Different dogs, there must be certain individual differences between each other, so to judge the dog’s fat and thin can not be completely according to the so-called standard, these data can only be used as a reference. So if the dog’s weight and these standards are not too different, then don’t worry too much, we can think of the dog’s body is relatively normal. In addition to judging whether the dog is normal from the weight, it can also make a certain judgment from the appearance.
For dogs and cats, the judgment of fat and thin is actually more subjective. Sometimes judging whether a dog is fat or thin will vary from person to person. Some veterinarians who are overweight may have a higher tolerance for dog obesity. In the United States, there are two sets of the most commonly used standards to measure body shape. One is from 1 to 5, the other is from 1 to 9, and 1 is the thinnest. For dogs and cats, a score of 1 to 9 is most widely used.
Dogs and cats have similar ratings. Standards are easier to measure for short haired pets, because dogs with long coats are prone to visual illusions. 1 to 3 is too thin, 4 is thin, 5 is ideal, 6 to 9 is too fat.
Score 1. Ribs, lumbar spine and pelvis can be seen far away, fat can not be touched, and obvious signs of muscle loss are found.
Score 2. Ribs, lumbar spine and pelvis are easy to see, no fat can be felt, and there are slight signs of muscle loss.
The ribs are easy to feel and may be seen. The protrusion at the top of the lumbar spine can be seen. The pelvis is slightly protruding. There is a clear waistline and tight abdomen.
The ribs were easy to feel and had a small amount of subcutaneous fat. The waistline is easy to see from the top. The abdomen is obviously constricted.
Score 5. Ribs can be felt without excessive subcutaneous fat. The waistline can be seen from the top. The tightening of the abdomen can be seen from the side.
Score 6. Ribs can be felt and there is a slight excess of subcutaneous fat. The waistline can be seen from the top but not obvious. A dog’s abdomen is tight, but a cat’s belly is not flat.
Score 7. Ribs are hard to touch and have a lot of subcutaneous fat. There was obvious fat accumulation in the lumbar vertebrae and tail root. The contraction of the dog’s abdomen may show that the cat has a lot of belly meat.
Score 8. Ribs can’t be felt or need a lot of pressure to feel, there is a lot of subcutaneous fat. There is a lot of fat accumulation in the lumbar spine and the base of the tail. No waistline. The dog’s abdomen is not tight, and the cat has obvious belly meat. The shape of the abdomen may be enlarged.
Score 9. A lot of fat accumulates in the chest, spine, tail base, neck and limbs. Dogs don’t have a waistline or a shrunken belly. Cats have a lot of belly meat. The shape of the abdomen is obviously enlarged.
Generally speaking, it is recommended that the body shape of dogs and cats should be controlled at 4 or 5. Good body shape can prolong life span and reduce the risk of various diseases, including diabetes and other endocrine diseases, heart disease, arthritis and cancer. Increasing the amount of exercise, controlling the diet according to the calorie content in the food package, or using the diet with special prescription can help dogs or cats lose weight, but we should also pay attention to reasonable arrangement and control. For lean dogs to check whether there are digestive tract diseases, of course, regular deworming is also very necessary. After that, we should arrange the diet reasonably.