Feline plague: a common disease in cats

       Many parents feel that cat plague is far away from their own cats, or do not understand the disease at all. They think that the stray cats nearby are so dirty that there is no problem with the clean cats at home. This also leads to a large number of cases of cat plague, fast infection and high death rate. In the early stage of the disease, the owner didn’t pay attention to it, which led to the treatment of cat plague in the later stage. Therefore, it is suggested that the owner should observe the cat more in the maintenance process, and consult the veterinary doctor for help in case of abnormal conditions of the cat. Especially for some acute diseases, don’t hesitate to take the cat to the veterinary hospital for examination The cure rate for cats. Do not give up treatment for the sick cat owners, as long as according to the doctor’s instructions, continuous treatment will receive good results, giving up is disrespect for life.

       1¡¢ Introduction to etiology

       Cat parvovirus (FPV) antigen and canine parvovirus (CPV) have a certain correlation, so there may be a cross between immunity and infection, that is, cats may be infected by dogs. At this time, the detection rate of canine parvovirus test paper board will be higher.

       2¡¢ Epidemiology

       FPV can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact with infected animals and their secretions, especially feces. At the same time, FPV can survive in the environment for a long time, so the pollutants are very important. Due to the low immunity of young animals, the incidence of disease is higher, especially the 3-5 months old kittens.

       3¡¢ What are the symptoms

       The main symptoms of the disease are vomiting, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms, and obvious leucopenia (less than 4000 cells / mm3). Other symptoms may be accompanied by fever, loss of appetite or disuse. According to the specific symptoms of different individuals will also be different. With the development of the disease, vomiting, diarrhea, severe dehydration, fever, hemorrhagic enteritis and other symptoms often occur. When the emergence of diarrhea or even hemorrhagic enteritis, often think that the disease and development to the late stage. We can also judge the condition by the number of white blood cells. If the number of white blood cells rises, it means that the condition is improved, otherwise the condition will be more serious. In natural cases, white blood cells decreased significantly to less than 8 ¡Á 109 / L in 2-3 days after the disease, and in severe cases, it decreased to 0.2 ¡Á 109 / L. if the number of white blood cells was less than 0.4 ¡Á 109 / L, most of them died.

       4¡¢ Diagnostic methods

       1. Vomiting, diarrhea and other clinical symptoms

       2. The number of white blood cells decreased significantly

       3. FPV virus test strip

       4. Sometimes CPV (canine parvovirus) detection board can be used to help group diagnosis

       5¡¢ Treatment methods

       1. Antiviral therapy: monoclonal antibody, serum, interferon and other biological agents.

       2. Supportive therapy: supplement fluid, correct electrolyte disorder and supplement nutrients.

       3. Symptomatic therapy: antiphlogistic, antiemetic, hemostatic, etc.

       6¡¢ Summary of feline plague

       Because of the strong patience of cats and the habit of spitting hair balls, the disease is often ignored in the early stage, thus missing the best opportunity for treatment. The disease is similar to small dogs, the course of disease in 5-7 days, if the change of time, tolerance in the past, the basic good. However, the damage to the gastrointestinal tract caused by the virus is still good, and it needs a longer time to recover.

       The harm of the disease is manifested in two aspects, the virus and the state of the body. On the one hand, the number of white blood cells can reflect the body’s ability to resist the virus. When the white blood cells are less than 0.2 ¡Á 109 / L, the disease is very serious. The other is the body’s tolerance to dehydration, bleeding, inflammation and electrolyte imbalance caused by the disease. The treatment plan is also based on these two aspects.

       In most cases, infectious diseases between dogs and cats do not infect each other, but small is an exception. So we must pay attention to prevent cross infection of this virus.