1. Head: round and strong chin and jaw. The snout of the root of the beard is round. The head is closely connected with a thick neck. The male cat has prominent gills and a prominent but wide jaw.
2. Ears: fold the ears forward, round at the top and close to the head. Small and smaller ears that buckle to the head are better than loose and large ears.
3. Eyes: big eyes with a sweet look. The eyes are large, round and separated on both sides of the wide nose. The color of the eyes matches the color of the coat.
4. Nose: the nose is short and has a gentle curve. Slight interruptions are allowed, but if there are obvious depressions, it is a disadvantage
5. Select and feed the kittens who have passed the lactation period. At the same time, the cat with folded ears was selected to go through a certain period of high temperature. In this way, when the young cat enters the home, it will be easier for the cat to grow healthily.
matters needing attention:
1. Scotch fold eared cat inherits the hardworking character of its distant ancestors, so it has a strong adaptability and can handle the unfamiliar environment calmly. But keeping a healthy cat with folded ears should also pay attention to the weather. The humidity should be maintained at 50-60%, otherwise it will be easy to get skin diseases.
2. Diet: like most cats, the intestines and stomachs of folded eared cats are relatively weak. It is best to provide fixed brand cat food when feeding. If you need to replace other brands of cat food for the cat with folded ears, you must take care of it slowly. In the process of transferring food, you should pay special attention to defecation, because sudden change of cat food can easily lead to cat diarrhea.
3. The folded ears of the cat are the main characteristics of this breed, and also become the focus of health care. There is a lot of ear secretions. Clean the ear canal with ear drops twice a week to help keep the ear canal dry and avoid the growth of bacteria and parasites. You will get a healthy cat.
Reference source: Baidu Encyclopedia – fold ear cat
Small fold ear is in 2-4 weeks after birth began to fold ears, so large should be able to see. If you don’t fold it now, you won’t fold it in the future, that is, the ear with fold ear gene~~
Fold ear lineage limit four generations to continue ~ ~ if more than four generations I can’t be considered, look at your family’s fold ear is the generation?
And it’s better to breed cats with pedigree certificates at home, otherwise breeding is useless
A lot of people like Scotch cat with fat body, round head and small ears on the head, which is very naive. There are a lot of folding eared cats on the market now, but few people really know about Scots. Let’s talk about the Scotch fold eared cat I know.
1. What kind of cat is the real Scotch fold eared cat?
People must think that a cat with a broken ear is a Scotch cat with a broken ear. It’s not. The Scotch cat has a very strong fold ear gene. It can breed cats of any breed, even with domestic cats, Siamese cats and cihuahua cats. However, such cats are not pure cats and are not recognized. After decades of experience and rules of breeders, the so-called “Scotch fold eared cat” must have been bred with American or British Bobcats. In order to have fun, some people breed chinchilla and exotic short haired cats with fold eared cats to give birth to kittens with big eyes, round face and fat ears. Although the appearance is very popular, it is not strictly Scottish Fold eared cat, nor can it be recognized by any purebred cat.
2. Why can’t a cat with folded ears have sex with a cat with broken ears?
The reason for the ear fold of Scotch cat is the product of gene mutation. The deformity of limbs, tail and joint is closely related to the appearance of dominant gene of ear fracture. In other words, when two dominant fold ear cats give birth to kittens, they often have congenital bone defects, such as stiff tail, weak limbs, or abnormal joints. Some of the kittens did not see any problems on the surface, but stopped developing after 5 or 6 months, evolved into congenital rickets, and finally died of systemic failure. In order to avoid these painful lessons. After decades of experience, breeders of purebred cats have established the breeding rules of Scotch cat with two dominant genes. In other words, the ears of the kittens born by two folding eared cats must be very good. The ears are even more close to the head than the normal ones. However, such a kitten is very dangerous, it is likely that the tail is straight and inflexible, or there are a series of physical defects that people do not notice, such as bone deformity. Therefore, when you are shopping for a Scotch cat with folded ears, you should not only pay attention to the ears and look at the photos.
3. Are the ears of Scotch fold eared cats folded?
Not necessarily. In order to ensure a stable and healthy inheritance of Scotch fold eared cats from generation to generation, only half of the kittens born with dominant genes can be bred with straight ears and half with folded ears. The kitten with ears can not be said to be British or American. In fact, its correct attribute should also be called Scotch fold eared cat, but it is not obvious. This kind of kitten has recessive fold ear gene. Even if it looks like English or American short, it can only be called folded ear cat, because it may give birth to dominant fold ear cat in the future.
Imagine how many dominant Scotch fold eared cats there are in the world, and the proportion of them is basically the same. But why do we only see a lot of folded ears cats, but rarely see folded ears? I think that’s because a lot of people, for a small profit, sell their ears as if they were beautiful or English. On the surface, it may not be different from the real British or American shortness. Even foreign experts who have worked as judges for many years may not be able to distinguish them at a glance. However, strictly speaking, the standing ear of the Scottish Fold eared cat is a purebred cat that can be recognized by * *, but it does not have the qualification to compete. The breed it can breed is only limited to the Scottish Fold eared cat. It is for these reasons that the market price of foldable ear should be cheaper than that of pure American or British short products of the same quality. Therefore, if you want to choose British short or American short, you must ask whether its parents are folding eared cats. If you are folding ears and standing ears, you should not breed with British or American short cats, because strictly speaking, their kittens can not be recognized as purebred cats, at least it is impossible to obtain a very strict pedigree proof.
4. Can the ears of Scotch fold eared cats change?
yes. The extent to which the ears of the Scotch fold eared cat are pulled is not stable, and it is not constant. It will change with the season, climate, physical condition, mood and many other factors. Sometimes the ears are well folded and close to the head, sometimes they are supported like the brim of a hat, and sometimes they can almost lift 45 degrees upward. Therefore, at different times of the year, you will see different degrees of fold ear cat, especially in summer. However, regardless of the angle of the fold, as long as the kitten shows the appearance of the fold ear at 3-4 weeks, it will have a dominant gene for ear fold and will not change back to the upright ear. Such kittens are not folded ears, and should not be bred with dominant fold ear cats, otherwise the risk is infinite.
5. What should I pay attention to when buying Scotch fold eared cats?
First of all, we should ask the parents of the kitten what breed they are. If the cat belongs to a variety other than British short, American short or folded ears, they can not be recognized as purebred.
Secondly, we should feel whether the tail is elastic, stroke the tail to see if the skeleton of the tail is hard; lift the tail and then gently put it down to see if it is soft and curved. A cat that is too thick, too short, or with a stiff tail is inferior, even if its ears are folded well.
Third, pay attention to its coat color. There are a lot of fur colors for Scotch cat. All kinds of colors are allowed. All you need to note is that the purple Scottish Fold eared cat can be purebred in the cat club at present, but it is not eligible for competition. And the key color of the fold ear cat is not recognized at all.
Generally speaking, there are only two kinds of cats in the world
There is no purebred theory about fold ear, because a fold ear cat must match with an ordinary standing ear cat to produce a good folded ear. If two fold ear matching genes are unstable, the ear will not fold. Therefore, if you want to buy folded ear, you’d better choose tiger spot fold ear, that is, the folded ear matched with American short hair cat
The domestic folding ear market is not in general disorder,
Not particularly regular breeding, not recommended to buy.
There are only a handful of regular breeding…
In addition to the tail root is not hard, the regular fold ear breeding, at least can trace its lineage to the last five generations.
If you can’t do that, you don’t have to think about…
The head is big and round, with many cheek flesh and should be hung thick. The bridge of the nose should not be too big. The mouth should not be pointed when looking at the side of the head. The tail is soft and the tail is 1 / 3 long. The distance between the two ears on both sides of the seat with ears should not be too close or too large or fly. The coat should be uniform in color, not long and fine. You see, if you meet the above is good! I fight with all my hands, more than your words!!!
In fact, the ears of Scottish jacketed cats were not folded when they were born. It’s about three to four weeks before their ears begin to fold down Or simply do not fold down! It’s not until 11 to 12 weeks old that breeders can generally tell what they are (PET, breeding or race). We’re not professional, so we don’t judge.
Remember to adopt it
Not necessarily, if the cat carrying a Fd gene is relatively high incidence rate, it can be judged by the tail that the tail is hard and short, which is a sign of the disease.
According to foreign records and gene analysis, the reason why the ear fold forward of Scotch cat is that it is controlled by a mutation gene named FD on the autosomal, which is dominant inheritance. In general, when breeding, the Scotch fold eared cat will breed with American short hair cat or British short hair cat, so as to give birth to relatively healthy folded eared cat.
However, it is not to say that the cats bred in this way will not have the risk of abnormal bone and cartilage development. As long as cats carry the FD gene, they may suffer from the disease. It is only that compared with the offspring of the Scottish Fold eared cat and the Scottish Fold ear cat, the disease incidence is lighter and the onset age is older.
People without rich experience can’t distinguish the false and true fold of folded ears because of the weather or physical changes. Especially the domestic folded ears with extremely poor quality or even folded ear strings have very large ears. After such ears are erected, even professional breeding personnel can’t distinguish them.
There is also a real case of broken ears and English short breeding that will still lead to sick cats, that is, the ears themselves are disqualified and not suitable for breeding, such as hard tail, such as short tail, these symptoms are symptoms of disease. Therefore, this breed is very special and requires the breeder to have professional knowledge and certain experience. Therefore, random breeding is not recommended.
A cat with broken ears does not necessarily get sick. The probability of the disease is about a quarter. The judgment is based on the fact that if you can’t jump for three months, it’s basically that if you break your ears and fold your ears, the unfortunate quarter of them will have diseases.
Scottish fold is a relatively young breed in the pedigree of purebred cats. In the process of breeding, it inherits the advantages of strong body, lively and lovely, strong disease resistance of the above two kinds of cats, and becomes a relatively easy pure cat to raise.
As long as all cats with broken ears carry the FD gene, they will have osteochondral dysplasia (OCD), but to different degrees. If it is not serious, even without clinical symptoms, it needs x-ray / X-ray / radiology to find out; if it is serious, there will be a variety of symptoms such as tail thickening and shortening, joint deformity, pain and so on.
Generally speaking, heterozygous offspring (one parent with a broken ear and the other with normal ears) developed symptoms later and had a relatively low severity; homozygous offspring (both parents had broken ears) had earlier and more severe symptoms, which usually occurred in 2-6 months.
The following symptoms may occur in the affected cats:
1. The tail becomes thicker and shorter and does not bend.
2. All limbs may be lame, like walking on stilts.
3. The claws are shorter and the palms are swollen.
4. The ability to bounce is reduced.
5. The so-called “Buddha position” is the sitting posture in which the buttocks and waist are stressed and the two hind legs are stretched backward.
If you have a cat with folded ears, don’t abandon it because the genetic disease can’t be cured. At present, the cat can be screened for ear fold by gene detection technology of Hino valley. If the genetic gene is detected, the owner can delay the onset of the disease as soon as possible through diet intervention, drug treatment and regular physical examination, so as to make it live more comfortable ¡£
The so-called “disease”, which is also a point of the cat dealers, does not mean that there is no disease. We all know that the cat with broken ears has genetic disease, that is, abnormal cartilage ossification. What is the direct manifestation of this disease is “broken ears”.
In other words, as long as it is a cat with broken ears, it means that it has inherited the disease. The difference lies in the severity of the disease. Therefore, there is no question of whether the cat will develop or not, but the severity of the disease. Even if a cat with broken ears does not have the so-called “onset”, it is accompanied by various degrees of joint inflammation. Why is this kind of cat relatively quiet?
If a person has this kind of disease, it will be a ghost not to be honest and lazy. Think about the cat’s natural activity again… Ah, I don’t want to say that. If a cat with a broken ear gene is hybridized with a normal cat, the genetic defect can be greatly improved, thus reducing the degree of dysplasia and slowing down time.
In fact, the cat with folded ears is a short gene mutation, and it is not even a new cat species at all. Therefore, the Cat Association in Europe does not recognize this cat species. A cat with broken ears should be called a “broken ear disease” cat.
A cat with broken ears does not necessarily get sick. It can be judged by the phenomenon of limping in the hind limbs, often lifting the front foot, bowing the back, walking like walking on stilts, the cat’s tail appears thick and short, the joints are stiff and unable to swing, the bones and joints of the hind limbs are abnormal, and the foot bones are deformed and bent, which are much shorter than those of normal cats.
The latest clinical data show that 7-week-old kittens may have the symptoms of skeletal disease, which is generally manifested as the deformation of the bones at the ends of the limbs, and the hind limbs are more serious than the forelimbs. However, because the cat is in the early stage of the disease, the pain is less, so it will not show obvious symptoms, and if you want to make a diagnosis, you need the help of X-ray, so the owner can easily ignore it. Many veterinarians said that most of the cats who came to see the doctor were seriously ill.
Like other cats, the daily necessities of a cat with folded ears include: a litter basin, litter, a bowl for eating and drinking water, a cat climbing frame and a cat scratch board. In addition, a warm and comfortable cat’s nest should be prepared for the cat. The cat’s nest should be placed in a sunny and ventilated place. This kind of cat can also bask in the sun while sleeping. Sunbathing is very important for cats, which can supplement calcium It can also kill bacteria.
A certain amount of drinking water should be ensured for the cat every day. Therefore, proper amount of fresh drinking water should be prepared for the cat every day. Instead of drinking tap water, the cat must drink cold boiled water. The drinking bowl should be cleaned every day, and the bowl should be wiped dry before being put into the drinking book.
All cats with broken ears do not always get sick. Once it is found that they are not active, their movement disorder is the initial manifestation of symptoms.
The symptoms of broken ear cat’s hair:
It is characterized by a stiff tail, severe deformity of the feet, inability to support body weight, and ingrown nails that may penetrate the sole of the foot. This kind of deformity begins to show gradually from the cat’s 2 months old, the pain of the immature cat is very obvious. The onset period ranged from 2 months to 6 months. Some cases began to develop after 1 year old.
Many cats with broken ears will show symptoms of genetic diseases soon after birth. Some studies have shown that the onset time of kittens whose parents are both with folded ears will be earlier, while those with only one parent with broken ear gene will have a later onset. If the newly born cat is not active and sleepy, always stays in the same place and does not like jumping, it is likely that the cat has already developed the disease.
This hereditary skeletal disease can not be prevented or cured. It can only be found when cats get sick, and most of the disease will continue to deteriorate. Cats need to spend their lives in pain and medication. In some cats with severe illness, bone lesions will slowly spread to the spine, making the cat paralyzed is very painful.
Instructions for purchasing pure breed folding eared cat
1. Don’t buy within three months
According to relevant information, a pair of cats with folded ears cannot reproduce. Only when a cat with a broken ear matches a cat without a broken ear, it is possible to produce a cat with folded ears, and half of the newly born kittens have folded ears and half do not. It is very difficult to tell whether the ears are folded or not within 3 months. Some of them are pulling their ears and others are standing up. But after 3 months, the ears may gradually stand up, and the erect ears will gradually fall down. Therefore, I advise you not to buy young cats, but to buy big cats more than half a year.
2. Proof of credibility of CFA and other units
In foreign countries, regular cat houses generally provide contracts, vaccine records and certificates. Their website will clearly show the pedigree of the kitten’s parents. Pet grade will be sterilized at six months, and the doctor’s sterilization certificate will be used to replace the certificate. Of course, some sellers will ask their owners to buy them at breeding price, and then refund the money after sterilization (the former is generally used in the United States, and the latter is used in many places in Europe). I will not say much about the vaccine record. They should be responsible for the fight in three months. This money is not included in the buyers.
3. Parents watching kittens
If you buy a cat with folded ears, if there is no CFA and other units, it is better to look at the photos of the cat’s biological parents to confirm, especially: pure white is a recessive gene in the cat, and there are not many of them. Long hair is a recessive gene in cat with broken ears.
4. Don’t trust online transactions
No matter how good the seller’s attitude, how attractive the commitment, must not have a sense of self-protection. When shopping, be sure to go with your friends. When selecting a cat, you must check the cat’s eyes and nose for foreign body outflow, whether the ears are clean, whether the teeth have cavity disease, and whether there are traces of excreta near the cat. Healthy kitten personality should be lively, shiny fur.
In 1961 A.D., a Shepherd named William found the first white eared cat named Susie Susie on a farm in Scotland. He liked the cat very much. When Susie gave birth to two kittens the next year, he asked the farm owner for one of the kittens with folded ears, named Snooks. After taking it home, William tried to breed the breed. The most special thing about this cat species is that its ears fold forward and down and stick to the top of his head. And many Scottish folding ear cat fans, on their lovely round head, with this pair of special ear appearance. Over the past two decades, breeders have often mated a Scotch cat with an American Bobcat or a British one. (folding eared cats can’t be matched with folded eared cats. The kittens born are malformed folded eared cats). Up to now, folding eared cats have their own body shape, which is neither like American short haired cats nor British short haired cats. At present, one folded ear plus one vertical ear is adopted in the breeding of folded eared cats. The cat species are the fold eared cat with Scottish Fold ear, the folded eared cat with Scottish vertical ear, or American short haired cat or British short hair cat. Because the British and American short head and body shape are the same as the folded ear cat standard. In terms of breeding experience, male cats have stronger folding ear genes and higher stability than female cats, so they usually have (male) folded ears and (female) erect ears.
The Scottish cat has a round shape, a thick elastic coat, bright eyes, round and big. It has a short nose with a little arc and a full round sole. The most distinctive feature of the cat’s ears is that the ears are small and drooping forward, much like a funny doll toy or ceramic shape. The ideal Scottish Fold eared cat should have a round head, a strong jaw and jawbone, a short neck, large round eyes, a short and straight nose, small ears tightly closed and two ears wide apart. Medium build, with round body, strong limbs and tail length in positive proportion to body size.. When a Scotch cat is BB, its ears are straight and straight. When it is about three to four weeks old, its ears will fold, or not. At present, only those with broken ears can participate in open competitions. General: the origin of Scotch fold ear is the result of a mutation of a cat on a Scottish farm. In Scotland and England, British short hair and British domestic cat are used for breeding, while American short hair and British short hair are used for breeding in the United States. It can be confirmed that the ancestor of all Scotch fold eared cats is Susie Susie, the world’s first fold eared cat owners and breeders are William and Mary Rose.
Head: round and strong chin and jaw. The snout of the root of the beard is round. The head is closely connected with a thick neck. The male cat has prominent gills and a prominent but wide jaw.
Eyes: big eyes with a sweet look. The eyes are large and round, separated on both sides of the wide nose. The color of the eyes matches the color of the coat. White, bicolor and patchy fur can have blue eyes and yin-yang eyes.
Nose: the nose is short with a gentle curve. Slight interruptions are allowed, but if there are obvious depressions, it is a disadvantage. The sides are very soft curves.
Ears: fold ears forward. Small and smaller ears that buckle to the head are better than loose and large ears. The ears are attached to the round skull, and the top of the ears is round.
Body: medium, round, straight from shoulder to waist. The cat must stand firmly and not lack of movement because of its short and thick legs. Its claws must be clean and tidy. It has five fingers in the front and four fingers in the back. The bones are medium-sized from head to tail and have no defects. Female cats may be smaller.
Tail: the tail is of medium length, but must match the body. The tip of the tail is thin and flexible. A long and pointed tail is better.
Coat: dense, thick and smooth. Hair length: short and medium short. Soft texture. dynamic. Erect because of density, not flat or transverse to the body. The texture of hair may vary depending on color or region / season.
Coat: medium to long hair length. Long hair on the face and body is better, but short hair on the face and legs is allowed. Britches, tail, toe, ear and neck loops are more satisfying.
Severe deduction: except for kittens, it looks like cotton wool.
Points deducted: ridge on forehead
Disqualification: twisted tail. The tail lacks flexibility because of the thick bony joints in the tailbone. Open toes, incorrect number of toes. Any illness or lack of health. You can feel the interruption of the nose
Note: it’s hard to admit that it’s very difficult to reproduce with folded ears, which is one of the reasons why I decided to choose Xima at the beginning. Folding ears are very cute, but they can’t be matched with folded ears. Genetic factors determine that folded ears must be short in English and short in America, and half of the probability is erect ears
Therefore, some people in the domestic market mostly associate it with jinjila in order to get the long hair fold ear, which is not correct
Scottish Fold CFA standard (Chinese)
Country of origin: Scotland
Body type: medium-sized, round, with medium bone and strong muscles. Females are smaller than males.
Overview: short limbs, strong, fat, round. Weight 2.5 to 6 kg.
Head: round, bulging forehead. Round cheeks. On the side, it looks like a gentle curve. Male cats have more meat, and adult males are allowed to have double chins.
Ears: fold forward, with large intervals and curved tips. The ears are of medium size and fold forward like a hat, making the head look more muddy.
Nose: wide and short. Slight nasal interruption is acceptable. The snout is slightly round. The moustache cushion is round. The chin is solid.
Neck: the neck is not too long, but the muscles are strong, and the hair is longer than other parts of the body.
Eye: large and round, the color is based on the coat color, and the spacing is quite large. The color corresponds to the coat. The neck is short and muscular.
Mouth: the upper jaw and lower jaw are very strong and the occlusion is normal.
Body: medium size, stout, round, muscular. The bone size is medium.
Legs and claws: length is proportional to body length. The bones are medium-sized and of the same length as the body. The claws are round and compact. The soles of the feet are round and very neat.
Tail: no more than 2 / 3 of body length. At the base, it gradually thinned to the tail tip, and finally the tail tip closed into a circle. Very soft and flexible.
Coat: there are two varieties: short, thick, dense, plush, elastic, and dense. ¡ª¡ªHalf length: long hair grows down the body, with a silky texture. This variety is also called plateau folded eared cat.
Coat color: recognized except for chocolate, lavender, Himalayan cat spots or a combination of the above.
Personality: approachable, gentle and intelligent
Bad sexual characteristics: the head is too thin. Too obvious interruption.
Disqualification: tail too short, lack of flexibility due to abnormal tail vertebrae.
Features: the Scotch fold eared cat is very peaceful and friendly to other cats and dogs. Gentle, affectionate, loving, playful and cherish family life. Their voices are soft. It has strong vitality. The cat is an excellent hunter. Its fur is very simple. It can be combed once a week. Its Plush coat needs to be combed frequently during depilation. And he has to pay special attention to his ears. In order to prevent the ear bone from deforming, two cats with folded ears cannot reproduce. It can compete with the British and American Bobcats. The character of the cat with folded ears will not show until the third to the fourth week. And the degree of curling will not be determined until the fifth to sixth week.
(Note: allowed hybrids: British short haired cat, exotic short haired cat.)
The CFA’s scoring criteria for Scotch fold eared cats are as follows:
Head: 55 points
Ear: 25 points
Head and neck: 15 points
Eye: 15 points
Body: 40 points
Tail: 20 points
Wool quality: 10 points
Body shape: 10 points
Hair and eye color: 5 points