Introduction to the history and culture of cats

       Cats are very familiar with this kind of animal. From the original rat catcher to the family pet now, cats are also evolving a little bit. Many families regard cats as family members, not as a rat catching animal. Many parents know that cats love to be clean and easy to raise. But, do you know the history of cats?

       About 200 million years ago, the world’s first mammals appeared. Around the same time, the first dinosaur appeared; but the real protagonist of mammals was millions of years after the dinosaurs disappeared. About 60 million years ago, the bobcat appeared in the forest. It is the ancestor of all carnivores. Its offspring include bears, weasels, raccoons, beavers, beavers, foxes, wolves, badgers, pandas, dogs and tigers, and the trained tabby cat. About three million years ago, the genetic genes of feline family were established, and all the cats at present were gradually evolved.

       It’s a shocking fact – cats are the earliest ancestors of reptiles. It may sound strange to us that the sharp contrast between reptiles is the cat, but it is true. A group of small animals (about 30cm), with sharp teeth, live in the forest, or on trees or on the ground. They are called little ancient cats. They have long bodies and tails, and are mostly carnivorous. These animals eventually adapted to the changing seasons and evolved into the various carnivores we see today (cats, dogs, etc.).

       The real domestication of cats was quite late, about 4000 or 5000 years ago. In contrast, dogs were domesticated much earlier, about 20000 to 15000 years ago. The young of African wildcat is easy to domesticate. It is generally believed that it may be the main ancestor of domestic cats.

       The ancient Egyptians attached great importance to the African tiger spotted wildcat because it was quite easy to domesticate, and could be used to sacrifice to the moon god and the goddess of best to replace the lion worshipped in the past. When the cat died, Egyptians shaved their eyebrows as a sign of mourning. And there is at least one ancient Egyptian cat, much like today’s Alpine cat species.

       In Europe, the cat is no longer used as a sacrifice to gods, but a symbol of “freedom”. One of the reasons why cats are popular with Europeans is that in the 11th century A.D., cats helped people eliminate the black death’s germ carrying mice.

       In the middle ages, the number of cats was greatly reduced, because of the rise of elegant religion, people used it to worship the devil. Even today, there are many superstitions about cats. For example, if the black cat crosses the route you are going to go, evil will happen.

       After thousands of generations of reproduction, the physiological changes caused by domestication in cats are similar to those in dogs. Including smaller body, shorter claws, smaller brain and cranial cavity volume, extended ears and tail posture, as well as the color and texture of fur. However, unlike dogs, cats maintain a large degree of independence in human society, so they rarely form certain behavioral characteristics needed by human beings due to selective external pressure. Therefore, the appearance of domestic cats is not much different from that of their ancestors, and it is difficult to distinguish them in early archaeological discoveries.

       Cat remains have been found near various prehistoric human sites, including the Neolithic site in Israel about 9000 years ago and the Indian Valley site in Pakistan 4000 years ago. However, the remains are probably wild cats killed for fur or meat. Interestingly, eight thousand year old remains of cats and mice have been found on the island of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea. They can only be brought to the island by human immigrants. Although the cats may not have been fully domesticated, they were deliberately brought to the island to deal with rodents.

       After thousands of years of evolution, cats have been gradually accepted and loved by us. Nowadays, there are many kinds of cats, and each family has different breeds. No matter what kind of breed or purebred or impure, cats bring us more joy than we can imagine.

Can cats pretend to sleep

       Animals like to sleep, which is their indispensable important behavior. Sleep can relieve the fatigue of the body and brain, and prepare for the next activity of strength and energy. Of course, cats are no exception. The owners of cats can find that cats sleep most of the day. Cats are highly vigilant. Even when they are sleeping, they will immediately run away when they hear wind and grass moving. In fact, most of the time, cats pretend to sleep.

       1. The sleeping time of cats is about twice that of human beings. But cats don’t sleep as intensively as people do. They sleep several times, so cats can get up at any time of the night. The big headed lion of the cat family sleeps about 20 hours a day.

       2. Studies have shown that three quarters of cats’ sleep is fake sleep, that is, napping. So, it seems that the cat sleeps 16 hours a day, but it only sleeps for 4 hours. People have various postures when they sleep, and cats, like humans, also have various postures when they sleep. Cats sleep on their stomach, sit and sometimes sleep on their backs. The cat still talks in his sleep, which is called. Cats wake up in nightmares and open their eyes.

       3. Cats are very careful about the choice of sleeping places. In summer, cats can accurately find a ventilated and cool place. In winter, the cat can find a warm place accurately. In addition, the cat also follows the sun to move to sleep many times. Like a sunflower, it’s always facing the sun.

       4. Cats always strive for the most comfortable place to sleep. For example, sleeping close to the heater often makes the cat’s tail scorched; sometimes, the mother cat and the kitten will choose a comfortable place to sleep together, but it is easy for the kitten to suffocate and die; sometimes the cat will trample over the furniture and supplies to find a good place to sleep. These cat owners have to pay attention.

       5. The cat is timid, and is highly alert even in resting or sleeping state. When hearing a slight sound or seeing a strange thing, the cat will immediately open its eyes, stare at it, and be ready to escape at any time, until it is judged that there is no threat to it, it will walk away slowly. In the face of unfamiliar and non threatening things, the cat will often curiously use its forepaws to test and tease.

How to train cats not to grab furniture

       It’s their specialty that cats like to pick and scratch. It’s important that they also like to scratch in the same place. It’s easy to damage the furniture at home. So do you know why cats like to scratch all the time? What’s more, how to keep the cat from scratching furniture?

       This is because there are abundant glands on the cat’s feet, which can secrete viscous and flavorful liquid. During the process of scratching, the liquid adheres to the surface of the object being caught. The smell of the mucus will attract the cat to the same place again. In addition, after the cat wakes up, stretches, often occurs pickpocketing behavior. According to these habitual movements of cats, corresponding measures can be taken for training.

       Before training, a wooden post should be prepared, which is 70 cm long and 20 cm thick. It should be upright and fixed near the cat’s nest to facilitate the cat to scratch. The wood column should be solid in texture.

       Training should start with kittens. During the training, the kitten is brought to the wooden post, and the cat’s two front legs are grasped with both hands, and placed on the wooden post to simulate the cat’s scratching action, so that the secretion from the glands on the cat’s feet can be painted on the wooden post. After a lot of training, coupled with the smell of secretion, the cat will go to the wooden pole to scratch. Develop such a habit, it will not pick on the furniture, so as to protect the tidiness and beauty of the furniture.

       For cats who have developed the habit of picking furniture, when training, they should first cover the outside of the scratched parts with plastic boards, boards, etc., and then place a solid wooden column or board in the appropriate position in front of the picking parts. You can use the same method to train cats to scratch on wooden columns or boards. After the cats get used to it, move the wooden pillars or boards slowly until you have a place in your mind ¡£ The distance of moving the board each time should not be too large, 5-10 cm is appropriate, and should not be done too quickly.

Analysis of Himalayan cat’s character

       It is said that Himalayan cats combine the softness, charm and sensitivity of Persian cats, and the intelligence and gentleness of Siamese cats. Their temperament is between Siamese cats and Persian cats, which combines the advantages of both. Is Himalayan cat really so perfect? What was her true character?

       Himalayan cats are beautiful, intelligent, elegant and gentle. They get along well with their owners in life. Sometimes they are warm and generous, naughty and smart, and sometimes they are strangely quiet. They just lie on their owners’ legs lazily. However, individual is different, and each Himalayan cat shows different personality. The Himalayan cat, who was spoiled since childhood, shows more willful and unskillful. However, the cat who has been systematically trained since childhood will be much more gentle in character. This also reminds the owners that when the cat is small, don’t spoil it too much, and when naughty, give a small lesson It should be. Only in this way can cats and people be more harmonious in the future.

       The call of Himalayan cat is very pleasant. Healthy Himalayan cats also have unique expressions and movements, have a strong appetite and energy, strong physique, good at running and jumping. It’s easy to please the host. They are very suitable for raising at home. They are very loyal and friendly to their owners and like to rest and play with their owners. In life, this lovely pet cat is the best pet companion for the owner. It can accompany the owner’s life and work, relieve the loneliness in life and relieve the pressure on work.

What should be paid attention to when training kittens

       Grooming a kitten is not necessarily to make the cat smarter, sometimes it is just to make him more integrated into family life. The training of kittens should be carried out step by step, and the following matters must be paid attention to:

       1. The trainer must be patient and confident, step by step, never tire of failure, and insist on training cats.

       2. The training of cats should start from the period of kittens. Because the kitten is the most active, curious and interested in anything new, it is most suitable and easy to train at this time.

       3. The best time to train the cat is before feeding. Because cats are close to people when they are hungry, and they can listen to people more vividly. At this time, they can use food stimulation to train cats effectively.

       4. In the process of training and training, we should combine all kinds of stimulation and means organically, neither being tough nor letting them be free. We should be both rigid and flexible, and combine leniency and strictness. But when training a certain movement, we should not use too many ways, so as not to know what to do.

       5. In the process of training, you should be kind and don’t rush. Because the cat is stubborn and has strong self-esteem, it is not willing to be manipulated by others. Therefore, the trainer should have a kind attitude and play with the cat during the training. Otherwise, the cat will have an aversion reaction to the training, which will affect all the training process.

       6. The rewards and punishments should be clear in the training. A small amount of delicious food should be given to those who have completed the action requirements, and they can also be touched with their hands to show praise; those who disobey the command or fail to complete the action requirements should be given appropriate reprimand to show punishment.

       7. In the whole training process, special personnel must be responsible for the training. It is not allowed for several people to train the cat at the same time, so as to avoid distracting the cat’s attention. The training should be carried out in a quiet environment, and no loud noise and sudden movements are allowed, so as to scare the cat away or refuse to accept the training.

Notes on introduction of stray kittens

       For various reasons, you may encounter a stray kitten. Stray kittens are generally born by stray cats or abandoned by their owners. If the cats have not been weaned, the maintenance work of the owners will be complicated. For example, you need to prepare suitable food for them, feed them regularly, provide a good living environment, and even help stimulate the kittens to defecate. So make sure you can hold on to their lives before you plan to raise them. For example, white-collar workers from 9 to 5 may not be suitable for raising non weaned cats, because you can’t feed the cats during the day, and you can’t solve any problems when cats are at home alone. If you are not suitable for raising such kittens, you may as well give them to someone who is experienced and can keep cats, or seek the help of some organizations, etc.

       If the cat is weaned, the care of the owner may be a little easier. In terms of food preparation, you can give them Kitten Food. For the newly weaned cats who can not fully adapt to eating dry food, the owner can soak the cat food to them, and gradually let the cat adapt to eat dry food. If you want to give your cat homemade cat food, then you must pay attention to the nutrition ratio of the food, so as to ensure the healthy growth of the cat.

       Because cats are adopted, they may need some training in order to adapt to human family life. For example, some cats may be born with litter, but others are not. If cats can’t use litter, their owners should teach them to use litter; in the process of raising young cats, owners may encounter the problem of cats scratching randomly, so it’s the owner’s job to find ways to make them stop scratching. If there are children or other animals in the family, then cats still have to learn Will get along with children and other animals and so on. However, no matter how to train cats, do not take violence education. If kittens are severely punished in the process of education, they will not have a sense of trust in their owners, and their personality may become more withdrawn or irritable, so you may encounter more problems in later life.

       In addition, in order to make the cat more happy, the owners should also pay attention to the “spiritual life” of the kitten. When you have something to go out during the day, you can prepare some toys for your cat, so that they will not be too boring; if the cat is very sticky to you, don’t turn a blind eye to it, otherwise the cat may be “depressed”! It should be noted that in the process of raising kittens, once the cat is found sick, the owner should take them to the pet hospital for diagnosis and treatment.

How to train Muppets well

       Because of the cat’s own sex reasons, training cats has become a more difficult job. Although we can often see dogs, many well-trained dogs perform all kinds of unique skills, but it is difficult to see a well trained cat. Although we don’t have to ask cats to do well, some basic training needs to be done.

       1¡¢ Find the right time for training

       1. Education should start from childhood

       It is a good time for cats to train and correct their bad habits when they are young. Comparatively speaking, cats at this time are relatively quick to accept. Moreover, cats raised since childhood have a better feeling for their owners, so their acceptance may be better.

       2. You can train before meals

       Training cats when they are hungry and then reward them with food may enhance their enthusiasm for training, and the effect will be better.

       3. Clear attitude

       It is a very important issue to apply both soft and hard measures and to give both kindness and authority. For tough cats, we need to be more severe, criticize them in time, and speak sternly. For the Muppet cat (details) this kind of good character cat, the attitude should be firm, the tone can be slightly relaxed.

       4. Training should not be done in a hurry, but be patient

       It’s not easy to train a cat, so it’s more taboo to be eager for quick success and instant benefit. Training cats needs to have enough patience, more training will certainly improve, each training time should not be too long, easy to let the cat lose patience.

       5. Keep a good environment

       A good environment is very important for the cat. If it is too noisy, the cat doesn’t like it very much and can’t concentrate. The training effect may be greatly reduced. The cat is also very sensitive. If you are not careful, it will alert the environment, so that the cat can feel completely safe.

       2¡¢ Training notes

       1. Reward for proper use of food

       When the cat completes an action or obeys obedience, give them a snack reward. After fixing it for several times, the cat will know how to make the owner happy and have snacks to eat. This is a link.

       2. Pay attention to the password

       When using food induction, you can also match the fixed password. It is very important to fix it. Don’t have different password for the same action, so the cats may be confused. Let them connect the action with the command. Next time you hear the voice, you will know what to do.

       Develop good eating habits

       This should be standardized from the beginning. It is very important for both habits and health problems, so we must not be careless. Snacks should not be fed too much, and people should eat as little as possible. Once cats get better food, they will be less interested in the bad food before.

       Good defecation habits

       Cat’s excreta has a lot of odor, so if you don’t let them develop good excretion habits, it’s easy to let the odor fill the room. Therefore, during the training, we should also prepare suitable litter and litter basin for them, and pay attention to regularly cleaning the litter.

       For Muppets, bad behavior habits need training and correction, but we don’t have to force the cat to complete some more difficult actions, because there is not much use for it, and it takes a lot of time.

What are the cat sports events

       There are many owners who take their dogs out for sports, but it seems that they seldom see cats taken out for sports. It can be understood that cats are not safe to go out and difficult to control. But for the sake of cat’s health and its slim figure, even indoor sports are totally OK. What are the sports items that can be exercised indoors?

       Standing, lying down and rolling

       Standing, lying down and rolling movements can be easily performed by cats. However, in order to make the cats do according to human gestures, they should be implemented through training. At the beginning of the training, the cats should be assisted by human beings. When hearing the command and gesture, the cats should be fixed in the posture of standing up, landing on the ground with hind limbs, and the forelimb soaring, side lying or prone position. When the cat can complete these actions, the cat will be rewarded. And then the rolling training. In this way, from password + gesture ¡ú action, to password ¡ú action, or gesture ¡ú action, the owner of the cat will have a great sense of satisfaction. When the cat can complete the action according to the instructions, it is necessary to gradually reduce the number of food rewards and use more reward methods such as touching. Every time you learn a set of movements, you should repeat them after a period of time to consolidate and deepen your memory.

       Jumping and drilling

       Jumping and drilling. This training requires an iron or plastic hoop, fixed in one place. First of all, the owner makes a gesture of “jump” or “drill” with his hands to cooperate with the command. Then, the cat can be assisted to jump or drill through the circle artificially; or the owner can immediately encourage the cat to jump or drill through the circle once in a while. If the cat refuses to take the initiative to do the action, it should give a prompt and warning, assist the cat to complete the action by hand, and let the cat understand the meaning of the password and gesture. When the cat can complete the jump and drill, gradually raise the height of the circle. In general, adult cats can easily jump over obstacles 50 cm high and drill through circles sensitively. Their posture is beautiful and admirable.

       3. Training of holding objects

       Cats are naturally fond of holding things, but it is not easy to train them to carry things. During training, the cat needs to wear a collar and traction belt to control the cat’s behavior. It is necessary to familiarize the cat with the “pick” and “spit” commands before training begins. During the training, one hand pulls the traction belt to pull the cat to the object to be held, the other hand to pick up the object or toy, put it into the cat’s mouth, let the cat bite; then lead the cat to another place, let the cat open its mouth, and at the same time issue the command of “spit” to take out the object. After the reward is given, repeat the action repeatedly until the cat can complete the command of “biting” and “Spitting”.

       Next, take off the traction belt, put the object in front of the cat, attract the cat’s attention, and then give the command of “Diao” and “spit” to let the cat complete the action. Then, the carried object is thrown a little farther away from the cat’s view, and the command of “pick it up” is issued to let the cat return with the object, and then issue the command of “spit” to let the cat put down the object. The establishment of this kind of conditioned reflex needs time and repetition.

Cat’s outdoor sports walk

       If your cat has been a free range since childhood and has a habit of going out and going home, then you don’t have to worry about the amount of exercise your cat has. On the contrary, if your cats stay at home and their living space is very small, then for the sake of cat’s health, it is recommended that you take time to take them out for exercise every day! The following is a small series of training skills about cat walking.

       Training skills of cat walking

       The cat’s explosive power is very strong. It can jump and jump. There are many cars coming and going in the residential area. Therefore, when walking the cat, you must be able to control him and prevent him from running around. Otherwise, it is difficult for the owner to catch him and traffic accidents may occur. In order to prevent the cat from running away in the process of “walking around the corner”, the cat should be put on a shoulder strap. There is no special cat walking rope sold in China. Cat owners can choose the smallest dog shoulder strap. This kind of shoulder strap passes through the cat’s two front legs rather than directly around the neck, which is more comfortable and safe for the cat. When wearing a shoulder strap to a cat, you must pay attention to the tightness. It should not be too tight or too loose. Otherwise, as soon as the cat shrinks, it will come out of the shoulder strap

       The cat is not used to bondage at first, so she lies on the ground and tries to get rid of it. So don’t rush to “cover” him. The owner first drags the shoulder strap around the house to attract the cat’s attention and let him chase him. When he becomes familiar with the device, separate the shoulder strap from the traction belt and only put it on (be sure to be in the room, not outdoors) to familiarize him with the feeling of wearing the shoulder strap first.

       Slowly, if he doesn’t resist the harness, the owner can try to hang the traction rope on the shoulder sleeve, take him around the room, and teach him to get used to the restraint. When you take the cat out for the first time, you should go downstairs or in a safe place outside the house. Don’t go too far. Let the cat get used to the sound and scenery around. Pay attention to the cat’s reaction.

       If the cat is very scared, I advise you to give up the idea of taking the cat for a walk instead of forcing it. Over forcing the cat will only make the cat feel afraid, and may hurt its owner in panic. It may also have a bad impact on the cat’s character. This is not what the owner and the cat want. How your cat behaves depends on the cat’s personality, so before using the leash to walk the cat, you should know your cat and let the cat start walking by itself instead of being dragged by its owner.

       It’s good for the cat’s physical and mental health to take a walk with the cat. Taking a cat out for a walk, the most important thing is not the happiness of human beings, but the happiness of cats. The best way to train a cat to go out for a walk is to start with a kitten. First of all, train the cat to wear a collar and traction rope, let the cat walk around the door of his own house, and then pull it to a further place, so that it can gradually adapt to this walk. Once the cat gets used to it, take it for a walk on the street or in the park. If the cat doesn’t want to, don’t force it. Try it a few more times.