The Himalayan cat combines the softness, charm and sensitivity of Persian cat. It has the posture and long hair of Persian cat. Its limbs are short and straight, and its chest is deep. It has a strong dome shaped head, round cheeks and jaws, small ears and short nose, and big round eyes, which are almost similar to Persian cats
Look carefully, the difference is quite big
According to the book, this kind of cat can be divided into two departments: Persian department and key department
Among them, 30 key parts are exactly the same, as if only 5-6. The others are similar and different
Himalaya is a descendant of Persia and Siam. It was recognized by Britain in 1955
There are many differences between the West horse and Persia. The face shape of the West horse is more square. The triangle eye of Persia is the biggest. The eye color of Persia and Xima is different. Persia has yellow blue green orange red. Himalaya can only be blue
The white hair in the ear of Persia is longer than that of Simma (purebred and purebred)
There is a congenital defect in the tail of Persia, but not in Simma
The West horse’s cat is shorter than the Persian, belongs to the short hair
And with Garfield’s difference is very big, Garfield is short hair Persian, say bad to hear is inferior Persia
Simmer should have key colors, the most common of which is black, blue and red
The size of Simma is also a little smaller than that of H
My family’s Ximo is about the same size as the purebred gold bar
You can come to my space to see my Himalayas and learn about qq6279914
Himalayan cat is a new breed produced by crossing Persian hair. Persian cat has many colors of eyes, but Himalayan cat only has blue eyes, which are very similar in body shape.
The coat color of Persian cat can be roughly divided into five major color systems, with nearly 88 kinds of fur color. Among them, the monochromatic system has white, black, blue, red, cream color and so on. Gradient color system has gray mouse color, gradient silver, shell carving color and so on. The smoke color has white hair root, black, blue and red upper coat, and silver, brown, red, cream, blue, etc. The mixed colors include hawksbill, tricolor, blue cream, black and white, blue and white, red and white. Red and hawksbill are rare in fur color, so Persian cat with fur color is also very precious.
In 1957, the CFA recognized seal, blue, chocolate and clove key colors of the Himalayas. In 1964, the flame and hawksbill colors were added. In 1972, the blue milk color was added. In 1979, the cheese color was added. In 1982, the bobcat key color was added. Although seal, blue, chocolate and clove were first recognized, chocolate and clove highlights have only recently become more competitive.
However, the two kinds of cats are very similar in character. So, if you want to keep one of them, you can rely on your own preference. Moreover, both cats belong to long hair cats. Therefore, we must take care of its fur seriously, which requires a lot of time and money. If you don’t have the conditions in this respect, I suggest you don’t have a long hair cat. If you really want to have one, you can do it First raise a short hair cat, exercise skills!! ???
[edit paragraph] species names
Species name: Siam
English Name: Siamese
Siamese cat, also known as Ximu cat and Thai cat, is a world-famous short haired cat, and also a representative breed of short hair cat.
Ethnic history Siamese cat originated in Thailand (so called Siam). More than 200 years ago, this precious cat was only raised in Thailand’s palaces and monasteries. It was a nobleman who stayed at home. In 1884, when the British Consul in Bangkok left office, he brought the Siamese cat, one of the gifts of the kingdom of Thailand, back to England. It was immediately valued by many cat lovers in Britain. The following year, the cat appeared at the Crystal Palace cat exhibition outside London, causing shock. In 1920, it was introduced to the United States, and later spread all over the world. It was welcomed by cat lovers all over the world.
According to relevant records, the history of keeping Siamese cats in the Royal Palace of Thailand can be traced back to the period of King Rama v. since then, Siamese cats have settled down in the palace, and people in the court have raised them as carefully as princes and princesses. They are so Jeweled that they even drink water and eat with silver or gold. They live in luxurious rooms equipped with air conditioning, and three meals a day are cooked by a special cook. Even when Thailand is in financial crisis and the economy is in a serious downturn, Siamese cats in the court still live a happy and carefree life.
Siamese cat is strong and active, witty and flexible, curious and understanding. Siamese cats like to walk with people and can walk with their belts. It needs the master’s constant caress and care, loyal to the master, deep feelings, if forced to separate from the master, may die of depression. Siamese cats are very smart, and can quickly learn somersault and toss back. The call of Siamese cat is unique. It seems to be talking with people or crying with children, and the sound is very loud. Combined with the above characteristics, Siamese cat is known as “cat like a dog”.
[edit this paragraph] shape features
The head is slender and wedge-shaped. The skull is flat and straight from the top of the head to the tip of the nose when viewed from the side. The face is sharp and V-shaped, and the muzzle is sharp, forming a V-shape from the tip of the muzzle to the tip of the ear. The bridge of the nose is high and straight. It is an equilateral triangle from the nose to the ear tip. The cheek is thin and the teeth are scissors bite. The ears are large, with a broad base and sharp, erect ears. Eyes of moderate size, almond shaped, dark blue or light green color. The elongated line from the inner corner of the eye to the tip of the eye forms a V shape with the tip of the ear. The eyes are slightly convex. The tail is long and thin, and the tip of the tail is slightly curly. The length is equal to the hind limbs. It has good flexibility, muscular development, slim body, sharp sharp corners and long legs. The palms are small and oval. The tail is long and beautiful, with a sharp end.
Body type: medium size, slender and slim. It has fine bones and strong muscles. Long neck, long body and slender tail. It is cylindrical from shoulder to hip. The abdomen is compact but not retracted. The buttocks are strong and shoulder width. The limbs are slender and coordinated. The forelegs are slightly shorter than the hind legs.
Coat color: body hair is uniform and monochromatic, but seal spots are allowed. There is a little shadow on the blue spots. The color of body hair should be obviously contrasted with spot color. All the characteristic spots (nose, limbs, ears, tail) are the same color, and there should be no mixed hair color and white in the spots. The spot color of feature parts should be the following four kinds: Seal color spot: body is beige color. The face, ears, lower half of legs, feet and back are all seal colors. Blue spot: the body is beige. The face, ears, feet and tail are blue gray. Chocolate spots: Ivory body, face, ears, legs, feet, tail for chocolate color. Lilac spots (LILAC spots): white and pinkish gray on the body. The face, ears, legs and tail are lavender.
Classification of varieties
The traditional color of Siamese cat first appeared in Europe in 1880’s. The capillaries are short and smooth, close to the body, and are precocious, but they can only be born when they are older.
One of the traditional Siamese cats has been one of the most popular breeds since the 1930s. It is said to be the most tender and affectionate of Siamese cats.
Chocolate key color
It was developed from the early Siamese cat with seal color, but was allowed to show in 1950. Kittens are almost pure white, and only when they are about one year old can they completely grow chocolate spots. The developed kittens tend to have darker color in adulthood.
It first appeared in an exhibition in England in 1896, when it was eliminated because the key color was “not blue enough”. It is one of the four typical Siamese cats.
Originally known as “orange focus”, it was first exhibited in Britain in 1934. It was disputed because of its different fur color from traditional Siamese cats. This kind of cat is produced by mating with the red spotted Persian cat.
Cream key color
Like the red key color, they are new varieties of fine color, also known as “cheese color key color” in foreign countries.
This kind of cat had deep striation in its early stage, but now it has been basically eliminated. It is closely related to Siamese cat with red key color. The voice of Siamese cat is louder than other Siamese cats. It is a natural loud voice.
Hawksbill pattern is derived from hawksbill short haired cat. After screening, it retains the body characteristics of Siamese cat. Like other hawksbill turtles, there are almost only female cats.
Chocolate tortoise shell
In North America, some of them think that they are short haired cats with key colors, while in Britain they are included in Siamese cats. All of them have been approved.
Red tiger spot
When Siamese cats were introduced into Europe, it was known that this breed had a variety of tiger spot key colors. In 1902, there was a description of the first Siamese cat with tiger spot key color, but it was not famous until recently. They were known as “shadow key color Siamese cat” in the early stage, and later called “Bobcat key color Siamese cat”. It was only in 1966 that Britain officially called “Siamese cat with red tiger spot”.
The guardian of the temple
There are many legends about Siamese cats in the world. One of them is that a Siamese princess was afraid of losing her ring when she was bathing in the stream. She wanted to find a safe place to put the ring away. When she was looking left and right, she found that her favorite cat raised its tail, so the princess put the ring on its tail. Since then, the tail of all Siamese cats has always been high, some people say it is used to set the princess’s ring. Of course, it’s just a legend. No one will believe it. But one thing is recognized by the Thai people, that is, Siamese cats are the life with the most expensive soul, so in Thailand, they are often regarded as the guardian gods of temples.
It is said that in Thailand a long time ago, there were countless ancient artifacts in ancient mysterious temples. There were always two Siamese cats watching day and night, and no one was allowed to approach except the priest and the king. Only when the mother Siamese cats give birth, they leave the temple for a day, so as not to stain the sanctity of the temple.
Until one day, the strange spirit took advantage of the male Siamese cat to take care of the Siamese cat who was about to give birth, and stole a precious artifact. The spirit announced that this is a test for the kingdom. Only noble, loyal and beautiful life can retrieve this artifact, otherwise the world will lose this ancient artifact forever. Therefore, the king sent many people who thought they were qualified to look for this treasure from the forest, but they all failed. When the whole kingdom was in great distress, the priest recommended the temple keeper Siamese cat for this arduous task.
Two Siamese cats lived up to expectations and found artifacts in the ever-changing spirit forest. In order to bring the artifact back to the temple, the male cat returns to the temple to inform the priest, while the female cat stays in the forest to guard the artifact. After the male cat left, the female cat sat between the clumps of branches and leaves. In order to protect the artifact intact, it bent her tail and wrapped the artifact around its tail.
Four nights later, when the male returned to the mother, he found himself the father of five lovely babies. But the female cat who gave birth to her baby still did not forget her duty of guarding, and kept her tail around the artifact, so that the end of its tail has been curved ever since. And interestingly, the tails of its five babies are also cocked. Due to the great achievements of Siamese cats, they are closely protected to ensure the purity of their bloodlines.
The most expensive pet
Most loving women are fond of small animals such as cats and dogs, and the preference for pets often reflects the heroine’s personality and characteristics. There was once a lovely fawn carrying Audrey Hepburn’s endless love, perhaps because Hepburn’s gentle nature was the same. Vivien Li also has a great love for small animals. She and Oliver’s nest, the villa notley, even feed swans. But Vivien Li’s favorite animal is a Siamese cat with her own grace and intelligence. Vivien Leigh is often referred to as “the cat like woman”, which stems from her elegant, smart, noble and mysterious charm. Scarlett in gone with the wind is often regarded as a copy of Vivien Leigh herself, while in the original, the author Margaret. Mitchell used cat to describe Scarlett countless times. Maybe Vivien Li and cat’s fate is the fate of fate.
The Siamese cat, known as the “Prince of cats”, is probably the most extroverted of cats. Its temperament is unpredictable, strong personality and curiosity. It’s not quiet. If you’re looking for a straight cat, Siamese is your best choice. It is very sensitive and emotional, like to be accompanied, do not like loneliness, can not tolerate indifference. If it is treated coldly, it will become depressed. It is a “big mouth”, often hoarse and loud harassment of the host, followed by the host everywhere, hoping to get attention. Its feelings are very specific, with a strong possessive desire, emotional disclosure, and even jealousy. He likes to socialize and play with children, but he doesn’t like to be with other cats. Siamese cats are sensitive to the cold and like comfortable apartment life. In Thailand, they are often dressed in jewels, even drinking water and eating late are gold or silver. They live in luxury rooms with air conditioning, and three meals a day are served by special people. Even when Thailand is in financial crisis and the economy is in a serious downturn, Siamese cats in the court still live a happy and carefree life. Nandivetta, who has been caring for Siamese cats in Thailand’s royal palace for many years, said: “these cats have noble blood and are the king’s favorite. We treat them kindly out of respect for the past, and we will continue to do so. I believe that the Siamese cat will not disappear even if the elephant disappears from the earth in the future
Lifespan of Siamese cats
In general, mixed breed cats live longer than purebred cats, with the exception of Siamese cats and jinjila cats (Siamese cats live longer than purebred cats, while jinjila cats live shorter). The life span of the sterilized cat is longer than that of the fat cat, and the cat fed with balanced diet or canned food will live longer than that fed with leftovers.
However, clinical studies have shown that no matter how fast or slow the aging of cats is, organ function will begin to change significantly when cats are over 6 years old. Many diseases that are prone to occur in old cats mostly occur after 6 years old. Just as humans go into the sunset, pets change from naughty little ones to slow-moving elders. Like people, old pets like to live a comfortable life. They should not be forced to do things they don’t like. They should have compassion for their behavior.
In old age, old cats will lose their hearing, and some cats will gradually lose their hearing. The skin appears thin and dry. The hair is severely depilated. The body becomes weak and the muscles atrophy. The fluid between the joints begins to dry out, causing inflammation and discomfort. The lens of the eyeball became turbid and slightly gray blue. The fur around the mouth, nose and ear turns white or yellow. Attention should be paid to the regular care of elderly cats and improvement of living conditions.
1. Feeding: changes in the amount of exercise will change the digestion and absorption capacity of the intestine, as well as the filtration and detoxification functions of the liver and kidney. We should pay more attention to the hardness of the food suitable for cats, and appropriately supplement calcium, iron, vitamins and other trace elements, and change the food of different tastes;
Note: do not eat food that is not easy to digest and ensure water supply.
2. Brushing teeth: if possible, brush your beloved’s teeth to reduce bacterial invasion caused by gingival inflammation;
3. Eye care: often use wet cotton to remove excess mucus and clean the skin around the eyes;
4. Ear care: check the inner ear canal regularly;
5. Joint care: joint pain is a common disease of elderly pets. If it can’t exercise regularly, you can gently massage muscles or move limbs and joints for it when it is resting.
Correct nursing methods for Siamese cats
The cat is a tool for the cat to catch mice, climb and defend itself. If the owner keeps a cat to catch mice, of course, he can’t trim his feet. If the owner keeps a cat as a companion animal, he should often trim the cat’s paws to avoid scratching people, damaging clothes, furniture, floors, etc. Trim feet should start from a small age, once a month or so. The specific methods are as follows:
Hold the Siamese cat in your arms, hold one of the cat’s feet with your left hand, squeeze it slightly with your thumb, index finger and middle finger, and then you can stretch out your paws. Then hold the nail knife with the right hand, carefully cut off the transparent part of the front end of the claw, and then use the small file on the nail knife to polish the claw. When pruning, don’t cut too much to avoid hurting Siamese cat’s feet. Then cut and polish the other claws in turn.
Bathing Siamese cats can not only keep the cats clean and beautiful, but also remove some parasites on the body surface, promote blood circulation and metabolism, and play a role in disease prevention and fitness. It’s better to cultivate the habit of bathing from an early age, and then to bathe cats when they are adults. Cats will be very reluctant.
Before taking a bath, you should prepare the utensils for bathing, such as bathtub, bath towel, detergent, comb (preferably one is sparse and the other is dense), brush, etc.
When bathing, the water temperature should not be too low or too high, so as not to scald the hands; the detergent used should not be too irritating, so as not to stimulate the skin; the fur of long haired cats should be combed before bathing to prevent entanglement; the bathing action should be rapid, and the hair should be washed in a short time as far as possible; after washing, the hair should be wiped dry with bath towel immediately. When the temperature is low, it is best to cover with a special towel Or other warm products to prevent colds.
The tongue of Siamese cat is rough, with special barbed tongue. It looks like a comb. Siamese cat often uses the method of tongue licking to comb its fur. The parts that can’t be licked, such as head, shoulder, back and neck, should be combed with claws. Even so, it’s best to groom the cat once a day. Because the cat will depilate all the year round, especially in spring and autumn, when the cat combs, it will swallow the hair into the stomach, and over time it will form a hair ball in the stomach. If it can’t be vomited out, and can’t be discharged through the intestinal tract in time, the hair ball will be blocked in the stomach, affecting appetite and even life.
When carding, carding should be done not only along the hair, but also against the wool. When combing, Siamese cats can first wet their hair with water, and then rub it to make the hair grow up and facilitate carding. If the fur of a long haired cat is tangled or stuck together, it can be opened with the tip of a finger or combed slowly and carefully with a thin toothed comb. If the felt has been rolled, you can use scissors to cut the felt into thin strips along the growth direction of the wool, and then comb it with a comb. If the rolling felt is serious, the coat can be cut off to make it grow again.
The eyes of healthy Siamese cats are bright and vivid. When Siamese cats are ill or in poor health, they are afraid of seeing light and shed tears. Some cat species, the nasolacrimal duct is easy to block and tear. Cat tears too much, in the nasal corner of the eye is often accompanied with eye droppings, can be dipped in cotton wool 2% boric acid solution, gently wipe off.
Siamese cat ear care, mainly to remove wax. The method is: disinfect the external auditory canal with 75% alcohol cotton ball, then dip in olive oil or edible vegetable oil with cotton stick, soak the dry earwax, after softening, carefully remove the earwax with forceps, do not break the mucous membrane of ear canal, prevent infection and suppuration. Once the cat’s external auditory canal is infected and suppurated, it can be gently scrubbed with cotton stick dipped in hydrogen peroxide, and repeatedly scrubbed until there is no pus on the extracted cotton stick, and then the hydrogen peroxide in the ear canal will be dried with absorbent cotton. Scrub several times, the infection can be cured. If the cat’s earwax is too much and the cat shakes its head to scratch its ear, it should be treated by a veterinarian in time.
[editor’s passage] Siamese cats – breeding methods and precautions
1. Cat food on the market
There are three main types of prepackaged food for cats on the market: canned meat, half wet food and dry food. Although these three kinds of food are convenient to feed, they should only be part of cat food, not all cat food. Ideally, feed fresh food at least twice a week. This is because, if you are going to keep your cat healthy for a long time, this kind of food can’t provide all the nutrition the cat needs. It is said that many of these foods meet the protein content (25% – 30%) in cat food. However, like humans, cats should eat some fresh food to get enough vitamins and minerals. In addition, it is too monotonous to feed cats, even if some cats can tolerate such excessive monotony, and in terms of nutritional value, prepackaged food is quite expensive. However, at some point, you may feel that you have to use prepackaged food as your only cat food. Just feed for a few weeks, not years, and when dry food is fed with plenty of water, your cat won’t be unbearable.
These foods include meat, fish, salts, gels, vitamins, chemical pigment additives, water, and cereals. Most foods are made from fish, chicken, beef, rabbit meat, or animal offal. They contain 25% – 30% protein and can be used as the main diet for cats. Cats can be fed with canned food. Because they are sterilized and easy to store. In addition, there is a lot of water in it, and the process of canning and storage will also lower the standard of vitamin.
These biscuits contain Cereals, fish, meat, yeast flakes, vitamins, fats and pigments. They are cheaper than canned or semi wet foods and are easier to store and carry, but have the following disadvantages: low fat and protein content; and they are suspected to cause cystitis in cats. If you feed your cat with dry food, always let it drink water.
Soft and wet food
These particles contain meat, soy, fat, vitamins, preservatives, chemical pigment additives, and often thickeners and sugar. The water content is more than 33%. The nutritional value is not very high. Soft and wet foods are used as cat food because they contain just over 25% protein and low fat content. This kind of food can be stored in silver foil paper bags, but not as long as the two kinds of food.
2. Fresh food
If you feed your cat mainly with canned food, you may be willing to make cat food with fresh food once or twice a week because it is good for the cat’s health. If you do cook specially for cats, season with iodized salt. This trace element is particularly important for pregnant female cats because it prevents the fetus from being reabsorbed during pregnancy.
To prevent toxoplasmosis in cats, all meat should be cooked.
Because of the structure of the cat’s teeth, the cat can’t chew the food, so you should chop the cat’s food into minced meat or finely, or feed the cat with large pieces of meat, so that it can tear it up by itself. If you use chicken for cat food, be sure to remove all chicken bones, because cats are very easy to get stuck in chicken bones.
If your cat must chew grass or weeds, you don’t have to panic. Grass is good for cats. It contains certain vitamins and can be used as an effective vomit to help cats vomit unwanted things such as tufts. However, if the cat often goes to the grass to eat grass, please note that the fertilizer used must be non-toxic.
Drinks are essential to the health of cats, although cats can survive by drinking less water than humans.
Although strictly speaking, water is not food, but it is a necessary part of cat food. Meat cat food should not only contain high protein, but also contain a lot of water. Cats on a high protein diet produce a lot of urea, so they need to drink a lot of water to get this waste out through the kidneys. In fact, they need less water because the concentration of urea in their urine is higher (almost twice as thick) as that of humans, which helps them maintain water. What’s more, the amount of water evaporated by cats when they gasp and sweat is negligible. Even large cats like lions have a record of not drinking water for up to 10 days.
When feeding cats with food containing cooked fish, tripe and some canned foods, animals the size of cats should be given more water than they need. In addition, cats get a lot of water they need every day through chemical reactions. When fat and carbohydrates in cat food are digested in cats, water molecules are produced.
Milk is not strictly a drink, it is actually food, and its main value is to provide calcium and phosphorus. Feeding an adult cat 200 cc of milk can meet its needs for a day. However, some cats are not suitable to drink milk, drinking after diarrhea. If your cat is allergic to milk, it may need nutritional supplements.
It is said that there is a black male cat named Jack in Brooklyn, New York. When he was only three years old, he liked to drink milk mixed with fennel. As he grew older, Jack demanded more and more “milk”; he was no longer willing to drink milk with only a small amount of Pernod. Jack died at the age of eight. After autopsy, it was found that it had been damaged by alcohol and that it was unwise to give the cat a drink, though in small quantities. The cat’s body does not need this poison.
Siamese cats – common diseases and preventive measures
Because some intestinal parasites (such as Ascaris lumbricoides) are ingested or transmitted by other organisms (such as fleas, mosquitoes, etc.), and the kittens in the same nest like to lick each other, so the young cats must be treated regularly. Adult cats can’t help but contact the secretions or excreta left by other dogs on the grass with their tongue when they make social guidance and go to meet friends by smell. In this way, they will be infected with parasites. Therefore, adult cats should be treated regularly.
The common internal parasites include Ascaris lumbricoides, tapeworms, coccidia, hookworm, trichomonas, Giardia, scorchera and heartworm, etc. the external parasites are mainly Demodex, scabies, urticaria, fleas and lice.
It is suggested that you should start from the age of 10 weeks to eliminate the interference of parasites on the growth and development of young cats and prevent the occurrence of parasitic enteritis. The choice of anthelmintic should be very scientific. It is not exactly the same as human’s anthelmintic, and the dose is not the same. Therefore, we should choose a regular pet hospital, and don’t let “quack doctor” affect the baby’s health.
Sarcoptic mite and cat ear acariasis
Sarcoptes scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by Sarcoptes scabies. The sick cats have severe itching and eczema like changes. There is a highly infectious ear mite disease in cats, which is caused by ear mites and is one of scabies.
1. Insect characteristics and disease transmission
Sarcopteris scabiei is almost round, while otonychus is oblong. It has four pairs of feet, except for the last one, all extend out of the body margin = f