Taking care of a pregnant female cat requires major problems

       The cat is pregnant after estrus mating, and then will give birth to a healthy baby cat. During pregnancy, the cat needs to supplement enough nutrition to meet the development of the fetus in the cat’s abdomen. The owner should give the cat a healthy diet and sufficient water during the pregnancy. Of course, the health and care of the cat should also be paid attention to.

       1. Three weeks after mating, check the pregnant omen cats, and have a 90% chance of pregnancy after mating. The gestational period is 63 days, but it is generally considered to be 56-65 days. Three weeks after mating, the cat’s nipples swell and turn pink. This is the first sign of pregnancy. Cats rarely “vomit”. However, they will have mild vomiting 4-17 days after mating, and their preference for food has also changed. It basically lasts for 2-3 days. After 4-5 weeks of mating, the stomach bulges slightly. The size of the stomach varies from fetus to fetus. During this period, cats are prone to miscarriage, so don’t touch their bellies. Short hair varieties, due to the role of hormones, hair color is very shiny. After 7 weeks, the stomach was more obvious and the mammary glands were opened. The body weight increased by 1-1.5 kg, and the movement was also slightly slow.

       2. Pregnant cats, which are rich in protein and calcium, have increased appetite at 4 weeks of fetal development. For the cat with appetite, you can double the amount of food, but you can’t give too much at a time. You should give it 3-4 times. Food should be rich in protein and calcium necessary for fetal growth, such as liver, lean meat, eggs, milk, cheese, dried fish, etc. should be fresh and easy to digest. Severe diarrhea during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, so pay attention not to have a full meal or indigestion.

       3. Consult the veterinarian about the diseases and abnormal conditions during pregnancy. If you get sick after pregnancy, you can’t take medicine for the cat without authorization. You should consult the veterinarian. At this point, the most important thing is to tell the veterinarian the exact time of mating. In addition, the pudenda should be observed frequently. Once blood is found, even if it is rare, it should be checked by a veterinarian immediately. If the cat can be treated quietly, even if some of the fetus died, the rest can still be saved. When pregnant, moderate exercise is also necessary, but jumping from a high place or being with a male cat may lead to miscarriage, so take care of it carefully.

Whose fault is the cat accidentally pregnant?

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       With the emergence of more and more stray cats on the roadside, we are getting used to the wild cats that can be seen everywhere. On the one hand, it is the embodiment of cats’ strong reproductive ability. On the other hand, it also shows that the reproduction of cats is beyond our control. So, what causes the unexpected pregnancy of cats?

       New research shows that cat owners in the UK and the US have considerable misconceptions about the hairy guys’ fertility habits. In one survey, for example, 84% of 715 respondents believed that cats might be pregnant before they were six months old. This is not true. Kittens are fertile as early as three to four months old. Another half believed that the female “should” (or “probably should”) give birth to a litter before sterilization. Another 39% felt that cats were not inbreeding, but they could. ??

       In addition, a quarter of British respondents believe that cats cannot conceive before the age of one. Overall, one in eight of the respondents had an unexpected pregnancy. As a result of these misunderstandings, 850000 unscheduled kittens are born in the UK every year. As a result, 150000 kittens die each year in British shelters. ??

       It seems that cats want to be born in the UK more than people. This is a serious problem. They are at a loss for shelters. Researchers in the United States say the cat star surplus is a bigger problem in the United States. Three to four million cats die each year in shelters in the United States, more than half of which are euthanasia. ??

       Interestingly, this study, which started in the UK and ended up in the US, shows that cat owners are confused about the cat’s reproductive capacity. Their lack of understanding of the speed at which cats breed has led to an unnecessary surplus of cats. ??

       People don’t realize how difficult it is to keep a cat from becoming pregnant. To prevent accidental pregnancy, cat owners should sterilize or castrate their kittens when they are four months old. Removal of the ovaries can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in cats. Sterilization and castration can also help people resist overpopulation and prevent cats from being euthanized. ??

       About 80% of cats have been sterilized or castrated, but not early enough. The overpopulation of cats causes great pressure on animal shelters and makes life difficult for many cats. At the same time, too many cats also cause environmental problems. For example, cats attack wild animals such as birds. It is not clear why the cat’s owners believe that the female should give birth to a litter of kittens before sterilization. But it may reflect human values about the importance of cats to their families.

       Therefore, if the cat is accidentally pregnant, the suggestion is that if the female cat is not pregnant for a long time, take it to induce labor; if it does not intend to let the cat give birth, why? Female cats are as painful as human beings, but they have to give birth to many cats. Do you want to let your big cats stand the risk of giving birth? Can you take care of more than one kitten? Is it possible to guarantee that the adopters will not abandon the kittens, raise them scientifically, sterilize them when they are old, and treat them kindly?

       Some parents want their cats to have a baby and then sterilize them. Why do they have to have them since they are all going to be sterilized? Because cats have to be born once to be complete? Cats are cats, animals and pets. Don’t add the idea of human beings to feline mating. Cats can’t fall in love, socialize, marry or raise their own children, because kittens are cute? Then why not adopt another kitten. Kittens will grow up too. Instead of having a group of cats that can’t be raised, why not reduce the number of stray cats or cats that need home. Or is it because their cats are “purebred” and “good friends”? It can be known that two races may not give birth to one race grade. Random mating can also easily lead to sexual contact and genetic diseases. If you buy a series, it will easily produce a cat with problems. So we need to change our mind to prevent the cat from getting pregnant accidentally. ?????????????? ??

The knowledge of feline midwifery

       From pregnancy to giving birth to a baby cat, every stage needs our careful care, especially in the production of a cat, which may lead to dystocia. At this time, the owner’s help is needed to ensure that the cat can give birth to the kitten smoothly. Here are some tips for helping the cat to give birth to the baby cat in case of any unexpected need.

       Be sure to prepare a satisfactory nest for the mother cat, especially when it is due to give birth, you need to pay close attention to it. If you don’t come out of the nest for a long time, you need to see if you’re starting to give birth. We need to prepare a basin of warm water, a clean towel, a sterilized scissors, a pair of medical gloves, some sterilized thread, cut into 10cm long.

       When a cat gives birth to a baby, it is not painful. When it lies down on its side and licks the pudenda, it can also see that the cat mother is exerting force, and there will be gray water flowing out. At the same time, when you see something coming out, it is a cat baby. Don’t worry about it. Generally, it will come out smoothly. If half of the kitten is inside and half is outside for more than 10 minutes, we need to help it. Put on thin sterilized medical gloves and gently pull the kitten outside. When the kitten comes out, it may be wrapped with a thin layer of fetal membrane. Mother cat will lick it off. We can also use a towel dipped in warm water and then wring it out for the kitten to wipe it gently. Some kittens come out and their fetal membranes are almost invisible, but there will be an umbilical cord connected. If we are not there, the mother cat will bite off. If we are present, we can first tie the cat at 1.5-2CM away from the kitten’s body to tie the knot. Then, cut with scissors 1 cm away from the tie line.

       The kitten leaving the mother’s body is wet, eyes are also closed, wipe its nose and mouth to prevent water or other things blocking the breath. Kittens are also afraid of the cold, after all, how warm the mother’s belly is. You can dry it and put it under the cat’s mother’s stomach. The kitten will be very tired after a lot of tossing.

       However, kittens are very powerful. They drill around and have a little rest. They will be sucking. There may be smell that makes kittens find their mother’s nipples and bite them. They also push and press them with their front feet to stimulate their mother’s milk secretion. It is more powerful than human babies.

       After a while after the birth of a kitten, the mother cat will rest and force again. In a few minutes or 20 minutes, the placenta will come out. You must throw the placenta away. Otherwise, the mother cat will eat it. Eating it may cause diarrhea. It may be the protective instinct of cats. In the wild, the placenta will attract other animals to attack, but you didn’t notice that even if the cat eats the placenta Don’t worry too much. Sometimes, the placenta comes out after a few kittens come out.

       In ten minutes or more, the second kitten will be born. If it is a few kittens, the birth process of the mother cat will be several hours or shorter. If the mother cat is exerting force all the time, it means that there is a kitten in the stomach. It can help the cat touch the stomach and caress it from top to bottom, which can help the mother cat give birth quickly.

       If the mother cat stops exerting force for more than two or three hours, and there is obviously a kitten in her belly, she should not only help her touch her stomach from top to bottom, but also ask the doctor in the pet hospital to have a look. After all the kittens are born, they will be replaced with a clean nest and the cloth padded during production will be thrown away. When the cat mother is very hard, it will keep licking its baby, but also feeding, don’t forget to give it nutrition oh.

       Cats need more adequate nutrition in their diet after birth, so as to ensure that the mother cat has enough milk to care for the kittens. If you encounter problems that you can’t solve when delivering a baby, you must send the cat to the hospital in time, so as not to delay the production and cause the death of the cat.

Estrus and reproduction of cats

       Compared with other domestic animals, cats have unique reproductive physiological characteristics. Cats are estrous animals with mating, ovulation and seasonal reproduction.

       1¡¢ Sexual maturity

       Female cats reach sexual maturity 5-9 months after birth, but the sexual maturity period is not only related to the breed, but also different from the season of sexual maturity. Persian and Himalayan cats are late maturing and do not show oestrus before 1-1.5 years old. Generally, cats that reach sexual maturity in the spring show oestrus in the month of spring, while cats reaching sexual maturity in autumn will delay their estrus until the spring of the following year. The sexual maturity period of male cats is 9-12 months.

       2¡¢ Breeding period

       In the northern hemisphere, the breeding season is from late January to September. Cats usually mate in February, may and June, sometimes in September. Two to three times a year. Some of the cats kept indoors always showed estrus in one year, while most of them showed no estrus from late September to late January of the next year. This is due to the influence of sunlight. If the lighting time is artificially prolonged for more than 14 hours, the estrus free period can be shortened or completely disappeared. There is no specific breeding season for male cats.

       3¡¢ Sexual cycle

       The sexual cycle of cats is 13-15 days (sometimes 10-22 days). The estrus cycle of cats is very different from that of mating or pregnancy and from breeding to non estrus.

       1. Pre estrus: no more than 3-5 days. The development and maturation of follicles, under the action of estrogen, genital and vaginal epithelial changes. Females usually do not have oestrus and males are not allowed to mate.

       2. Estrus period: when mating is allowed, the cat will perform special estrus behavior, that is, making a unique Scream (called the female cat calls for spring, especially the Siamese cat), spinning on the ground, sometimes the owner thinks that the cat is sick; frequent urination; getting close to people; lying prone when touching the back and waist and making mating posture; showing uneasiness, sometimes not returning after several days out; vulva The swelling was not significant, different from dogs, blood was not discharged from the pudendum, and secretion was hardly seen (there was mucus in the vagina); the changes of vaginal epithelium were significant. The estrus period was 3-6 days when living with the male cat, and about 10 days when there was no male cat.

       3. Estrus rest period: the copulation period of male cats is not allowed. Keratinocytes disappear in vaginal epithelium. When there is no mating, the follicles are atresia and degenerate. In the breeding season, after 7-12 days, follicles begin to develop, and at the same time enter the pre estrus (incomplete cycle). At the end of the breeding season, the ovaries are still and there is no oestrus for several months. Even if mating, there is no pregnancy (non pregnancy mating). After ovulation, corpus luteum is formed, which lasts for 30-45 days. Progesterone is secreted, which causes proliferative changes of uterine endometrium and induces pseudo pregnancy. In the breeding season, the corpus luteum degenerates and enters the early estrus immediately, and the estrus appears within a week. When pregnancy occurs after mating, delivery occurs after 63-65 days of gestation. After the lactation estrus free period, it enters into the next pre estrus or non reproductive period.

       4. Estrus free period: from late September to late January of the next year, about 4 months are non reproductive period. During this period, the ovary is in a static state without estrus.

       4¡¢ Diet during pregnancy

       1. Feed high digestibility food. Including good quality protein and available calories, that is, low fiber, high protein, high calorie food.

       2. Food conversion can be started at the beginning of estrus, from the original adult cat food to the young cat food, so that the maladjustment phenomenon (vomiting, pulling…) can be adjusted before actual pregnancy.

       3. Increase calories at 5-6 weeks of pregnancy. (there is a saying that it is good for the older fetus at week 5 and for the smaller fetus at week 6.)

       4. In the last three weeks, the system was changed to multiple meals (because the fetus became larger and the abdominal cavity became smaller, the mother could not eat a lot of food at a time.)

       5. Gradually increase the food supply from the 5th to 6th week of pregnancy, until the time of giving birth, the amount of food eaten by the female cat is 1.25-1.5 times as much as usual.

       6. When pregnant, the weight gain of female cat should not exceed 15-25% of usual.

       7. Don’t add calcium. When the food is good quality feed, there is no need to supplement vitamins.

       5¡¢ Diet after pregnancy

       1. Continue to eat kitten feed until weaning (4 weeks old).

       2. When the young cats are 2-4 weeks old, the food intake of female cats can be increased to 2-3 times of that of normal cats, so they can feed by eating freely.

       3. When the kittens were 4 weeks old, their food intake was gradually reduced to normal. After weaning, the amount of milk can also be reduced by controlling food.

       6¡¢ Estrus recovery after delivery

       4-6 weeks from delivery to lactation is lactation estrus free period. After weaning, oestrus begins to recover after 2 weeks. However, in the absence of lactation (death of the kitten, etc.), after 7-10 days of delivery, oestrus will be restored, and mating and pregnancy can be carried out.

       7¡¢ Mating and ovulation

       They can mate on any day of estrus, but most of them mate on the third day of estrus. When mating, nerve impulses are formed due to genital stimulation, and they are transmitted to the anterior pituitary through nerves to promote the release of LH. Ovulation occurs about 27 hours after mating, with an average of 4 eggs. The eggs were fertilized in the upper 1 / 3 of the fallopian tube. The fertilized eggs (embryos) entered the uterus about 3-6 days and were implanted on the 11th to 14th days.

       8¡¢ Vaginal smear (vaginal smear) examination

       Vaginal smears vary with the sexual cycle of cats. In pre estrus and estrus, except for no red blood cells, it was similar to that of dogs. Because cats are mating and ovulating animals, the changes of vaginal smear can not be used to estimate the ovulation period, but it can be used to diagnose the estrus of cats without obvious estrus symptoms. In addition, the instruments inserted into the vagina during vaginal smear collection (cotton swab, glass tube, etc.) sometimes become mating like stimulation and induce ovulation. It is reported that the sexual cycles of cats raised in the laboratory 4-25 times a year (average 13 times) are confirmed by observing the changes of vaginal smears.

       1. Pre estrus: in the early stage, most of them are nucleated epithelial cells, and the ratio of nucleus to cytoplasm is more than 1:1. With the approach of oestrus, the nucleus condensed and the cytoplasm enlarged.

       2. Estrus phase: nuclear condensation occurs, and the number of keratinocytes with irregular edge appears. The ratio of nucleus to cytoplasm is 1:6 or 1:10.

       3. Estrus resting period: keratinocytes are present in the first few days, and white blood cells, bacteria and nucleated epithelial cells appear soon after. After 3-4 days of mating, nucleated epithelial cells with large vacuoles appeared.

       4. Anoestrus phase: obvious small oval, densely stained nuclear epithelial cells, as well as intangibles and white blood cells appeared.