Cats entered China more than 4000 years ago.
In 1990, a mandible with the first premolar was also found in a Neolithic ash pit at a site in Linzi, Shandong Province. Biologists identified it as the remains of a domestic cat. The end of its teeth was not very sharp and had a high degree of domestication. “
Wu ruzha of the Institute of archaeology pointed out that the breeding of domestic cats in China began more than 4000 years ago. In addition to the remains of cat bones and teeth unearthed from Longshan culture, he also analyzed the cultural environment of domesticating cats and pointed out that domestication of domestic cats was the product of the development of agricultural production to a certain stage.
According to archaeological data, agriculture was quite developed during the Longshan culture period. Food was not only available for human and animal consumption, but also the threat of rodent damage became increasingly serious because of the grain storage. Therefore, the domestication of cats was put on the agenda.
In the early stage of human society, cats were regarded as one of the “eight gods” because they were good at catching rats. Later, people began to deliberately domesticate cats. However, during this period, people still valued its rat catching characteristics.
It was not until the Tang and Song dynasties that the domesticated cats weakened their function of catching mice and gradually became the “pets” accompanying people and entered people’s daily life. From this period, more and more cats appeared in poetry, calligraphy and painting. Lu You, a poet of the Song Dynasty, wrote many poems about cats. Even at that time, some people studied how to “look at cats”.
Interestingly, it was during the Tang and Song dynasties that cats became known as “cinu”, which shows the psychic function of cats. Since then, people have been very fond of it, and it continues to this day.
Reference: Baidu Encyclopedia cat
It must be distinguished clearly, although most of the cats we see now are from the Qin and Han Dynasties when they entered the Central Plains through the western regions. But China has its own native cats, but many of them are either extinct or on the verge of extinction.
The ancient Chinese cat is the direct ancestor of the South China tiger. It was extinct about a million years ago. However, there are about eight kinds of native cats in China, also known as Chinese country cat. There are about eight kinds of cat left in China, including cihuahua cat, Sanhua cat, tiger spotted cat, lion cat, leopard cat, clouded cat, Jianzhou cat and Xuanmao cat in Sichuan Province. It’s just because people keep pets and like to keep foreign goods. They think that they are tall and big. The merchants also deliberately hype foreign pets. The native cats and dogs are seriously ignored.
In fact, there are many native species in China, but they are extinct, endangered or seriously ignored for various reasons. For example, lions, in ancient China, there was a native lion, Yang’s tiger, which existed 350000 years ago. Therefore, in the later documents, the ancient Chinese did not know that there were native lions in China, or did Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty expedition to the western regions, and the western countries paid tribute to them. After that, all dynasties imported lions from the western regions as pets for Royal zoos. Chinese ancients believed that lions had unique spirituality, which led to a lion culture lasting for more than 2000 years, including stone lions at the gate and lion dances during the Spring Festival.
Chinese native rhinoceros were hunted by many dynasties in ancient China. In the Shang Dynasty, rhinoceros were mainly hunted for food. Later, rhinoceros horn was used as horn, and rhinoceros skin was used as leather armor, which was regarded as the top-grade leather armor, which was thick and durable and resistant to cutting and stabbing. The wild hunting of various ethnic groups in ancient times, coupled with the colder climate, led to the gradual extinction of native rhinoceros, and the habitat of native rhinoceros in China rapidly shrank to only one Yunnan. In the Tang Dynasty, rhinoceros were no longer found in the Central Plains. It was only when people of the Tang Dynasty came to Yunnan to see the local Dai ancestors hunting rhinoceros and using rhinoceros skin as leather armour. At that time, there were still a few wild rhinoceros in Fujian and Guangdong. But I won’t see you again in song and Yuan Dynasties. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there were only a few wild rhinoceros left in Yunnan, and there were no more. The wild rhinoceros in China, about 1922, was basically extinct. However, in 1990, some people still saw wild rhinoceros in Yunnan Province of China.
According to recent genetic studies, the true origin of domestic cats may be in the Middle East. The common ancestor of these domestic cats may have lived in the crescent fertile land about 13000 years ago, which should have been brought in during the white nomadic eastward migration of the Neolithic age. By the way, Shandong people’s height is related to the white people’s eastward migration at that time, which is the result of mixed blood with white people.
In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, there was a record of domestic cats: Welcome cats, eat voles for them. ¡ª¡ªBook of Rites
Pure Chinese cat:
Cihuamao originated from China. It belongs to the natural cat. It is a kind of natural cat which has been eliminated by many species for thousands of years. People are most familiar with the story of “civet cat for crown prince” (Song Dynasty), which is also the earliest record of cihuamao. Therefore, cihuamao has such an English name dragon Li, which is awarded by CFA Cat Association.
The earliest record and literature of cats in the world is the book of songs Daya Hanyi in the Western Zhou Dynasty, which says, “there are bears, there are cats and tigers. But the poem juxtaposes cats with bears and tigers, which does not seem to refer to domestic cats.
In the Warring States period, “Chuang Tzu – autumn water” mentions that “when a horse gallops for thousands of miles in a day, it is better to catch rats than to catch a beaver.”.
In ancient China, Cibi mostly refers to wild cats. However, if we compare cats with good horses, they probably refer to domestic cats. It was not until the early Western Han Dynasty that it was clearly pointed out in the book of Rites – suburban special animals that “the ancient gentleman must report it, welcome the cat and eat the vole for him.”. It has been confirmed that cats and livestock have been domesticated. The domesticated cats appeared in Egypt about 3000 years ago. They were first domesticated by the upper Nile residents to help hunt small animals. Since then, with the development of agriculture in Egypt, food was left over and rat infestation broke out. The matter of keeping cats and killing rats became increasingly prominent. Even laws and regulations were formulated to protect cats. Those who killed cats would be sentenced to death. The cats raised by nobles will be coated with sesame oil after death to achieve the purpose of antisepsis and buried in sarcophagus.
European domestic cats originated from F. silvestris in Africa, and Asian cats are generally believed to have originated from desert cats in India.
China is the origin of cihuamao cat. It belongs to the natural cat, because it is a breed that has been eliminated naturally for thousands of years.
The ancestors of cats have been identified as the Libyans who lived in the arid regions of North Africa. The Libyans have the characteristics of understanding human habits
The ancestors of domestic cats were domesticated by the Egyptians. About 1600 BC, the purpose of keeping cats in Egypt was to say that
in order to
To protect the grain from rats, another theory holds that religious reasons can be used to dedicate to the moon god and the goddess of best
Once upon a time, when the cat was sacrificed, Egyptians shaved their eyebrows to show their mourning. In Egypt, cats were subjected to religious reasons
The law forbids carrying cats to foreign countries. Violators are even sentenced to death. Cats are mummified and stored in the streets of lubastis, No
Later, it was transported to England as fertilizer, and part of it was collected in the Egyptian Museum of the British Museum and the mummy of the king of Egypt
The Greeks took the cats from the Egyptians and passed them to Rome by trade. The Phoenicians brought the cats to England
Compared with the endangered European wildcat freedom, two main domestic cat series have been developed: one is the tiger cat, the other is the tiger cat
It is a wild cat. The purebred cat may be a mixture of tiger cat and other small cats from different regions. On the other hand, the cat Yuxi
It was introduced to India from 200 BC to 200 BC, to China in 400 BC, and to Thailand in 100 BC
It is recorded that
In Europe, cats are no longer used to worship gods. Instead, they are symbols of freedom
One of the reasons why people like it is that cats helped people clean up the plague carrying rodents in the 21st century
Because of the rise of the cult, people worship the devil with it, so that there are still many superstitions about cats
“Introduced to China in 400 AD”
About 3000 BC, in ancient Egypt, the first domesticated cats were used to control rodents, and gradually became a favorite family partner, even worshipped as gods. The Egyptians were very impressed by the nimble, robust, secretive hunter who could kill mice and began to treat them as sacred objects.
Egyptians call these gods “meow.”. When “meow” died, the owner should hold a mourning ceremony, coat the cat with antiseptic perfume, put it in the coffin, and send it to the bast temple in bastis. Ancient Egyptians mummified a large number of dead cats. Scientists studied the mummies of these cats, thus proving that domestic cats originated from African wildcats. In ancient times, cats were also domesticated in the Far East, but later than in Egypt. Some authorities believe that China began raising cats in 2000 BC, while others believe that China started raising cats as late as 400 BC.
Domestic cats spread from Egypt to Italy, and then gradually spread throughout Europe, winning “admirers” in many countries. But in the middle ages, cats were doomed. The Christian Church, unwilling to be associated with pagan idols, launched a cat movement. Perhaps because of the incredible agility of cats, superstitious people believe that witches can transform into cats. This view has led to the unfortunate consequences of cats, which are often burned alive by Christians because they believe that cats are the incarnation of the devil. However, when the use of cats was recognized again, the phenomenon that cats were not welcomed gradually disappeared. By the 18th century, cats were once again a common family animal.
In the 19th century, it was very popular to keep cats. By the end of the 19th century, early purebred cats were on display at the first cat exhibition.
The earliest record and literature on cats in the world is the book of songs, Daya Hanyi, written in the book of songs of the Western Zhou Dynasty, which reads: “there are bears, there are cats and tigers. But the poem juxtaposes cats with bears and tigers, which does not seem to refer to domestic cats. In the Warring States period, “Chuang Tzu Qiushui” mentions that “a Chiji Hualiu travels thousands of miles in a day, and catching rats is not as good as a beaver.”. In ancient China, Cibi mostly refers to wild cats. However, if we compare cats with good horses, they probably refer to domestic cats. It was not until the early Western Han Dynasty that it was clearly pointed out in the book of rites, Jiao te’an, that “the ancient gentleman must report it, welcome the cat and eat the vole for him.”. It has been affirmed that cats are domestic animals and domesticated. Domesticated cats appeared in Egypt about 3000 years ago. They were first domesticated by residents of the upper Nile River to help hunt small animals. Since then, with the development of agriculture in Egypt, food was left over and rat infestation broke out. The matter of keeping cats and killing rats became increasingly prominent. Even laws and regulations were formulated to protect cats. Those who killed cats would be sentenced to death. The cats raised by the nobles will be coated with sesame oil for antisepsis and buried in sarcophagus.