Gastroenteritis refers to acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach, small intestine and colon mucosa in cats. It is characterized by vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, rapid emaciation and marked increase of thirst.
1. Cause of disease:
¢Ù As a result of eating rotten food or difficult to digest items, such as hair, plastic toys, paper scraps, etc;
¢Ú Bacterial or viral infection, such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli, viral gastroenteritis, etc;
¢Û Intestinal parasitic diseases (such as Ascaris lumbricoides, coccidiosis, taeniasis, toxoplasmosis, etc.) and stress reaction can cause gastroenteritis.
2. Clinical symptoms:
1. If gastroenteritis is the main form of gastritis, the initial illness is poor, the body temperature is slightly elevated, appetite is reduced, vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal pain is constantly reviewed, thirsty drinking is more, vomiting after drinking is frequent, vomiting is frequent, vomiting is light water, foam is contained, blood is streaked, and the body is rapidly wasting away.
¢Ú If gastroenteritis is mainly enteritis, diarrhea is its main symptom. It is drained like feces, or if you want to defecate, but it is difficult to defecate. There is pus blood or jelly like stool in the stool, which is fishy.
3. Treatment measures:
The principle of treatment of this disease is to remove the cause of disease, anti-inflammatory, anti vomiting, anti diarrhea, rehydration to stop dehydration, and according to different causes, take corresponding symptomatic treatment measures.
¢Ù Severe vomiting to fast for 24 hours, diarrhea do not feed difficult to digest food, with oral rehydration saline a small amount of multiple feeding. At the same time, Weifuan, gentamicin, dexamethasone and vitamin B 1 were injected intramuscularly once or twice a day for 2-3 days. And then with gastrointestinal digestive agents like glutathione probiotics to help the gastrointestinal recovery.
¢Ú For gastroenteritis caused by overeating, one to two days should be stopped, but adequate drinking water should be ensured. At the same time, the probiotics of glutathione should be taken, 1-2 tablets each time, twice a day.
¢Û For enteritis caused by virus (viral gastroenteritis) or bacteria (Escherichia coli, etc.), Virazole, Haida, vitamin B 6 and dexamethasone were injected intramuscularly once or twice a day for 2-4 days.
¢Ü For gastroenteritis caused by parasites, vomiting, diarrhea, inflammation and hemostasis, the above antibiotics can be used for treatment. After the symptoms of gastroenteritis are eliminated, the worms can be treated with albendazole at the dose of 5 mg / kg body weight, once a day for 3 days, so as to achieve the purpose of treating symptoms and root causes. In addition, bleeding phenomenon, should add hemostasis or anluoxue intramuscular injection to stop bleeding.
Cats are more likely to suffer from gastroenteritis. The weather, improper feeding, sudden change of food, cold and fright, shock stress, poisoning, allergy and other reasons may cause cat gastroenteritis. Many owners in the treatment of cat gastrointestinal disease, the method will not be appropriate, not only can not alleviate the treatment of cat disease, but also cause delay and even aggravate, so this article we talk about cat gastroenteritis.
Complete records of gastroenteritis:
What is gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the gastric mucosa and intestinal mucosa. It occurs frequently in cats and may be caused by a variety of reasons. Acute gastroenteritis and chronic gastroenteritis.
Abnormal excreta – loose watery stool, etc
What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis
Vomiting, depression, abdominal pain and diarrhea are the main symptoms of the disease. In gastroenteritis with gastritis as the main cause, the sick cat is depressed, the body temperature rises slightly, the appetite disappears, vomiting and abdominal pain. The sick cat showed abdominal contraction, and the abdomen was reviewed continuously. The other characteristic was that thirst increased obviously, but vomiting occurred after drinking water. If gastroenteritis is caused by corrosive substances, the vomit often contains blood and gastric mucosal fragments. Sick cats often squat or climb on the cold ground or corner after vomiting. When touching the abdomen of sick cats, they often refuse to touch because of abdominal pain. Diarrhea is the main symptom of gastroenteritis. The stool is liquid and has a foul smell. When enteritis is serious, intestinal mucous membrane haemorrhage, then feces is black or black green, sometimes mixed with blood silk and black blood clot. The sick cat’s abdomen was tense and refused to press and touch the mold. During abdominal auscultation, bowel sounds can be heard at the beginning of the disease, and then decline at the later stage. In the later stage of the disease, the symptoms of intestinal distention can be seen, such as dehydration and acidosis. According to the history of disease and clinical symptoms, the diagnosis can be made.
High incidence period and types:
Gastroenteritis can occur in cats of all ages.
Young cats are more likely to suffer from gastroenteritis because their stomach is very shallow and they do not control their food intake. If they are fed improperly, it is easy to cause gastroenteritis.
Especially for kittens, feeding milk is not recommended
It should be emphasized here that cats are not recommended to feed milk, especially young cats, because many cats are lactose intolerant. They do not have lactose enzyme, so they are unable to digest lactose in milk. Therefore, after drinking milk for several hours, they will have soft stool or diarrhea, and even cause death. If the cat has not been weaned, it is best to feed pet milk powder.
(Note: the Yili nutritious Shuhua milk on the market is Shuhua and can be fed to kittens. )
The number of times that sick cats with gastroenteritis go to the toilet is increased
The cause of the disease was as follows
Cats are more likely to suffer from gastroenteritis. The weather, improper feeding, sudden change of food, cold and fright, shock stress, poisoning, allergy and other reasons may cause cat gastroenteritis.
For example, the brand of cat food was changed suddenly, and there was no reasonable way to change the quantity gradually,
It may be that the weather environment changes greatly during the season alternation (autumn winter), or it may catch cold by direct air conditioning in summer,
Or the cat is excessively hungry, swallowing, overeating and indigestion,
Or has the cat eaten poisonous plants, accidentally licked disinfectants / skin care products / cosmetics, or taken human drugs
Stress reactions caused by new cat mouth or pet, new furniture or decoration, guests staying at home, moving house, cleaning carpet and changing environment, etc,
Or the cat has not been vaccinated with cat triple vaccine and has been infected with feline plague (Pan leukopenia virus)
There are many possible causes of cat gastroenteritis.
Feces of sick cats
Diagnosis mode: (to be improved)
Because there are many diseases that can cause enteritis, differential diagnosis is needed. Generally, it is necessary to take feces to detect whether your cat is suffering from cat plague, and conduct routine stool inspection to check whether there are parasitic eggs in the feces. Blood routine examination is helpful to judge the condition of the cat and guide the medication.
Treatment plan: (to be supplemented and improved)
The treatment principle of this disease is to remove the cause, eliminate inflammation, stop diarrhea and rehydration, and take corresponding treatment measures according to different causes: gastroenteritis caused by overeating should be stopped for one day to ensure adequate drinking water. During the treatment, good nursing work should be carried out, such as supplying a small amount of delicious and easily digestible liquid food.
Intestinal prescription food
Prevention and health care:
Common misunderstandings in the treatment of feline gastroenteritis
Myth 1: some diarrhea in cats can be treated by themselves. Take a few tablets of berberine. Wrong!
Correction: due to the limitation of domestic pet medical conditions, sometimes cats can also use human medicine, but due to the difference between cats and people, it is necessary to find out which drugs can be used and which are toxic.
Therefore, you should first consult the veterinarian about what kind of medicine can be used for emergency use and how much dose should be used. Safe medication is closely related to the health of cats. We must be cautious and cautious!
Myth 2: cats can self-made sick rice during recovery period, such as rice soup, nutrition and cheap. Wrong!
Correction: the pet prescription food that is nutritionally safe and easy to absorb is what the cat needs during illness. Long term use of rice soup or porridge will lead to malnutrition.
Don’t rely on our own imagination to determine the needs of cats, or use human experience to deal with problems. Rice soup is a good case meal for people, but it is wrong for cats that need a lot of protein and may not have appetite during the illness.
Myth 3: if you can’t keep up with your nutrition after diarrhea, you should make it eat quickly to replenish energy. Wrong!
Correction: fasting is required in the early stage of treatment, otherwise the gastrointestinal tract will be repeatedly stimulated to aggravate the disease. Fasting can make the gastrointestinal tract rest well and help the gastrointestinal mucosa repair slowly. Because when the gastrointestinal function is disorder, feeding food will cause abnormal fermentation, resulting in abnormal digestion of food, which will lead to serious gastrointestinal diseases and even lead to problems.
Myth 4: eating prescription food for a long time will lead to unbalanced nutrition, and feeding should be stopped when gastrointestinal disease is good. Wrong!
Correction: cats with malnutrition due to absorption dysfunction or weak digestive system should be fed with intestinal prescription food for a long time. Compared with ordinary cat food, the intestinal prescription food has the following advantages:
The nutrition is balanced;
The probiotics can help to restore the balance of intestinal flora;
DHA / EPA helps to resist digestive tract inflammation
High digestible protein is selected in the food formula to ensure the maximum digestive safety.
The excellent palatability of intestinal prescription food can also promote the food intake and recovery of sick cats.
Such a balanced ratio can become a long-term staple food for cats with digestive tract abnormalities. For some cats with poor stomach and intestines, it is necessary to feed prescription food for a long time to completely and effectively improve the soft stool and vomiting.
Source naja120 baike.com/article -959629
Cats have gastroenteritis, usually to develop a regular feeding habits, more serious cases also need to eat probiotics and other conditioning.
For this kind of cat with bad stomach, the staple food must be mainly digested cat food, so as not to cause too much burden on the stomach and intestines, but also to let the cat eat well.
In general, you should remember the taboo. You should give the cat less food with a lot of seasonings. More oil and more salt will have a great adverse effect on the cat’s intestines and stomach, which will increase the burden on the stomach and intestines.
From the time when the cat was a child, we must pay attention to feeding the cat regularly and quantitatively. We should choose cat food that is easy to digest, and try not to feed raw eggs, bones and other hard to digest food.
When feeding, we must pay attention to the amount of food. We should not let the cat eat too much. If we eat too much, we will increase the gastrointestinal pressure, which is more likely to lead to gastrointestinal problems.
***: at ordinary times, you can feed your cat some pet high-energy probiotics to regulate your intestines and stomach.
At the end of spring and the beginning of summer, bacteria breed rapidly and food is easy to deteriorate. Not only dogs are easy to get gastroenteritis, but also they are easy to suffer from gastroenteritis! At this time, the cat should pay attention to the acute deterioration of food, and do not put the cat into the garbage box. If the cat accidentally ate unclean things or drink dirty water, it is also easy to cause acute gastritis.
At the end of spring and the beginning of summer, bacteria breed rapidly, and food is easy to deteriorate. Pay attention to replacing the cat’s food in time. And should pay attention not to let the cat eat into the garbage can of bad food, otherwise it is very easy to have acute gastritis.
If the cat accidentally ate unclean things or drink dirty water, it is also easy to cause acute gastritis.
The disease causes mild inflammation of the gastric mucosa in cats, first causing vomiting and then diarrhea. Cats show no spirit and no appetite, severe diarrhea can also cause dehydration symptoms.
3. Family treatment:
In the case of mild onset, adult cats fasted for 24 hours and swallowed chloramphenicol, which can be cured generally. If there is repeated vomiting and diarrhea, it means that the condition is serious, and more dangerous. In particular, kittens must not be neglected. They must be taken to the animal hospital for veterinary treatment as soon as possible. Usually must pay attention to the cat’s diet hygiene, the tableware must pay attention to the cleanness, may effectively prevent the cat’s acute gastritis occurrence.
In addition to the deterioration of food is the cause of disease, some infectious and parasitic diseases and even some infectious and parasitic diseases can also cause gastritis. To find out the real cause of acute gastritis can cure the cat’s disease more quickly. It should be noted that cats can be fed with 5% glucose saline after diarrhea, weighing 40-60 ml per kg daily.
Cats with gastroenteritis in general is not self-healing, in cats with gastroenteritis is the need for timely treatment of cats.
First of all, we should understand what is gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of gastric mucosa and intestinal mucosa. Cats occur more frequently, which may be caused by a variety of reasons, which can be divided into acute gastroenteritis and chronic gastroenteritis.
The main symptoms are vomiting, depression, diarrhea and so on. Sick cats often squat or lie on the cold ground or corner after vomiting. Enteritis is the main symptom of gastroenteritis. The main symptom is diarrhea. The feces are liquid with a foul smell. When gastroenteritis is serious and intestinal mucosa is bleeding, the stool is black or dark green, sometimes mixed with blood silk and blood clot.
Secondly, the pathogenic factors, a variety of reasons may cause gastroenteritis, weather, cold, improper feeding and so on. For example, during the alternation of seasons, the weather environment changes greatly, or the direct air-conditioning in summer catches cold, etc., these are the causes of the disease.
Or for the kitten, the owner often gives some hard to change food, or the cat mistakenly eats spoilage and other food, will cause the cat gastroenteritis attack.
Third, solutions and prevention. For the treatment of gastroenteritis, if it is more serious, you can take it to the pet hospital for veterinary examination and treatment, and then take targeted medication after diagnosis. Do not give the cat stomach medicine for human use at will. It will not only cause toxic and side effects, but also aggravate the condition if the situation is not improved.
In the treatment of the cat gastrointestinal disease, must first listen to the doctor’s advice, according to the veterinary arrangements for treatment. If it is mild gastroenteritis, can take high energy probiotics, long-term conditioning. During conditioning, feed some easy to digest food, such as millet porridge, nutrition cream. If it is a young cat, you can feed high goat milk powder to regulate and protect the intestines and stomach, and help the cat recover digestion and stomach.
In order to prevent the occurrence of similar situation, cat food is mainly dry food. If you eat canned or homemade cat rice, you should eat less and more meals, control the amount of food, ensure the food is fresh every day, and pay attention to check whether the cat food is deteriorated. In order to keep the cat healthy, we can check the cat regularly to find the source of the disease and treat it as soon as possible.
When the cat is small, try not to feed it rice, because the stomach function is too weak, the cat can not digest the food. You can try to use warm water to soak the cat food soft. If you touch the cat food, it will be soft. Then you can feed it a little bit and teach it to eat only cat food. Adult can eat rice and so on. You can’t feed milk or chicken bones.
Generally speaking, the best choice is sulfur gentamicin, kanamycin and other drugs. Because of its high molecular weight, gentamicin will not be absorbed by the visceral organs, so it is the first choice for cats to deal with intestinal inflammation. In addition to the special drugs for the treatment of gastroenteritis, we can also choose some live fungus drugs such as lactase, multienzyme tablets, lactobacillus tablets, animal Coca Cola, Lizhu Changle and Zhengchangsheng. It can help the cat regulate the intestinal flora and the damaged digestive system.