Symptoms of peritonitis in cats

       Feline abdominal transmission is a kind of abdominal inflammation caused by the mutation of cat intestinal coronavirus. Cat enterocoronavirus is a common virus in cats. Under normal circumstances, gastroenteritis caused by it is generally not very serious. At most, there will be some short-term diarrhea or vomiting symptoms, which will not be life-threatening, unless it is mutated into Cat infectious peritonitis virus. The virus can replicate rapidly in young cats under one year old due to reduced immunity, which makes it more likely to have feline abdominal transmission than adult cats.

       Route of infection

       Most cats have enterocoronavirus in their bodies. Usually, the virus can coexist peacefully with the body. However, when encountering an urgent situation or a problem in the immune system, the virus will replicate in large quantities, which may mutate into infectious peritonitis virus. Therefore, strictly speaking, most cases are not infected, but mutated after encountering conditions. Of course, as an infectious disease, there is a great possibility that cats and cats can transmit virus to each other, mainly through the mouth, nose and feces contact between cats. Families with more cats, especially those with more kittens, are more likely to have feline transmission.

       symptom

       The initial symptoms of infection include recurrent fever, sleepiness, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss. Cat abdominal transmission is generally divided into wet and dry infectious peritonitis. Wet peritonitis, will produce ascites, abdominal distension, leading to cat dyspnea. And dry peritonitis will not appear ascites, symptoms mainly in the eye lesions and neurological symptoms, such as eye inflammation, convulsions and epilepsy.

       diagnosis

       Because there is no single and simple diagnostic test to diagnose infectious peritonitis, it is difficult to make a complete diagnosis in clinical practice. Comprehensive diagnosis should be made according to the following factors:

       treatment

       If the diagnosis has been confirmed, it is very important to follow the doctor’s advice in time. At this time, you can only choose a doctor who believes in yourself.

       Although there is no effective treatment at present, doctors generally recommend euthanasia after diagnosis, considering the high cost of treatment and the almost impossible chance of cure. However, the excrement removal officers should not give up easily. Even if there is no medicine to cure the disease, we can provide a lot of supportive treatment for cats, especially the company of the excrement removing officer and high-quality food As well as the quiet and comfortable environment, so that the cat can spend this period of time with dignity, but also does not waste the fate of meeting us.

       prevention

       Once the disease is diagnosed and sentenced to death, our best way to deal with it is to take precautions. From the cause of disease outbreak, it is not difficult to find that there are two main causes of abdominal transmission in cats. One is that environmental stimulation leads to the cat’s stress response, resulting in virus mutation, and the other is due to the cat’s own immune system problems, unable to resist the invasion of infectious virus. We may as well start from these two aspects to do a good job in prevention.

       Cats are naturally sensitive animals, a little bit of wind and grass will make them very vulnerable. As mentioned above, most of the abdominal transmission of cats is caused by excessive stress reaction of cats. Therefore, excrement removal officers should pay attention to the emotional problems of cats, especially for the naturally sensitive kittens, so as to reduce the stressors as much as possible.

       For example, frequent moving, foster care in strange environment, going out for a walk (unless the brave cat can accept to be taken), frequent change of owners, etc., especially in some short videos that deliberately frighten cats for eye-catching purposes must be prohibited!

       A strong body is always the basis of disease prevention. Cats are carnivorous animals. At ordinary times, you can add more meat to cats, increase the proportion of wet food, and feed natural food of regular brands. Play with the cat more. The process of playing is also the process of exercise for the cat. The cat who exercises regularly will have better physical quality.

       abstract

       Cat coronavirus is a highly infectious disease, but it may not cause disease. Some of the enteric coronavirus infected cats can be mutated into feline infectious peritonitis virus, which is lethal to sick cats. Cat infectious peritonitis can be divided into wet and dry.

       Cat coronavirus is a highly infectious disease, but it may not cause disease. Some of the enteric coronavirus infected cats can be mutated into feline infectious peritonitis virus, which is lethal to sick cats. Cat infectious peritonitis can be divided into wet and dry.

       pathogeny

       Enterocoronavirus is a highly infectious virus, which is usually transmitted through fecal oral route. Healthy cats may be infected by swallowing contaminated food. Most of the infected cats showed intermittent detoxification and eventually stopped detoxification; some cats showed permanent intermittent detoxification. Cats with lifelong viral infection may not develop into feline infectious peritonitis and rarely excrete toxins through feces. Coronavirus can be inactivated by most disinfectants, but it cannot be eliminated in the environment.

       Clinical symptoms

       Enterocoronavirus infection may not show obvious symptoms or show mild diarrhea.

       Cat infectious peritonitis is easy to occur in cats younger than two years old and old cats. Wet cat infectious peritonitis is usually characterized by fever, anemia, jaundice, dyspnea and abdominal distension. Dry infectious peritonitis in cats usually causes visceral lesions. Infectious peritonitis can also present neurological symptoms such as ophthalmitis and dyspnea. Dry infectious peritonitis also showed fever and weight loss.

       Diagnostic test

       At present, there is no single laboratory test to qualitatively diagnose infectious peritonitis, so a series of tests are usually carried out to determine its possibility. The results are as follows:

       The blood antibody test can detect coronavirus infection, but it can’t distinguish infectious peritonitis virus, so it can’t diagnose feline infectious pleuroperitonitis. The titer of antibody can not determine whether the virus discharged through feces is a recent infection. At present, the latest detection can analyze the cell composition of abdominal cavity and pleural effusion, but it is still not completely diagnosed as feline infectious peritonitis

       At present, it is the most effective method to diagnose cat infectious peritonitis by using section technique. The methods of diagnosis of enterocoronavirus infection were electron microscopic examination of excreta and polymerase chain reaction.

       treatment

       Enterocoronavirus usually shows few clinical symptoms or only mild and transient diarrhea, so symptomatic treatment is not necessary. At present, there is no treatment to prevent the development of infectious peritonitis in cats infected with coronavirus.

       The cure rate of infectious peritonitis in cats is very low, which usually leads to animal death. Nutritional support, removal of pleural and peritoneal effusion, intravenous fluid infusion and blood transfusion can be used to prolong the life span and improve the quality of life of cats. Antibiotics can also be used to prevent infection. Steroid drugs can inhibit or change the function of the immune system and have good curative effect. Cats with infectious peritonitis must be isolated from other cats.

       After treatment

       At present, intranasal administration of coronavirus vaccine is a safe method, but there is no document to prove its effectiveness. For adult cats or cats raised alone, vaccination is not necessary because of their low exposure to pathogens. It is necessary to vaccinate some kittens with weak resistance. It’s not effective to vaccinate cats with coronavirus.

       prognosis

       The prognosis of enterocoronavirus infection is good. Infectious peritonitis in cats is associated with anaphase and often leads to animal death.

       Does a cat look fat? Is it real fat or bad water?

       Under the premise of excluding other diseases, if the following conditions appear in the test results, the cat can be suspected to have FIP.

       *If the fluid is bloody, purulent, chylous in appearance, or stinky, it is more likely that it is not FIP.

       The effect of other biochemical indexes was as follows

       Compared with the traditional PCR detection method, RT-PCR is faster and can be used for virus quantification. It is also a rapid PCR detection method widely used in clinic.

       Immunohistochemistry is the gold standard for the detection of FIP, which can be used to detect the presence of coronavirus in the exudate and pathological changes.

       Once again, it’s emphasized that {mm}} {mm}}!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Faecal coronavirus detection can not be used as a diagnostic basis for FIP, and this test is not helpful in the diagnosis and prediction of FIP.

       reference:

       Feline infectious peritonitis is one of the diseases that cause the most death of cats at present. The diagnosis and treatment of the disease is a great challenge for veterinarians. Because there is no effective treatment, it is very important to prevent the disease. The diagnosis of cat infectious peritonitis is also very difficult, clinical symptoms and laboratory tests are difficult to diagnose.

       Siamese cat

       Feline infectious peritonitis is one of the diseases that cause the most death of cats at present. The diagnosis and treatment of the disease is a great challenge for veterinarians. Because there is no effective treatment, it is very important to prevent the disease. The diagnosis of cat infectious peritonitis is also very difficult, clinical symptoms and laboratory tests are difficult to diagnose.

       1¡¢ General symptoms

       2¡¢ Exudative

       3¡¢ Non exudative

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *