Infectious peritonitis in cats

       Feline infectious peritonitis is a chronic viral infectious disease in cats. It is mainly characterized by peritonitis and ascites accumulation. Cats of different ages can be infected, but the incidence of cats is higher in old cats and cats under 2 years old. The incidence rate of purebred cats incidence rate is higher than that of ordinary domestic cats. It is mainly through digestive tract infection, but also can be transmitted by media and vertical transmission. Insects are the main media.


       In the early stage of the disease, anorexia, depression, weight loss, body temperature increased and maintained between 39.7 ¡ã C and 41 ¡ã C, and the total number of white blood cells increased. After 1-6 weeks of abdominal distention, female cats are often mistaken for pregnancy. The course of disease can be extended to 2 months. Finally, dyspnea, anemia, failure, and soon died.

       Some cases did not appear ascites symptoms, mainly manifested as eye, central nervous system, kidney and lesions. ***Edema, iris tendinous body inflammation, red aqueous humor, fibrin clot in the anterior chamber; central nervous system symptoms: hind body movement disorder, back hypersensitivity, spasm; * jaundice when damaged; renal failure, abdominal palpable swelling.

       The treatment methods were as follows

       At present, there is no effective specific drug. Glucocorticoid and prednisone combined with cyclophosphamide or phenylalanine nitrogen mustard can be used in the early stage or mild symptoms, but the effect may not be significant. Once the typical symptoms appear, most of them have poor prognosis.

       The doctor’s words are not unreasonable. There are no effective drugs for the prevention and treatment of this disease. Wish it good luck.

       Feline infectious peritonitis is a fatal peritonitis caused by coronavirus. This virus can invade macrophages and affect immunity. Human beings also have macrophages. It is considered that infectious peritonitis can be transmitted to human beings. However, the symptoms of human infection are not as severe as those of cats, and they tend to be self limiting. It’s similar to a common virus, provided it doesn’t mutate. If you find that the cat has this disease, you should take it for treatment in time. During this period, do not contact the cat to avoid infection. If you are worried that it has been infected, you can go to the hospital for relevant examination, eliminate it, and treat it in time.

       No matter dry type or wet type can cause intermittent fever, loss of appetite and other symptoms. FIP is the most common infectious disease that causes death of cats in recent years. Once the disease occurs, the mortality rate is almost 100%. Moreover, FIP has practical difficulties in diagnosis. It is generally believed that only pathological examination can make 100% diagnosis.

       Immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory effects: high-dose steroids, cytotoxic drugs.

       Prevention of secondary bacterial infection: broad spectrum antibiotic resistance

       Supportive therapy: forced feeding (with esophagus or gastric tube), infusion to correct dehydration, and thoracentesis to relieve respiratory symptoms.

       As the saying goes, prevention is better than treatment; in addition to vaccines, the management of living environment and regular implementation of serum antibody detection are also very important for the prevention of this disease. The vaccine was administered intranasally to cats over 16 weeks of age with two doses at intervals of 3-4 weeks. There are no more than 8-10 cats living in the whole area, and the number of cats in each group should be less than 3-4; the animals should be kept indoors as far as possible, and the sand basin and environment should be clean every day.

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