The internal structure of the cat’s paw pad

       Cats have razor sharp claws with hook like ends, so they can catch prey tightly. Their claws are usually retracted inward so that they can be worn away to keep them sharp, and when they are hunting with the soles of their feet, they protrude from the drooping skin that covers them. The cat’s claws are constantly growing, and the old skin on the outer layer periodically peels off, exposing the neocortex underneath. This can be achieved by grinding the paws down a suitable surface and, in some strategic locations, leaving a cat odor message.

       There is a separate wrist pad, which is located at the back and upper part of the metacarpal pad and does not touch the ground. This is a bit difficult to understand. The wrist pad will not work in normal movement, but some people think that when the cat jumps to the ground, the wrist pad has the anti-skid effect.

       Cats have razor sharp claws with hook like ends, so they can catch prey tightly. Their claws are usually retracted inward so that they can be worn away to keep them sharp, and when they are hunting with the soles of their feet, they protrude from the drooping skin that covers them. The cat’s claws are constantly growing, and the old skin on the outer layer periodically peels off, exposing the neocortex underneath. This can be achieved by grinding the paws down a suitable surface and, in some strategic locations, leaving a cat odor message.

       It is difficult to understand that there is a separate wrist pad, which is located at the back and above the metacarpal pad, and does not touch the ground. It is difficult to understand that the wrist pad will not work in normal movement, but some people think that the wrist pad can prevent slipping when the cat jumps on the ground.

       Michael collinch, who focuses on the relationship between predators and prey, believes that cats transmit diseases (including plague, rabies, cat leukemia, and toxoplasmosis, a mysterious parasitic disease) In 2002, the extinction of a Hawaiian crow called arala was believed to have been caused by the spread of Toxoplasma gondii by wild cats.

       Cats excrete more than 1.2 million tons of feces a year, some of which contain Toxoplasma gondii. The single celled parasite enters the host’s brain and is carried by about 10% to 20% of Americans. The infection includes contact with garbage, drinking contaminated water, and eating undercooked meat. Toxoplasma gondii can cut off the connections between neurons, change the level of dopamine secretion, change people’s personality, and even cause psychosis and other diseases in genetically susceptible populations.

       1. A cat has five toes on its front foot and four on its back foot. There is a thick pad under each foot and a small pad under each toe. There are sharp triangular claws on each toe. The sharp claws are usually curled up and hidden in the toe ball cover and toe hair, and can only be extended when eating food, catching prey, fighting, digging soil and climbing.

       2. The thick meat pad under the cat’s toe has an excellent buffer effect. It can make the cat walk quietly, which is easy to attack and catch prey. This is one of the indispensable conditions for the cat to become a rat catcher. The thick meat pad can also protect the cat from vibration and impact when it falls from high altitude. This is one of the reasons why cats can’t get hurt when they jump or fall from high places.

       3. The cat’s front paws are very sharp. They can catch prey, tear up food with sharp teeth, fight with enemies and climb trees, walls and other objects. Especially in the capture of prey and fight when open teeth and claws, sharp edge. Sharp claws with the help of strong limbs, the cat has a strong climbing ability. In addition, the cat’s paws are still tested.

       A cat has five toes on its front foot and four on its back foot. There is a thick pad under each foot and a small pad under each toe. There are sharp triangular claws on each toe. The sharp claws are usually curled up and hidden in the toe ball cover and toe hair, and can only be extended when eating food, catching prey, fighting, digging soil and climbing.

       The thick meat pad under the cat’s toe has an excellent buffer effect. It can make the cat walk quietly, which is easy to attack and catch prey. This is one of the indispensable conditions for the cat to become a rat catcher. The thick meat pad can also protect the cat from vibration and impact when it falls from high altitude. This is one of the reasons why cats can’t get hurt when they jump or fall from high places.

       The cat’s front paws are very sharp. They can catch prey, tear up food with sharp teeth, fight with enemies and climb trees, walls and other objects. Especially in the capture of prey and fight when open teeth and claws, sharp edge. Sharp claws with the help of strong limbs, the cat has a strong climbing ability.

       In addition, the cat’s paws can also test the temperature and pat and play.

       1. Meat mats help cats to lurk

       The reason why cats can walk quietly is mainly due to meatball. The skin on the surface of the pad is a little thicker than that on other hairy parts. The meat pad is covered with fat and elastic fiber, which ensures that there is no sound during hunting, making it possible to lurk. And its sharp claws can be retracted and hidden thanks to the thick “meat ball pad.”. Such a setting allows the cat to approach prey quietly and launch an attack.

       2. The meat pad can prevent slipping

       The cat’s only skin with sweat glands is on the “meat pad”. When the weather is hot, it can be cooled by sweating through meat balls.

       3. The meat pad has a protective effect on cats

       Cats like high places. When they jump down from high places, they are responsible for easing the impact between the body and the ground, which is also a major function of meatballs.

       4. The meat pad can help the cat clean

       When cats use saliva to wash their faces and comb their hair for “beauty work”, meat balls also play an auxiliary role.

       Extended data:

       This shows how important a small meat mat is to a cat. If the cat appears mental dispirited, anorexia potential disease, you can touch its small “meat pad”. If it is scalded, it means that the little guy is sick and has a fever. Because under normal circumstances, its “meat mat” is cool.

       Reference: pet cats_ Baidu Encyclopedia

       It’s very comfortable to touch the meat mat, but in fact, there are a lot of nerves distributed on the meat pad to help the cat get the ground information, so the cat can walk smoothly on the uneven ground.

       In addition to obtaining information, the cat’s meat pad can also be used for shock absorption, heat dissipation, noise reduction and skid resistance.

       Extended data:

       Cat, belonging to the cat family, is a more extensive family pet in the world. The ancestors of domestic cats are supposed to be desert cats originated in ancient Egypt, Persian cats in Persia, which have been domesticated by humans for 3500 years (but not completely domesticated like dogs).

       General cat: head round, face short, forelimb five fingers, hind limbs four toes, toe tip with sharp and curved claws, claws can stretch. Nocturnal sex.

       Hunting other animals by ambush, most of them can climb trees. There are fat pads on the bottom of the cat’s toes to avoid making noises when walking and not to scare rats away when hunting. The claws are in a contraction state when they are on the road to prevent the claws from being blunt, and will be extended when catching rats and climbing rocks.

       morphological character

       The cat’s body is divided into five parts: head, neck, trunk, limbs and tail. Most parts are covered with hair, while a few are hairless.

       The cat’s toe bottom has the fatty meat pad, therefore walks soundlessly, when catching the mouse, will not startle the mouse, the toe end has the sharp nail. The claws can be retracted and extended. The cat’s claws retract when resting and walking, and only reach out when catching rats and climbing to prevent the nail from being blunt. A cat has five fingers on its forelimb and four on its hind. The cat’s teeth are divided into incisors, canines and molars. Canine teeth are particularly developed, sharp as cones, suitable for killing captured rats, molar chewing surface has sharp protuberances, suitable for chewing meat; incisors are not developed.

       A cat can also tell its age from its teeth

       Adult cats have 30 teeth. The young cat has 26 teeth.

       The teeth of a cat from both sides to the middle are:

       Upper row – molars, molars, premolars, canine teeth, 6 incisors

       The lower row of molars, molars, canines, 6 incisors

       About 14 days later, teeth began to grow

       The deciduous incisors of 2-3 weeks old were of uniform length. Nearly two months old, the deciduous teeth are all long, white, thin and sharp

       The first primary incisors were replaced at the age of 3-4 months

       The second and third primary incisors and deciduous canine teeth were replaced at the age of 5-6 months

       After 6 months old, all the teeth were changed into permanent teeth

       The permanent teeth of 8 months old are uniform, white and bright, and the upper part of incisors is pointed and convex

       One year old mandibular second incisor has a large spike, which is worn to be even with the small one

       2-year-old mandibular second incisor cusp abrasion

       3-year-old maxillary first incisor cusp attrition

       4-year-old maxillary second incisor cusp attrition

       In 5-year-old mandible, the peak of the third incisor was slightly worn, and the wear surface of the first and second incisors was rectangular

       At 5.5 years old, the third tooth tip of mandible was worn out and the canine teeth were blunt and round

       The first incisor of 6.5-year-old mandible was worn to the root of tooth, and the wear surface was longitudinal oval

       The first incisor teeth of 7.5-year-old mandible tilted forward

       The worn surfaces of the second and the first incisors of the mandible were oval in shape at 8.5 years old

       The incisor teeth of 9-16 years old were exfoliated and the canine teeth were uneven

       reference material:

       Cats (carnivorous cats)_ Baidu Encyclopedia

       A lot of nerves are distributed on the meat pad of the cat’s feet to help the cat get the ground information, so the cat can walk smoothly on the uneven ground.

       In addition to the function of obtaining information, the cat’s meat pad can also be used for shock absorption, heat dissipation, noise reduction and anti-skid. However, this is not the most important. For a cat owner, it is enough to remember the following characteristics: a healthy cat should have a wet nose except when it is just waking up, and its paws should be cool at any time. If you feel hot when you feel it, it is very good The cat is sick.

       Extended data:

       The meat pad can act as a shock absorber to make the cat walk soundlessly. When the cat falls from a high place, it will absorb most of the impulse force, so the cat will not be injured when it jumps from a high place. When a cat goes to catch a mouse, the meat pad on its paw can reduce the sound of the cat’s feet, so that the mouse can not easily hear the cat’s footsteps, and it is not easy to escape.

       Reference: Baidu Encyclopedia pet cat

       There are four uses for the cat’s paw pad: fat pad at the bottom of the toe — silent walking.

       The cat’s claws can be retracted and extended. When resting and walking, the cat’s claws can be retracted. When catching rats, they can be extended to prevent the claws from being blunt.

       When falling from high altitude, the meat pad can play a role in shock absorption and protect the cat’s whole body.

       Identify the cat’s mobility. If you rub the pads with your hands, they can feel smooth or rough. Cats with rough pads have poor mobility because they are rubbed when they walk or climb trees.

       Extended data

       Cat, belonging to the cat family, is a more extensive family pet in the world. The ancestors of domestic cats are supposed to be desert cats originated in ancient Egypt, Persian cats in Persia, which have been domesticated by humans for 3500 years (but not completely domesticated like dogs).

       General cat: head round, face short, forelimb five fingers, hind limbs four toes, toe tip with sharp and curved claws, claws can stretch. Nocturnal sex.

       Hunting other animals by ambush, most of them can climb trees. There are fat pads on the bottom of the cat’s toes to avoid making noises when walking and not to scare rats away when hunting. The claws are in a contraction state when they are on the road to prevent the claws from being blunt, and will be extended when catching rats and climbing rocks.

       Cats, divided into many kinds, are the natural enemies of rats. There are livestock everywhere.

       There are yellow, black, white, gray and other colors; the body is like a beaver, the appearance is like a tiger, the hair is soft and the teeth are sharp (there are almost hairless varieties). Long tail, short waist, eyes like gold and silver, and more palatal ridges are the best. The body is small and attractive. Curiosity.

       Reference: cat Baidu Encyclopedia

       Shock absorber

       A cat’s meat pad is actually a collection of fat and a large number of elastic fibers, which are distributed in the palm and toe seams of cats. When cats fall from high places, the thick meat pads can play a role in vibration reduction.

       radiator

       The meat pad is also the only place where the cat has sweat glands, so when the weather is very hot, the cat also depends on it to sweat.

       Antiskid device

       The cat’s meat pad looks smooth and tender, but when the cat’s spirit is highly concentrated, the meat pad will sweat, so that the cat is not easy to slip in the next running process.

       a sensor

       The seemingly thick meat pad is actually full of nerves and is very sensitive, so it can feel the slightest vibration on the ground. This evolution, of course, has something to do with hunting.

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       The feet covered with meat pads have a very low sound when walking on the road, which makes the cat have a greater advantage in hunting and is not easy to be found by prey or enemies.

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