When it comes to catching mice, there must be many people who think that cats are born with this ability. However, is it true? It is said that in the 1930s, a psychologist in China made an interesting experiment about cats catching mice. He divided the kittens into four groups
The first group of kittens were isolated from the female cats after birth, so they could not see the behavior of female cats;
The second group of kittens lived with the female cats, and the behavior of female cats catching mice could be seen;
After birth, the third group of kittens were isolated from the female cats and lived with mice;
The fourth group of kittens received an electric shock when they saw the mice, forming a conditioned reflex to escape from the mice.
Then control the invariants and let the cats grow up. When cats grow up, observe their reactions to mice: the first group was indifferent; the second group showed rat catching behavior; the third group did not imitate even if other cats caught mice; the fourth group was afraid of mice and ran away when they saw mice.
The result of this experiment is more interesting. It shows a problem that cats do not take the initiative to catch mice without the induction of female cats catching mice. Although in life, we can all feel that cats are born with a “want to catch moving objects” nature, if there is a moving thing, the hand will naturally extend out, there is a “no hands can not” mentality. But it’s not that cats are born to catch mice. Through practice and repeated training, we can master the method of catching prey.
Why are cats interested in cats? It’s just because the mother cats teach them. Well, maybe this is one aspect. But from the perspective of cats’ nutrition and diet, it seems to be more able to explain this problem. Cats have very sharp teeth, but their chewing ability is very poor. Some high fiber vegetables and fruits can’t be initially decomposed in the mouth by chewing, and naturally they can’t be in the intestines Digestion and absorption in the tract. It can only eat some vegetables and fruits for a living animals, from the intake of certain vitamins.
In addition, we all know that the cat lacks a substance called taurine, which is closely related to the cat’s bright big eyes. Mice can supplement the taurine that can’t be found in the cat’s body. Taurine can combine with cholic acid to produce taurocholate and promote the digestion and absorption of fat and lipid substances. It also plays an important role in maintaining its keen vision, normal reproduction, immune and neurological functions. It is a very important essential amino acid. So cats don’t like to eat mice, but have to eat them for eyesight protection and nutrition care. Therefore, cats are very interested in small rodents, such as birds, reptiles, and fish. However, compared with other small animals, mice are easier to catch in human living areas, and are very common, so catching mice has become the daily routine of some cats.
Rats are four pests, and they are carriers of some virus and bacteria. Therefore, catching mice by cats has contributed to social public health. But to be honest, rats are not common in big cities nowadays, so we can only see cats at home listless and sleeping all day. However, the probability of cats suffering from chronic lack of exercise will increase Cats are strong and healthy. According to the cat’s hobby of catching mice, if the owners buy some toys such as electric mice for the cat to play at home, the cat will certainly have a good time!
1£º Cats can catch mice, but because of the acquired pet, the performance is not obvious.
2£º Cat and mouse catching is an inborn behavior, an inborn behavior, and a biological species. It’s not only natural, but also a result of the pet cat society. As a result, it is not obvious that the cat will catch mice when they grow up, and the behavior of catching mice first comes from the day after tomorrow.
3£º Both cats and mice realize that hunger is the reason why cats catch mice. Cats catch mice because there is a substance in the body of mice that the cat itself covers. If there is a lack of clay, the vision of cats will decrease at night. If you tie the cat in the house all day long, you will have a good night vision ability.
1¡¢ Cat owners are never late in the morning.
According to experience, the cat will jump to your stomach and do morning exercises at a fixed time in the morning until you get up. Therefore, you can’t sleep in, and you don’t need an alarm clock, saving money on the alarm clock.
2¡¢ Keeping a cat helps to form a good sense of time
A cat has two meals a day, and the time is fixed. If you don’t feed him after the time, the consequences are unimaginable.
3¡¢ Keeping a cat helps to improve the family environment
Anything that will prevent the cat from fighting and running will be well collected, and in order to ensure the safety of the cat’s life, any fragile items will be properly kept.
4¡¢ Keeping a cat helps to form a habit of hard work
After raising a cat, it is absolutely necessary to sweep and mop the floor every day, and the frequency depends on the number of cats, the degree of liveliness and the speed of hair loss.
5¡¢ Having a cat gives you an excuse to change your furniture
It usually reaches this level 4-5 months after birth.
If the cat is too small, it will not only catch the mouse, but also be bitten to death by the mouse. When the cat’s bones and legs develop well, you can start to train the cat to catch mice. At the beginning of training cats to catch mice, the requirements should not be too harsh, to train from easy to difficult.
You can catch one with a rat cage, tie the mouse with wire and throw it in front of the cat to catch and play, but it’s better not to let the cat eat it. There are too many bacteria on the mouse, which makes the cat sick. After a long time, the cat will take the initiative to catch the mouse instead of eating it.
matters needing attention:
1. To do a good job of cleaning cats, cats in the wild will carry a lot of bacteria, so cleaning work is particularly important, the water temperature should be selected properly, not too cold or too hot.
2. The food basin for kittens should be kept clean. Kittens are clean animals. After cleaning up the dishes, kittens are not easy to get sick.
3. When feeding, pay attention to timing and ration, of course, it is best to be in the same place every time, so as to form a habit, which is good for the kitten’s body.
Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Cat
Source: Baidu Encyclopedia mouse
In nature, there are many kinds of animal behaviors, which can be divided into two categories according to the way of acquisition: one is the inborn behavior of animals, which is called congenital behavior. If the chicks can open their mouths to ask for food from their parents without opening their eyes, the other is the acquired behavior of animals called learning behavior
Inborn behaviors are simple and essential for the survival of animals
Learning behavior is an important guarantee for animals to adapt to the changing environment for better survival and reproduction. The level of learning behavior is different, which is related to the development of animal nervous system
So it should be natural, of course, learning behavior is also a little bit
I think that to judge the behavior of an animal, we must be specific to a specific behavior. If we generalize it, then we can say that all mammals eat is congenital behavior.
Taking people as an example, eating is a congenital behavior, but if you eat a walnut, it becomes a learning behavior, because we can find through observation that children have gone through the learning process of “trying and making mistakes” in the process of eating walnuts. Although it is all eating, but with the learning process, it is called learning behavior, because congenital behavior is the basis of learning behavior.
Capturing prey is a congenital behavior for some mammals, but the capture rate may be very low. In the constant “attempt and error”, the capture rate gradually increases, which is a learning behavior.