It is said that horse dogs are like native dogs – what is the difference between horse dogs and native dogs?

       1¡¢ Looks different

       The malinua is well proportioned, smooth and square, with an elegant head and neck posture. Agile, muscular, responsive and energetic. Four limbs stand square, from the side, the back line, forelimb, hind limb approximate square. Males are usually slightly larger than females.

       The malinu is the only short haired of the four types of Belgian Sheepdog. It is a natural breed with medium size, well proportioned, powerful and elegant. Compared with all dogs, it also has atavism.

       The head features of Chinese garden dog are more similar to the appearance of its ancestor wolf, with sharp mouth, short mouth and flat forehead. The ear position is high, the ear is small and erect or semi erect, and the semi erect ear is half pendulous to the head. Tail up, especially when walking will be high, mainly money tail and sickle tail.

       It is mainly brown hair, coarse hair and easy to keep clean. The colors are yellow, white, black and variegated. The body is well proportioned and compact; of medium size, the length to shoulder ratio is about 1:1, and the hind legs are straight and almost perpendicular to the ground, making the whole body square.

       2¡¢ Different places of origin

       Horse dog originated from Belgium, is the four varieties of Belgian shepherd dog, but the hair quality, coat color difference is big, other characteristics are basically the same. As one of the outstanding military and police dog breeds. The four varieties were first used in Belgium and neighboring Netherlands.

       Chinese garden dog is one of the oldest dogs in China. It was once called “national dog”. Most of the native dogs in China live in rural areas and suburbs of China. Most of them are free range dogs and account for the majority of native breeds.

       Some scholars believe that there is a genetic link between the Chinese garden dog and the Chinese Chai dog, which was bred by the same dog ancestor in China and in China.

       3¡¢ Reproduction mode

       1. Horse dog

       The first mating period should be 18 months. Male dogs have strong sexual reflexes and high density. They can be bred all year round. The female dog precocious puberty, the female dog first estrus 8-12 months old, 4-6 months for a sexual cycle. The suitable time for the first mating was 18 months. The average estrus period was 12 days and the gestational period was 58-62 days.

       The estrus of female dogs is not seasonal, but more in spring and autumn. It has good reproductive performance, high conception rate, large litter size, strong maternal and high survival rate.

       2. Chinese garden dog

       Chinese native dogs can breed all year round, and the peak period is in the second half of the rainy season, that is, from March to June and from September to November every year. The gestational period is about 60 days. Each fetus produces 1-8 babies, usually about 4 babies. The reproductive interval was 6-8 months and the weaning period was 10 weeks.

       After 40 days, the dog will start out. 6-8 months to reach sexual maturity, earlier 5 months, this belongs to the performance of hormone eating more.

       Extended data

       The behavior and habits of Chinese garden dog were as follows

       1. Hierarchy

       When they live in groups, they also have a “hierarchy”. The establishment of such an order can maintain the stability of the whole group and reduce the fierce fighting and war caused by the competition for food, living space and the opposite sex.

       2. Turn around before going to bed

       Before lying down, always turn around, make sure there is no danger before you sleep at ease.

       3. Like to be touched

       The belly and back like to be caressed.

       4. Attitude towards strangers

       The code of conduct for strangers is to judge the strength of the opponent according to the height of their sight.

       5. To expose one’s belly

       When a dog lets others see its belly, it is a sign of surrender, confession, obedience and coquetry. A dog never attacks an opponent who has fallen down and shows his stomach.

       6. Wagging the tail

       Human smile and dog tail wagging are similar forms of communication.

       7. Urination marker

       Wolves use urine to mark “territory, attract the opposite sex, or be a road sign.”. Dogs evolved from wolves also inherited this habit from their ancestors.

       8. Territorial consciousness

       It has the habit of territory, occupies a certain area by itself, and protects it from other animals. They can use the secretion of the glands to make the feces have a special smell. The sweat secreted by the sweat glands between the toes and scratch on the ground with the hind legs are used as the mark of territory.

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia horse dog

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – native dog


       The synonym horse dog generally refers to the marinus dog

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       Belgian malinnos dog, also known as Belgian malinus dog, horse dog, no matter intelligence quotient, flexibility, obedience, trainability are better than other working dogs, especially its springing explosive power is amazing, good horse dog can climb trees, over 3 meters high wall easily! And absolutely loyal to the master. At present, the military and police circles of the United States, Germany, Australia, China and other countries have recognized this point and started to introduce it for popularization.

       Chinese scientific name



       Animal kingdom


       Phylum animalis








       Malinus is also known as horse dog. The English name of malinus dog is below, AKC standard, American AKC standard for Belgian Malinois

       1¡¢ Body shape and appearance

       Malinua is symmetrical, smooth and square in shape. Its head and neck posture are very elegant. It is agile, muscular, sensitive and energetic. Its limbs are square when standing. From the side, the back line, forelimb and hind limb are similar to square, which gives the impression that it is strong but not heavy. Males are usually slightly larger than females. The marinium is a breed of Belgian shepherd dog, which is similar to the Teflon and Belgian shepherd dogs. The malinu is a natural breed, of medium size, well proportioned, powerful and elegant. Compared with all dogs, it also has atavism, and it is more serious. The typical marinus is often described as being between the two extremes. In the development plan of the Belgian shepherd dog, Dr. R. Pollet described “strength and elegance as the direction, but coordination should not be ignored, and both should be balanced in a very harmonious way. The Belgian shepherd dog is rough, powerful in limbs, or bulky but atypical. Although the Belgian shepherd dog has the strength and energy, and the skeleton is lighter But the variety characteristics are not prominent

       2¡¢ Size, scale, structure

       Measured from the carapace, the body height of male dogs is 61-66 cm, and that of female dogs is 56-61 cm. Male dogs below 58 cm and above 69 cm, female dogs below 53 cm or above 64 cm are disqualified. Measured from the front of the sternum to the front of the buttocks, the body length should be equal to the body height. The female dogs can be slightly longer, but the square dogs are more popular. Its proper skeleton is proportional to the height so that the dog’s overall proportion is coordinated, neither slender nor too long, nor bulky and bulky. If the malinua is considered to be a medium-sized dog, the appropriate size is an important indicator in the evaluation of Belgian malinua. In the current standard, size changes are worth considering. The standard describes medium-sized and medium-sized dogs, so a choice must be made between very large and heavy dogs or very small and light dogs. It must be kept in mind that the marinus has a short coat and is smaller than the Teflon and Belgian shepherd dogs. Long hair gives people the illusion of being big. In the evaluation of whether a dog meets the standard, within the standard range, the evaluation of the dog whose standing height is close to the upper limit of the standard cannot be higher than that of the dog whose measured height is close to the lower limit of the standard, although both are within the standard range.

       3¡¢ Head

       The head of a malinu dog is well-defined and solid, and its size is proportional to its body; its facial expression shows alertness, concentration, intelligence and readiness to work; its eyes are brown, more light tan, with medium-sized, almond shaped eyes and no protruding eyes; the edges of the eyes are black. The ear is shaped like an equilateral triangle, strong and erect, and its size is proportional to the size of the head. The usual defect is that the ears are on one side of the head. A flat head is better than a round one, and its length and width are almost the same, but not wide, close to medium. The nose is sharp and moderate to avoid the feeling of being cut off and close to the top of the head in length. The nose is parallel to the skull. Common defects include a round head, a rough or heavy head, a round and / or insufficient shade of the eye. The mouth is strong and powerful; the nose is black without other mottled colors; the lips are compact and black without any pink exposure. A malinua dog is energetic, with white teeth arranged evenly, which is a scissors bite or a clamp bite. The maxillary and mandibular protrusions are a defect. In the mandibular protrusion bite, two or more upper incisors fail to engage with two or more lower incisors. This kind of dog is disqualified. Missing one or more teeth is a serious defect. The usual defects are a prominent jaw bite and a lack of teeth.

       4¡¢ Neck, dorsal line, trunk

       The neck is round and long enough to keep the dog’s head in an elegant posture;

       The dorsum of the neck is usually flat, with the carapace slightly high and tilted back, straight and smooth from the carapace to the hip. The hips are of medium length and tapered. The common defect is high buttocks, steep hips. The trunk gives the impression that it is strong but not bulky; the chest is deep but not wide, with the lowest point reaching to the elbow; from the lowest point of the chest to the abdomen, the abdominal a-du line is smooth; the abdominal depth is medium, and the abdomen is neither retracted nor suspended. The common defect is the chest depth is not enough, in some rough atypical dogs will appear tube belly. When viewed from above, the waist is short, broad and strong, and gradually rounded back; the tail root is strong, and the tail tip reaches the tarsal joint; when moving, the marinu’s tail is lifted and strongly extended upward, rather than forming a hook; dogs with broken tail or missing tail are disqualified. The common problem is a bad tail.

       5¡¢ Tail length

       When the Belgian shepherd dog appeared as a separate breed, some dogs were tailed off. Around 1898, tail preservation was enforced, but there was still tail breakage. Natural tailing may be related to heredity, but it brings divergence to the tail. When this is not popular in the competition field, the judge must understand the defect.

       6¡¢ Precursor

       The forearm muscles are strong but not bloated; the shoulders are long and sloping, close to the body and at an obvious angle to the upper limbs; the legs are straight and strong and parallel to each other a-du; the oval bone is better than the round bone; the length and structure of the leg are proportional to the size of the dog’s body; the metacarpal bone is of medium length, strong and slightly inclined; the wolf’s claws may be removed; the feet are round (cat’s feet) Toes bent together; nails strong and black, except those with white claws and white toes.

       7¡¢ Afterdrive

       The cornered part of the hindquarters is in harmony with the forerunner, although the marinus do not have exaggerated horns

       The length of the metatarsal bone is medium, strong and slightly inclined; the hind foot is slightly longer and the toes are bent together. Nails are strong and black except those with white claws and white toes. The correct angle should be moderate. Too much angle is a defect that will make the shoulder and the rear drive too straight. From front to back, the angle should be smooth. The correct angle for a Belgian dog is 50 to 55 degrees (shoulder to ground angle). German shepherd dogs usually have an angle of 45 degrees. Common defects: uncoordinated (mainly shoulder too straight or angle beyond the back), metacarpal weakness, excessive tilt

       The foot is elongated.

       8¡¢ Coat

       The coat is short and long, straight, hard and dense

       Excellent breed male dog horse dog Da Niu

       The coat on the head, ears and legs is very short; the coat on the neck is slightly longer, where it forms a long scarf like fur, as well as the tail and back of the thigh; the coat should be consistent with the body. The length of the coat should be considered. No coat is the best length. Deviations from the standard a-du include: a coat lacking in down and very short, as in a great dane or boxer; and a coat with obvious feathers around the ears and on the back of the forelimb (the hair is extremely long and has fallen out of the dog’s body). A wavy coat is a defect.

       9¡¢ Color

       The basic color of the marinus is light yellowish brown to reddish brown with a black tip, which gives the impression of black in appearance, as if the tip of the fur has been coated with charcoal or black dust falling on the tip; the face and ears are black; the lower part of the body, tail and legs are slightly light yellowish brown, but the light yellowish brown faded on the body is a kind of defect; the coat color is only the last coat White toes and white spots on the chest are allowed, but can not extend to the neck; except for special needs, white spots are defects. The defective coat colors include: the coat is slightly gray (discolored or white on the inside and black on the tip), lack of black covering, and excessive black covering to form black spots or black back. White spots on the neck and abdomen, large white spots on the chest or large white spots on the feet are all defects. Only small white spots on the chest or toe tips are allowed.

       10¡¢ Face

       The correct face is a separate clear black area, covering the upper and lower jaw areas with black, including the corners of the mouth and eyelids; frosty or glassy

       11¡¢ Ears

       The ears are black. Defects in facial color include the lack of a black mask, an incomplete black mask, or an all black head. Lack of black is also a defect in any of the following areas: around the nose, chin, base of ears, eyebrows.

       12¡¢ Gait

       The results show that the movement of the marinus is smooth, free and relaxed, and it can not be seen that it is tired and skillful; the walking gait of the marinus dog is light, and its legs are in the same line, and the back line is horizontal and parallel to the direction of its movement; the marinus prefer circle rather than straight line when exercising. The correct gait of a marinu should be consistent with the middle angle. There is a tendency in the United States to support an extreme gait during competition, which has been shown to be harmful to the malinua dog because it is not the correct a-du a-du gait of the breed. In the development plan of the Belgian shepherd dog, Dr. Pollet described the correct gait to us as “the Belgian Shepherd is active, always in motion, and never looks tired. It’s quick to move, free and confident, and it can’t be exaggerated as permanent exercise. ” Poor gait is often associated with structural defects. High position movements, or cart like gait (due to straight shoulders) and forward leaning (due to body imbalance) are the two most common movement defects in this breed.

       13¡¢ Character

       Working nature is the essence of a good character. This breed of dog is confident and shows neither timidity nor aggressiveness in the new environment; he may tolerate strangers, but prefers his old friends; he can naturally protect his master and property without too much attack; and a strong desire of the marinus is to work and respond quickly to his master’s orders. Imperfect character is excessive punishment. To sum up, the personality of a marinu is: love its owner very much. In 100 years of the Belgian shepherd, Jean Marie van * * utsele wrote: “the Belgian Shepherd It’s very sensitive, it’s more than any other breed, and it’s loving. ” During the race, the marinu should be confident when strangers approach. Even if you don’t give it a password, it will be friendly to strangers. Malinuas who evade judges or refuse to test are punished. This defect can cause people to associate the lack of training, lack of social behavior, lack of connection or genetic defects with the negative impression of the breed. Therefore, such a dog has no value. Disadvantages: the degree of punishment must be based on the degree of deviation from the standard and the influence of the details of the dog’s fault on his working ability. However, it is more suitable for military and police dogs.

       14¡¢ Unqualified

       Male dogs less than 58 cm or more than 69 cm, female dogs less than 53 cm or more than 64 cm. Ears drooping or half standing like a hound. Two or more upper incisors engage with protrusions of the mandible that cannot be occluded by two or more lower incisors. Short tail or truncated tail. Extremely ferocious or timid. White spots or frosty spots appeared outside the toes, chest and nose. There is a lack of blackness in the ears, eyelids, around the nose and jaw

       There’s nothing wrong with it. It’s just animals. It’s not because that breed is more noble

       It’s all human needs that help them to draw boundaries

       Human beings want to express their love, mend this and that, put on clothes and shoes

       In fact, they don’t ask for it. They can live if they are naturally raised

       If he had the freedom to move like a native dog, I would think it was a happy dog

       You’re right. Some of them are very smart, smarter than purebred dogs. However, the genes of clumsy dogs are unstable, and the next generation will rarely inherit intelligence. 1 horse dogs are symmetrical in shape, square in shape, high in head and neck, strong, agile, muscular, and alert. The overall structure gives the impression that it is strong rather than bulky. The male dog is a little bigger than the female dog. 2. The native dog’s character is not easy to train and disobey the command, but does not need people to accompany for a long time. 3. The size and character of the native dog vary greatly. 4. The horse dog has no prominent eyes, brown or more black brown, medium size, similar to almond. The shape of the head should not be lower than that of the ear. The top of the skull is flat, not round, and its width is approximately the length but not greater than the length. The nose is slightly pointed and its length is equal to the parietal bone. The jaw is strong and powerful, with black nose, tight black lips, no pink exposure, strong teeth, scissors or forceps bite

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