The body temperature of a newborn cat – how to raise a newborn cat

       When you find orphaned cats, they tend to be hypothermia (a little cold to the touch and may cry all the time), or dehydrated. If so

       , you need to immediately:

       1) Try to stimulate it to defecate. The kitten may suffer from holding up his or her urine, and holding it for a long time is harmful to the body. At least try to stimulate it to urinate.

       2) Warm the kitten slowly and use your body temperature instead of a hot water bottle or hair dryer.

       3) Give it a little 5-10% glucose water or Pedialyte every hour. 2 cc per 100 g body weight.

       4) Don’t feed the hypothermia kitten! Its intestines stop working and feed it to die of flatulence.

       The next step is to consider long-term feeding. The best way is to find a cat for them. But before you put the orphaned cat and the other litter together, make sure that none of them has a fatal infectious disease. However, the mother cat can not feed too many kittens, too many kittens will make the mother unable to keep up with nutrition. Generally speaking, mothers whose kittens are less than two weeks old are more likely to raise orphaned cats. After two weeks, the mother cat may be reluctant, and because the size of the kittens is too different, the little cat is pushed or pressed under the body by other kittens. It is often difficult to find a cat’s adoptive mother. If not, it needs to be artificially fed. Orphan cats are very vulnerable, feeding them requires a lot of energy and careful care.

       Here are some details on how to artificially feed orphaned cats:

       1. Cat’s nest

       Kittens should be kept in a warm, windless nest. You can use cartons, sterilized cat cages, laundry baskets, etc., with towels or blankets, and you need a heat source to keep the kittens warm, because kittens can’t regulate their body temperature until they are four weeks old. The heat source can be an electric blanket, a hot water bottle, or a lamp for heating. Don’t let the heat source get too close to the kittens to avoid them. The heat source should be in the corner of the cat’s nest, so that the kitten can move to a cooler place in the nest when it is too hot. The temperature in the cat’s nest should range from 32-34 ¡ã C (the hottest place) to 24-27 ¡ã C on the other side. When the kitten is 4 weeks old, the external environment can be maintained at about 24 ¡ã C. If there are several kittens in a litter, it may not be necessary to make the nest as hot as when there are only one or two kittens, because they can nestle together to keep warm.

       The humidity is about 50% to prevent dehydration. If it’s too dry, spray a little water on the outside of the cat’s nest, or put an air humidifier.

       It’s best not to expose cats under three weeks to the sun.

       2. Basic care

       If a kitten has had some milk from her mother, it has a higher chance of survival, because it gets some immunity from colostrum. If kittens have not eaten colostrum, they are more likely to get sick and die. Hygiene is particularly important.

       Notes on hygiene

       1) Do not expose orphaned cats to other pets (even if they are vaccinated). Kittens should be quarantined for at least 14 quarters and tested for fatal infectious diseases. Orphan cats are likely to carry a variety of pathogens and parasites.

       2) Don’t keep several litters of kittens together.

       3) Wash and disinfect feeding utensils, cat litter and cat towel with boiling water.

       4) Wash your hands well with sterilized soap between and after touching kittens.

       5) The prepared cat milk cannot be kept for more than 24 hours. Store the unused cat milk in the refrigerator.

       6) The cat’s milk should not be stored at room temperature for more than 1 hour, and it should not be fed to the kittens.

       7) Only heat the amount that should be fed once, and heat it in hot water, preferably not in the microwave oven (if you use the microwave oven, shake the heated milk well for a while, so that the hot milk that may be in the milk will disperse).

       3. Feeding

       frequency

       The kittens of 0-2 weeks were fed once every 2-3 hours and once in the evening

       Kittens for 2-3 weeks should be fed once every 4 hours, and not at night. However, the interval between feeding should not exceed 6 hours

       The kittens for 4-6 weeks are fed every 6 hours and not at night. They can last 8-10 hours without feeding, and they should eat some cat food by themselves. You can open the cat food to them.

       Often feeding kittens can prevent kittens from hypothermia, but if fed too often, the milk in the stomach has been unable to empty, which will make the milk ferment and cause flatulence, which is not good.

       Cat milk powder

       Use the recommended cat milk substitute – Cat milk powder, which is formulated according to the energy required for the normal growth of the kitten, and fed according to the milk powder instructions. All the prepared milk should be heated to 35-38 ¡ã C in hot water and then fed to the kitten (if the microwave oven is used, shake the bottle well after heating, because the microwave heating is uneven, hot spots will be generated, and if the kitten drinks the hot milk, it will be scalded). To know if the temperature of milk is right, drop a drop on the inside of your wrist. If you don’t feel it or feel slightly warm, the temperature is right.

       If cat milk powder is not available for a while, the following substitutes can be used temporarily:

       180ml whole milk (goat milk is better)

       Egg yolk (no protein)

       1 / 2 teaspoon (TSP) vegetable oil

       1 drop of child support

       Stir well and heat to 35-38 ¡ã C with hot water.

       Cat food

       The cat needs milk until it is four weeks old. From the fourth week, you can mix the cat milk and a little can of cat food in a shallow dish and heat it to a slight temperature (if it is heated in a microwave oven, it only takes a few seconds. After heating, it needs to be stirred evenly, because the microwave heating is uneven). Let them try and get used to the taste of the canned cat, and then they eat from the pot. Gradually reduce the amount of cat milk and increase the number of canned cats. After a week, you can add dry kitten’s food to the bowl and gradually stop adding cat’s milk to the bowl and reduce the amount of cat’s milk in the bottle until it’s gone. By the time kittens are six weeks old, they should eat their own Kitten Food and drink water from a bowl. This process should be carried out step by step. Don’t worry too much. (yingzi added: don’t use too big a cat bowl for kittens. Experience has shown that kittens often use an oversized cat bowl as a cat toilet, defecate or urinate in it, or stand in the cat bowl to eat directly.)

       Drink water from the basin

       By the time the kittens are four or five weeks old, they should be able to drink from the basin themselves. Provide them with a low but heavy plate so that the kitten can stand inside without overturning it. Try to put the dish in the corner and keep it away from the basin. At the beginning, you can dip your finger in water and smear it on its nose, and lead it to the place where the water basin is put. Since it has started to eat from the basin, it should soon learn to drink from the basin.

       Feeding mode

       No matter which way you feed, the most important thing is not to let the milk flow into the cat’s lungs. Hold the cat’s stomach in your hand and let it lie on your stomach. Raise its head a little bit.

       1) Feed with a spoon

       This is very slow and requires a lot of patience. Each time, the milk in the spoon should be slowly poured into the cat’s mouth. It should not be poured too fast to prevent the milk from flowing to the kitten

       In the lungs. Don’t lift the cat’s head too high, or it will be fed into the lungs. The newborn kitten is not well developed, and when the milk is fed into the lungs, it will not feel sad or cough at that time. Suitable for weak, not sucking kittens.

       2) Use a syringe to drop milk

       Similar to spoon feeding, it is suitable for weak kittens who can’t suck by themselves, but it’s cleaner and faster. Put the kitten’s quantitative milk into the needle tube and put it in the cat’s mouth, one drop at a time, so that the kitten can swallow it calmly instead of being choked. Record the amount of each feed. It’s going to start sucking milk out of the syringe if the cat knows it’s sucking. At this time, you’d better feed it with a bottle instead.

       3) Bottle feed

       Healthy, sucking kittens like to use bottles, which is a more natural way of feeding. Kittens will eat by themselves until they are full. The size of the hole in the nipple is important. You need to cut your own hole, the size of the hole to turn the bottle upside down, only one drop of milk at a time. If the hole is too large, the milk will flow out of the hole one after another, which will let the kitten breathe into the lungs. If you need to squeeze the bottle to let the milk flow out, the hole is too small, it will make the kitten eat very hard, not enough.

       4) Esophageal feeding

       It’s the easiest, the cleanest, and the quickest, but it takes the right tools and skilled skills to keep the milk out of the lungs. If the kitten is very weak, it can only be fed in this way sometimes.

       Every time after feeding milk, it is best to wipe the cat’s mouth with a warm wet paper towel to wipe off the leakage of milk. Don’t feed too much at a time, especially at the beginning. After feeding, massage the whole body of the kitten with your hand or dry towel, or pat the side of the kitten until it burps.

       weight

       A “gram” food scale is useful for weighing kittens every day to keep them healthy. The birth weight of a kitten is about 90-120 grams. The weight should be doubled between the first and second weeks, and three times the birth weight in the third and fourth weeks. You should gain 10-13 grams a day.

       You can refer to this:

       Age of kitten ideal ambient temperature (degrees Celsius) number of times per day feeding amount of milk per day ideal weight

       0-1 week 29.4-32.26 feeding 13-15ml 90-120g per 100g body weight (birth)

       1-2 weeks 26.7-29.45 15-18ml 170-230g per 100g body weight (one week)

       2-3 weeks 23.9-26.7 4 20 ml 300-350 g per 100 g body weight

       3-4 weeks 21.1-23.93 3 feed 20ml per 100g body weight and start eating 350-400g cat food

       For more than 4 weeks, 21.13 mainly eat cat food, and some cats eat more than 400g cat food

       4. Defecation

       Kittens need stimulation to defecate. Use a soft cloth, cotton ball, or tissue paper dipped in warm water to imitate the licking action of a cat’s mother, and gently wipe the defecation part of the kitten. Most of the time, the kitten will urinate first and then defecate. You should do this every time you finish feeding. Kittens should pee every time. The stool may not be present every time, but if there is, record the amount and texture of the stool discharged each time (normal stool should be toothpaste like, yellow green like mustard). Must stimulate kitten defecation, lest cause constipation. (if possible, it can be stimulated to defecate once before feeding and again 15 minutes after feeding).

       The thing that stimulates defecation should insist to make kitten 3-4 weeks old, then you can let him learn to use cat litter basin. At the beginning, they don’t know the purpose of the litter basin. You can stimulate them to defecate at the top of the basin. When you see the beginning of discharge, put it in the basin and let the feces discharge in the sand basin. Most of the time, the kitten will feel it and learn to use the litter itself. After 15 minutes of feeding, put the kitten into the sand basin to remind it to go to the toilet. Do not start with a litter pan more than one inch (2. 5cm) to facilitate the entry and exit of kittens. Don’t use caking cat litter, because kittens will eat indiscriminately. The caking cat litter contains cement like ingredients, which may block their intestines and cause serious problems if eaten.

       Before a kitten learns to use a litter pan, it’s best to raise a kitten on an easy to clean floor. If you find that kittens always go to the toilet in a fixed place, wash it well and put a small pot of litter on it. This may speed up the training process, because they are used to going to the toilet in that place, and the litter will trigger their nature. When they are used to using the small sand basin, you can slowly move it to the place where you want them to use the big cat litter basin and put it in the big basin.

       If the cat makes a mistake and goes to the toilet outside the litter basin, bury its stool in the sand basin and remind it that this is the toilet. At the beginning of the training, you can put newspaper on the cat’s activity place, just in case.

       5. Possible problems during feeding

       The common diseases of newborn kittens are hypoglycemia, dehydration and hypothermia. These diseases can cause kittens to die. The common symptoms of a cat’s illness are: constantly barking, growing up, becoming listless and softer. The kitten seldom barks. If it barks often, it means that it is uncomfortable: too cold, hungry, sick, etc.

       dehydration

       Insufficient water intake, diarrhea, high ambient temperature or dry environment may dehydrate the kitten. If this happens, it should be detected and treated as soon as possible. Kittens can easily die of dehydration.

       These two methods can be used to diagnose whether the kitten is dehydrated or not

       1) Pull up the skin behind the cat’s neck, pinch and release it. If the skin quickly returns to its original state, there will be no problem. If the skin slowly returns to its original position or keeps the shape you pinch, it will be dehydrated.

       2) Touch the cat’s mouth, if it is wet, no problem, but if the mouth feels sticky or dry, it is dehydrated.

       The best ambient humidity can be maintained at 55-65%. If it is a very small and weak kitten, it may need 85% – 90% humidity, but please note that if it is very humid, the ambient temperature should not exceed 90 ¡ã f (32.2 ¡ã C). High temperatures of 95 ¡ã f (35 ¡ã C) and 95% humidity can cause respiratory problems.

       Hypothermia

       Hypothermia kills many kittens. Kittens need to rely on external heat sources to maintain normal body temperature. The normal body temperature measured from * * is:

       First week: 95 ¡ã – 99 ¡ã f (35 ¡ã – 37.2 ¡ã C)

       2nd / 3rd week: 97 ¡ã – 100 ¡ã f (36.1 ¡ã – 37.7 ¡ã C)

       By the fourth week, it was the normal adult cat temperature: (100-102 ¡ã f; 37.7 ¡ã – 38.9 ¡ã C)

       If the body temperature drops below 94 ¡ã f (34.4 ¡ã C) and metabolism is dangerously low, immediate measures should be taken to warm the kitten. Healthy kittens can be saved if they are slowly warmed up. If you warm it too fast, it will kill the kitten. The best way is to stick to your own body temperature to warm.

       During the first four days, the ambient temperature should be kept at 85 ¡ã f-90 ¡ã f (29.4 ¡ã c-32.2 ¡ã C). Then, it can be slowly reduced to 80 ¡ã f (26.7 ¡ã C) from the seventh to the tenth day, and to 72 ¡ã f (22.2 ¡ã C) at the end of the fourth week. If there are several kittens in a litter, the temperature doesn’t need to be so high, because they will nestle together to keep warm.

       hypoglycemia

       It’s weakness, convulsions, coma. If so, give the cat glucose. A drop of syrup (or honey) on the tongue may bring it back to life.

       constipation

       Cats fed with cat milk powder are more prone to constipation, so sometimes they need to be specially fed to drink some white water, or the hair ball ointment into a little bit of warm water to feed the kittens, which can soften the stool. If you don’t defecate for a long time, the wall of the large intestine will be excessively expanded. Even if you finally defecate, the large intestine still can’t work normally.

       suffer from diarrhea

       Kittens can die from diarrhea. When its stool is smelly, watery, bloody, or accompanied by vomiting, go to see a doctor in time. Kittens dehydrate quickly. Water should be replenished by skin spray and water containing electrolyte nutrition should be fed. Diarrhea may also need to be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs.

       6. Social environment

       A kitten needs a social environment to grow into a friendly and outgoing cat. If kittens are not given social opportunities, they may develop abnormal behaviors and become suspicious and aggressive adult cats.

       Artificially fed kittens may suck on other kittens, causing skin damage to kittens. You need to feed them separately and play together only under your supervision. Most kittens stop sucking other kittens as they grow older.

       After three weeks of age, the kitten should be given a space for activities. However, if it is a safe, easy to clean and not very large space, it should not be allowed to run around the whole house at the beginning.

       The temperature of a cat is higher than that of a man. Place your cat’s temperature between your hind legs and your stomach, or at * * for 2-3 minutes. 38 ~ 39 degrees are normal body temperature. If it just exceeds 39 degrees, it is a little high, which is between the edge of fever and fever. No more than 40 degrees, should be considered high fever, must see a pet doctor immediately.

       When you find orphaned cats, they tend to be hypothermia (a little cold to the touch and may cry all the time), or dehydrated. If so

       , you need to immediately:

       1) Try to stimulate it to defecate. The kitten may suffer from holding up his or her urine, and holding it for a long time is harmful to the body. At least try to stimulate it to urinate.

       2) Warm the kitten slowly and use your body temperature instead of a hot water bottle or hair dryer.

       3) Give it a little 5-10% glucose water or Pedialyte every hour. 2 cc per 100 g body weight.

       4) Don’t feed the hypothermia kitten! Its intestines and stomach stop working. Feeding it will make it die of flatulence.

       The next step is to think about long-term feeding. The best way is to help them find a cat mother. But before you put an orphan cat with another litter, make sure that none of them has a fatal infectious disease. However, the mother cat can not feed too many kittens, too many kittens will make the mother unable to keep up with nutrition. Generally speaking, mothers whose kittens are less than two weeks old are more likely to raise orphaned cats. After two weeks, the mother cat may be reluctant, and because the size of the kittens is too different, the little cat is pushed or pressed under the body by other kittens. It is often difficult to find a cat’s adoptive mother. If not, it needs to be artificially fed. Orphan cats are very vulnerable, feeding them requires a lot of energy and careful care.

       Here are some details on how to artificially feed orphaned cats:

       1. Cat’s nest

       Kittens should be kept in a warm, windless nest. You can use cartons, sterilized cat cages, laundry baskets, etc., with towels or blankets, and you need a heat source to keep the kittens warm, because kittens can’t regulate their body temperature until they are four weeks old. The heat source can be an electric blanket, a hot water bottle, or a lamp for heating. Do not let the heat source too close to the kittens to avoid burning them, and the heat source should be in the corner of the cat’s nest, so that the kitten can move to a cooler place in the nest when it is too hot. The temperature in the cat’s nest should range from 32-34 ¡ã C (the hottest place) to 24-27 ¡ã C on the other side. When the kitten is 4 weeks old, the external environment can be maintained at about 24 ¡ã C. If there are several kittens in a litter, it may not be necessary to make the nest as hot as when there are only one or two kittens, because they can nestle together to keep warm.

       The humidity is about 50% to prevent dehydration. If it’s too dry, spray a little water on the outside of the cat’s nest, or put an air humidifier.

       It’s best not to expose cats under 3 weeks in the sun.

       2. Basic care

       If a kitten has had some milk from her mother, it has a higher chance of survival, because it gets some immunity from colostrum. If kittens have not eaten colostrum, they are more likely to get sick and die. Hygiene is particularly important.

       Notes on hygiene

       1) Do not expose orphaned cats to other pets (even if they are vaccinated). The kittens should be quarantined for at least 14 days and checked to be free of fatal infectious diseases. Orphan cats are likely to carry a variety of pathogens and parasites.

       2) Don’t keep several litters of kittens together.

       3) Wash and disinfect feeding utensils, cat litter and cat towel with boiling water.

       4) Wash your hands well with sterilized soap between and after touching kittens.

       5) The prepared cat milk cannot be kept for more than 24 hours. Store the unused cat milk in the refrigerator.

       6) The cat’s milk should not be stored at room temperature for more than 1 hour, and it should not be fed to the kittens.

       7) Only heat the amount that should be fed once, and heat it in hot water, preferably not in the microwave oven (if you use the microwave oven, shake the heated milk well for a while, so that the hot milk that may be in the milk will disperse).

       3. Feeding

       frequency

       The kittens of 0-2 weeks were fed once every 2-3 hours and once in the evening

       Kittens for 2-3 weeks should be fed once every 4 hours, and not at night. However, the interval between feeding should not exceed 6 hours

       The kittens for 4-6 weeks are fed every 6 hours and not at night. They can last 8-10 hours without feeding, and they should eat some cat food by themselves. You can open the food to them.

       Often feeding kittens can prevent kittens from hypothermia, but if fed too often, the milk in the stomach has been unable to empty, which will make the milk ferment and cause flatulence, which is not good.

       Cat milk powder

       Use the recommended cat milk substitute – Cat milk powder, which is formulated according to the energy required for the normal growth of the kitten, and fed according to the milk powder instructions. All the prepared milk should be heated to 35-38 ¡ã C in hot water and then fed to the kitten (if the microwave oven is used, shake the bottle well after heating, because the microwave heating is uneven, hot spots will be generated, and if the kitten drinks the hot milk, it will be scalded). To know if the temperature of milk is right, drop a drop on the inside of your wrist. If you don’t feel it or feel slightly warm, the temperature is right.

       If cat milk powder is not available for a while, the following substitutes can be used temporarily:

       180ml whole milk (goat milk is better)

       Egg yolk (no protein)

       1 / 2 teaspoon (TSP) vegetable oil

       1 drop of children’s vitamin

       Stir well and heat to 35-38 ¡ã C with hot water.

       Cat food

       The cat needs milk until it is four weeks old. From the fourth week, you can mix the cat milk and a little can of cat food in a shallow dish and heat it to a slight temperature (if it is heated in a microwave oven, it only takes a few seconds. After heating, it needs to be stirred evenly, because the microwave heating is uneven). Let them try and get used to the taste of the canned cat, and then they eat from the pot. Gradually reduce the amount of cat milk and increase the number of canned cats. After a week, you can add dry kitten’s food to the bowl and gradually stop adding cat’s milk to the bowl and reduce the amount of cat’s milk in the bottle until it’s gone. By the time kittens are six weeks old, they should eat their own Kitten Food and drink water from a bowl. This process should be carried out step by step. Don’t worry too much. (yingzi added: don’t use too big a cat bowl for kittens. Experience has shown that kittens often use the used cat food basin as a cat toilet, defecate or urinate in it, or stand directly in the cat bowl to eat.)

       Drink water from the basin

       By the time the kittens are four or five weeks old, they should be able to drink from the basin themselves. Provide them with a low but heavy plate so that the kitten can stand inside without overturning it. Try to put the dish in the corner and keep it away from the basin. At the beginning, you can dip your finger in water and smear it on its nose, and lead it to the place where the water basin is put. Since it has started to eat from the basin, it should soon learn to drink from the basin.

       Feeding mode

       No matter which way you feed, the most important thing is not to let the milk flow into the cat’s lungs. Hold the cat’s stomach in your hand and let it lie on your stomach. Raise its head a little bit.

       1) Feed with a spoon

       This is very slow and requires a lot of patience. Each time, the milk in the spoon should be slowly poured into the cat’s mouth. It should not be poured too fast to prevent the milk from flowing to the kitten

       In the lungs. Don’t lift the cat’s head too high, or it will be fed into the lungs. The newborn kitten is not well developed, and when the milk is fed into the lungs, it will not feel sad or cough at that time. Suitable for weak kittens who can’t suck themselves.

       2) Use a syringe to drop milk

       Similar to spoon feeding, it is suitable for weak kittens who can’t suck by themselves, but it’s cleaner and faster. Put the kitten’s quantitative milk into the needle tube and put it in the cat’s mouth, one drop at a time, so that the kitten can swallow it calmly instead of being choked. Record the amount of each feed. It’s going to start sucking milk out of the syringe if the cat knows it’s sucking. At this time, you’d better feed it with a bottle instead.

       3) Bottle feed

       Healthy, sucking kittens like to use bottles, which is a more natural way of feeding. Kittens will eat by themselves until they are full. The size of the hole in the nipple is important. You need to cut your own hole, the size of the hole to turn the bottle upside down, only one drop of milk at a time. If the hole is too large, the milk will flow out of the hole one after another, which will let the kitten breathe into the lungs. If you need to squeeze the bottle to let the milk flow out, the hole is too small, it will make the kitten eat very hard, not enough.

       4) Esophageal feeding

       It’s the easiest, cleanest, fastest, but it requires the right tools and skilled skills to avoid pouring milk into the lungs. If the kitten is very weak, it can only be fed in this way sometimes.

       Every time after feeding milk, it is best to wipe the cat’s mouth with a warm wet paper towel to wipe off the leakage of milk. Don’t feed too much at a time, especially at the beginning. After feeding, massage the whole body of the kitten with your hand or dry towel, or pat the side of the kitten until it burps.

       weight

       A “gram” food scale is useful for weighing kittens every day to keep them healthy. The birth weight of a kitten is about 90-120 grams. The weight should be doubled between the first and second weeks, and three times the birth weight in the third and fourth weeks. You should gain 10-13 grams a day.

       You can refer to this:

       Age of kitten ideal ambient temperature (degrees Celsius) number of times per day feeding amount of milk per day ideal weight

       0-1 week 29.4-32.26 feeding 13-15ml 90-120g per 100g body weight (birth)

       1-2 weeks 26.7-29.45 15-18ml 170-230g per 100g body weight (one week)

       2-3 weeks 23.9-26.7 4 20 ml 300-350 g per 100 g body weight

       3-4 weeks 21.1-23.93 3 feed 20ml per 100g body weight and start eating 350-400g cat food

       For more than 4 weeks, 21.13 mainly eat cat food, and some cats eat more than 400g cat food

       4. Defecation

       Kittens need stimulation to defecate. Use a soft cloth, cotton ball, or tissue paper dipped in warm water to imitate the licking action of a cat’s mother, and gently wipe the defecation part of the kitten. Most of the time, the kitten will urinate first and then defecate. You should do this every time you finish feeding. Kittens should pee every time. The stool may not be present every time, but if there is, recor

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