In cat life, the most worrying part for owners is the purchase of cat food. We can often see many owners holding a brand of cat food and asking if this kind of cat food is good? Many people can only answer good and bad according to experience, but they don’t know the greasy. Let’s learn how to buy cat food.
The cat’s preference for food depends on the flavor and palatability of the food itself. The food used to eat since childhood also likes to eat when it grows up. Cats, as carnivores, need more special nutrients than omnivorous dogs, such as high protein, high fat, taurine, calcium and fresh drinking water. If the intake of a certain item is too little or excessive, it will cause pathological changes of the cat, even paralysis and death. The diseases caused by diet accumulate over time and are very difficult to detect. When they are discovered, they are not easy to save. Therefore, the most appropriate and convenient way is to buy reliable cat food!
1¡¢ Why insist on cat food for domestic cats? But you can’t just eat cat food?
Cat is a carnivorous animal. It is difficult to digest and absorb food. The food is mainly starch, and the cat is lack of amylase. Cats need nutrients such as fat, protein (including aminoethyl sulfonic acid), minerals, vitamins, human D, e, B1, B2, B6, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, etc. In particular, the lack of an amino acid called aminoethyl sulfonic acid can lead to blindness in cats. Healthy cats can form vitamin C in their bodies, so they don’t need to eat vegetables. It should be noted that an adult cat needs five times as much protein as humans, and the content of phosphorus in meat is usually several times as high as that of calcium. However, the reasonable ratio that cats need is 0.8 when calcium is 1. Therefore, if the diet to meat as the staple food, then the intake of calcium will never be enough. It can be seen that if you want to give up cat food completely, you can’t match cat food yourself.
There are mainly two kinds of cat food on the market: dry food and wet food. Dry cat food is condensed from ideal nutrition and contains almost no water. Due to the lack of water, it will not remain on the cat’s teeth for too long. It can prevent the formation of dental calculus, keep breath fresh and prevent the growth of oral gum bacteria. Hard cat food granules can help your cat consolidate and sharpen its teeth, and it can also promote your cat to drink more water. However, if many cats eat wet food such as canned food, they usually don’t drink much water. It’s not good for your teeth or your health.
For example, a cat’s dry food is rice, which can last a lifetime, but eating only rice is too monotonous. And canned cat is cooked food or convenient food, delicious and convenient, but too much preservatives will lead to malnutrition. The fresh natural cat rice is big fish and meat. It’s OK to eat once in a while. Every day, people will get three high. So if you want your cat to eat healthily, you should match it reasonably like a person. Eating only one kind of food can’t guarantee the balanced nutrition of the cat.
2¡¢ Classification of cat food
Cat food mainly includes dry food and wet food. According to the cat’s age, it can be divided into young cat food, adult cat food, old cat food, and special prescription food to deal with different physical conditions, such as sterile cat food, hairy cat food, etc. Cat food has a variety of tastes, a variety of choices, for different tastes of cats.
By cat food, we usually mean dry food. Compared with canned food and snacks, dry food has higher nutritional content, and is easy to store and not easy to deteriorate. Dry food is rich in fiber, good for defecation, and can reduce the odor of cat dung, and chewing dry food can also effectively prevent cat teeth calculus. The disadvantage is that the ash content is high, male cats are prone to urinary system problems. Dry food can be divided into natural food and commodity food (also known as economic cat food).
Natural food: characterized by high protein, low fat and comprehensive nutrition. Natural cat food is made of non polluting Cereals, meat and other natural food materials. It does not add any chemical synthetic products, food additives, artificial synthetic spices, etc., and does not use genetically modified food. Of course, the price of natural food is more expensive, but it is durable and safe.
Commercial food: with palatability as the main goal, low-end commercial food even uses corpses as raw materials for processing, which is often heard as “4D cat food”. In addition, in order to improve the taste, food additives and attractants, including synthetic spices, are often added to commercial food. Cats are often attracted by the fragrance and will show a preference for eating. The price of this kind of cat food is cheaper, but its safety is low.
Harm of 4D cat food: 4D cat food is made of 4D animal meat. 4D means disabled, dead, dying and disease. The food containing this ingredient is equivalent to the small dirty stall on the roadside that we eat. Once we eat it, we can’t die. We may eat it every day.
Wet food is rich in moisture and tastes close to fresh food, so it is very popular with cats. It can be divided into three categories: canned food, fresh bread, cat pudding and some meat snacks.
Canned food: canned food is the most common one. The most intuitive criterion for judging the quality of canned food is the amount of pure meat. You can also try a little to see how salty and fresh it is.
Miaoshengbao: easy to carry, and more soup, no other advantages. The quality is almost the same, the price is between 2 yuan and 3.5 yuan.
Cat pudding: there are other snacks. They are usually for cats to eat and play. They are fresh and can’t eat more because most of them have high salt content.
Brief introduction of Kitten Food
There are two periods in the growth process of kittens. First, the growth period is very fast, followed by sexual maturity, also known as rapid maturity. In these two periods, proper nutrition is needed to make the young cats grow into healthy and strong adult cats. The fast growing period of kittens is from 2 months to 6 months. After weaning, they enter the fast growing period, lasting for about 4 months. During this period, kittens need high-quality food with balanced nutrition and high protein and calories to supply various nutrients and energy needed for rapid growth. In terms of the energy required per unit weight, fast-growing kittens need twice as much energy as adult cats. However, kittens have small mouths, tender teeth and small stomachs, so they can’t eat and digest enough food in one meal. So fast growing kittens should eat at least three meals a day.
After six months of age, it is the rapid maturity period until the age of December. At this time, their growth rate begins to slow down, and their activity will be slightly reduced. They eat a larger amount of food per meal, which can reduce the number of meals per day. Although the cat’s body shape is very similar to that of an adult cat, it will still grow up. Many cat owners will give their cats different foods when they reach sexual maturity; in fact, cats like to eat high-quality dry cat food; at this time, we can add a little nutritious canned cat food to the dry cat food to meet their different nutritional requirements due to their slow growth.
Kittens need a lot of nutrition and heat energy to grow up, so they need to eat high-quality Kitten Food with special formula. This kind of high-quality Kitten Food is characterized by meat as the main raw material, and it is very easy to digest and contains a lot of nutrients, which can meet the special nutritional needs of young cats. We also mentioned that many brands of natural food have kitten cat food, which are good choices, such as royal and Guanneng. Just follow the way in the manual. Conditional, still can match pure goat milk to feed together.
3¡¢ Tips for selecting cat food
If you want to choose cat food for your cat, you should take health as the most important standard. However, it is not the more expensive the more high-grade, the better. It also depends on the fitness of the cat. Try to buy some dry food for cats without animal or poultry by-products. The best choice is meat, and the types of meat, such as chicken and mutton, should be listed. It is better to choose cat food treated with natural preservatives (vitamin C and vitamin E are the most common). However, it should be noted that the shelf life of many natural preservatives is shorter than that of chemical preservatives. Therefore, we should pay attention to the expiration date of the product when purchasing. Generally, the storage period of dry food is 1-2 years. Please look carefully at the last edible date on the packaging bag. Smell the taste of dry food when opening. If you find that the taste is abnormal or not fresh, do not feed the cat, but ask the manufacturer to return it.
For example, for an adult cat, the proportion of fat should not be too high, especially for the domestic cat which is kept indoors and has low amount of exercise. Some of the dry cat food on the market can be produced according to the different needs of cats, such as: hair ball formula, gastrointestinal sensitive formula, skin sensitive formula, tooth and meat health formula, anti urinary stone formula, long hair Persian cat formula and so on. It can be purchased according to different needs.
Generally, cat food produced in the United States has the approval mark of the American Association of feed management officials (AAFCO) to prove that cat food is carried out, and through animal feeding test, the ingredients can provide 100% complete and balanced nutrition.
Observe the cat’s reaction to dry food. After feeding for 6-8 weeks, we can judge from the growth of hair, nail, weight, stool / urine and overall health to determine whether the cat food is suitable for the cat. If the cat’s fur is dull and dry, itchy or depilated after feeding the new cat food, it may be that the cat is allergic to the ingredients of this cat food, or the nutrition is not suitable.
During the change of cat food, please pay attention to the excreta of cats. The feces should be solid but not hard and loose. Usually, a few days before changing the cat food, the excreta of the cat will stink. This is because the digestive system can not adapt to the new cat food for a while, and it will return to normal in a short time. However, if the situation continues, it may be that this cat food is not suitable for your cat.
4¡¢ Bad ingredients to be vigilant against
Ingredients are the most direct way to see the quality of cat food, but many people can’t see it. However, they don’t know what effects or side effects each ingredient has. Let’s talk about a few bad ingredients that need to be paid attention to when buying cat food.
Ground yellow corn, a cheap grain
There is no problem with the above two ingredients, but it depends on their proportion in the grain. If they are ranked in the top two in the ingredient list, that is to say, the protein of this product is mainly plant protein. Kiss, your cat is not a monk! It wants meat! In addition, if the proportion of corn in the ingredients is too high, do not buy. Corn itself is a good cereal, but it is high in sugar, people should eat it in moderation, not to mention the cat sensitive to sugar.
Corn bran meal
A kind of cheap grain with low nutritional value and poor absorption effect, which is not easy to digest, it is better to eat it than not to eat it
Chicken by product meal
This source is arguably the worst of all grades of meat, very unsafe, low in nutritional value, and cheap. The following ranking is based on AAFCO’s definition of meat and its related products: for such ingredients, AAFCO’s nutritional health level is: Chicken > chickenmeat > chickenby-product > chicken by-product. In other words, chicken by-product powder is the worst meat product. The materials used are absolutely not edible by human beings. Generally, they are chicken head, chicken mouth, chicken feet, and even chicken feathers and feces. The nutritional value is very low and it is difficult to digest. Therefore, cats with sensitive intestines and stomach are prone to diarrhea. PS: you can buy a big box of fresh chicken liver for 6 yuan in the supermarket. Why do you have to pay for chicken excrement, friend?
Animal fat reserved with mixed tocopherols (form of vitamin E) is a preservative extracted from animal fat
The exact indication of a natural preservative really extracted from fat should be chicenfat. Animalfat is an artificial and unsafe preservative. More importantly, the extraction sources of animalfat are complex and difficult to control. They can be from human destruction or 4D animals purchased from some pet hospitals / stores. Preservatives from rotting animals? Believe it or not, I don’t believe it!
This fish meal also includes all the salmon meal, salmon oil and so on. If the grain manufacturers put the fish in the ingredients in the form of fishmeal and don’t clearly state what kind of fish it is, such as salmonmeal salmon meal, there is no doubt that the commercial products of this factory must be cheap fish, disordered fish, and the source of fish is chaotic and unsafe!
This ingredient is usually used as a flavoring agent in grains
Actually, it’s the so-called soup wrapped around the grain, but this notation indicates that the source of this ingredient can be any animal, any form of animal, including 4D animal.
These are all pigments. There are many colors in this product. FDA believes that “if the pigment is not used too much, it is safe”. However, I think that the problem of pigment is not good, because the pigment will cause some problems, such as skin sensitivity.
Menadione odium bisulfite complex (source of vital activity) is referred to as VK3
VK3 (note not VitaminK, K1, or K2!) It is a synthetic cheap chemical. Long term use will cause permanent damage and death to the body. The European Union has banned the use of vitamin K3 in anything for human use, and its harm is very great. So far, the most similar research results show that dogs who take 25-50 mg / kg of vitamin K3 for 4-33 consecutive days will suffer from severe anemia. Other studies on the consumption of vitamin K3 have used chickens or mice. When VK3 is used in pet food, it is often expressed in the following forms: “mendionesodium bisulfate”, “menadione odinium bisulfate”, “menadione methylimidinol butyl succinate”, “a source of vitaminkactivity”, “VitaminK supplement”.
There are many kinds of cat food. Every business is launching a variety of different products. It looks dazzling at first sight, but as long as you understand the knowledge, it is very easy to choose.