Coat color gene of chinchilla

       The color of chinchilla depends on the genes of both parents. It looks simple and direct. Of course, the father’s gene must come from his grandfather, but it’s more convenient to directly look at the parent’s gene to determine the color of the chinchilla.

       For example, parents are marked with gray and silver spots, genes are matched with gray genes and gray genes + white genes, and offspring are marked with gray genes or silver spots.

       For example, parents are marked with purple gray gene and purple gray gene, gene is gray gene + purple gene and purple gene + purple gene, offspring is standard meeting or purple gray.

       Specific color probability, there is a summary of the table on the Internet, you can see the common color matching, the possible color and probability of future generations.

       Note that velvet gene and velvet gene can not be matched (such as velvet black and velvet silver spot), and white gene and white gene can not be matched (such as silver spot and silver spot), so the probability of offspring death is particularly high.

       First, only the special color recorded should be tower Beige (Beige) in 19XX. Then there’s a Wilson white, followed by a black velvet / gunning black. We call the above several dominant colors, and from these colors, we can match different colors and different shades of secondary colors.

       Here, we won’t go into genetics, but there are two color matching methods for chinchillas

       In general, we can’t predict 100% what color a chinchilla BB is, but if we have the pedigree data of its parents and even recent generations, we can predict the probability of the color of a bobcat born.

       For example: meter + velvet black = 1 / 4 grey + 1 / 4 meter + 1 / 4 velvet black + 1 / 4 Velvet Brown.

       Chinchillas can be divided into the following colors:

       1. Standard grey – grey with white belly and can be divided into light grey, medium grey and dark grey.

       2. Beige – Beige with white belly and brown or black eyes.

       3. Black Velvet – black face and body, white belly.

       4. Pure white – full color white with black eyes and grey ears.

       5. Albino white – full color white, red eyes, pink ears.

       6. CHAMPAGNE / golden beige – light beige, ruby eyes.

       7. Brown Velvet – like velvet black but replaced by brown.

       8. Brown / paste – full body brown with black or brown eyes.

       10. Pink White – white with pink and red eyes.

       11. Sapphire – the whole body is gray with blue and white belly.

       12. Silverwhite – white bottom with gray hairs, evenly distributed throughout the body.

       13. Mosaic – white background with grey stripes.

       14. Golden mosaic – white background with beige stripes.

       15. Afroviolet – purple gray with white belly.

       The color of chinchilla has a great influence on its own value. In fact, wild chinchillas are only standard grey. All other colors are called mutations in genetic factors, or mutations. Although there are new colors of chinchilla constantly appearing, in addition to experience, the color identification of chinchilla also needs to be carried out in specific lighting and environment. And the most important thing is to systematize these colors, so as not to make people confused.

       Most of the cats are gray, followed by beige and velvet black. Some special colors even appear in alternate generations or generations. The International Federation of Totoro classifies chinchillas into 17 colors. However, because the coat color of chinchilla is mainly controlled by seven different dual genes, according to the color separation of the United States, there are 7 basic colors of chinchilla, and the combination of these seven dual genes can develop at least 20 There are more than 17 colors in chinchillas

       In the United States, brown, Tan, paste all refer to the same color, but different in depth. The correct name for beige is hetero beige, and gold is Homo beige. In addition, pure white is also called Wilson white

       Now, we will introduce the correct color separation (American Standard) of chinchilla and compare it with the 17 color separation of chinchilla color by the international dragon cat Association in Hong Kong

       Standard grey

       America: standard grey

       Hong Kong: standard grey

       Dark ears, white belly, gray black hair, and gray body

       There are dark gray and light gray, the most common chinchilla

       90% of chinchillas are standard grey, which is why the price of grey chinchilla is the lowest in the market. Standard grey has black eyes, black grey ears and white abdomen. Although standard grey is the cheapest in the pet market, standard grey is the most important in breeding improved colors. Only standard grey is used as the main rat species, Only by breeding the improved color chinchilla can maintain a strong skeleton and healthy body condition

       In the United States, all the top priced chinchillas in the game are standard grey, because the standard grey has more advantages than the improved color variety in the overall conditions. At the same time, professional longcat breeders like to breed improved color species with excellent standard gray. Generally speaking, the price of a champion’s standard chinchilla is usually about 10 times that of pet grade standard grey, The male is a little more expensive than the female

       Beige / apricot

       USA: heterozygous beige / tower Beige

       Hong Kong: beige

       Beige body, white belly, pink ears, brown or red eyes

       Beige has red eyes (and black eyes, but rarely) and pink ears. Its coat color ranges from light golden yellow to deep tan brown, and its belly hair is white. The beige chinchilla genotype is a beige gene plus a standard gray inheritance gene

       Gold / Champagne

       United States: homozygous Beige

       Hong Kong: Blonde

       White bottom, golden hair, evenly distributed throughout the body

       Pink ears, red eyes. Golden chinchillas are pink ears,

       When you grow up, your ears won’t have the only color of spots

       Due to the influence of beige gene, golden chinchilla also has red eyes and pink ears, and its belly hair is white, but its coat color is usually very light golden yellow. The golden chinchilla genotype is two Beige genes

       Sometimes it is difficult to tell whether a very light colored chinchilla is beige or golden, because some Beige chinchillas are as light as golden ones. In addition to DNA identification, the best way is to compare the light colored chinchilla with the standard grey. If the offspring have standard grey, the light colored chinchilla must be beige, not gold

       Velvet black

       USA: Black Velvet

       Hong Kong: Black Velvet

       Black face and black body, white belly

       The hair is very black and shiny

       Velvet black has a black appearance, black eyes and ears, black lines on the outside of the forefeet and white hair on the abdomen. Since the velvet black gene cannot exist in the form of homozygous, the velvet black genotype is a velvet black gene plus a standard gray gene

       Velvet Brown

       USA: Brown Velvet / TOV Beige

       Hong Kong: Brown Velvet

       Black like velvet, but brown instead of black

       Brown face and brown body, white belly, pink ears, red eyes

       Because of the beige gene, the eyes are red and the ears are pink. The lines on the outside of the forefeet are brown. Because of the beige gene, the beige gene can exist in the form of homozygous, So Velvet Brown may carry one or two Beige genes. The fur color of Velvet Brown with two Beige genes will be lighter, similar to that of beige or even golden chinchilla, but the lines on the outside of the forefoot will still appear

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       Basic color of Pet Chinchilla

       The velvet gene is considered to be a trait gene rather than a coat color gene, such as Velvet Brown. It shows the characteristics of the velvet black gene: dark lines on the forefeet, and the color of the eyes and ears are affected by the beige gene. In the United States, the chinchilla with the velvet black gene is called TOV (touch of velvet), For example, Velvet Brown is called TOV beige, and velvet gold with two Beige genes is TOV homozygous beige

       Silver white

       America: Silver

       Hong Kong: silver white

       White bottom, gray hair, evenly distributed throughout the body

       As a matter of fact, the genotype of silver white chinchilla is the same as that of white one, but the expression of gray genetic gene is different from that of white dragon cat, so it is given a different name. The fur color of silver white chinchilla is the same, but the end of each hair is gray, which makes the whole cat look silver gray, Its eyes are black and ears are gray. The number of silver chinchillas is rare, accounting for only 0.0075% of the total population. The market price is higher than that of silver spot

       Silver spots

       USA: white mosaic

       Hong Kong: mosaic

       White background, with obvious gray stripes. Beautiful patterns on the face and body

       White chinchilla has black eyes and grey ears. Because the white gene cannot be homozygous, the white cat genotype is a white gene plus a standard gray gene. However, the white gene can be combined with other dominant and implicit genes, and the offspring will have more or less white, Most white chinchillas have gray hairs, which is affected by the standard gray gene. However, the gray distribution of each white chinchilla is different. Some form symmetrical and beautiful patterns on the face, and some are gray with only white tail. Sometimes we call this kind of chinchilla with white and gray fur as silver spots Some chinchillas are pure white, called pure white / Wilson white. Although they are rare and precious, they are definitely not albino white because their eyes are still black, but the standard gray genetic gene does not affect the coat color.

       Gold spot

       USA: beige mosaic / homozygous Beige pink white

       Hong Kong: golden mosaic

       White background, beige stripes, pink ears, red eyes

       Golden spotted chinchilla is a combination of white and beige or golden chinchilla. By analyzing the characteristics of white and beige genes, it is not difficult to guess what the golden spotted chinchilla will look like: red eyes, pink ears, white and beige mixed appearance. Like silver spot, each cream white appearance will be different, some more white, Some are more beige. Because the golden spotted cat also has a white genetic gene, the next generation’s death rate is very high if two golden spotted kittens are used to breed

       All black / Bear Man Black

       United States: heterozygous ebony

       Hong Kong: heterozygous ebony

       The body is black with gray hairs

       (specific color and gene reference pure black)

       Pure black

       United States: homozygous ebony

       Hong Kong: homozygous ebony

       The whole body is black, without a bit of miscellaneous hair. The hair is very black and shiny

       When a chinchilla carries a black gene, such a chinchilla is called heterozygous Ebony (all black / Bear Man Black). The whole body, including the abdomen, is black with a small amount of gray stray hair. The chinchilla with two pairs of black dual genes is called homozygous Ebony (pure black), and they do not carry any other color of stray hair, It’s so black that you can’t find your eyes, and the hair has a bright luster

       Of course, pure black is much more precious than all black, and charoal is another name for pure black, which is the name of a very black chinchilla. It is similar to pure black, but the obvious difference is that the hair of black carbon has no obvious shiny luster

       Pink white

       America: pink white

       Hong Kong: pink white

       The whole body is off white, with red eyes and pink ears

       Pink and white chinchillas are a combination of white and beige or golden chinchillas. They have red eyes, pink ears, and pink fur. Generally speaking, the coat color looks very white, but compared with albino white, the fur color is off white.

       Red eye white eye

       America: albino white

       Hong Kong: albino white

       Author: longmao bar management replied to this speech at 20:10, 2008-6-3

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       3 basic colors of Pet Chinchilla

       Full color white, red eyes, pink ears

       Pure pink white is a combination of white Drake and beige or golden chinchilla. Like pink white, albino white has red eyes and pink ears, but it has a very white appearance without any Beige hair

       Pure white

       USA: Wilson white

       Hong Kong: pure white

       Full color white, black eyes, grey ears

       (specific color and gene reference silver spot)

       Pure brown

       USA: Tan deep / Brown Medium / pastel light

       Hong Kong: Brown

       The whole body is brown with black or brown red eyes

       Brown is a combination of beige or gold and Homo. Ebony. It has red eyes, pink ears, tan brown appearance, and its abdomen is also Tan Brown. Brown chinchilla with two Beige genes is lighter, more like beige or golden chinchilla. However, due to the influence of the black genetic gene, the coat color of the abdomen must be the same as that of the body, not the white abdomen, This is the way to distinguish Brown from beige

       Because Brown cats have different shades of fur, the whole chinchilla looks different. The dark ones are called Tan and the light ones are pastel

       In addition, some people also call the dark brown chinchilla chocolate because of the market demand, but this is just a common name. Normally it should be called dark tan

       Purple grey

       USA: Afro violet / violet

       Hong Kong: Afro violet

       Body gray with purple, white belly

       The purple gray appearance and white abdomen make it the most popular recessive species of chinchilla. Most purplish grey chinchillas are smaller than those of other colors. In order to breed high-quality purple grey, it is the practice of most professional breeding farms to breed purple gray by using two violet carriers (standard grey chinchilla with purple gray gene), Although the number of purple gray obtained in this way is less, the quality of purple gray can be greatly improved by the intervention of standard grey gene

       Gray blue

       America: sapphire

       Hong Kong: sapphire

       In fact, the blue pigment is not easy to see. People who don’t understand it will think that it is a light gray chinchilla, but only by comparing the color of the ears

       In fact, gray blue is very similar to standard gray, and both have gray appearance and white abdomen, but the gray degree is lighter. Only when two gray and blue genes exist in the body at the same time, gray blue will show its proper color. Otherwise, one gray blue gene will only produce sapphire carrier’s standard grey chinchilla

       Generally, chinchilla breeders like to use two carriers to breed the recessive color they want. However, the quantity of gray blue is very rare, and the quality of gray blue is very few. As a result, the quality of gray blue is difficult to control and the quantity cannot be increased. The price is naturally high. The quantity of gray blue is very rare in the United States

       Brown / purple brown

       USA: Tan deep / Brown Medium / pastel light

       Hong Kong: pastel

       In fact, it’s a brown chinchilla, but its fur is lighter, with pink ears and red eyes. So it’s the same kind in the United States. In fact, it doesn’t have purple fur at all, but it’s purplish brown in Hong Kong

       South American chinchilla standard gray – whole body gray, abdomen white, gray white black hair, and gray body, divided into dark gray and light gray. Beige / apricot white belly, beige face, pink ears, grape purple or red eyes, apricot body hair root is light gray, hair tip is lighter than beige, eyes are often redder than beige. Gold / Champaign white, with golden hair, evenly distributed all over the body, pink ears, bright blood red eyes, eyeground patterns. Velvet black black face and black body, abdomen white, hair is particularly black and shiny, with obvious hand line, foot line, appearance is also different from ordinary chinchilla, ear root has longer ear hair. Velvet Brown – like velvet black, but replaced by brown, with brown face and body, white belly, pink ears, red eyes or grape purple eyes. Silver white white bottom, with gray hair, is evenly distributed all over the body, commonly known as “silver South American chinchilla”. The silver spot white bottom has obvious gray stripes on the face and forms a beautiful pattern on the body. The golden spot is white with beige or golden stripes, pink ears, red eyes, and transparent fundus. Light black – easily confused with standard grey. The difference is that the belly is light gray and the claws are light black, not white. All black / Bear Man Black – whole body black, with gray mixed hair, dark black – whole body black, the color is between bear black and pure black. Pure black – whole body black, without a bit of miscellaneous hair, the hair is particularly black and shiny Pink White – whole body is off white or with some mixed hair or patches (mixed hair powder white), with red eyes, black eyes, grape purple eyes, pink ears, golden pink – whole body milk white, blood red eyes, pink ears, no miscellaneous hair Pure white – full body white, black eyes, smoke gray ears, pure coffee – brown all over, eyes black or brown red, pink ears, pink claws. The color is divided into light, medium, dark and chocolate. The color depends on the number of black genes carried. Purple grey – whole body gray with purple, white belly gray blue – whole body gray with blue, white belly, pink ears pure purple – whole body black purple hair, black eyes pure blue – whole body black blue hair, black eyes Royal Angora long hair – different from the common species of chinchilla, the ears are small, the tail is short, the whole body hair is very long, especially on the neck and head. It’s expensive. The price of South American chinchillas ranges from standard grey to hairy chinchillas from 400 to 50000 yuan.

       Most of the cats are gray, followed by beige and velvet black. Some special colors even appear in alternate generations or generations. The International Federation of Totoro classifies chinchillas into 17 colors. However, because the coat color of chinchilla is mainly controlled by seven different dual genes, according to the color separation of the United States, there are seven basic colors of chinchilla, and the combination of these seven dual genes

       Standard gray – whole body gray, abdomen white, gray white black hair, and gray body, divided into dark gray and light gray

       Beige / apricot – Beige, pink ears, brown or red eyes

       Gold / champagne – white background with golden hair, evenly distributed throughout the body, pink ears, red eyes

       Velvet black black face and black body, abdomen white, hair is particularly black and shiny luster

       Velvet Brown – like velvet black, but replaced by brown, brown face and brown body, white belly, pink ears,

       Red eye

       Silver white – white bottom, with gray hair, evenly distributed throughout the body, commonly known as “silver dragon cat”

       Silver spot – white background, with obvious gray stripes, forming a beautiful pattern on the face and body

       Golden spot – white background, beige stripes, pink ears, red eyes

       All black / Bear Man Black – all black with grey hairs

       Pure black – whole body black, without a bit of miscellaneous hair, the hair is particularly black and shiny

       Pink White – Beige with red eyes and pink ears

       Red eye white – full color white, red eyes, pink ears

       Pure white – whole body white, black eyes, smoke gray ears

       Pure brown – brown all over, eyes black or brownish red

       Purple grey – whole body gray with purple, white belly

       Gray blue – whole body gray with blue, white belly, pink ears

       Brown / purple brown – light coat, pink ears, red eyes

       After reading the complete colors of chinchilla, now I know what colors chinchilla has. I hope it can help you understand more about chinchilla

       As shown in the figure below:

       Chinchilla lanigera (Latin name: chinchilla lanigera), also known as chinchilla lanigera, is a general name of rodents, Rattus family and Rattus genus, native to the Andes mountains of South America.

       The length of the body is 30-38 cm and the tail length is about 10 cm, while that of the long tail is small, with the body length of 24-28 cm and the tail length of 14-15 cm. In general, the body weight of female mice was 510-710 g, and that of male rats was 425-570g.

       The front half of the body is like a rabbit, the back half body is like a mouse, the ear is big and blunt, the tail is fluffy. It has bright eyes, many long whiskers on both sides of the nose, blue gray fur of standard hairy mouse, pale to white abdomen, and obvious white band in the middle of abdomen.

       This species is social, docile, nocturnal, and famous for its soft and beautiful fur. It is on the verge of extinction due to human hunting.

       There are many colors in chinchillas, but not all of them are suitable for mating. Once some certain colors of chinchillas breed, the chances of death will be very high. Both female and fetus will be in danger. This is known as lethal gene matching. So, which genes could be lethal when combined?

       1. Velvet and velvet in chinchilla gene

       Two chinchillas with velvet genes are advised not to breed. Generally, the colors of chinchilla that belong to velvet gene are velvet black, velvet pink white, velvet silver spot, velvet purple gray, velvet coffee. Please do not breed with each other. It is a lethal combination.

       2. White and white in chinchilla gene

       Two chinchillas with white genes are advised not to breed. Generally, the color of chinchilla that belongs to white gene is silver spot, pink white, velvet pink white, velvet silver spot and gold spot. Please do not breed with each other. It is a lethal combination.

       3. Chinchilla with silver spots or velvet spots

       If the color is silver spot or velvet silver spot, it is often difficult to distinguish which gene combination it is from their appearance, because after several times of reproduction, a chinchilla may have a mixed color composed of concentrated monochromatic genes, which requires us to know the parents of this chinchilla, and sometimes even the colors of its grandparents.

       If you think the probability of death is relatively low, you have a fluke mind. This is because the lethal gene combination is likely to cause stillbirth in the female chinchilla, especially when the female has given birth to one or two kittens, the stillbirth appears in her body. However, we do not know that the female chinchilla is just weak after birth, which is enough to kill the female chinchilla. And it is very likely that early abortion, or other abnormalities in pregnancy, not only the fetus is not protected, the female dragon cat will also be fatally at risk. Even if it happens that this production is safe, who can guarantee that there will be no danger next time?

       Therefore, it is necessary to know their genes before pairing them. Especially for some chinchillas that need two or more different color genes to match, such as coffee or pink, we need to split the chinchilla gene into monochromatic genes and match them according to the type of monochromatic genes their parents or grandparents are.

       Provide a professional color calculator for the next generation of chinchilla, which can calculate the probability of genes of various colors appearing in the next generation of chinchilla (as long as the probability of death, it must not match

       The price of chinchilla is mainly determined by the color. Most of the chinchillas are gray. There are pure white, beige, coffee, velvet black. In addition, some special colors will appear only after generations. There are more than 20 kinds of color recognized internationally. In fact, the international chinchilla Association divides chinchillas into 17 colors. However, the color of chinchilla is mainly controlled by seven different dual genes. According to the color separation in the United States, there are seven basic colors of chinchilla. The combination of these seven dual genes can develop at least 20 fur colors. Therefore, there are more than 17 colors in chinchilla!

       Among several colors of chinchilla, China’s prolific gray chinchilla is the lowest. At present, the most popular color on the market is pure white, black velvet, coffee and beige. The prices are around 5000 yuan, and the most expensive one is black. The price of the ordinary grey chinchilla ranges from 800 to 1000 yuan.

       But in international standards, the most expensive is standard gray. Because the gray and wild chinchillas are similar in color, they have become the original ones, selling for tens of thousands of dollars in the United States. The next is the blue gray chinchilla. It’s more expensive if it’s beautiful and has a good skeleton. The kittens bred by black and white chinchillas have slight silver spots, which are called silver spotted chinchillas. It’s also a white chinchilla. Black eyes are more expensive than red eyes

       Most chinchillas are gray, followed by beige and velvet black. Some special colors even appear in alternate generations or generations. The International Federation of Totoro classifies chinchillas into 17 colors. However, because the coat color of chinchilla is mainly controlled by seven different dual genes, there are seven basic colors of chinchilla according to the color separation in the United States, and the combination of these seven dual genes can develop at least There are more than 20 fur colors, so there are actually more than 17 chinchillas

       In the United States, brown, Tan, paste all refer to the same color, but different in depth. The correct name for beige is hetero beige, and gold is Homo beige. In addition, pure white is also called Wilson white

       Now, we will introduce the correct color separation (American Standard) of chinchilla and compare it with the 17 color separation of chinchilla color by the international dragon cat Association in Hong Kong

       Standard grey

       America: standard grey

       Hong Kong: standard grey

       Dark ears, white belly, gray black hair, and gray body

       There are dark gray and light gray, the most common chinchilla

       90% of chinchillas are standard grey, which is why the price of grey chinchilla is the lowest in the market. Standard grey has black eyes, black grey ears and white abdomen. Although standard grey is the cheapest in the pet market, standard grey is the most important in breeding improved colors. Only standard grey is used as the main rat species, Only by breeding the improved color chinchilla can maintain a strong skeleton and healthy body condition

       In the United States, all the top priced chinchillas in the game are standard grey, because the standard grey has more advantages than the improved color variety in terms of overall conditions. At the same time, professional longcat breeders like excellent standard gray to breed improved color species. Generally speaking, the price of a champion standard chinchilla is usually about 10 times that of pet grade standard grey, The male is a little more expensive than the female

       Beige / apricot

       USA: heterozygous beige / tower Beige

       Hong Kong: bei

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