Cat’s movement characteristics claw cat’s morphological characteristics

       The cat’s toe bottom has the fatty meat pad, therefore walks soundlessly, when catching the mouse, will not startle the mouse, the toe end has the sharp nail. The claws can be retracted and extended. The cat’s claws retract when resting and walking, and only reach out when catching rats and climbing to prevent the nail from being blunt.

       A cat has five fingers on its forelimb and four on its hind. The cat’s teeth are divided into incisors, canines and molars. Canine teeth are particularly developed, sharp as cones, suitable for killing captured rats. The chewing surface of molars has sharp protuberances, which are suitable for chewing meat; incisors are not developed.

       Extended data

       All cats are carnivores, even the cute little tabby cat is no exception. All cats have forward-looking eyes, sharp teeth and a lean, strong body, all from the same ancestor, “little old cat.”.

       The little old cat looks a bit like the pine mink now. Modern people can see that the whole cat family, with the diversity of living environment, the cat species are also various.

       There are different challenges in different environments. A cat species that thrives in a certain place must have special advantages suitable for its survival here. Its size, coat color, pattern and body shape must be different. In short, a cat living in the desert and a cat living in the jungle, or a cat living on the edge of a forest belt and a cat living on a cold mountain must have different needs.

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Cat

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia Felidae

       Kitten’s paws are usually very light in color and very clean. If they are not clean, they will be sick. Because cats usually clean their claws by themselves. There are thick meat pads on their claws. Each finger has a big piece in the middle, which forms a “mountain” shape. The meat pad of the thumb is relatively backward. The meat pad is very soft. Therefore, there is no sound when walking. The nails can be retracted, but there is sound on the wooden floor When landing, the claws can reduce the diving force, while climbing trees, the retractable claws are conducive to climbing.

       There are 1 family, 5 genera of Felidae,

       1. Feline: 25 species in total (Puma is the largest cat).

       2. Lynx: 5 species in total (the common characteristic of lynx is tufted hair on the ear).

       3. Leopard (Felidae): 5 species in total. These five species are

       a. Lion: Asian lion & African lion;

       b. Tiger: there are 5 subspecies (8 subspecies in total, 3 of which have been extinct, namely northeast tiger, South China tiger, Indian tiger, Bengal tiger and Sumatran tiger);

       c. Snow Leopard: Snow Leopard is mainly distributed in cold areas, is the highest altitude cat, endangered;

       d. Leopard: the most widely distributed feline in the world;

       e. Leopard: also known as Jaguar.

       4. Cheetah: there is only one species, namely cheetah (the fastest runner).

       5. Clouded leopard: only one species. Clouded leopard is mainly distributed in Yunnan and Southeast Asia, endangered.

       Cats have razor sharp claws with hook like ends, so they can catch prey tightly. Their claws are usually retracted inward so that they can be worn away to keep them sharp, and when they are hunting with the soles of their feet, they protrude from the drooping skin that covers them. The cat’s claws are constantly growing, and the old skin on the outer layer periodically peels off, exposing the neocortex underneath. This can be achieved by grinding the paws down a suitable surface and, in some strategic locations, leaving a cat odor message. It is difficult to understand that there is a separate wrist pad, which is located at the back and upper part of the metacarpal pad and does not touch the ground. It is difficult to understand that the wrist pad does not work in normal movement, but it is believed that when a cat jumps on the ground, the wrist pad can prevent slipping. The cat’s feet can withstand the shock of high-speed running and landing from high places. In order to make the cat’s feet withstand such vibrations, the bones of the feet are tightly bound together by ligaments, and the carpal and ankle bones form an almost impossible lateral alignment. All cats can make sharp turns when running at full speed. Undoubtedly, the most outstanding representative of this sport is cheetah, Its advantage is that the toe pad has a unique longitudinal protrusion stripe, which is very similar to the pattern on the tire of a car. Other cats, including domestic cats, do not have this special protuberance stripe. Therefore, it is like a car running with polished tires

       Cat habits

       Often clean their hair kittens, in many cases, love to lick the body, self-cleaning. After meals, it will wipe its beard with its front paws, lick it with its tongue after urination, and lick its hair with its tongue after being held. This is the kitten in the removal of body odor and dirt. There are many rough little protuberances on the cat’s tongue, which is the most suitable tool to remove dirt.

       Among the domestic animals, cats are the most hygienic. You can see that cats wash their faces with their paws every day. And, every time in the fixed place to defecate, after defecation, should use claw to cover the excrement. The habit that cats like to clean is an important reason why people are willing to keep cats. But is it true that cats, as people imagine, pay attention to hygiene and love cleanliness? In fact, the cat’s grooming is entirely out of physiological needs. For example, the cat licks the fur with its tongue to stimulate the secretion of sebaceous glands, make the hair bright and smooth, not easy to be wet by water, and can lick a small amount of vitamin D, promote the normal development of bones, and also can make the fur fluffy and promote the function of heat dissipation. As long as you pay attention to when cats are good at grooming, it is not difficult to understand that cats usually begin to groom and groom their fur after eating and playing, or after chasing prey, exercising violently and waking up in the sun. In the hot season or after strenuous exercise, the body produces a lot of heat. In order to keep the body temperature constant, the excess heat energy must be discharged from the body. We can solve this problem by washing or sweating, but the sweat glands of cats are not developed, so they can’t evaporate a lot of water. Therefore, cats use their tongue to smear saliva on their fur. The evaporation of water in saliva can take away heat and play a role in cooling and relieving heat. Regular carding during depilation can promote the growth of new hair. In addition, by grasping and biting, the hair can be prevented from being infected with parasitic diseases, such as fleas and hair lice, so as to keep healthy.

       Cat’s behavior of covering up feces is entirely out of life and inherited from ancestors. The ancestor of the cat, the wild cat, covered up the excrement in order to prevent the invincible from finding it and tracking it from the smell of its feces. This behavior of modern cats has no significance in this respect, but it has won a good reputation of being hygienic.

       Cats still keep the habit of ambushing in the daytime and coming out at night. Many activities (such as rat hunting and courtship) are often carried out at night. The cat’s most active time of the day is at dawn or evening, and most of the day is spent lazily resting or sleeping. According to this habit of the cat, the feeding time is in the morning and evening, because at this time, the cat’s body is very active, not only eat more, but also digest well. The time for cat mating should also be arranged at night to ensure a high success rate. This habit of cats is not welcomed by cat owners in most cases. Especially in urban families, the call of female cats courting at night and the fighting noise of male cats are very annoying. The frequent activities of cats indoors at night may wake people up. Although this is the nature of cats and can not be completely overcome, it may be corrected to a great extent after the reform.

       Appearance features:

       The cat’s body is divided into five parts: head, neck, trunk, limbs and tail. Most parts are covered with hair, while a few are hairless.

       The cat’s toe bottom has the fatty meat pad, therefore walks soundlessly, when catching the mouse, will not startle the mouse, the toe end has the sharp nail. The claws can be retracted and extended. The cat’s claws retract when resting and walking, and only reach out when catching rats and climbing to prevent the nail from being blunt. A cat has five fingers on its forelimb and four on its hind. The cat’s teeth are divided into incisors, canines and molars. Canine teeth are particularly developed, sharp as cones. They are used to kill captured rats. The chewing surface of molars has sharp protuberances, which are suitable for chewing meat. Incisors are not developed.

       A cat can also tell its age from its teeth

       Adult cats have 30 teeth. The young cat has 26 teeth.

       The teeth of a cat from both sides to the middle are:

       Upper row – molars, molars, premolars, canine teeth, 6 incisors

       Lower row – premolar premolar canine 6 incisors

       About 14 days later, teeth began to grow

       The deciduous incisors of 2-3 weeks old were of uniform length. Nearly two months old, the deciduous teeth are all long, white, thin and sharp

       The first primary incisors were replaced at the age of 3-4 months

       The second and third primary incisors and deciduous canine teeth were replaced at the age of 5-6 months

       After 6 months old, all the teeth were changed into permanent teeth

       The permanent teeth of 8 months old are uniform, white and bright, and the upper part of incisors is pointed and convex

       One year old mandibular second incisor has a large spike, which is worn to be even with the small one

       2-year-old mandibular second incisor cusp abrasion

       3-year-old maxillary first incisor cusp attrition

       4-year-old maxillary second incisor cusp attrition

       In 5-year-old mandible, the peak of the third incisor was slightly worn, and the wear surface of the first and second incisors was rectangular

       At 5.5 years old, the third tooth tip of mandible was worn out and the canine teeth were blunt and round

       The first incisor of 6.5-year-old mandible was worn to the root of tooth, and the wear surface was longitudinal oval

       The first incisor teeth of 7.5-year-old mandible tilted forward

       The worn surfaces of the second and the first incisors of the mandible were oval in shape at 8.5 years old

       The incisor teeth of 9-16 years old were exfoliated and the canine teeth were uneven

       Living habits:

       Cats are quick and good at jumping. Eat fish, mice, rabbits, etc. The reason why cats like to eat fish and mice is that cats are nocturnal animals. In order to be able to see things at night, they need a lot of taurine, and the body of rats and fish contains taurine. Therefore, cats eat not only because they like fish and mice, but also because of their own needs. Cat, as a natural enemy of rodents, can effectively reduce the damage of rodents to crops such as green seedlings, which can be seen from the Chinese ancient agricultural life.

       The cat can walk on the high wall as if nothing happened, light jump, can not help but be satisfied with its sense of balance. This is mainly due to the cat’s outstanding response nerves and sense of balance. It only needs to slightly change the position and height of its tail to achieve body balance, and then use the strong muscles and strong joints of its hind feet to jump quickly. Even if it falls in the air, it can change its body posture in the air and land lightly and accurately. Good at climbing, but not good at falling from the top. Even when falling or jumping from a height, the cat uses its tail to adjust its balance so that its padded limbs land on the ground. Pay attention not to pull off the cat’s tail, which will affect its balance ability, and also easy to cause cat diarrhea, shorten the cat’s life span.

       be fond of sleep

       About the sleeping state, cats spend 14-15 hours in their sleep in a day, and some cats sleep more than 20 hours, so cats are called “lazy cats”. However, to carefully observe the way cats sleep, it will be found that as long as there is a noise, the cat’s ears will move. If someone approaches, the cat will wake up. Originally, cats are hunting animals. In order to be keenly aware of all the outside world, they don’t sleep very dead. Therefore, they should not be called “lazy”. Because cats only have 4-5 hours of real sleep, most of the time should be regarded as “sleeping” or closing their eyes. But since childhood and humans have been used to cats sleep more dead, sleep longer.

       Capricious

       The cat appears to be a little wayward and goes its own way. Originally, cats like to act alone. Unlike dogs, cats follow the orders of their owners and act collectively. Therefore, it does not regard the master as a monarch, and obeys orders. Sometimes it doesn’t hear what you call it. Cats and their owners are not master-slave relationship. It would be better to regard them as equal friends. It is this relationship that makes it unique. On the other hand, cats regard their owners as their parents. They like to be coquettish like children. When they feel lonely, they will climb on their owners’ knees, or jump to the open newspapers and sit there, showing their delicacy.

       Puritanism

       Cats often clean their hair. Kittens in many cases, love to lick the body, self-cleaning. After dinner, the cat will wipe its beard with its front paws and lick its fur with its tongue after being held. It’s a cat’s pet, getting rid of its own odor to avoid predators. There are many rough little protuberances on the cat’s tongue, which is the most suitable tool to remove dirt.

       After the owner stroked the cat, the cat licked the place where it was touched: the cat was remembering the taste of human beings, because it was afraid that it would not find its owner after being separated from its owner. Many people mistakenly think it’s a cat that thinks it’s dirty.

       emotion

       When a cat is happy, its tail will stand up or purr. When a cat is angry, it wags its tail vigorously. If you make it angry, it may pounce on you.

       take sb. into custody

       Many people have been complaining that their cats are always scratching and biting people. The scars on their bodies do imply the tears of their owners. But all this is not all the cat’s fault, the owner also has a certain responsibility, cat is not human, he is lovely, but ultimately can not understand human psychology, human can not explore what they are thinking. If we get along with each other for a certain period of time, we can understand each other’s thoughts.

       First of all, the evolution of cats has always been in the direction of super hunters. All the organs on their bodies are designed to catch up with their prey and kill them quickly. Although they have been pets for thousands of years, these structures have not disappeared. For example, the intensity of fighting between cats can’t be applied to humans, so let cats know that they will hurt you.

       Usually, cats will learn skills by chasing each other in the process of growth. After this stage, they will also understand what strength will not hurt their partners, but this strength is not suitable for human beings. Therefore, in the process of cat growth, when the cat scratch and bite you, you should stop it, such as yelling loudly and patting the place where it is forced, so as to slowly understand what to use You’re under attack.

       If you put your hand in the dog’s mouth, the dog will not exert any force. It will always open its mouth or bite gently. A cat can do this. If it pours its paws at you, it will probably close its claws. It just needs training and guidance. After all, cats, as human companions, are much later. Our generation and future generations are striving for the pet of domestic cats.

       Wild cats are the largest group of cats attacking human beings, because they must be vigilant in the wild, or they will not survive. According to some foreign statistics, the average life span of stray cats is only two years. They should not only endure peer bullying, but also prevent individual species from becoming hostile to human beings. Those stray cats of relatives must be abandoned by domestic cats, and they have a very comfortable community to live in, but such things are rare.

       When you encounter stray cats, don’t take it for granted that all cats are cute. You should step by step to eliminate hostility. Don’t go up to feed or touch them at the beginning. The stray cats in cities are basically domestic cats. Hostility can be easily eliminated under normal circumstances, but you can’t do it too quickly.

       Don’t think that a cat’s scratch and bite shows how bad a cat is. Any pet needs to be guided. Even a cute cat must also cultivate reasonable living habits. Cats are not a burden, but a part of our lives. Don’t let everything have to end in tragedy.

       Call

       The sound of a cat can not only convey information, but also express feelings. Therefore, the owner can read it and communicate with it through observation and judgment. There are many kinds of cats, some have poor mouths, some love silence, can’t be generalized, if you want to get along with it for a long time, you can read every word of it.

       Families with cats will notice that cats often purr, and even owners say that they can understand what the cat is doing by snoring. In fact, when a cat asks for something, it purrs differently than when it doesn’t. When a cat asks for it, it has a special peak, similar to the frequency of human crying. In the night of estrus, a cat will make a terrible sound, which is like crying. It’s hard to see that it comes from such a small animal at the high volume. Sometimes it’s more frightening than crying, with a long sound, which makes people feel creepy in densely populated cities.

       body language

       The so-called “cat’s body language” is a cat’s ears, tail, hair, mouth, body to express their feelings and desires. If the cat is tired of people’s feet, side, with the head rub you, it is the expression of intimacy. If a cat rubs a smell from its mouth on you, it means it wants to take you for its own. If a cat’s throat grunts, it shows that it is in a good mood, and if a cat, like a duck hatching eggs, bends its front feet inward, it means that it is at ease and dependent. Cats show trust by opening their mouths in front of humans.

       Methods of domestication of cats:

       As a docile, intelligent and lively animal, cat has a long history as a family pet, especially in European and American countries. At the beginning of the 20th century, a zoologist in the United States first invented cat tree, a product designed to treat the growing depression of domestic cats. Its scattered space combination enables the domestic pet cat to have free play space, stimulates the cat’s nature, and the natural hemp rope on the product lets the cat feel the natural breath, and can maintain the physiological habit of grinding claws without destroying the furniture. Today, in many countries, some high-end products have become standard bedroom articles and handicrafts, combined with the owner’s aesthetic taste home style, so that cats and people can enjoy high-grade life. International famous brands, such as Garfield island in Australia and mordencat in the United States, are all enterprises for product development in this field. Tree cat climbing frame is an important product of them.

       training method

       The training of cats should start from childhood. First, we should find out the cat’s temper, and then choose different ways to train according to the needs. The following ways are available: compulsion, inducement, reward, punishment and shouting.

       Maintenance methods

       After you have prepared all the necessities for your cat, you should carefully check whether there are unsafe factors for a curious cat in your home. Then bring the cat back.

       Safety precautions at home:

       Before a new cat comes home, move dangerous items out of the cat’s reach.

       Don’t let the cat touch the hearth. Or install guardrails at the fireside.

       Always close the doors of washing machine, refrigerator, freezer, oven and microwave oven.

       Valuable and fragile furnishings should be kept out of the reach of the cat.

       Remember not to plant poisonous plants indoors or in other cat activities. Some plants are poisonous to cats.

       All garbage, never let the cat touch.

       Power line, do not let the cat gnaw the wire, please cut off the power when not in use.

       Please install guardrail around furnace or other open fire.

       Other tips

       Don’t put the sharp tools outside;

       Don’t put toxic substances in the house where the cat can reach;

       Don’t leave the plastic bag outside: if the cat gets into it, it may suffocate;

       Cats are not allowed to walk on the hearth, especially on the hearth;

       When you are cooking soup or frying food, keep the cat away;

       Don’t put the hot electric iron where the cat can touch it;

       Don’t throw small items casually, so as not to be swallowed or stepped on by the cat;

       Cats are not allowed to climb on the high balcony – if the balcony is not enclosed;

       Please close the screen windows of each room.

       Do not feed the cat to drink milk, the cat has lactose intolerance, can not absorb the nutrition of milk, but will cause gastrointestinal problems.

       Take the cat home

       Put the cat in a suitable pet box (e.g. pet air box). If you use wire cages for cats, it’s better to cover the cages with cloth covers) it’s important to bring them back, not cartons. If you are bringing an adult cat from a friend’s home, you’d better ask for something familiar to the cat. For example, this cat usually uses the bedpan or cat’s nest or toy. It will feel safer and can settle down in the new place quickly.

       When you get home, let the new cat familiarize itself with the new environment: and don’t let it be disturbed by other pets. It’s better not to let the children at home tease the new big cats or kittens. This is especially important if children have never had pets before.

       You can put butter on the soles of your cat’s feet. Cats and animals love to be clean, so when cats lick the butter under their feet, they are already familiar with the new home.

       Feeding knowledge

       Common knowledge of kitten feeding

       To develop a good habit of snack cat food, kittens can eat cat food from 4 weeks old and begin to soak in warm water. When the kitten is 10 weeks old, it can be fed with dry cat food, so that it can eat freely and have clean drinking water.

       Eat less and eat more, and pay attention to the timing, ration and fixed point of feeding.

       Timing: feed at a fixed time every day to form a good eating habit.

       Ration: don’t eat too much or too little. With the increase of the age of the cat, the appetite of the kitten will increase gradually in a certain period of time (usually three or four months), and it will be stable after more than eight months.

       Generally, about 2 months of the cat a day to eat more than 5, 6 times. Three months ago, kittens were generally fed four times a day, such as 9:00 a.m., 12:00 p.m., 6:00 p.m. When they are three to six months old, they are fed three times a day. After six months of age, twice a day, it’s best to eat dry cat food, which is good for its teeth and gums.

       When the milk for kittens is not enough or there is no milk, you can drink special pet milk powder. When you are bigger, you can add some rice flour in the milk powder. If you eat milk directly, it may cause diarrhea, because the kitten can’t digest the milk very well.

       Common sense of adult cat feeding

       Cats enter the adult stage when they are more than 12 months old. The body and digestive system of adult cats are basically mature and can digest and absorb nutrients better. Adult cats need full price and balanced nutrition to maintain the cat’s best health and prevent aging.

       The best diet for adult cats is full nutrition and balanced cat food. When cats are over 7 years old, they have a lot of health problems, especially in terms of metabolism, such as * * and eyes. To solve these problems, it is important to feed them low-fat and low-energy food to help them maintain their normal weight. In addition, we should also ensure the content of cellulose in food to ensure the health of the gastrointestinal tract, reduce the content of magnesium and phosphorus, and maintain the health of urinary system and * *. In addition, try to make them easy to digest.

       Weigh the cat regularly to ensure that the cat’s weight is within the normal range, and feed the cat according to the veterinary and dietitian’s advice. Assess the cat’s physical condition regularly and adjust the amount of food to be fed according to the condition. Gently scratch the cat’s chin, is to increase the cat’s favor on you.

       Probiotic selection

       Probiotics are an important factor in the health of pet’s intestines and stomach as well as the body’s health. In the natural environment, animals can supplement probiotics by ingesting various raw foods. As the dog food, cat food, snacks, etc. for long-term domestic pets are processed food, the intake of various food additives will continue to damage the balance of intestinal flora of pets, which is easy to produce constipation, diarrhea, indigestion, gastroenteritis and other gastrointestinal diseases, so it is necessary to supplement pet probiotics to maintain the health of the stomach and intestines!

       When selecting probiotic products, the most important thing is the activity of probiotics. Probiotics are living microorganisms. When they are consumed in sufficient quantity, they will give health and various benefits. It is suggested that consumers should give priority to famous pet probiotics. Among them, Gooden probiotics are mainly made of high-quality probiotics imported from Denmark. At the same time, bacillus is specially added to form a combination of probiotics in the intestines, which act on the upper, middle and lower sections of the gastrointestinal tract respectively, so as to take full care of the gastrointestinal health of pets from top to bottom, which is more conducive to the full absorption of nutrition.

       production

       Adult cats begin to oestrus every spring. Both male and female cats can oestrus. The oestrus of male cats is usually caused by the smell of nearby female cats. A female cat can give birth to 12 at most and 2 at least in a litter, generally 3-6. A cat with good physical strength can give birth to 2% a year.

       The characteristics and living habits of cats are as follows

       Cats are quick and good at jumping. Eat fish, rats, etc. The reason why cats like to eat fish and mice is that cats are nocturnal animals. In order to be able to see things at night, they need a lot of taurine, and the body of rats and fish contains taurine. Therefore, cats eat not only because they like fish and mice, but also because of their own needs. Cat, as a natural enemy of rodents, can effectively reduce the damage of rodents to crops such as green seedlings, which can be seen from the Chinese ancient agricultural life.

       …

       The characteristics and living habits of cats are as follows

       Cats are quick and good at jumping. Eat fish, rats, etc. The reason why cats like to eat fish and mice is that cats are nocturnal animals. In order to see things clearly at night, they need a lot of taurine. However, rats and fish contain taurine. Therefore, cats eat fish and mice not only because they like fish and mice, but also because of their own needs. Cat, as a natural enemy of rodents, can effectively reduce the damage of rodents to crops such as green seedlings, which can be seen from the Chinese ancient agricultural life.

       The cat can walk on the high wall as if nothing happened, light jump, can not help but be satisfied with its sense of balance. This is mainly due to the cat’s outstanding response nerves and sense of balance. It only needs to slightly change the position and height of its tail to achieve body balance, and then use the strong muscles and strong joints of its hind feet to jump quickly. Even if it falls in the air, it can change its body posture in the air and land lightly and accurately. Good at climbing, but not good at falling from the top. Even when falling or jumping from a height, the cat uses its tail to adjust its balance so that its padded limbs land on the ground. Pay attention not to pull off the cat’s tail, which will affect its balance ability, and also easy to cause cat diarrhea, shorten the cat’s life span.

      &nb

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