Introduction to the history and culture of cats

       Cats are very familiar with this kind of animal. From the original rat catcher to the family pet now, cats are also evolving a little bit. Many families regard cats as family members, not as a rat catching animal. Many parents know that cats love to be clean and easy to raise. But, do you know the history of cats?

       About 200 million years ago, the world’s first mammals appeared. Around the same time, the first dinosaur appeared; but the real protagonist of mammals was millions of years after the dinosaurs disappeared. About 60 million years ago, the bobcat appeared in the forest. It is the ancestor of all carnivores. Its offspring include bears, weasels, raccoons, beavers, beavers, foxes, wolves, badgers, pandas, dogs and tigers, and the trained tabby cat. About three million years ago, the genetic genes of feline family were established, and all the cats at present were gradually evolved.

       It’s a shocking fact – cats are the earliest ancestors of reptiles. It may sound strange to us that the sharp contrast between reptiles is the cat, but it is true. A group of small animals (about 30cm), with sharp teeth, live in the forest, or on trees or on the ground. They are called little ancient cats. They have long bodies and tails, and are mostly carnivorous. These animals eventually adapted to the changing seasons and evolved into the various carnivores we see today (cats, dogs, etc.).

       The real domestication of cats was quite late, about 4000 or 5000 years ago. In contrast, dogs were domesticated much earlier, about 20000 to 15000 years ago. The young of African wildcat is easy to domesticate. It is generally believed that it may be the main ancestor of domestic cats.

       The ancient Egyptians attached great importance to the African tiger spotted wildcat because it was quite easy to domesticate, and could be used to sacrifice to the moon god and the goddess of best to replace the lion worshipped in the past. When the cat died, Egyptians shaved their eyebrows as a sign of mourning. And there is at least one ancient Egyptian cat, much like today’s Alpine cat species.

       In Europe, the cat is no longer used as a sacrifice to gods, but a symbol of “freedom”. One of the reasons why cats are popular with Europeans is that in the 11th century A.D., cats helped people eliminate the black death’s germ carrying mice.

       In the middle ages, the number of cats was greatly reduced, because of the rise of elegant religion, people used it to worship the devil. Even today, there are many superstitions about cats. For example, if the black cat crosses the route you are going to go, evil will happen.

       After thousands of generations of reproduction, the physiological changes caused by domestication in cats are similar to those in dogs. Including smaller body, shorter claws, smaller brain and cranial cavity volume, extended ears and tail posture, as well as the color and texture of fur. However, unlike dogs, cats maintain a large degree of independence in human society, so they rarely form certain behavioral characteristics needed by human beings due to selective external pressure. Therefore, the appearance of domestic cats is not much different from that of their ancestors, and it is difficult to distinguish them in early archaeological discoveries.

       Cat remains have been found near various prehistoric human sites, including the Neolithic site in Israel about 9000 years ago and the Indian Valley site in Pakistan 4000 years ago. However, the remains are probably wild cats killed for fur or meat. Interestingly, eight thousand year old remains of cats and mice have been found on the island of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea. They can only be brought to the island by human immigrants. Although the cats may not have been fully domesticated, they were deliberately brought to the island to deal with rodents.

       After thousands of years of evolution, cats have been gradually accepted and loved by us. Nowadays, there are many kinds of cats, and each family has different breeds. No matter what kind of breed or purebred or impure, cats bring us more joy than we can imagine.

Introduction to the breed of Shandong lion cat

       Shandong lion cat

       Shandong lion cats are mainly distributed in China. Linqing lion cats can be seen in zoos in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Jinan and Qingdao. Overseas, we can also find its traces in Japan, Singapore and other countries, but it is very rare. The reason why Shandong lion cat is called Shandong lion cat is that it looks like a lion and its hair is fluffy and long.

       1¡¢ The origin of the lion cat in Shandong Province

       Linqing lion cat has been raised for two or three hundred years. Tracing back to the origin of Linqing lion cat in Shandong Province of China, it is the offspring of Persian cat and Luxi civet cat. Its cultivation and formation is closely related to the spread of Islam and the opening of the canal. As early as in the Jiajing Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, Linqing, located at the intersection of the Grand Canal and Zhangwei River, gradually formed the largest handicraft and commercial city in western Shandong. A large number of European businessmen and missionaries poured in. The Persian cats they brought had the chance to mate with Luxi cat, so the Chinese Linqing lion cat appeared. [5] Because the ancestor of the lion cat is Persia, they have Persian blood and belong to the Persian line (there are more than 80 varieties in the Persian line, such as jinjila, Himalaya, heterosis, etc., which are bred by Persia and other varieties), so many people call them Persian cats. According to the records of Linqing county annals, lions and cats are bigger than ordinary people, with long tails trailing the ground, white and snowy. They are expensive to Mandarin Duck eyes, and the Hui people in the North Street are full of livestock, which is strange. Cao Kejia, a famous cat painting expert, once said: “there are no animals with different eyes in the world. Only Linqing, Shandong Province, has different eyes.” Because of its rarity, it was often paid to the palace in the old days. According to historical records, Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty kept a lion and cat in Yongshou palace in Xiyuan. After that, he died and regretted it. In order to make a golden coffin, he buried it at the foot of longevity mountain. His righteous life was to value all the elders and recommend him to live beyond life. Yuan Wei, a scholar in charge of lectures, said “turn a lion into a dragon” in his sacrifice. In order to invite the emperor to favor, he was promoted to Shao Zai, Bi Zong Bo, plus a product into the cabinet.

       2¡¢ Shandong lion cat

       The main classification of lions is based on the color of cats. Can be roughly divided into the following four kinds: first, white lion cat. The coat color is pure white. Its eyes can be divided into Mandarin Duck eyes (i.e. one yellow eye and one blue eye) or two blue eyes. There are three kinds of double yellow eyes, among which mandarin duck eyes are the most precious.

       2¡¢ It’s a black lion cat. Its shape is like a white lion cat, but its body is slightly long, with yellow eyes. Except for the white shoulders and gray abdominal hair, it is also regarded as a treasure because of its small number. 3¡¢ It’s whip hydrangea. Its shape is like a white lion cat. There are black spots on the forehead, and the tail is black, long and sharp, which can be swung to the head, so it is called “whip Hydrangea”. 4¡¢ It’s a lion cat. Some of the dorsal hairs are grayish brown with tiger spots; some are white with black and yellow flower spots. According to cat owners, this breed is the offspring of a cross between white lion cat and common cat.

The history of Russian Blue Cat

       Russian blue cat has always given people a cold feeling. It has a pair of light green eyes. When you look at it, it is as if you are looking at the Green River in spring, reflecting the green willows. Its expression is always so serious. The hair standing on its eyes is just like his slightly raised eyebrows. It often walks on the grass alone, no matter it is sunny According to, or drizzle, it does not like to say hello to people, meet acquaintances also just slightly raised his head, so it is known as the real aristocrat in the cat.

       Corresponding to its coldness, the origin of Russian blue cat is also mysterious. Russian blue cat is a naturally occurring cat species. It was born in the port of Arkhangelsk, which is located near the estuary of the North devina River, and is the capital of Arkhangelsk state. Historically, it is an important port in Russia. After the 18th century, it declined because of the opening of St. Petersburg. In the 19th century, the railway connecting Moscow was completed and became the center of timber export. During the two world wars, it was the Russian port where allied goods entered. Therefore, the fur color of Russian Blue Cats is also known as “angel blue”. There is evidence that this kind of cat does originate from Russia, because the same kind of cat has been found in the cold zone of Russia. Therefore, Russian blue cats are also known as “the nobility of short hair species” and “winter elves”. The Russian blue cat came out of Russia in the 19th century. It is said that the Russian blue cat was brought to England and Northern Europe by sailors from the akangel islands in the 19th and 1960s.

       In 1875, at the Crystal Palace in England, it was first registered as a Kandel cat. It was not until 1912 that the Russian blue cat was given a formal grade distinction when compared with other breeds, such as the British blue cat, the French sartrow cat and the Thai krat cat. Russian blue cat had three different names: achaenge blue cat and Maltese cat. It was not until the 1940s that the current name was given.

       It was only after World War II that Russian blue cats were bred outside England and Scandinavia. Due to the traffic interruption during World War II, the blood relationship of pure blue cats was narrowed, and the number of Russian Blue Cats decreased sharply. So some breeders began to mix Russian blue cats with Siamese cats, making the appearance of Russian Blue Cats have some oriental flavor.

       At present, there are very few Russian Blue Cats of pure blood in China. It is very difficult to get a pure Russian blue cat. Therefore, we must ensure pure breeding and avoid hybridization. Only in this way can the number of pure Russian Blue Cats continue to increase in China.

       The Russian Blue Cat landed in the United States in the early 20th century. Mrs. Clinton Locke from Chicago bought a Russian Blue Cat from the British. After World War II, Americans began to cultivate the so-called “modern Russian Blue Cat”. Havana brown cat is a modern blue cat with Siamese pedigree. Its fur color is close to that of Havana cigar. Its appearance is similar to that of Persian cat. The only difference between Havana brown cat and Persian cat is that its hair is short, thick and fluffy. The ideal heterogeneous short haired cat should have strong bones, symmetrical body, soft and round lines. Round eyes, large round head, wide distance between eyes, short and thick neck, short nose, nose with obvious depression, high nasal segment and placed between eyes, full cheek. Broad and powerful jawbone with strong chin. The thin round ears incline slightly forward, and the distance between the two ears is wide. It has large, round and stout claws and a short tail in proportion to the body, so it is called the Havana brown cat. Another example is the nibelus, whose name comes from the German word “creatures as misty as frost”, which shows the beauty of its shape. However, the Russian Blue Cat’s pedigree is still maintained in the gray blue short haired cat species.

       Although the Russian Blue Cat feels very cold, it is actually very easy to raise. It is quiet and quiet, and has a high IQ. I like living in an apartment, but I can also adapt to the cold environment. And it is also very clean, Russian Blue Cat even take care of its own health, so it is most suitable for the elderly.

How much is a serval cat?

       Serval cats are relatively large cats. The pattern of their fur is similar to that of leopard cats. Like leopard cats, serval cats are more expensive, and there are fewer channels to buy them. There are not many serval cats in China. Serval cat is more lively and sensible than ordinary pet cats. How much does it cost for such a pet cat?

       1¡¢ Advantages of serval

       Serval cat is a kind of wild cat in its native place. It is quite large in size. Different from ordinary cats, serval cat usually belongs to social cat category, which is relatively rare. As a pet, serval cat is more like a dog in character. The owner can slip it like a dog, or throw a ball for the cat to chase. The serval cat is lively, handsome in appearance, but not like a cat If a large number of them appear in the market, I believe they will be welcomed by everyone.

       2¡¢ Price of serval

       Many people regard serval cat as leopard cat, but there is still a big gap between them. First of all, the leopard cat’s body size is normal, and the serval cat is bigger and higher than the leopard cat. Moreover, the most characteristic feature of the serval cat is that the pattern on its ears is strip-shaped, which is not the feature of the leopard cat. The price of serval cat is also very expensive. The price of domestic imported serval cat is usually more than 300000 yuan. If the appearance is more pure, the price will be It’s higher.

       3¡¢ Where can I buy a serval cat?

       Where can I buy such an expensive serval cat? Many breeds of pets have breeding bases in China, such as cat houses and dog houses. This is a relatively professional breeding base. However, there is no such professional breeding base for serval cats in China. Therefore, most serval cats are imported from the United States or a small number of them are self bred. If you want to buy serval cats, you have to go to some large pet shops to make a reservation. Relatively speaking, the generation from Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai can do so There are quite a lot of pet shops for buying serval cats.

How did the popular Norwegian Forest cat come into being?


       Norwegian Forest cat is very popular because of its rarity. Norwegian Forest cat is a unique breed in Scandinavia. It often appears in Nordic mythology as “goblin cat”. How did this very popular breed of cats come into being? ????

       In the ancient Norse mythology, there are two cats as gray as lions, dragging the chariot of Freya, the goddess of abundance and love, galloping into the sky. These two cats, very strong and huge, are very similar to the description of a modern Norwegian Forest cat. ???? ???? ??????

       Norwegian Forest cat, in the vernacular literal translation, is the cat that inhabits and survives in the Norwegian forest. It is a unique species of Scandinavian Peninsula. Its origin is unknown. It often appears in Nordic mythology as a goblin cat. The appearance of Norwegian Forest cat is similar to that of Maine cat, and is listed with Siberian forest cat (details). ??????

       The forest cat grows in a very cold and harsh environment, so it has thicker fur and stronger physique than other cats. Norwegian Forest cat is big and strong, running very fast, not afraid of the sun and rain, when walking, neck hair and tail hair elegant, very beautiful. However, the number of cats growing in the forest interior of Norway has been decreasing year by year, and there is a crisis of extinction. ???? ??????

       Since the 1930s, Norwegian purebred cat breeders began to pay attention to the legendary cat, and found that due to long-term crossbreeding, the number of pure bred long haired Norwegian forest cats has decreased. So they started planning for breeding. It is very difficult to find a fully pure and standard forest cat in the early stage, and the early breeding plan can be said to be stagnant. Thanks to the efforts of a group of dedicated breeders, Norwegian forest cats began to appear at the cat show in Oslo. ??????

       Since the 1970s, people’s interest in the cat has been increasing, and Norwegians have protected it as a living monument to nature. So far, it has been accepted by almost all cat shows in Europe. Until 1973, after years of hard work, forest cat was recognized as an independent breed in Fife, Paris, France. ??????

       Nowadays, Norwegian forest cats, which are widely raised by people, are very clingy. When it comes to the stickiness of Norwegian forest cats, we should start with their personalities. Norway Forest cats are not particularly adaptable. If they just change a new environment, they will show their introversion and do not dare to be close to their owners. However, when they become familiar with each other, their real nature will be revealed Generally speaking, Norwegian forest cats are not so clingy to their owners. They are quiet and will not disturb their owners too much. Therefore, it is suggested that they should be busy and have quiet friends to keep them. ????????


Morphological characteristics of Shandong lion cat

       Shandong lion cat Shandong lion cat has very long neck hair, looks very similar to the lion, so it has the present name. Usually, it will be white or yellow, or black and white mixed with each other. Shandong lion cat has a very strong body, and has a very thick, large tail, has a particularly high resistance to disease, for the ability to resist cold, it also has.

       Morphology of the lion cat in Shandong Province

       1. The very standard Shandong lion cat (details) has very long hair, the color is white, there will be 4 to 5 cm long hair on its neck and back, it has the same standing posture as the lion. Pure white variety is the most standard, followed by black and white mixed varieties appear. Among the lions and cats in Shandong Province, the most precious is Linqing City, Shandong Province, where the Shandong lion cat is long hair, its whole body is not only covered by very thick long hair (snow white), but also has a very special place, that is, its eyes are yin and Yang eyes, one is yellow, the other is blue, so there is a strange superstition on its body According to legend, some people say that raising such a cat can go to the disaster and Exorcism at home, so that good luck will come to their own home!

       2. The pure bred Shandong lion cat has very long neck hair and looks very similar to the lion, so it has the present name. It is usually long white hair with 4-5cm long hair on the neck and back, standing like a lion. There are also black and white, yellow varieties, but pure white is more precious. Shandong lion cat is strong, and has a very thick, large tail, has a particularly high resistance to disease, for the ability to resist cold, it also has. Shandong lion cats are very good at catching mice, but they have very few offspring. They only have one litter a year, and each litter has only one litter. There are only 2 to 3 kittens per litter. It has long white hair, 4-5cm long hair on the neck and back, standing like a lion. The coat color is white or yellow, and there are black and white, with pure white more precious.

What kind of cats are suitable for beginners

       Many novices in raising cats, it is difficult to choose which kind of cat is better. American short haired cats are gentle, intelligent and energetic, but they don’t lose their temper. The life span is about 15 years. Exotic short haired cat, called “Garfield cat” in China, is as gentle as Persian cat. You can choose according to your own conditions.

       1. Being close to human beings and obedient — in this regard, purebred cats have incomparable advantages, because their personalities are taken into account in breeding, and only the individuals of their relatives are selected to breed. In this way, the temperament of each generation of kittens born is basically similar, and they are very clever and love their owners very much. They are all like good children of big families. However, the breeding of native cats is random, so they have different personalities. In short, they are relatively wild.

       2. Long cute — the so-called “cute” everyone has their own love, some like big head, some like long hair, some like fat butt, some like thin arms and thin legs. If you have a purebred cat, you can go to CFA’s official website to see the looks of all kinds of purebred cats and choose the one that can most sprout you.

       3. Strong survival ability, easy to feed – it is generally believed that purebred cats are not as good as native cats. This is because the breeding of purebred cats is a very complicated issue. The closer the pedigree of big cats is, the more likely the kittens born will be weak and sickly. However, if the pedigrees of big cats are far apart, it is difficult to guarantee the pedigree and purity of kittens. Therefore, if you want to raise a healthy and high-quality purebred cat, you must first get a responsible, knowledgeable and competent breeder. This I’m lucky in China.

       4. If we simply recommend pure breed cats, we recommend: short hair: American short hair cat, British short hair cat, exotic short hair cat, Scotch fold ear cat, Siamese cat. Long hair: jinjila cat, puppet cat.

Introduction of Himalayan cats

       Persia is a widely recognized and quite popular breed. On the basis of its early crossbreeding, the Himalayan cat appeared. The early evolution of the Persian cat is most likely to take place on the cold Persian plateau (today’s Iran and Iraq). When these silky cats were brought to Europe by Phoenicians and Romans, Europeans fell in love with them. Over the years, Persian breeding has been deliberately preserved and emphasized the characteristics of its long hair.

       The first step in breeding a key color Persia is to hybridize Siamese cats with Persians. After years of breeding, the offspring produced a number of cats with long hair and key color patterns. These heavy colored, long haired cats then mate with Persia, and their offspring mate with each other. Over many years, breeders have acquired cats with many basic Persian characteristics and key colors. At this time, the next step of work – this is to obtain the registration authority’s official variety approval. In the UK, bsterling Webb has spent more than 10 years perfecting his key color long haired cat. In 1955, he found the Governing Council of the cat country (GCCF) and asked them to recognize the new variety of the long haired cat. As he and other breeders described and defended their work on the new color, their request was granted and longhaired colorpoint became an independent breed in the UK.

       Over the next decade, the Himalayan cat spread rapidly. But the vast majority of Himalayan cats cannot meet the breeding standards of Persia. Many breeders no longer cross regularly with pure Persians. They propagated using the existing key colors and key colors, so progress in making Himalaya a Persian standard was slow, or even invisible. Himalayas became the focus of long nosed, long haired cats. In the 1870s, Himalayan breeders began to look back and think about what they had tried to achieve. Obviously, they have too much work to do to produce more Persian like cats. To this end, they began to hybridize regularly with Persia, retaining the best offspring for breeding. After a period of time, more like the Persian color of the long hair cat began to appear in the cat show. The cats looked more like Persia and were able to compete with Persia for the final prize.