Persian cat, Himalayan cat, Thai cat and Russian blue cat. The origin of cihuamao: China is the origin of cihuamao. It belongs to the natural cat, because it is a breed that has been eliminated by many species in the past thousands of years. People are most familiar with the story of “civet cat for crown prince” (Song Dynasty), which is also the earliest record of cihuamao. Therefore, cihuamao has such an English name, dragon Li, which was awarded by CAA Cat Association. It is very popular with the people, because it has a very beautiful coat, healthy body, especially easy to feed, and very good at catching mice. Appearance: cihuamao has a very round head. The distance between the two ears is very short. The size of the ears is very suitable. It has a very wide root and a deep ear width. The tip part is relatively smooth. Cihuamao has a very wide cheek, so that the head has a very smooth feeling. Its very large eyes are very bright, the shape is round apricot kernel, from yellow, gold to green color is recognized by people, eyes in general circumstances will have eyeliner. Nose color is brick red, long nose line. Cihuamao has a very moderate body, not only has a very wide chest, but also very deep, thick. Like the tail, the limbs are of moderate length, very suitable, and have great strength, are very strong, have very developed muscles. People’s impression is that they have a very strong body, especially their balance ability, which is very strong. Fur: the back hair of civet cat is composed of long hair and short hair. It has very beautiful stripes on it. People usually call it “cihuahua stripe”. It is because this kind of mark is very similar to that of wild civet. There are also stripes on its forehead. The shape is “m”. There are connected lines at the corner of the eye, which can be extended. Circular markings appear on its neck, limbs and tail, and fishbone (intact) or leopard dot markings appear on its body. In general, brown or dark brown is the color of its back coat, but there are also beaver white on some of the cat’s fur, which is white. Cihuahua cat has very clear and obvious markings. In general, the hair on its footpads and palms is black. The reason why this ancient species can survive until now is that it can be covered up in the wild. Fur color: most of the fur color of civet cat is black and gray mixed with stripes. It is very similar to tiger skin. It is very short, but it is very glossy and smooth. Only the hair on the neck and under the abdomen is gray white. It has a high fertility; it is very afraid of cold weather, for illness, its resistance is very bad. It can be found in any area, in Shaanxi, Henan and other regions, it is very large. Personality: cihuamao has a very independent personality, love sports, very cheerful, if the surrounding environment changes, it will be very sensitive, it is very dependent on the owner is very high, if you give it a new owner, its psychological will be a certain harm (according to the psychological endurance of the cat). Although the civet cat doesn’t like playing with people when it comes to adulthood, it will still walk in your sight at any time. It is a very reserved animal, and full of self-confidence, is very loyal to the owner, so if you like this cat, then it will be your first choice! Breeding focus: in the family, the feeding problem of civet cat is very simple. It doesn’t need anything else. As long as it has clean water and suitable rations, it is necessary for it to live a happy life. They’ve evolved for thousands of years, and they won’t be trapped by common problems, because they have a very high ability to adjust themselves. 2: clouded cat: the English name of marbled cat is named for its coat color like clouds in the sky. It is also called coconut cat and palm cat because it likes to eat coconut and palm juice. [appearance] the fur color of clouded cat is brown yellow or black gray, with black head, white spots on the lower and side of eyes, black flower spots on both sides of the body, several black longitudinal lines on the back, and black brown limbs and tail. It is a kind of precious ornamental cat. There are no obvious stripes in the whole body. The back and the outside of the limbs are sandy yellow, and the middle part of the back has a little dark reddish brown, and has a very significant long peak hair, which is one of its most significant characteristics. The jaw is white, the front chest is light yellow brown, and the abdomen is dark yellow. [origin] Mongolia, Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia and Shaanxi, China. Its breeding period is not fixed, two litters a year, 2-4 offspring per litter. This cat is only distributed in the south of China. [exact classification] the clouded cat is not a cat, but the smallest “leopard”. The zoological classification is: Mammalia ¡ú true Mammalia ¡ú Carnivora ¡ú Felidae ¡ú pantheriinae ¡ú pardofelis 3: Desert Cat: Felis bieti It has a large body shape, 60-80cm in length and 5kg in weight. The head is grayish white, and there are two oblique dark brown lines on the cheek. The base of the ear is reddish brown with short tufts about 20 mm long on the tip. The limbs are slightly longer. The body back and limbs are light yellow gray, and the back is red brown; there are no obvious stripes in the whole body, only a few thin but not obvious dark lines on the buttocks and the inner side of the forelimbs; the palms of the limbs have long black brown thick hair; the ear tip has short tufts of hair; the cheek has two transverse lines; the tail color is the same as the body color, and the tail tip has several dark brown lines, and the tail tip is black. [habit] it inhabits the Loess Hilly dry grassland, desert, semi desert, grassland meadow, mountain coniferous forest edge, alpine shrub and alpine meadow, and also lives on snow. Hearing and smell are developed. Regular life, morning, dusk and night activities, rest in the day. He was a loner, and lived alone except in the breeding season. It mainly feeds on rodents, pikas, marmots, birds, etc., so the activity area is closely related to the distribution of these animals. In the alpine bare rock zone and shady slope spruce forest, due to the lack of plants and the scarcity of rodents, there is no trace of them. In the areas of cypress trees and alpine shrubs, because of the good food and shelter conditions, and the large number of rodents, its activity traces, such as footprints, shedding hair, food debris and feces, are also very common. In spring, when the earth’s surface has not yet completely thawed, it relies on sensitive vision, smell and hearing to remove the topsoil above the plateau zokor’s Burrow with its front paw, and then capture the plateau zokor when it comes out to block the hole. For rodents that move on the ground, they can generally be caught in situ. Summer is the breeding and lactation season of desert cats. At this time, a large number of rodent pups also began to live independently and move frequently on the ground, which just provided a rich source of food for desert cats, which was conducive to feeding their young. Therefore, the range of activities of desert cats was relatively small and fixed during this period. In autumn, all kinds of rodents intruded into the natural dry wheat stacks in rural fields. Some of them dug tunnels from the underground to the bottom of wheat bales to pull wheat ears and wheat stalks into the tunnels. At this time, desert cats also followed the rodents and frequently moved around the wheat bales at night. In winter, the temperature is low and the weather is freezing. Desert cats go to the edge of the cliff at night to prey on small and medium-sized birds such as finches and chickens. However, excessive snow often affects the activities of mice, resulting in food shortage of desert cats. Sometimes, they are forced to move to live near residential areas and steal poultry. Most males live in this kind of cave. It also has the habit of reusing old nests. 4: Persian cat: English Name: Persian. Persia is the name of Ancient Iran. Persian cat is the most common and typical breed. Persian cat is actually a breed based on the native breed of long hair cat in Afghanistan and Angolan long hair cat in Turkey or Armenian region. After more than 100 years of breeding and breeding in Britain, Persian cat was born in 1860. Persian cat has a lovely face, long and gorgeous fur, elegant behavior, so it is called “Prince of cats” ¡±”Princess”, so the price is very high. A purebred Persian cat can cost thousands of dollars and is one of the favorite cats of cat lovers in the world. [appearance features] Persian cat has short legged horse type, strong round trunk, round head and face, four limbs, short and thick nose, big and round eyes. The coat is very plump. It is a double layer of fur. It consists of two kinds of hair: long, soft and fluffy undercoat and slightly long and rough awn hair (the awn hair of a good purebred cat at the exhibition can reach 12 cm). From snow white to ebony; from silver gray double layered gradients to the obvious hawksbill color – white spots. Persian cats that meet the exhibition standards are extremely expensive. [body shape] short legged horse, strong and round trunk, large or medium size. Chest is broad and deep. The middle part of shoulder and buttocks is plump, and the back is straight and fleshy. It is muscular and fleshy, but not too fat. [head] is round and large, skull is very wide, buccal is plump [ears] are small, ear tips are rounded and inclined inward. Bottom is not too wide; ears are wide apart, It is located on the lower part of the head and connects with the round lines of the head. The eyes are bright and bright. The distance between the eyes is wide, giving a lovely look. There is a crack in the middle of the eyes. The chin is full, round and well developed. It reflects good occlusion. The limbs are short and strong. The forelimbs are straight; From the back, the hind legs are straight. The soles are strong, round and large. The toes are close to each other. The forelegs have five toes and the hind legs have four toes. The tail is short but proportional to the body. The unique double coat is thick and covered with a long, smooth, waterproof coat. In winter, the dense undercoat grows completely, Therefore, the coat in winter is fuller than that in summer. The quality and type of coat are the most important, while the color and pattern are less important. Temperament belongs to the external static and internal dynamic, the surface is quiet and lazy, but it hides the inner joy, anger and sadness, and is eager to be loved by the host. It’s a collection of pet’s excellent temperament,

       The fat one is raised by the owner. The lazy one is a matter of the cat’s own character. Generally, cats like to play when they are young, but they may be lazy when they grow up. The hairy ones are Persian cat, Muppet cat, Norwegian Forest cat, Himalayan cat, Welsh cat, naibe fur cat, Bowman cat and so on. There are too many Oriental long hair cats, in fact, I think Cats are similar in appearance. It’s hard for people who can’t see what kind of cats they are

       Let’s first talk about European and American short hair

       British Shorthair is produced by domestic cats and Persian cats and occasionally by long haired kittens. He has round head, thick body, short limbs, short and beautiful body, dark orange eyes (only a few exceptions), soft body hair, straight like brush hair, and various colors of hair. Very intelligent, kind and calm, close to others.

       Chartreuse – a very old breed, the first cat raised by French monks. It has round head, thick body, short straight hair and only gray monochrome. It’s very similar to English short grey, and many cats will be grouped into one group.

       American Shorthair, whose ancestors were brought to the house by European immigrants, is not recognized as a purebred cat by the European cat society. The survival and hunting ability is very strong, the cat is similar to the English short but big, overall like an athlete, strong limbs. Personality is short, intelligent, friendly, calm and adaptable.

       American Wirehair – a new breed of curly haired cat, which was discovered in 1970s in the United S