Parvovirus and feline fever virus – how does feline plague infect other cats

       Usually cat plague is not transmitted to people, but the cat plague virus will survive indoors for a long time. If the home is not thoroughly disinfected, the virus will infect new cats again.

       First of all, you must immediately isolate the cat and take the healthy cat for vaccination and serum.

       Indoor disinfection must be thorough, in addition to the sick cat cage, to destroy everything it has used, such as nest and tableware, etc. for the places it has been to, especially under the sofa and bed, carefully clean it three times with disinfectant, and then try not to let other cats touch these places within 30 days. Feline plague is almost fatal to young cats, and the infection is also very rapid, so we must make all kinds of preparations.

       The following is to introduce the pathology of cat plague to you:

       Feline panleukopenia, also known as feline plague or feline infectious enteritis, is an acute high contact infectious disease caused by feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) in cats, weasels and raccoons. The clinical manifestations were characterized by sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and leucopenia in circulating blood flow.

       FPV belongs to Parvoviridae. The nucleic acid type of FPV is single strand DNA. FPV has a certain resistance to * *, chloroform, trypsin, 0.5% carbolic acid and pH = 3.0 acidic environment. Therefore, the above preparation should not be used in isolation and disinfection, and 0.2% formaldehyde or hypochlorite can be used to kill the virus.

       FPV can survive in the environment below 50 ¡æ for a long time, but once the temperature reaches 50 ¡æ, FPV can be inactivated within 1 hour. Therefore, there are time and geographical differences in the onset of FPV. The temperature in Nanjing area is moderate from late winter to spring, especially in March, which is the highest incidence rate of FPV. Under natural conditions, it can be transmitted through direct contact and indirect contact. In the period of viremia, a large amount of virus can be excreted from feces, urine, vomit and various secretions, which pollutes the diet, utensils and the surrounding environment and spreads by mouth. The animals in convalescent period can be detoxified for as long as one year. In addition to horizontal transmission, pregnant female cats can also transmit vertically to fetus through placenta.

       In addition to domestic cats, FPV can also infect other Felidae, Mustelidae and raccoonidae. Due to geographical differences, only cats are susceptible to FPV in Beijing. According to the author’s long-term research, the outbreak of feline distemper is mainly related to the rapid change of feeding conditions, long-distance transportation and mixed breeding of cats with different sources. The infection of domestic cats is mainly related to non vaccination and non vaccination before operation. Cats can be infected at all ages. The incidence rate and mortality rate vary considerably due to the different immune status of the population. Maternal antibody can protect newborn kittens through colostrum. In most cases, young cats under one year old are more susceptible to infection, the infection rate can reach 70%, the mortality rate is 50% – 60%, the highest is 90%. Adult cats can also be infected, but often without clinical symptoms.

       The incubation period of the disease is 2-9 days. It is the most acute type. The animals do not show clinical symptoms and die immediately. They are often mistaken for poisoning. Acute type died within 24 hours. The course of subacute type was about 7 days. The temperature of the first fever was about 40 ¡æ and dropped to normal temperature about 24 hours later. After 2-3 days, the body temperature rose again, showing a biphasic heat type. The temperature reached 40 ¡æ. The sick cats are in low spirits, rough fur, anorexia, vomiting, hemorrhagic enteritis and dehydration symptoms, purulent secretion from eyes and nose. Pregnant cats infected with FPV may cause abortion and stillbirth. Because FPV has affinity to the cells in the exuberant phase, it can seriously damage the brain of fetal cats. Therefore, the fetus born may have cerebellar hypoplasia.

       Hemorrhagic enteritis is the characteristic feature of the cat. The gastrointestinal tract is empty. The mucosal surface of the whole gastrointestinal tract has congestion, hemorrhage, edema and is covered by cellulose exudates in varying degrees. The pathological changes of jejunum and ileum are particularly prominent. The intestinal wall is seriously congested, bleeding and edematous. The intestinal wall is thickened like latex tube. There are gray red or yellow green cellulose necrotic pseudomembrane or cellulose cord in the intestinal cavity. The mesenteric lymph nodes were swollen and wet, with marbling patterns of red, gray and white, or uniform bright red or dark red. Hepatomegaly is reddish brown. The gallbladder is full and the bile is sticky. ***Bleeding. Pulmonary congestion, hemorrhage, edema. The long bone became liquid and lost its normal hardness.

       FPV infection is characterized by rapid onset, short course and high mortality. In recent years, the author used interferon combined with high immune serum for specific treatment, combined with symptomatic treatment, achieved good therapeutic effect, greatly reduced the mortality rate, but the disadvantage is that the cost is high. Therefore, we should give priority to prevention and vaccinate as soon as possible and on time. Since there is only one serotype of FPV, the vaccines used have long-term effective immunity. There are three kinds of vaccines to choose from: formaldehyde inactivated vaccine, inactivated cell vaccine and attenuated vaccine. The first immunization was given to the kittens born 49-70 days old, and the second immunization was conducted at 84 days old. After that, we should strengthen the immunization once a year. For the young cats who did not eat colostrum, it is not suitable to use live vaccine for vaccination under 28 days old. The high immune serum (2ml / kg) can be injected first, and then the vaccination can be carried out according to the above immunization program after a certain interval of time. As FPV can be transmitted vertically through placenta, the attenuated live vaccine may cause harm to the fetus. Therefore, it is recommended to use inactivated vaccine in pregnant cats.

       1. I have asked a lot of friends. Although there is no special instruction from animal medical staff, so far, we have observed that canine distemper and cat plague do not cross infect cats and dogs

       2. Small dogs can infect cats, but the death rate of this disease is very low among cats in the new year. It can be said that as long as you pay attention to children’s health, if you find that they are sick, they will be sent to the hospital for diagnosis, treatment and careful care. Basically, adult cats can survive without much problem

       The death rate of young cats is higher than that of adult cats due to their own constitution and other reasons

       Liu Meiyun, as you mentioned a while ago, is a very good example. Two of the 30 milk cats died. The mortality rate is not as high as 50% – 80%, which is about 6%. That is to say, as long as early detection, proper treatment and attention to care, all can avoid death

       Parvovirus has a high degree of contact infectivity to dogs, will be infectious.. Mainly through stool, urine, etc

       Cat plague is caused by Pan leukopenia virus (FPV), which belongs to Parvoviridae and belongs to parvovirus. Although FPV has antigen correlation with canine parvovirus, FPV has only one serotype, so this virus can not be transmitted to dogs,

       Transmission between cats is through horizontal and vertical transmission. But mainly horizontal transmission, that is, oral transmission

       Raising a cat, in fact, is the most important fear of Toxoplasma, it will cause a variety of animals, including human abortion!

       1. The pathology is different

       Canine parvovirus was isolated from the feces of sick dogs with enteritis by Kelly of Australia and Thomson of Canada in 1978. Since the discovery of canine parvovirus, it has been prevalent all over the world. It is one of the most serious infectious diseases that harm dogs.

       

       2. The performance is different

       The clinical manifestations of cat plague are characterized by sudden high fever, intractable vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, circulatory disorders and rapid leukopenia (not all cases of leukopenia are feline fever, and other diseases can also cause leukopenia, such as cat leukemia, cat hepatitis, etc.).

       In healthy dogs, the virus mainly attacks two kinds of cells, one is intestinal epithelial cells, the other is myocardial cells, which show gastrointestinal symptoms and myocarditis symptoms respectively. Myocarditis is more common in young dogs.

       3. Different kinds

       In addition to domestic cats, it can also infect other felines (such as tigers and leopards), weasels (Martens) and raccoons of Ursidae. Cats of all ages can be infected. In most cases, cats under one year old are susceptible to infection, with an infection rate of 70% and a mortality rate of 50% – 60%.

       Canine parvovirus belongs to Parvoviridae and parvovirus. CPV has strong resistance to various physical and chemical factors and common disinfectants. It can survive for 6 months at 4-10 ¡æ, 2 weeks at 37 ¡æ, 24 hours at 56 ¡æ and 15 minutes at 80 ¡æ. The infectivity of CPV is only slightly reduced after being stored at room temperature for 3 months, and can survive for months to years in feces.

       Reference source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Canine Parvovirus

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Cat plague

       Feline fever:

       Also known as feline panleukopenia, with a sharp reduction of white blood cells as the main feature. Cats with incomplete vaccination or without vaccination were more likely to get cat plague, especially in the 3-5 months old cats. If the female cat is infected during pregnancy, it will cause stillbirth, miscarriage and neurological symptoms of newborn kittens. The transmission route is contacting with virus carrying urine feces or blood sucking insects and fleas. The clinical symptoms include high fever, poor spirit, not eating, vomiting is the most important symptom; diarrhea occurs less, but may also occur in the late course of disease, dehydration and secondary bacterial infection are often the causes of sudden death. Other complications include oral ulceration, dysentery, jaundice, and generalized intravascular coagulation syndrome. In addition, the number of white blood cells decreased significantly, even to 50-3000 cells / ml / 4-6 days after infection; aplastic anemia is another important blood cell disease. If the course of disease is more than 5-7 days and no fatal complications occur, it can often recover; the number of white blood cells will return to normal within 24-48 hours

       tiny:

       Viral infection can be divided into canine parvovirus type and post infection type. Enteritis type: the incubation period of natural infection is 7-14 days. At the beginning of the disease, the symptoms are fever, body temperature can reach above 40 ¡æ, mental depression, no eating and vomiting. At the initial stage, the vomit is food, that is, mucus and yellow green liquid. Diarrhea began one day after the onset of the disease. At the beginning of the disease, the stool is porridge like, with the development of the disease, the stool is brown or tomato sauce color, fishy smell, and the frequency of defecation is uncertain. After bloody stool, the sick dog can show eyeball depression, dry nose, general weakness, and obvious weight loss. At the same time, the ocular membrane is pale and severe anaemia. If the disease is not treated in time, it can cause toxin absorption of intestinal contents and cause body shock In a coma. Blood phase changes: the total number of red blood cells, hemoglobin decreased, specific volume decreased, white blood cells decreased. The number of white blood cells in sick dogs can be as low as 60-90% (from 12000 / cm3 of normal dogs to less than 4000). The initial vomit is food, that is, mucus, yellow green or blood. Diarrhea began about a day after the onset of the disease. At the beginning of the disease, the stool was thin, and with the development of the disease, the stool was brown or tomato sauce like bloody stool. After the increase in frequency, blood with a special odor. After several hours of bloody stool, the sick dogs showed severe dehydration, sunken eyeballs, dry nose, decreased skin elasticity and weight. For severe cases of intestinal bleeding, because of the intestinal contents of corruption can cause endotoxin poisoning and disseminated intravascular coagulation, shock, coma and death. If the dogs with enteritis type parvovirus disease can be treated in time, the mortality can be reduced. Myocarditis type: more commonly seen in 40 day old dogs, the symptoms of the sick dogs are not obvious. There were sudden dyspnea, cardiac weakness, and death in a short time. Some dogs died after mild diarrhea.

       Small cats are feline plague.

       Feline panleukopenia, also known as feline plague or feline infectious enteritis, is an acute high contact infectious disease caused by feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) in cats, weasels and raccoons. The clinical manifestations were characterized by sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and leucopenia in the circulating blood flow.

       Symptoms include:

       The incubation period of the disease is 2-9 days. It is the most acute type. The animals do not show clinical symptoms and die immediately. They are often mistaken for poisoning. Acute type died within 24 hours. The course of subacute type was about 7 days. The temperature of the first fever was about 40 ¡æ and dropped to normal temperature about 24 hours later. After 2-3 days, the body temperature rose again, showing a biphasic heat type. The temperature reached 40 ¡æ. The sick cat was in low spirits, rough fur, anorexia, vomiting, hemorrhagic enteritis and dehydration symptoms, purulent secretion from eyes and nose. Pregnant female cats infected with FPV can cause abortion and stillbirth. Because FPV has affinity to the cells in the exuberant phase, it can seriously damage the brain of fetal cats. Therefore, the fetus born may have cerebellar hypoplasia.

       Hemorrhagic enteritis is the characteristic feature of the cat. The gastrointestinal tract is empty. The mucosal surface of the whole gastrointestinal tract has congestion, hemorrhage, edema and is covered by cellulose exudates in varying degrees. The lesions of jejunum and ileum are particularly prominent. The intestinal wall is seriously congested, bleeding and edematous, resulting in thickening of the intestinal wall like latex tube. There are gray red or yellow green cellulose necrosis pseudomembrane or cellulose cord in the intestinal cavity. The mesenteric lymph nodes were swollen and wet, with marbling patterns of red, gray and white, or uniform bright red or dark red. Hepatomegaly is reddish brown. The gallbladder is full and the bile is sticky. ***Bleeding. Pulmonary congestion, hemorrhage, edema. The long bone became liquid and lost its normal hardness.

       Symptoms of gastroenteritis

       Cats with gastroenteritis temperature generally will not rise, cats will appear depressed, eat less or do not eat the phenomenon. The cat will also have constipation, diarrhea, undigested food in feces, mucous membrane, blood, bad smell and other symptoms.

       Causes of gastroenteritis

       Cats in the rain, warm measures are not good and other reasons for the cat’s abdomen cold. Excessive feeding, too much raw, cold and greasy food, or rotten and rotten food, which leads to indigestion, can cause the cat to have gastroenteritis.

       The difference between gastroenteritis and cat plague

       In the treatment, attention should be paid to the differential diagnosis of cat gastroenteritis and cat distemper fever. Both of them have symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea. However, there is no change in the temperature of cats with gastroenteritis. The temperature of cats with feline fever will rise to above 40 ¡æ.

       According to the preliminary judgment of cat plague, poor spirit is an important signal

       The cat is a kind of animal with strong endurance, which may not be easily detected in the early stage of cat plague. At first, the sick cat shows signs of depression, anorexia and vomiting. As the owner, should carefully observe the cat’s condition, found abnormal, timely measurement of body temperature.

       Specific performance:

       1. The appetite is not good, even do not eat or drink at all, the mental state becomes worse, or nest in the corner is not willing to move.

       2. Obstinate vomiting, vomiting transparent gastric juice or yellow green liquid, high frequency.

       3. The body temperature of cats under six months old will rise to 40 ¡æ in the first two days, and will turn to low fever or normal temperature on the third and fourth days, and then rise again.

       4. When the symptoms worsen, diarrhea and severe dehydration will occur. Some cats will have abdominal pain and bloody feces when they are serious.

       Cat plague is mostly caused by parvovirus. You can try Duola Xiaomeng disinfectant is a physical sterilization, without any chemical components. It is safe and healthy. It has 100% killing effect on bacteria, fungi and viruses. It is also a national invention patent product! There is no bacteria and virus on the pet. If it is clean, the parasite will have no parasitic environment!

       The incubation period of cat plague was 2-9 days. The clinical symptoms were related to age and virulence of the virus. In recent months, most of the young cats showed acute onset, with body temperature rising above 40 ¡ã C and vomiting. Many cats did not show any symptoms and died suddenly. Most of the cats over 6 months were subacute. The fever first reached about 40 ¡ã C, then dropped to normal temperature after 1-2 days, and then rose again after 3-4 days. The sick cat was in low spirits, anorexia, obstinate vomiting, yellow green vomit, sticky secretions in the mouth, eyes and nose, sticky stool, blood in the later stage, severe dehydration and anemia. It is recommended to continue treatment in pet hospital. Let the doctor check it again.

       The cat got cat plague. The pet doctor said that it could be cured and gave a guarantee. At first, I thought that they were powerful and the medicine was very good. But I never thought that after paying the money, I didn’t care about me. The next day after the medicine arrived, I asked him, what’s wrong with the medicine? He deleted me directly. I think I’ve met a liar.

       Feline parvovirus is feline plague. The common symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea, foaming at the mouth of epilepsy, and fever caused by rapid reduction of white blood cells.

       According to my own experience, the probability of canine parvovirus infection in the cat population is relatively low, and the severity of the symptoms is far less than that of dogs infected with canine parvovirus, which are mainly diarrhea and fever. During the high incidence period of parvovirus, four of them were positive for canine parvovirus, and only one had diarrhea.

       Virus urine or through blood sucking insects and fleas.

       If a female cat is infected during pregnancy, it can lead to stillbirth, miscarriage and neurological symptoms of newborn kittens. Transmission is through contact with viral urine or through blood sucking insects and fleas. The pathogens are viruses of Parvoviridae and parvovirus genus. After entering the human body, the virus can survive in the human body for more than one year. Parvovirus can survive in the environment for a long time, but can be inactivated by sodium hypochlorite or salt dialdehyde.

       Extended data

       Cats and dogs can’t talk, so it’s hard to tell if they’re sick. In the early stage of canine distemper, he mainly showed cold symptoms. But had the small disease, mainly displays does not eat, easy to vomit and so on the symptom. And in the incubation period of infectious diseases, only the naked eye can not see the abnormal condition of pets. If you find any discomfort and pets you just bought back, you’d better send them to a regular pet hospital for examination.

       Every spring and autumn is a period of high incidence of pet infectious diseases, especially canine distemper, feline plague and parvovirus. Canine and feline plague and small diseases will not spread between people and pets. If you find any discomfort or just bought a pet, you’d better send it to a regular pet hospital for examination. The owner should timely vaccinate the pet and disinfect the home regularly.

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Cat plague

       Reference source: People’s Daily – high incidence of pet infectious diseases coming

       The pathogen of cat plague is parvovirus, which is transmitted to other animals through contact. The main ways of feline plague virus are: healthy cats and sick cats play together, lick each other’s hair, share a bowl of cat food, drink a bowl of water, eat the same food together, share a litter basin, etc. the main way is to infect the virus through the contact between sick cats and healthy cats.

       Cat plague virus is not transmitted by air, but mainly by fecal oral route, and can also be infected internally. First, the maternal immunity of most kittens before 6-8 weeks of age has protective effect, and the non vaccinated 12-16 weeks old cats have the highest risk of disease. Second, the incubation period of cat plague was 2-9 days, and then the symptoms of acute vomiting and diarrhea appeared.

       Cat plague can be transmitted to cats through humans. Cat plague virus can be found in the faeces of sick cats in large quantities. When people infect cats, most of them refer to indirect transmission. For example, people step on the stool of sick cats, and then cats at home come into contact with contaminated shoes. The way to prevent cat plague is to vaccinate infectious disease vaccine. Three injections are needed in the first year of immunization. It is not recommended to contact other cats outside during the vaccination period. It is not recommended to take a bath or change the staple food.

       

       These copy and paste upstairs are boring.

       First of all, there are two main transmission routes of cat plague (at present society): pet shops and exotic animals such as wild cats and insects. First of all, cat plague can be transmitted through the air. Cat plague virus can survive in the sun for three months. Ultraviolet rays can’t kill it. Only ozone can inactivate it, and still can’t kill it.

       From 60 days after weaning to 180 days before vaccination and complete antibody production, the cure rate is only 20% to 40%.

       

       1: Cat plague can’t be killed by any means, it can only be inactivated at present. Killing means not allowing it to spread and breed, but the virus itself can infect other cats.

       2: If the cat in a room dies of cat plague, then the whole family can’t keep a cat, let alone for half a year. Even if it is vacant for more than a year, a new cat can be connected. They also suffer from low immunity.

       3: Although the vaccine is not fully guaranteed, it can also provide the biggest barrier for the time being. Please give your cat 3 injections of Miaoshan unconditionally.

       4: Any cat can carry parasites, parvovirus, feline virus! For example, you want to buy a cat in the cat house. The cat in the cat house is very healthy, but after receiving the hand, the kitten quickly falls ill and dies in 7 to 10 days. This is because there is a cat plague virus in the cat house. The kittens’ immunity has been reduced due to the change of environment, or the new environment is really terrible (the disinfection and epidemic prevention of the cat house are still good and professional. But individuals can’t do that.) It will immediately be infected and die by the virus that attaches to the cat.

       5: There is no cat house in the market that is not infected with cat plague virus. It is impossible. No matter how it can ensure the health of its own cats and the health of the cat house, it is necessary to adhere to the vaccination of one dose of the enhanced Miao Sanduo vaccine (remember, it is the enhanced type) and then access it after 7 days. If you can, please wait until the three vaccines are complete before connecting. If you don’t get the vaccine and your cat dies in your new home, please don’t blame the cat house or your own ignorance.

       Feline plague, also known as feline panleukopenia and feline infectious enteritis, is an acute high contact infectious disease of cats. Most of the clinical manifestations are characterized by sudden high fever, persistent vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, circulatory disorders and rapid leukopenia (not all leukopenia cases are feline plague, and other diseases can also cause leukopenia, such as cat leukemia, cat hepatitis, etc.). Cats with incomplete vaccination or without vaccination were more likely to get cat plague, especially in the 3-5 months old cats. If the female cat is infected during pregnancy, it will cause stillbirth, miscarriage and neurological symptoms of newborn kittens. The transmission route is contacting with virus carrying urine feces or blood sucking insects and fleas. The pathogen is a kind of virus of Parvoviridae and parvovirus genus. After the virus enters the body, it can survive for more than 1 year in * *. Parvovirus can survive in the environment for a long time, but can be inactivated by * *, sodium hypochlorite (household disinfectant) or dialdehyde. A large number of virus can be excreted from feces, urine, vomit and various secretions, and the virus can survive in the environment for a long time. The long-term detoxification of recovered cats can be more than one year. The infected cats can also be transmitted by fleas, lices, flies and other blood sucking insects.

       It should be contagious, but I think the most important thing now is to treat cats Watching you have a cat and a dog shows that you are very loving, and the conditions are not too bad. You can’t spend much money on the treatment. If the cat gets sick, you can’t throw it away. How pitiful is the cat? Can’t your conscience go down? You first send the dog to a good friend (for the sake of the dog, because there is a source of disease at home), and begin to treat the cat, which will soon be cured. After disinfection of the home, bring the dog to everyone’s joy.

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