What are the breeds of small long haired cats – long haired cats

       There are about 35 species of feline, and domestic cats are mainly evolved from African wildcats. Cats live almost everywhere in the world, from rainforests to deserts to the ice and snow of Siberia.

       At present, there are four popular cat species

       1. Western and foreign breeds (including Siamese cat, oriental cat, etc.). Origin classification is a popular method in the West.

       2. Purebred cats and cats. It was classified according to the angle of cultivar cultivation.

       3. Domestic cats and wild cats. According to the living environment, however, there is no strict boundary between the two.

       4. Long haired and short haired. They are classified mainly according to the length of their hair, for example, Persian cat, Himalayan cat, Thai cat and Russian blue cat.

       Short haired cat: short hair, neat and smooth, delicate texture, strong bones, quick action, with wild characteristics, daily care is relatively easy, understand human language, gentle and close to people, as a companion animal, especially attractive.

       There are many short haired cats, which are distributed all over the world

       British, American, European, Oriental, Siamese, curly, Burmese (divided into American Burmese and European Burmese), Havana, Singapore, man (Isle of man), Egyptian, Bengal, Scotch, American Curly, California, Canadian hairless (sphinx) £©, * * short tailed cat, nakat cat, Abyssinian cat, Bombay cat, Russian Blue Cat, Asian cat group (including pomila cat)

       Long haired cat: the hair is 5-10cm long, soft and smooth, and slightly changed according to the season. She has a graceful figure and steady movements; she is gentle and dependent, and likes to be close to others; her voice is soft and she likes to be coquettish in front of the host. Although the fur needs to be combed every day, a lot of hair will be lost in early summer. Daily care is a little cumbersome, but it is also popular as a companion animal.

       The main breeds of long haired cats are as follows:

       Persian Cats (Longair in Britain), jinjila cats, Himalayan cats, (generally speaking, jinjila and Himalayan cats are Persian cats), Maine cats, Berman cats, Angora cats, Turkish Van cats, Norwegian forest cats, Siberian forest cats, Muppets, and sommari cats

       Short hair first said:

       British Shorthair is produced by domestic cats and Persian cats and occasionally by long haired kittens. He has round head, thick body, short limbs, short and beautiful body, dark orange eyes (only a few exceptions), soft body hair, straight like brush hair, and various colors of hair. Very intelligent, friendly and calm personality, close to people.

       Chartreuse – a very old breed, the first cat raised by French monks. It has round head, thick body, short straight hair and only gray monochrome. It’s very similar to British short grey, and many cats will come together to make one.

       American Shorthair, whose ancestors were brought to the house by European immigrants, is not recognized as a purebred cat by the European cat society. The survival and hunting ability is very strong, the cat is similar to the English short but big, overall like an athlete, strong limbs. Personality is short, intelligent, friendly, calm and adaptable.

       American Wirehair – a new breed of curly haired cat, which was discovered in 1970s in the United States due to the variation of kitten factor in one litter (domestic cat). Personality such as short: smart, friendly, just hair variation, a small number, not popular.

       Bombay is produced by American short and Burmese cat. It is black in shape, with round head, yellow or light blue eyes, and its coat is bright. It is different from the ordinary black cat. Active, playful, friendly and approachable. The voice is small, like the attention of the host.

       Russian Blue – medium build, green eyes, grey body (nose, toe) gray (Cat Club term is “blue”), short thick hair, light, fine and soft, bristle like upright. Independent, calm, able to live alone for a long time, friendly with children and other pets.

       Scottish Fold – a new breed of scottish fold, which appeared in Scotland in 1961. It has medium-sized body, small round head, drum body and various fur colors. The spleen is gentle and calm. Folding ear is a strong gene, and the offspring will produce more folded ears.

       Rex ¨C it first appeared in Cornwall, UK in 1950, and then in Devon, UK, and in Germany, curls with different genetic characteristics also appeared. Medium build, body length, long limbs, large ears, small face, body without facial hair, only bottom hair curl. Hair color and eye color are not specified.

       Canadian hairless, or Sphinx ¨C a hairless kitten was found in a litter of kittens in 1966. After growing up with his mother, the hairless gene stabilized and gave birth to the next generation of this variety. However, there are few pure glabrous genes passed down. Cats are not completely hairless. They have fine hairs on their backs, heads, ears and tail tips. The breed is rare, only a very small number, the International Cat Association does not recognize.

       Manx – native to Ireland, no tail or very short tail, thick back, long hind legs, walking like jumping, thick coat, various coat colors. Character like dog, loyal to the Lord, friendly to the dog. The “fetal tail” gene is not affected by fetal death.

       Let’s talk about European and American long hair

       Norwegian Forest – medium length of hair, thick undercoat, and good protection from rain and snow. Its ancestors are wild cats living in the forest. They are very strong and powerful, with a triangular head, thick hair on both the face and neck, and a medium-sized tail. They are very beautiful in various colors. Smart, playful, approachable, calm, gregarious, rat catcher. It’s not suitable to live in the subtropics.

       Maine Coon ¨C thirty native products of Maine in the United States, which look like “Norwegian forest”, are said to have a common ancestor. The hair is thick but silky, easy to comb, with a large tail and long hair. It has a strong body and a variety of hair colors. Very smart, playful, approachable and independent.

       Ragdoll – this is a new breed of American in 1960. Only some American cats will set the standard. It has a large body, medium hair length, blue eyes, golden white hair on the whole body, dark hair on the ears, face, tail tip, and dark or white hair on the four feet. Personality like dog, loyal to the master, love to play.

       Asian cat breeds

       Let’s start with short hair

       Siamese, formerly Thailand, is of medium build, slender and long limbs. Its hind legs are longer than its front legs. Its tail is long and its neck is long. Its head is triangular. Its eyes are blue. Its nose is long. Its ears are big. Its body is golden. Its silk is short and straight. It feels light and elegant. It is characterized by dark ears, nose, mouth, toes and tail. There are four different colors. Very smart, curious, active, but talkative, noisy, jealous, aggressive, strong minded. Is very difficult to get along with the cat, suitable for two.

       Oriental short hair is called “foreign” in Britain. It has the same ancestor and special emblem as Siam, but it has only one coat color. There is no dark spot of “Himalayan gene”. It can be said that it is monochromatic Siam. Green eyes (only white cats are basket eyes) with various coat colors and markings. His personality is similar to Siam. He is intelligent, curious, active and fun.

       H * * ana ¨C the fact is that dark chocolate is short in the East, and the name is because of the cat’s fur color, such as “Cuban Savannah cigar.”.

       Korat, a medium-sized cat native to Thailand, has only silver gray fur and golden green eyes. It is a domesticated household cat with few people. However, it needs companionship and can get along with dogs.

       Burmese, a thicker than Siamese cat, only brown is recognized by the American Cat Association, while 10 colors are recognized by the British Cat Association. “Burmese gene” is the unique inheritance of this cat. Each hair has a part of color, which makes the color distribution of his hair different from that of other cats. Personality is very independent and active, friendly to the people you like, noisy, love to run out.

       Tonkinese, a hybrid of Siamese and Burmese cats, is characteristic of coexisting parents. Often in a mixed breed of kittens, there are Siamese cats, Burmese cats and Tokyo cats.

       Singapore ¨C the ancestors are native cats and stray cats from Singapore. The body is the smallest among cats. The shape is similar to that of the East, short, big eyes and big ears. The coat is light brown with light stripes, and its back, legs and tail are deep. Adaptable, curious and friendly. Cat international is not recognized as an independent breed.

       ***Japanese bobtail – it is characterized by a small ball on the tail. The shape and short face of the eyes are also different from other varieties. Hair color is mainly white, often with large yellow or yellow black. Short tailed offspring are produced only when both parents are short tailed. Smart, friendly, talkative and active.

       Exotic Shorthair is a breed produced by Burmese and Persian cats. It has a short hairy appearance, round head, flat nose, thick body, short limbs, light, fine and soft short hair, and various fur colors. Character like ancestors: quiet, close, loyal, introverted.

       Let’s talk about long hair

       Persian ¨C the most populous long haired cat. The head is round, the face is round, the neck is thick and short, the eyes are big and round, the ears are round, the nose is short, flat and wide, and the mouth is powerful. The body is medium to large, with 4 short, straight and stout limbs, huge and powerful soles, thick short and thick hair on the tail. The body hair is long, smooth and soft. The face and neck are hairy. The hair is the same length as the whole body. It feels thick and beautiful, but the hair is easy to knot. There are 36 approved coat colors. Calm, approachable, loyal and introverted.

       Himalayan is a breed produced by Siam and Persian cats. It is basically a Persian cat with “Himalaya gene” characteristics [dark ears, nose, mouth, toes and tail tips], but the breed is not stable and far away from the Persian standard.

       Birman, a mixture of Siamese and Persian cats, is said to have been born in France in 1919. The coat color is like Himalaya, but its head and face are longer than Persian cat. It’s not Siam in general, nor Persian cat. The wool is heavy and not easy to knot. The special style is four hoof treading on the snow, with dark face, ears, legs and tail, light body hair and blue eyes. Calm, approachable, more active than Persian cats and friendly with other pets.

       Turkish Angora ¨C hairy East. Long, long, long and long. A variety of hair colors, two colors (white with other colors) for more, the bottom hair is not thick, not easy to knot. Personality is like Oriental breed: intelligent, curious, active, noisy and talkative.

       Turkish Van ¨C a native cat in the Van Lake area of Turkey, which is not recognized by the American Cat Association. This is a large and early maturing variety. It can eat meat in five or six weeks and weighs about 4 kg in October. The coat color is mostly white and yellow, with yellow tail. In winter, the bottom hair is very thick, not afraid of water, and likes swimming. Independent, not at the mercy of others, hunting nature, need more activity, not adapt to high temperature weather.

       Balinese ¨C in 1950, a pure Siamese cat in the United States was mutated to produce a hairy Siamese cat. After genetic stability, it became a new breed. Its body shape, coat color and blue eyes are similar to Siamese cat. Its long hair is light as silk and has no thick undercoat.

       Finally, Africa. There are not many kinds of cats

       Egyptian Mau is a kind of Oriental short hair with unique spots. It is said that it was brought to Europe from Egypt, and it is also said that it is a spotted cat developed from Oriental short hair domestic cat. Its main fur colors are black and yellow. The character and body shape are like the Oriental short hair cat.

       Abyssinian ¨C originally from Abyssinia (now ithopia), it was brought to Europe in the 19th century. It was not found in the original place, so it is a rare variety. Medium build, moderate length of limbs and tail, muscular. The cat’s hair is medium long, and each hair has two or three rings of color. The cat has a special body, like the fur color of a lion. Very intelligent, active, good at hunting and gregarious. Love your master.

       Somali ¨C essentially a long haired Abyssinian cat with a distinctive multi ring color composition. They are mainly red and brown, green or amber, clear eyes, intelligent, active, good at hunting, gregarious and curious.


       The last thing to say is: no matter pure breed, mixed breed or native cat, cat is cat. They are all animals with personality. What we raise is cat, not famous brand or inferior brand. We don’t need to pursue blindly. You have to pay as much love as you have a cat. It has nothing to do with the breed of cat

       According to the length of the cat’s hair, it is generally divided into two categories (short hair cat and long hair cat). 1¡¢ Short haired cat 1, Thai cat (Siamese cat) 2, Burmese cat 3, * short haired cat 4, harina Cat 5, sphinx cat 6, Russian Blue Cat 7, Egyptian cat 8, Scotch cat 9, Rex cat 10, American short haired cat 11, American hard haired cat 12, Oriental short haired cat 13, Abyssinian cat 14, Bombay cat 15, Singapore cat 16, tiger skin cat 17, short hair Persian cat 18, KONIS curly cat 19 , British short haired cat 20, Manx 21

       Clart 22, Rex 23, color dot short haired cat 24, ha 0 Li cat 25, Xia duo Liu cat 26, OSI cat 27, trumpet honey cat 2, long hair cat 1, Persian cat Persian cat was bred by the hybridization of Afghan indigenous long hair cat and Turkey Ankara cat in the 15th century. In the 16th century, fiber French was introduced to England, and in the 18th century, it was brought to Italy and all over the world. Nature: Persian cat is gentle and gentle, intelligent and agile, less active and quiet, considerate, with a sharp and soft voice and elegant manner. It is born with a spoiled manner and gives people a gorgeous and noble feeling. Head: round head, round face, flat nose, big eyes and small ears. Limbs: the legs are short and strong. Tail: the tail is short and round. Body: strong physique, simple and smooth body lines. Coat: it is long and dense, with texture as cotton and light as silk. Its color is gorgeous, brilliant and varied. It can be divided into five major color systems, with a total of 88 kinds. Among them, white, black, blue and cream are more common, while red and tortoise shell are rare and precious. 2. Balinese cat 3, Oriental long haired cat 4, Maine Cat 5, Himalayan Cat 6, American long hair curly cat 7, Turkish Angora cat, Turkey Ankara cat, also known as Ankara cat, is one of the oldest long hair cat breeds, originated in Turkey and named after Ankara, the capital. It entered Italy and France in the 16th century. In 1970, the standard was formulated and recognized by many cat associations. Characteristics: Ankara cats are smart and agile, independent and active. Kittens like to play and play, so they are easy to play. Head: Ankara cat head long and pointed, wedge-shaped. Eyes: almond eyes, mostly blue, amber, golden, mandarin duck. Ear: the ear is large and upright, and has distinctive feathering. Body: the body belongs to Oriental type and slim body, with large undulation of back. Limbs: the limbs are tall and thin, and the toes are full of ornaments. Tail: the tail is fluffy. Sometimes the tail can be extended to the back of the head. The elegant and soft appearance makes the whole exude a flowing dynamic beauty. Coat: white hair, red, blue, black, etc. 8. Doll cat 9, doll cat 10, Welsh cat 11, neby fur cat 12, Maine goon 13, Somali cat 14, Baman cat

       Oriental long haired cat, American Curly eared cat, labang cat, cloth shoe appendix cat, cihuahua cat


       Longair, formerly known as Persian or Angora. In 1935, some people began to study and establish this variety according to the results of the original American breeding plan. Originally, the black long haired cat crossed with the Siamese cat and gave birth to three black short haired kittens. Later, the breeders let two of them get a long haired kitten, named “the young girl entering the society”. Put him and his father together, and you’ll get a kitten with long hair in key colors. It is a very beautiful, gentle cat species, many people like as a pet cat.

       Other introduction:

       The body is divided into five parts: head, neck, trunk, limbs and tail. The whole body is covered with fur. When catching a rat, it will not scare away the mouse. It has sharp claws on its toe. The claws can be retracted and extended. Cats retract their claws when resting and walking, and extend out when catching rats, so as to avoid making noise when walking and prevent claws from being blunt. A cat has four fingers on its forelimb and five on its hind. Teeth are divided into incisors, canines and molars. Canine teeth are particularly developed, sharp as cones, suitable for killing captured rats. The chewing surface of molars has sharp protuberances, which are suitable for chewing meat. The incisors are not developed. Cats are quick and good at jumping. Love to eat mice and fish. As a natural enemy of rats, cats can effectively reduce the damage of rats to crops such as green seedlings. From the shape of cats, we can see a spot of agricultural life in ancient China.

       Feeding method:

       1. Feeding: the change of exercise amount will change the digestion and absorption capacity of the intestine, as well as the filtration and detoxification functions of liver and kidney

       We should pay more attention to the hardness of the food suitable for cats, add calcium, iron, vitamins and other trace elements appropriately, and change the food with different tastes. Note: do not eat food that is not easy to digest and ensure water supply.

       2. Brushing teeth: if possible, brush your favorite teeth to reduce bacterial invasion caused by gingival inflammation.

       3. Eye care: often use wet cotton to remove excess mucus and clean the skin around the eyes.

       4. Ear care: check the inner ear canal regularly.

       5. Joint care: joint pain is a common disease of elderly pets. If it can’t live regularly, you can gently massage the muscles or move the joints of limbs for it when it is resting.

       Talking about the breed of long hair cat

       Long haired cat: the hair is 5-10cm long, soft and smooth, and slightly changed according to the season. She has a graceful figure and steady movements; she is gentle and dependent, and likes to be close to others; her voice is soft and she likes to be coquettish in front of the host. Although fur needs to be combed every day, a lot of hair will be lost in early summer. Daily care is a little cumbersome, but it is also popular as a companion animal.

       The main breeds of long haired cats are as follows:

       Persian Cats (Longair in Britain), jinjila cats, Himalayan cats, (generally speaking, jinjila and Himalayan cats are Persian cats), Maine cats, Berman cats, Angora cats, Turkish Van cats, Norwegian forest cats, Siberian forest cats, Muppets, and sommari cats

       There are many short haired cats, which are distributed all over the world

       British, American, European, Oriental, Siamese, curly, Burmese (divided into American Burmese and European Burmese), Havana, Singapore, man (Isle of man), Egyptian, Bengal, Scottish, American, California, California and Canadian hairless (sphinx) Cat), short tailed cat, nakat cat, Abyssinian cat, Bombay cat, Russian Blue Cat, Asian cat group (including pomila cat)

       The common breeds of long haired cats are as follows:

       Persian Cats (Longair in Britain), jinjila cats, Himalayan cats, (generally speaking, jinjila and Himalayan cats are Persian cats), Maine cats, Berman cats, Angora cats, Turkish Van cats, Norwegian forest cats, Siberian forest cats, Muppets, and somari cats.

       Chinese civet cat, Persian, Himalaya, chingira, British short hair, American short hair (Weihe’s model cat), exotic short hair (Garfield), Oriental short hair, North American short hair, Siamese cat, Canadian hairless cat, sugolian fold ear, highland fold ear, Bengal leopard cat, Russian Blue Cat, Egyptian cat, Maine cat, Berman cat, Norwegian Forest cat, charter cat, kratt cat, ha Vanna cat, puppet cat, fanxijuan ear, Angora cat, Singapore cat.

       £¨1£© Short haired cat

       Abyssinia cat is also called Ethiopian cat and ballet cat. Because the color of Abyssinian cat is the same as that of hare, the British also call it “rabbit cat”. Abicynian cat is dignified, dignified, solemn, born with the appearance of an emperor. In addition, its red and yellow, varying in depth, unpredictable, gorgeous and moving fur, many cat lovers fall in love with it. Abyssinia is the world’s most popular short haired cat, especially in North America.

       The Egyptian cat is also known as the Egyptian god cat. The Egyptian cat originated in Egypt and may be the first domestic cat in the world. As early as 1400 A.D., the frescoes of ancient Egyptian temples on the banks of the Nile River showed the image of a spotted cat. In ancient Egypt, cats were the incarnation of gods. People worshipped cats very much. They should be buried after death. Due to the decline of ancient Egypt, the status of Egyptian cats was also shaken. It was not until the reign of Constantine in the 4th century that Egyptian cats began to exist as ordinary small creatures. In 1953, the first Egyptian cat was introduced to Italy, and then to the United States. In 1957, the Egyptian cat made its debut at the Royal cat show in London, and was recognized by the Cat Association 15 years later. He is intelligent and warm-hearted, timid and fragile. He has a good memory and is patient with children. His voice is light and beautiful. Afraid of strangers.

       Head: the head is medium-sized, slightly rounded wedge-shaped, with slight protrusion from the forehead to the bridge of the nose. The forehead, cheek and side face are plump. The lower palate of male cat is developed.

       Ears: large ears, slightly pointed forward. The outer hair of the ear is short and dense, and the inner ear has long hair, which curls and protrudes outward.

       Eyes: large, almond shaped, slightly hanging on the tip of the eye, pale green, glass green or millet green. When the kitten is happy, her eyes become more and more green. If she is angry, she turns to amber.

       Body: medium build, slim, muscular, especially neck and shoulder muscles.

       Limbs: longer, hind legs longer than forelimbs. Body coordination, can stand up with the tip of the claw.

       Toes: small ovate but slightly rounded. Tail: medium in length, thick at base, slightly slender at tip.

       Coat: the coat is soft, smooth and glossy. The biggest feature is that there are all kinds of stripes on all parts of the body. A typical Egyptian cat has an “m” pattern on its forehead and a pattern on its cheek. The neck pattern is thin and strong, the shoulder stripe is wide, and the back of the shoulder is spot like. There are Necklace patterns broken in two in the throat. The body spots are irregular distribution, the tail hair is dark, and the limbs have horizontal stripes.

       Coat color: there are three representative colors.

       Silver: the background color is light silver, with black spots on the irregular silver stripes, nose and lip; the eyes are surrounded by black lines; the nose is brick red and the toes are black.

       Bronze color: the background color is light brown, with chocolate spots on the irregular bronze stripes. The edges of nose, lips and eyes are surrounded by brown lines. The nose mirror is brick red, and the toes are black or brown.

       Smoke color: the background color is dark gray, with black spots in gray, the villi are silver, the edges of nose, lips and eyes are surrounded by black lines, the nose mirror is black, and the toes are black.

       Disadvantages: the head is short and round, the ears are small, the muzzle is sharp, and the body is short and fat. Tail abnormal twist, multi toe, white spots are inferior.

       American short haired cat is famous for its big body, strong bone, developed muscles, intelligent nature and docile nature. It is a large and medium-sized breed of short hair cat. The cat’s fur is thick and dense, and there are more than 30 kinds of fur color, among which the silver stripe is particularly valuable.

       The American short haired cat originated in the United States. There are two opinions about its origin. Some people believe that the cat is a Native American cat, bred by long-term breeding; others believe that it was brought from Europe with American immigrants in the 17th century and improved.

       He is gentle in character, intelligent and homesick. He likes playing with children and is very attached to his master. He is good at catching mice, easy to raise and strong adaptability.

       The body weight of American short haired cats is about 9 kg for male cats and 4.5 kg for females.

       Head: the head is large and round, with plump and round cheeks; the mouth and cheek are in harmony with the large and round head; the nasal bridge is straight, slightly concave, and the tip of the nose is slightly curved upward; the palate is compact and the upper lip is relatively vertical; the mandible of male cats is developed.

       Ear: large, slightly round, with wide distance between two ears, but not wide at base of ear.

       Eyes: the eyes are big and round, bright and bright. The distance between the two sides is wide, and the ends of the eyes are slightly suspended.

       Body: medium length, strong physique, strong bones, developed muscles, round chest, powerful shoulders, straight back, coordinated and elastic limbs. The male cat is much bigger than the female cat.

       Limbs: long, muscular, and bony.

       Toe: the toe is big and round, the meat pad is rich and elastic.

       Tail: moderate in length, thick at base and blunt at end.

       Coat: short, hard and dense.

       Fur color: there are five categories of fur colors recognized by American short haired cats, namely, single color (blue, black, red and Tan Yellow), gradual color (gradual gold, gradual silver white, etc.), mixed hair color (mixed color of blue spot and white, mixed color of red spot and white, Each of the five categories includes several species, including brown spot and white mixed color, smoke color (blue smoke color, black smoke color, etc.), and mottled fur color (blue spot, red spot, brown spot, silver spot, gold spot, etc.). There are more than 30 species, of which silver stripe is the most representative and valuable.

       The body is too short, too thin, and the tail is too short; muscle relaxation is the disadvantage. The tail is twisted abnormally, and the chest has white spots or button spots. The offspring crossed with other varieties are inferior.

       Myanmar cat is also known as bamitz cat and black Shao cat. It is famous for its round head. No matter the front or side of the head, it is round head and round head from head to tail.

       Burmese cats originated in Myanmar, but today’s breed dates back to 1930. At that time, Joseph topson of the United States brought back a brown female cat from Myanmar, and then carried out a series of inbreeding with Siamese cat and American short hair cat in the research room of Harvard University, and finally bred today’s Burmese cat. In 1936, it was recognized by the Cat Association and formulated the corresponding standards.

       Burmese cats are precocious. They begin to oestrus in about 5 months and give birth in 7 months. The life span of Burmese cats is longer, generally 16-18 years old, some even longer.

       Warm personality, lively and active, soft voice, funny talk, rich expression, brave, intelligent, love coquetry.

       Head: round head, face front, side are muddy, so plump. The nose is medium in length, the nose is brown and has obvious depression. The tone is short.

       Ear: the tip of the ear is slightly round and slightly forward inclined. The distance between the two ears is larger, and there is a certain distance from the round head.

       Eyes: round eyes, slightly convex, expressive. The distance between the eyes is wide, and the color of the eyes is golden yellow or yellow green.

       Body: medium size, slender trunk, strong bones, strong muscles, long neck, round chest, chest depth and width, straight back.

       Limbs: the limbs are slender and in harmony with the body, and the muscle waist is strong and powerful. The feet are tan.

       Toe: round or oval toe, compact, grip strength.

       Tail: long tail, thick base, and tapered tail.

       Coat: the coat is short and dense, and the nap is glossy, smooth and delicate like silk.

       Coat color: Brown and black purple are the most basic coat colors. In addition, there are red, cream, blue, chocolate, purple and other fur colors. Among them, brown sable i