Introduction and characteristics of cats

       Cat

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       The scientific name is felis domestica. Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae. The cat’s body is divided into five parts: head, neck, trunk, limbs and tail. Cats have fat pads on the bottom of their toes, so they walk soundlessly. When catching a rat, it will not scare away the mouse. It has sharp claws on its toe. The claws can be retracted and extended. The cat’s claws retract when resting and walking, and stretch out when catching mice, so as to avoid making noise and blunt claws when walking. A cat has four fingers on its forelimb and five on its hind. The cat’s teeth are divided into incisors, canines and molars. Canine teeth are particularly developed, sharp as cones, suitable for killing captured rats, molar chewing surface has sharp protuberances, suitable for chewing meat; incisors are not developed. Cats are quick and good at jumping.

       1£º Variety

       There are many varieties. The European domestic cat originated from f.ocreata in Africa, while the Asian cat is generally believed to have originated from the Desert Cat (f.ornata) in India.

       1: Civet cat

       Produced in China, it is a natural cat species formed after thousands of years of natural elimination. As we all know, the Song Dynasty’s “cat for crown prince” is an earlier allusion about civet cat. Therefore, CAA cat used Dragen Li when giving it an English name. Because of its beautiful fur, healthy body, easy to raise and good at catching rats, civet cat is widely loved by the common people.

       [appearance] the head of cihuamao is round, the distance between the two ears is close, the size is appropriate, the ear root is wide, the ear is wide and deep, and the top is round. The cheeks are wide, making the head look rather round. The eyes are large and bright, with a round apricot kernel. The present color is acceptable from yellow to gold to green, usually with eyeliner. Nose is brick red, with nose line.

       Cihuahua cat has a moderate body shape and a broad and deep chest. The length of limbs and tail is moderate, strong and muscular. The overall feeling is strong and balanced.

       The back hair can be divided into long hair and short hair. The stripes are beautiful. Because they are similar to those of wild beavers, we usually call them “cihuahua stripes”; there are M-shaped markings on the forehead, continuous extension lines at the corners of the eyes, circular stripes on the neck, limbs and tail, and fish bone or leopard spots on the body. The color of the back coat is usually brown or dark brown. Some cats have white body fur, which we call civet white. The markings of cihuahua cat should be beautiful and clear. Usually the footpads and palms are black. In the wild, it is precisely because of this protective color that the cat cat, an ancient species, has survived to this day.

       [character] cihuamao is independent, lively and active. It is very sensitive to the changes of the surrounding environment and shows great dependence on its owner. Once the owner changes, it will cause psychological damage to the people. Adult civet cat is not very fond of playing with people, but it will always be in your sight. If you like the implicit, confident and loyal cat species, then, cihuamao is a good choice for you!

       [breeding points] civet cats are easy to raise at home. They can live happily as long as they have proper food and clean drinking water. Moreover, due to the evolution over thousands of years, their self-regulation function is also very perfect. It is difficult to defeat them with ordinary minor diseases and small disasters.

       2: Cloudcat

       First name: felis.

       [origin] it is named because its coat is like clouds in the sky. It is also called coconut cat and palm cat because it likes to eat coconut and palm juice.

       [appearance] the coat color of clouded cat is brown yellow or black gray, with black head, white spots on the bottom and side of eyes, black flower spots on both sides of the body, several black longitudinal lines on the back, and black brown limbs and tail. It is a kind of precious ornamental cat. There are no obvious stripes in the whole body. The back and the outside of the limbs are sandy yellow, and the middle part of the back has a little dark reddish brown, and has a very significant long peak hair, which is one of its most significant characteristics. The jaw is white, the front chest is light yellow brown, and the abdomen is dark yellow.

       [origin] Mongolia, Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia and Shaanxi, China. Its breeding period is not fixed, two litters a year, 2-4 offspring per litter. This cat is only distributed in the south of China.

       3: Desert Cat

       [English name] Persian

       [appearance] the desert cat has a large body, 60-80cm in length and 5kg in weight. The head is grayish white, and there are two oblique dark brown lines on the cheek. The base of the ear is reddish brown with short tufts about 20 mm long on the tip. The limbs are slightly longer. The body back and limbs are light yellow gray, and the back is red brown; there are no obvious stripes in the whole body, only a few thin but not obvious dark lines on the buttocks and the inner side of the forelimbs; the palms of the limbs have long black brown thick hair; the ear tip has short tufts of hair; the cheek has two transverse lines; the tail color is the same as the body color, and the tail tip has several dark brown lines, and the tail tip is black.

       [habit] it inhabits the Loess Hilly dry grassland, desert, semi desert, grassland meadow, mountain coniferous forest edge, alpine shrub and alpine meadow belt at an altitude of 2800-4000 m, and also moves on the snow. Hearing and smell are developed. Regular life, morning, dusk and night activities, rest in the day. He was a loner, and lived alone except in the breeding season. It mainly feeds on rodents, pikas, marmots, birds, etc., so the activity area is closely related to the distribution of these animals. In the alpine bare rock zone and shady slope spruce forest, due to the lack of plants and the scarcity of rodents, there is no trace of them. In the areas of cypress trees and alpine shrubs, because of the good food and shelter conditions, and the large number of rodents, its activity traces, such as footprints, shedding hair, food debris and feces, are also very common. In spring, when the earth’s surface is not completely thawed, it uses its front paws to dig the surface soil above the hole of Plateau Zokor according to its sensitive vision, smell and hearing. When the plateau zokor comes out of the hole and blocks the hole, it catches it. For rodents that move on the ground, they can generally be caught in situ. Summer is the breeding and lactation season of desert cats. At this time, a large number of rodent cubs also began to live independently, and they moved frequently on the ground, which just provided a rich food source for desert cats, which was conducive to feeding their young. Therefore, the range of activities of desert cats in this period was relatively small and fixed. In autumn, all kinds of rodents intruded into the natural dry wheat stacks in rural fields. Some of them dug tunnels from the underground to the bottom of wheat bales to pull wheat ears and wheat stalks into the tunnels. At this time, desert cats also followed the rodents and frequently moved around the wheat bales at night. In winter, the temperature is low and the weather is freezing. Desert cats go to the edge of the cliff at night to prey on small and medium-sized birds such as finches and chickens. However, excessive snow often affects the activities of mice, resulting in food shortage of desert cats. Sometimes, they are forced to move to live near residential areas and steal poultry. Most males live in this kind of cave. It also has the habit of reusing old nests.

       4: Persian cat

       [English name] Burmese

       [origin] Persia was the name of Ancient Iran. BT house is the most common and typical breed. Persian cat is actually a breed born in 1860 after more than 100 years of breeding and breeding in Britain, based on the native breed of long hair cat in Afghanistan and Angolan long hair cat in Turkey or Armenian region. Persian cat has a lovely face, long and gorgeous fur, elegant behavior, so it is called “Prince of the cat” and “Princess”, so it has a high price. A purebred Persian cat can cost thousands of dollars and is one of the favorite cats of cat lovers in the world.

       [appearance features] Persian cat has short legged horse type, strong and round trunk, round head and face, limbs, thick short, short nose, big and round eyes. This is a double coat with two kinds of hair: a long, soft, fluffy undercoat, a long, soft, fluffy undercoat, and a slightly longer, rougher coat (fine purebred cats at the exhibition can have up to 12cm). From snow white to ebony; from silver gray double layered gradients to the obvious hawksbill color – white spots. Persian cats that meet the exhibition standards are extremely expensive.

       [body shape] short legged horse, strong and round trunk, large or medium body shape. Chest is wide and deep. Middle part of shoulder and buttock is plump, back is straight and fleshy, but it is not too fat

       The head is round and large, with a wide skull and full cheeks

       [ears] small, with rounded tips and sloping forward. The bottom is not too wide; ears are wide apart, located on the low side of the head and connected along the rounded lines of the head

       [eyes] large and round; bright eyes; wide space between eyes, giving a lovely look

       The nose is short, flat and broad. There is a crack in the middle of the eyes

       [chin] plump, firm and round, well developed, reflecting good occlusion

       [limbs] short and stout. Forelimbs straight; hind legs straight when viewed from the back

       The sole of the foot is strong, round and large. The toes are close to each other; the forelimb has five toes and the hind limb has four toes

       [tail] short but proportionate to the body

       [pelt] a unique double-layer coat. The undercoat is thick and covered by a long, smooth, waterproof coat. In winter, the dense undercoat grows completely, so the winter coat is fuller than the summer coat. The quality and type of the coat are the most important, while the color and pattern are less important

       [habits] Persian cats are intelligent, gentle, responsive and understanding. Temperament belongs to the external static and internal dynamic, the surface is quiet and lazy, but it hides the inner joy, anger and sadness, and is eager to get the love of the master. Set pet’s excellent temperament in a body, elegant behavior, quiet and lovely, optimistic, honest to people, easy to communicate. He is also a famous rat catcher.

       5: Short haired cat

       [origin] Myanmar

       [origin] in the early 1930s, Dr. Joseph Thomson of San Francisco, USA, obtained an attractive peach Brown female cat from Myanmar. He named it Wong Mau. At that time, because he did not get a male cat of the same species, he had to let it have sex with Siamese cat. After breeding with Siamese cats, this different breed – Burmese cat – was established. During the breeding process, some kittens with lighter fur color will be obtained. However, American breeders ask the CFA of the United States to confirm these faded colors. At first, these cats were listed as another breed, Malayan, and later became the dilute division of Burmese cats.

       [appearance features] Burmese cats are plump and muscular, with slender limbs, shorter forelimbs than hind limbs, small claws, and moderate tail length. The head is moderately wedge-shaped, with high cheekbones and a slightly short nose. The upper orbit of the eye is hanging upward, and the lower one is round with yellow eyes. The ear is moderate in size and slightly oval in tip. The coat is short and dense, round and lustrous, and it is valued as satin.

       [body shape] medium build, muscular, strong body. Chest weight

       Cat, belonging to the cat family, is a more extensive family pet in the world. The ancestors of domestic cats are supposed to be desert cats originated in ancient Egypt, Persian cats in Persia, which have been domesticated by humans for 3500 years (but not completely domesticated like dogs). General cat: head round, face short, forelimb five fingers, hind limbs four toes, toe tip with sharp and curved claws, claws can stretch. Nocturnal sex. Hunting other animals by ambush, most of them can climb trees. There are fat pads on the bottom of the cat’s toes to avoid making noises when walking and not to scare rats away when hunting. The claws are in a contraction state when they are on the road to prevent the claws from being blunt, and will be extended when catching rats and climbing rocks.

       Origin of the species: cats, divided into many kinds, are the natural enemies of rats. There are livestock everywhere. There are yellow, black, white, gray and other colors; the body is like a beaver, the appearance is like a tiger, the hair is soft and the teeth are sharp (there are almost hairless varieties). Long tail, short waist, eyes like gold and silver, and more palatal ridges are the best. The body is small and attractive. Curiosity.

       Morphological features: the cat’s body is divided into five parts: head, neck, trunk, limbs and tail. Most of the parts are covered with hair, while a few are hairless. There is a fat pad on the bottom of the toe, so it can walk soundlessly. It won’t startle rats when catching rats. There are sharp fingernails on the toes. The claws can be retracted and extended. The cat’s claws retract when resting and walking, and only reach out when catching rats and climbing to prevent the nail from being blunt. A cat has five fingers on its forelimb and four on its hind. The cat’s teeth are divided into incisors, canines and molars. Canine teeth are particularly developed, sharp as cones, suitable for killing captured rats, molar chewing surface has sharp protuberances, suitable for chewing meat; incisors are not developed.

       A cat can also tell its age from its teeth: adult cats have 30 teeth. The young cat has 26 teeth.

       The canine premolars were 2 to 6 days old, and the length of the premolars was 6 days. At the age of nearly two months, all the deciduous teeth are white, thin and sharp. The first deciduous incisors are replaced at the age of 3-4 months, the second and third primary incisors and deciduous canine teeth are replaced at the age of 5-6 months, and all permanent teeth are replaced after 6 months. The permanent teeth of 8 months old are uniform, white and bright, and there are sharp edges on the upper part of the incisors. The second front teeth of the mandible of 1 year old are worn to the same level as the small ones. This phenomenon is called the peak abrasion The first and second incisors of the mandible were worn out at the age of 3, the second and the third incisors of the mandible were slightly worn at the age of 5. The worn surfaces of the first and second mandibular incisors were rectangular, and the canine teeth were blunt and round. The first incisors of the 6.5-year-old mandible were worn to the root of the teeth The worn surfaces of the second and the first incisors of mandible and maxilla of 8.5 years old were longitudinally elliptic, and the incisors of 9-16 years old were exfoliated, and the canine teeth were uneven

       Cat, good at jumping. Eat fish, mice, rabbits, etc. The reason why cats like to eat fish and mice is that cats are nocturnal animals. In order to be able to see things at night, they need a lot of taurine, and the body of rats and fish contains taurine. Therefore, cats eat not only because they like fish and mice, but also because of their own needs. As a natural enemy of rodents, cats can effectively reduce the damage of rats to crops such as green seedlings. The Chinese ancient agricultural life can be seen from the shape “Miao” of cats. The cat can walk on the high wall as if nothing happened and jump lightly. It can’t help but be satisfied with its sense of balance. This is mainly due to the cat’s outstanding response nerves and sense of balance. It only needs to slightly change the position and height of its tail to achieve body balance, and then use the strong muscles and strong joints of its hind feet to jump quickly. Even if it falls in the air, it can change its body posture in the air and land lightly and accurately. Good at climbing, but not good at falling from the top. Even when falling or jumping from a height, the cat uses its tail to adjust its balance so that its padded limbs land on the ground. Pay attention not to pull off the cat’s tail, which will affect its balance ability, and also easy to cause cat diarrhea, shorten the cat’s life span.

       1. Cats also have a strong ability to heal after injury.

       In 2009, a scientific study found that the myelin in cats can recover spontaneously after being destroyed, which is impossible for the human body. Myelin is the lipid on the lateral side of neurons, which can help the transmission of nerve signals. The loss of myelin will lead to the loss of nerve protection, resulting in sensory, behavioral, cognitive and other functional abnormalities. Therefore, the cat’s nervous system has a strong ability to recover after damage.

       2. A cat has a set of hard skills for soft landing. Even if it falls from a high place, the injury is usually lighter. This is due to its developed motor nervous system and balance ability.

       Once it falls from a high altitude, it can complete the posture adjustment in the air, whether it is back down or other bad posture at the beginning. When approaching the ground, the forelimb is ready for landing, and its thick meat pad and flexible spine can effectively reduce the impact.

       3. Cats are quick and good at jumping. Eat fish, mice, rabbits, etc. The reason why cats like to eat fish and mice is that cats are nocturnal animals. In order to be able to see things at night, they need a lot of taurine, and the body of rats and fish contains taurine. Therefore, cats eat not only because they like fish and mice, but also because of their own needs.

       Extended data:

       There are many kinds of cats, among which cihuahua cat is one.

       Cihuamao has a very independent personality, like sports, very cheerful, if the surrounding environment has changed, it will be very sensitive. Although adult cats don’t like playing with people very much, they can still walk in your sight at any time.

       Cihuamao has a very round head, the distance between the two ears is not short, the size of the ears is very appropriate, there is a very wide ear root, very deep auricle, the part at the tip is relatively smooth. Cihuamao has a very wide cheek, so that the head has a very smooth feeling. Its very large eyes are round and slightly slanted, ranging from yellow, gold to green.

       The nose color is brick red, black “stroke”. Cihuamao has a very moderate body, chest is not only very wide, but also very deep, thick. The limbs, like the tail, are of moderate length and fit, with well-developed muscles and great strength. The impression left to people is that they have a very strong body and a big round face that matches English short.

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Cat

       Source: People’s daily. Com – why say “cat has nine lives”? Let’s see what the cat can do to survive

       A cat has 30 sharp teeth (while a dog has 42)

       The cat’s eyes have reflective layers that amplify incident light, so cats have six times higher vision than humans in the same dark places. Both cats and dogs have blinking membranes called the third eyelid, which is very important to protect their eyes.

       There are 32 tiny muscles in the cat’s ear, compared with 12 in humans. This makes the cat’s ears more flexible, helping them locate prey very quickly, and even capture faint audio that cannot be heard by human ears. In addition, the cat ear is also a cat to maintain body balance.

       Cats are very careful to protect their front paws. With sharp claws, they can climb happily. Of course, this is also their most effective weapon against the enemy.

       The whiskers of cats are actually an important part of their sense of touch. These whiskers belong to neurons and can provide them with information about the environment and help them judge whether they are safe or not.

       Cats hate water because of their habits. Cats are animals that live on land, so they hate water, and they hate being wet by rain. If you give it a bath since childhood, there is no problem, but it will continue to lick their fur until the body becomes dry, even if the soles of the feet are wet, it does not like it, so cats hate water completely.

       You can’t feel at ease without your own sphere of influence. Cats like to divide their sphere of influence. The so-called sphere of influence is a place where food is safe. There is no need for domestic cats to look for food, but they still focus on their home, divide their spheres of influence, and then patrol their own spheres of influence every day. Cats (male cats) pee on people’s things and leave their own smell everywhere, which is to protect their sphere of influence.

       Sometimes I run away from home. Cats sometimes run away from home. As long as it is not happy with its environment, it will run away from home. There are many reasons that make them feel fast, such as new pets in the family, moving house and so on. Although they will return home in 1-2 weeks, it is important to create a comfortable living environment for them.

       Hate the changes in life. The cat’s lifestyle is very monotonous. But for the cat, it’s happy. It’s a safe state for a cat to live according to a fixed pattern every day. Therefore, when a kitten grows up, it’s better to let it ride or take it around all of a sudden.

       I like to snore. One of the unique characteristics of a cat is to make a purr. The voice was once thought to have come from the throat. But it has now been confirmed that this is caused by a vibration in the wall of a large blood vessel in the chest, which is transmitted to the upper respiratory tract to produce the grunt. Cats make this sound from a very young age. They usually like to make it when they are comfortable, safe or asleep, but there are a few cases when they are afraid or uncomfortable.

       The cat’s character is intelligent. Cats are very talented and intelligent animals. From the anatomical characteristics of the central nervous system, cats have the typical cerebral hemisphere of high intelligence organisms, that is, the cerebral cortex is rich and well developed. The kitten’s brain is not fully developed at birth, and it tends to mature at 5 months. The normal development of kitten’s brain depends on the sensory stimulation provided by cat mother and human. Living alone and lack of nutrition can hinder the development and perfection of the cat’s brain and intelligence.

       ¡£ I don’t feel lonely. If you have several cats, there will always be cats who don’t get along with other cats. However, cats are originally animals that live alone. Even if it’s a parent-child relationship, kittens don’t want to be with their mother when they grow up. So, a cat that looks lonely is not really lonely.

       For other characteristics, the touch of food is even more important than the taste of cats, which is no less critical of the smell of food. If your cat never licks you, it’s probably because, in their eyes, you’re as rough as sandpaper. Although the cat’s tongue is rough, it is nearly perfect in function, not only can it be used to eat, but also can help clean the body.

       Cats like to rub and scratch, which is their personalized way of communication.

       Almost 75% of cats have a strong reaction to cat mint. They are naturally attracted to plants.

       Cats can travel at 30 kilometers an hour.

       The Maine cat is Australia’s largest cat breed, which can grow up to 12 kg.

       Expanding information

       Cat, belonging to the cat family, is a more extensive family pet in the world. The ancestors of domestic cats are supposed to be desert cats originated in ancient Egypt, Persian cats in Persia, which have been domesticated by humans for 3500 years (but not completely domesticated like dogs).

       General cat: head round, face short, forelimb five fingers, hind limbs four toes, toe tip with sharp and curved claws, claws can stretch. Nocturnal sex.

       Hunting other animals by ambush, most of them can climb trees. There are fat pads on the bottom of the cat’s toes to avoid making noises when walking and not to scare rats away when hunting. The claws are in a contraction state when they are on the road to prevent the claws from being blunt, and will be extended when catching rats and climbing rocks.

       Safety precautions at home: before a new cat comes home, move dangerous items out of the reach of the cat.

       Don’t let the cat touch the hearth. Or install guardrails at the fireside.

       Always close the doors of washing machine, refrigerator, freezer, oven and microwave oven.

       Valuable and fragile furnishings should be kept out of the reach of the cat.

       Remember not to plant poisonous plants indoors or in other cat activities. Some plants are poisonous to cats.

       All garbage, never let the cat touch.

       Power line, do not let the cat gnaw the wire, please cut off the power when not in use.

       Please install guardrail around furnace or other open fire.

       Other tips: don’t put the pointed instruments outside;

       Don’t put toxic substances in the house where the cat can reach;

       Don’t leave the plastic bag outside: if the cat gets into it, it may suffocate;

       Cats are not allowed to walk on the hearth, especially on the hearth;

       When you are cooking soup or frying food, keep the cat away;

       Don’t put the hot electric iron where the cat can touch it;

       Don’t throw small items casually, so as not to be swallowed or stepped on by the cat;

       Cats are not allowed to climb on the high balcony – if the balcony is not enclosed;

       Please close the screen windows of each room

       Do not feed the cat to drink milk, the cat has lactose intolerance, can not absorb the nutrition of milk, but will cause gastrointestinal problems.

       Cat Baidu Encyclopedia

       Cat, head round, face short, forelimb five fingers, hind limbs four toes, toe tip with sharp and curved claws, claws can stretch. Nocturnal sex. Hunting other animals by ambush, most of them can climb trees.

       There are fat pads on the bottom of the cat’s toes to avoid making noises when walking and not to scare rats away when hunting. The claws are in a contraction state when they are on the road to prevent the claws from being blunt, and will be extended when catching rats and climbing rocks.

       Development materials:

       The sound of a cat can not only convey information, but also express feelings. Therefore, the owner can read it and communicate with it through observation and judgment. There are many kinds of cats, some have poor mouths, some love silence, can not be generalized, if you want to get along with it for a long time, you can read every word of it.

       Cat’s personality: sleepy: cats sleep half of the day. Cats spend 14-15 hours in their sleep. Some cats sleep more than 20 hours. Therefore, cats are called “lazy cats”. However, if you carefully observe the sleeping appearance of the cat, you will find that as long as there is a sound, the cat’s ears will move, and if someone approaches, it will jump up. Originally, the cat is a hunting animal, in order to be able to keenly feel all the outside world, it does not sleep very dead.

       Willful: cats never think that they are the servants of their owners. Some people think that compared with dogs, cats seem to be a little wayward. I will ask for them. Originally, cats like to act alone. Unlike dogs, cats follow the orders of their owners and act collectively. Therefore, it does not regard the master as a monarch, and obeys orders. Cats and their owners are not master-slave relationship. It is better to regard them as equal friends. It is this relationship that makes it unique.

       Love clean: often clean their hair kittens, in many cases, love licking body, self-cleaning. After meals, it will wipe its beard with its front paws, lick it with its tongue after urination, and lick its hair with its tongue after being held. This is the kitten in the removal of body odor and dirt. The cat’s tongue has a lot of rough protuberances, which is the most suitable tool to remove stolen goods.

       Reaction and balance are second to none: walk gracefully and jump lightly on the high wall. When you see a cat walking on the high wall, you can’t help but be satisfied with its sense of balance. This is mainly due to the cat’s withdrawal rate response nerve and sense of balance. It only needs to slightly change the position and height of its tail to achieve body balance, and then use the strong muscles and strong joints of its hind feet to jump quickly. Even if it falls in the air, it can change its body posture in the air and land lightly and accurately.

       A cat is a hunter: fully stretched, with an authentic hunting posture. And not only can be caught, the cat hunting posture is generally crawling forward to the prey, suddenly jump up, claws, teeth bite. Especially if the cat’s mother is good at catching, the “son inherits the mother’s business” tendency is stronger, but even if the offspring of “famous catch”

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