First of all, take a look at the body shape. Standard, high-quality, purebred German shepherd dogs must have their own body size standards. Generally speaking, the ideal shoulder height of a male is 24-26 inches and that of a female is 22-24 inches. Note that the length of the German Shepherd is slightly larger than the height, and the ideal ratio is 10 / 8.5. The length of the body is measured from the sternum to the end of the pelvis, at the process of the ischial bone. ]
Second, look at the head of the German shepherd. The head of purebred German Shepherd must be noble. The whole line is very brief. You will look strong but not stupid at all. Note that the head of the German shepherd dog should not be too thin, and its head should be in proportion to the whole body and the size should be appropriate. Among them, Demu’s eyes are sharp and divine, and his ears are slightly pointed and forward. Black nose, long and strong muzzle, strong teeth, scissors bite.
Then I’ll take a look at the body shape of the German shepherd dog. Among them, the neck is strong and muscular, the outline of the whole body is relatively long, and the fur is compact and smooth. The ribs extend down to the elbow, and the sternal process of Demu is in front of the scapula as viewed from the whole contour. The waist should be raised moderately and wide and strong at the same time. The abdomen is stable and there is no big stomach.
Finally, let’s take a look at the German shepherd’s limbs and fur state. The forelimbs are straight and the bones are oval rather than round. The mandible is strong and elastic and forms an angle of 25 degrees to the vertical line. Viewed from the side, the entire thigh is very wide, and the upper and lower thighs are muscular, firm, and as square as possible. The body’s hair is long and dense, with varying colors, most of which are allowed.
1 ear (must stand up a little in 3 months)
2 face shape (can be wider, but not too wide)
3 color (puppies generally have more black, less yellow, and should not have white hair)
Look in the eyes
7 physique (including legs and hands, legs should be thick!)
8 character (don’t be timid)
When choosing dogs, it’s best to look at their fathers. The ideal shoulder height is about 24-26 inches for males and 22-24 inches for females.
The head is noble, the lines are simple, strong and not thick, but the whole body should not be too thin, and should be in proportion with the body. The male’s head is obviously strong, while the female’s head is obviously soft.
Expression: sharp, intelligent and calm. Eyes: medium size, almond shaped, slightly sloping, not prominent. The color should be as deep as possible. Ears: slightly pointed, in proportion to the head, forward, ears erect when paying attention, and the ideal posture (ear posture) is that, when viewed from the front, the center lines of the ears are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground. Cutting or drooping ears is disqualification.
Viewed from the front, the forehead is moderately arched, the head is inclined and long, the muzzle is wedge-shaped, and the stop is not obvious. Muzzle: long and strong, with the outline parallel to that of the head. Nose: black. If the nose is not completely black, it is a disqualification. The lips fit perfectly and the jaw is very strong. Teeth: 42 teeth, 20 upper teeth and 22 lower teeth, strong teeth, scissors bite. Maxillary protrusion bite or forceps bite does not meet the requirements, while mandibular protrusion bite is disqualified. The dentition is complete. In addition to the first premolar, the lack of other teeth is a serious defect.
The neck is strong, muscular, well-defined and relatively long, in proportion to the head, and without loose skin. When he is concerned or excited, his head is raised and his neck is held high; otherwise, the typical posture is to extend the neck forward (supporting the head), rather than upward, so that the head is slightly higher than the shoulder, especially during exercise. Topline: the horse’s shoulder is at the highest position, tilts backward, and transitions to a flat back. The back is straight, very firm, without sagging or arching. The back is quite short, with the whole body giving the impression that it is deep, reliable, but not bulky. Chest: starts at sternum, plump, and descends to * *. The chest is deep and wide, not shallow, giving enough space for the heart and lungs, protruding forward. Viewed from the outline, the sternal process is in front of the scapula. Ribs: well expanded and long, not barrel chest or flat chest. The ribs extend down to the elbow. The right rib allows the elbow to move freely back and forth when the dog trots. A rib that is too round will affect the motion of the elbow and cause the elbow to turn out; a rib that is too flat or too short will cause the elbow to bend inward. The ribs are properly back to make the waist relatively short. The abdomen is firm, without a big stomach. The curve of lower abdomen is only moderately raised at the waist
Viewed from above, wide and strong. Viewed from the side, the length from the last rib to the thigh is incorrect and does not meet the needs. The hips are long and gradually sloping. Tail: densely hairy, caudal vertebrae extending at least to the hock. The tail is smoothly attached to the buttocks, set low and not too high. At rest, the tail is straight down, slightly curved, and in the shape of a saber. It is a slight hook, sometimes slanting to the side of the body, which is a defect (the degree of damage to the overall appearance). When the dog is excited or moving, the curve will strengthen and the tail will protrude, but it will never curl beyond the vertical line. Short tails or stiff ends are serious defects. A broken tail is a disqualification.
The scapula is long and inclined, lying on its back, not very far forward. The upper arm forms a right angle to the scapula. The shoulder blades and upper arms are muscular. From any angle, the forelimbs are straight and the bones are oval rather than round. The mandible is strong and elastic and forms an angle of 25 degrees to the vertical line. The claws of the forelimbs can be removed, but are usually retained.
The feet are short, the toes are compact and arched, the pads are thick and firm, and the toenails are short and dark black.
Viewed from the side, the entire thigh is very wide, and the upper and lower thighs are muscular, firm, and as square as possible. The upper part of the thigh bone is parallel to the scapula, while the lower part of the thigh bone is parallel to the upper arm bone. The metatarsal bone (the part between the hock joint and the foot) is short, strong and tightly combined. If the hind legs are clawed, they must be removed. The feet are the same as the forelimbs.
The ideal dog has a double coat of medium length. The outer coat should be as thick as possible, straight, thick and flat against the body. A slightly wavy coat, usually bristly, is permissible. The head, including the ears, forehead, legs and feet are covered with short hair, and the neck is long and thick. On the back of the forelegs and hind legs, the hair is slightly longer and extends to the mandible and the hock joint respectively. Defects: soft coat; silky coat; long outer coat; woolly coat; curly coat; open coat.
Strong colors are preferred. Dark color, fading, blue and liver color are serious defects. White dogs are disqualified.
1. The selected dogs should be healthy, lively and excited, naive and generous, have a strong appetite, have no eye droppings, do not lose weight, nose pad is moist and cool, the coat is close to the body, glossy and smooth, the eyes are vivid, lively and flexible.
2. The dog’s character is required to meet the characteristics described earlier in this book. Such as brave, alert, aggressive, self-confident, not timid, have a good nerve type and so on.
3. The typical coat color is black back and yellow belly, and some white spots on the front chest, which are generally black brown, and wolf gray also have, but few; black is preferred around the muzzle, and most people prefer black brown dogs. In fact, wolf gray dogs have the best endurance in hot sun.
4. The color of eyes should be deep and thick, the shape of eyes should be almond shaped, the ears should be upright, and the tail should be drooping like a saber. The height of the tail should not exceed the back horizontal line.
1. German Shepherd Dog (German Shepherd Dog), also known as German black back (shell), German wolfhound and German wolfhound, is a kind of military and police dog, and its origin is Germany.
2. In 1880, the dog was fixed all over Germany and used as a shepherd dog. German shepherd dogs (agile and adaptable to a mobile work environment, they are often deployed to various tasks. Later, he was recruited by the German army during the first World War as a military dog. After being cultivated by the German army, it was basically finalized.
3. Because of its large size, powerful appearance and strong working ability, it is active in military dog, police dog, search and rescue dog, guide dog, shepherd dog, ornamental dog and domestic pet dog all over the world.
The most suitable time for choosing and purchasing is 40 days after birth. Because the German Shepherd Dog 40 days after birth, its body size has developed to the same as adult dogs, there will no longer be a big change, so generally should be in the dog 40 days after birth to select and pre purchase, 40 days before the German Shepherd is difficult to distinguish whether pure breed, the following is the characteristics of German shepherd puppies, you can refer to the comparison.
The selected dogs should be healthy, lively and excited, naive and generous, with strong appetite, no eye droppings, no weight loss, moist and cool nose pad, tight coat, soft luster, vivid eyes, vigorous and flexible movement.
The dog’s character is required to meet the characteristics described earlier in this book. Such as brave, alert, aggressive, self-confident, not timid, have a good nerve type and so on.
The typical coat color is black back and yellow belly, and some white spots on the front chest, which are generally black brown, and wolf gray also have, but few; black is preferred around the muzzle, and most people prefer black brown dogs. In fact, wolf gray dogs have the best endurance in hot sun.
The color of eyes should be deep and thick, the shape of eyes should be almond shaped, the ears should be upright, and the tail should be drooping like a saber. The height of the tail should not exceed the back horizontal line.
The head is wedge-shaped, wide at the top and narrow at the bottom. The muzzle of male dogs should be wide, not too slender. The incisors should cover 1 / 3 of the front end of the mandible incisors lightly, and the space between them is very small.
Chest depth should reach elbow, knee, abdomen. Male should be visible, not hidden or single.
The limbs should be stronger and the gait should be stable and free. When selecting should let the dog walk, if runs several steps, the hind limbs merge together jumps together, namely may have the injury.
Young dog should pay attention to gastrointestinal problems, and now the weather is gradually turning cold, also pay special attention to, do not let him sleep directly on the ground, according to your local temperature suitable shop or thick or thin mat. If you don’t like to eat dog food, don’t give it to you. You can make it yourself. Find a way that you can accept (that is, the economic aspect and the tedious degree). In fact, it will not be too cumbersome. Generally, it is chopped and boiled in the pot = cooked in one pot. The main choice is the choice of food materials. If the conditions are good, you can give beef or something. The common thing is chicken£¨ Pork and other things, a small amount of internal organs (viscera can not be cut more, very small can be), if you add the quality of the soup can be stewed with a little stick bone and other things, plus appropriate coarse fiber such as oatmeal, purple potato is recommended. Better than dog food. No amount of dog food can be compared with reasonable self-control. It is reasonable to pay attention to it. If possible, you can also try raw meat bone. It is said that it is better for dogs. However, the requirements for meat quality and freezing are too high. If you find it troublesome to chop meat with homemade dog rice, if the conditions permit, search the Internet and buy a domestic meat grinder for about 200 yuan. It will save you a lot. You can prepare the amount of food for several days at a time. After washing all the ingredients, you can throw it into the machine and grind it for you. Then you just need to pack it in small bags according to the amount of each day and put it in the freezer of the refrigerator every day Take a small bag out of the thaw, directly under the pot to do, very simple. ***The meat grinder can also grind bones. Of course, remember not to use chicken bones. It can be the pig’s joints with cartilage, and even bones like spareribs can be ground. If there are bones in the ingredients, the cooking time should be prolonged appropriately, or the pressure cooker can be used to save time. A complete stick can also be given to a dog as a molar. In a word, one principle is to give the big bone, which he can’t swallow at one bite, chew it slowly, or grind the soft boiled bone, so as to avoid sticking or scratching the dog’s esophagus or stomach. In addition, if you really love a dog, don’t mind if it is a breed. Your dog seems to have some blood relationship with German shepherd, but it should not be very pure. I don’t know the breed of dog very well, because I don’t care what kind of dog it is. As long as it’s a dog, I love it. And less purebred dogs are better. Purebred dogs, no matter cats or dogs, will have more or less genetic defects or diseases of their breed. Impure dogs and cats will be better in terms of IQ and physical health. I hope you take good care of him and see the smart little guy.