What are the domestic pet turtles? What are the small and medium-sized pet turtles

       The top ten tortoises that are best kept are: Herman tortoise, Burmese elephant turtle, angoloka elephant turtle, radiation tortoise, spider web tortoise, Myanmar star turtle, sukada elephant turtle, leopard tortoise, biscuit tortoise and flat tailed tortoise.

       1. Herman tortoise

       Herman is not big, the adult is only 20-30cm, and weighs about three or four kilograms. Although it is not as tall as the elephant turtle, it is very popular in the tortoise world.

       Herman’s native place is in Europe, and the latitude of survival coincides with that of most parts of China. Therefore, the acclimatization is relatively less, and it is more lively and interactive. Although it is not as sticky as cats and dogs, he will also ask to go out for a walk in his own way. The friends who live at home should remember to prepare excrement shoveling tools, which can be eaten and love sports.

       2. Burmese weevil

       Burmese tortoises are adaptable and like to eat fruits, vegetables and other plants. Burmese tortoise has a fixed habitat. Their habitat is very fixed and rarely changes places.

       3. Leopard turtle

       Among the tortoises, leopard tortoise is the most beautiful. Leopard turtles like to be raised in large spaces at the same time. If you put them in a very small environment, they will lack movement. They are very strong animals, so all the fences should be firmly locked.

       Extended data:

       Matters needing attention:

       1. You can’t put a mouse cage in the sun, or if the tortoise enters the mouse cage and is locked in it, it will be dried into a turtle breast, so it is worth noting.

       2. Check whether there is water leakage inside the incubator every day. If there is nothing in the incubator for turtles to climb out, and if the leakage is exposed to the sun, the turtle will die there, especially in summer.

       3. The other is that there should not be anything around the incubator for turtles to clamp their bodies, so as to prevent them from escaping and dying in the sun in the open air.

       4. Don’t use round glass jar or plastic box for tortoise, which will make tortoise have no sense of direction.

       5. Don’t use red finishing boxes or other feeding boxes, turnover boxes, etc. because Brazilian turtles don’t like red, using red sorting boxes or other feeding boxes and turnover boxes will stimulate Brazil and make them restless in the water.

       It is suggested to raise grass turtles and Brazilian turtles. Although the American Eagle beaked turtle has strong adaptability, it is an alien species and has great harm to local organisms, so it is not recommended to raise them. Other turtles are not easy to raise.

       It should be noted that raising turtles also needs to be very patient. Most of the time, turtles run around for a long time, and turtles need to change water regularly, otherwise it will be very smelly. It is recommended that people who often travel on business should not raise them.

       The top ten tortoises that are best kept are: Herman tortoise, Burmese elephant turtle, angoloka elephant turtle, radiation tortoise, spider web tortoise, Myanmar star turtle, sukada elephant turtle, leopard tortoise, biscuit tortoise and flat tailed tortoise.

       1. Herman tortoise

       Herman is not big, the adult is only 20-30cm, and weighs about three or four kilograms. Although it is not as tall as the elephant turtle, it is very popular in the tortoise world.

       Herman’s native place is in Europe, and the latitude of survival coincides with that of most parts of China. Therefore, the acclimatization is relatively less, and it is more lively and interactive. Although it is not as sticky as cats and dogs, he also asks to go out for a walk in his own way. Friends who live at home should prepare excrement shoveling tools, which can be eaten and love sports. You can have a good time Carve is ready to wipe his ass.

       2. Burmese weevil

       Burmese tortoises are adaptable and like to eat fruits, vegetables and other plants. Burmese tortoise has a fixed habitat. Their habitat is very fixed and rarely changes places.

       3. Leopard turtle

       Among tortoises, leopard tortoise is considered to be of high beauty. Leopard turtles like to be raised in large spaces at the same time. If you put them in a very small environment, they will lack movement. They are very strong animals, so all the fences should be firmly locked.

       The top ten tortoise breeds are: Leopard turtle, radiation tortoise, Herman tortoise, biscuit turtle, yellow leg elephant turtle, Egyptian tortoise, Indian tortoise, four claw tortoise, Argentinian elephant turtle and lotus leaf tortoise.

       1. The leopard turtle (scientific name: Geochelone pardalis), also known as leopard turtle, belongs to the order chelonidae, chelonidae, and reptiles of the genus chelonidae. There are 2 scales on the top of the head, 2 on the back and 1 on the back. Male leopard turtles are larger than female turtles.

       2. Radiation tortoise, also known as radiation tortoise, is a kind of turtle with very beautiful patterns. Anyone who first sees it will be shocked by its gorgeous patterns. In recent years, its popularity in the climbing pet market is very high. Although a large number of imports have been made, the price is still high. Radiation tortoise is one of the rare tortoises in the world,. According to the Guinness World Records, a radiation tortoise was given to the king of the kingdom of East Canada by Captain Cook in 1777. It died in 1965 and lived 188 years.

       3. Herman tortoise is one of the representative species of European tortoise. Its strong physique, lively and cheerful personality, moderate price and medium-sized body shape make it a very qualified entry-level species.

       The top ten tortoises that are best kept include Burmese tortoise, sukada tortoise, leopard turtle, Indian Star turtle, yadabela elephant turtle, red legged tortoise, yellow legged tortoise, Kerman tortoise, radiation tortoise and the last tortoise, most of which are national wild protected animals. Wild tortoise can not be raised by individuals. You can buy tortoise from farms through legal channels To raise.

       1. Burmese tortoise

       It is also known as dragon claw turtle, land turtle, pillow turtle, etc., and its English name is elongated tortoise, which is one of the most common land turtles on the market. China is distributed in Guangxi and Yunnan. Although Myanmar tortoise is often sold in agricultural markets and pet markets in other provinces and cities, most of them are imported from Southeast Asia, and then scattered to different places. In recent years, due to the depletion of resources, almost all Burmese tortoises rely on imports and some vendors.

       2. Sukada turtle

       Also known as the sukada elephant turtle and the sukada tortoise, it is a very active tortoise. The dorsal concha is high, with symmetrical large scales on the top of the head, and the skull is short. The scale bone does not connect with the parietal bone, the frontal bone can not enter the orbit, and the retroorbital bone degenerates or almost disappears; the posterior part of the square bone is usually closed and completely surrounds the stapes; the maxillary jawbone is almost connected with the square yoke, and the maxillary masticatory surface has or does not have a ridge. The dorsal and ventral nails are firmly connected by bone suture through the nail bridge. The limbs are thick and cylindrical. Fingers and phalanges not more than 2-segmented, clawed, without webbed. No odor glands. Plant feeding, can live in a more arid environment.

       3. Star turtle

       It is also the smallest species in the family Geochelone. According to the thickness of the pattern, it can be divided into Indian Star turtle and Sri Lanka star turtle. In the former, the star line is thinner and the thickness of the head and tail is the same; in the latter, the line is thicker and the end will be enlarged. The Chinese character star pattern is a protective color in the country of origin. It is very difficult for the star turtle to be found by predators in the dry grass. Its name is derived from the fact that each scale on its back has a star pattern.

       There are more than 8 lines in a scutellum, but the number is less in the larva, and the same pattern is found in the abdominal carapace. Its clublike feet are typical tortoise limbs, so they spend a lot of time crawling and digging. The normal protrusion of the adult beetle is very obvious, which is slightly different from the general protuberance.

       What kind of turtles are you talking about? There are many sea turtles in Brazil (the most common, the most cultivated, the most destructive to China’s ecological balance, and now there are alien species of Brazil in Chinese waters), yellow throats, map turtles, flame turtles and crocodile turtles.

       Half water turtle has: distance margin, maple leaf, amboo and so on

       The individual tortoise is generally a little larger. The Burmese tortoise grows 35 to 40 cm in size, with star turtle, cherry red leg and so on.

       Generally, turtles eat meat, half turtles omnivorous, turtles vegetarian (vegetable leaves or grass), turtles are larger, turtles are small and medium.

       There are five common species of tortoise, the Brazilian red eared turtle, the crocodile turtle, the grass turtle, the Yellow throated turtle and the pig nose turtle.

       Tortoise is a kind of reptile which is highly dependent on the environment, and its metabolism is slow, and the pace of life is also slow, so the adaptation to the environment is also a long process, many wild turtles even need 3 or 4 years to truly achieve normal growth and reproduction. Its domestication should also be carried out in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. The water temperature, water quality and food should be gradually changed from wild state to artificial state.

       Place the tortoise in a dark and quiet place. If it can be placed in a covered basin or barrel, separate the different groups. For some species of tortoise, they should be put alone. They should be grasped as little as possible. They can rest for a few days to relieve their mental tension.

       Extended data:

       matters needing attention:

       1. Breeding should not be too large, should be size grading, turtles will also eat the weak meat. For example, a large number of turtles should be raised in separate compartments, 30-40 intervals in general, easy to manage and promote growth.

       2. Sometimes the temperature may rise in winter, but you can’t feed the tortoise at this time, because the temperature will drop immediately at night. At this time, the turtle will die because of its low temperature and can’t digest food. Nutrition should be balanced, not just one kind of food. Meat and vegetable collocation, feed frozen food must first thaw, otherwise it will be indigestion.

       3. Change water too often: mainly for aquatic turtles, dirty water can cause a variety of diseases, but changing water too often can cause diseases such as rotten skin. Tap water contains various chemicals, which can cause irritation to turtles.

       4. Raising turtles requires a large space, the density of breeding should not be too crowded, but also pay attention to the size of the tortoise match. Because turtles can also eat the weak, in order to avoid turtle fighting, we should choose the size of the turtle, close to the strength of the turtle into the breeding.

       5. The Brazilian tortoise has the habit of basking in the sun, but it soon basks in the sun. The outdoor turtle box should not be placed in the place with long-term direct sunlight, and necessary shading facilities. If the turtles are reared indoors, an ultraviolet lamp can be installed at a distance of 30cm from the turtle box, and the irradiation time is 15-20 minutes every day. Pay attention to the escape of turtles in the box. It is better to add net cover. In winter, the water temperature drops and hibernate. In summer, the tortoise can be taken out to bask in the sun and recovered at night.

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Chinese grass turtle

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – yellow throat

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – Brazil red eared turtle

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia crocodile turtle

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – pig nose turtle

       There are three kinds of pet turtles.

       They are four eyed spotted turtle, Mexican giant musk turtle and Florida crocodile turtle.

       The Four Eyed spotted turtle is timid. Generally, they like to live in the dark under the water, such as under the stones and at the corner. After repeatedly exposing the nostrils to the surface of the water for breathing, the nostrils were resting at the bottom of the water for about 15-20 minutes.

       From April to the beginning of May every year, when the water temperature is 15 ¡æ, there is a small amount of activity, and when the temperature is about 18 ¡æ, you can see swimming in the water. From June to September, with the increase of temperature, the range of activity of turtles increases. At noon, they like to lie down on the shore and stretch their limbs to bask their nails. After the frost in October, they began to hibernate.

       When the water temperature was 13 ¡æ in November, the turtles went into hibernation and were insensitive to touch, vibration and stimulation. When the water temperature was below 10 ¡æ in January of the following year, the turtle went into deep hibernation without excretion. During hibernation, * retracts into the shell, limbs and tail are not retracted into the shell, lying in the deep water of the pool or under the stone crevices and grass heaps

       In the middle of April of the next year, when the temperature rose to 18 ¡æ, they began to wake up gradually. They often opened their eyes and crawled slightly. A few turtles ate a little. I like to live in the clear streams in mountainous areas. I eat omnivorously. I like warm but not hot climate. I can live in deep water for a long time.

       Four Eyed spotted turtle:

       Giant musk turtle in Mexico:

       Fozhou crocodile turtle:

       Extended data:

       C. S. oceola, a subspecies of C. S. oceola. Florida Peninsula, USA. The neck is protruding and sharp. The head is narrow and the eyes are close to the snout. The protuberance of tail is large. The second and third vertebra shields are almost equal in size.

       The dorsal carapace is long oval, narrow in front and wide in the back, with obvious serration in the back. It is distributed in the Florida Peninsula and occasionally appears in the market. However, it is far less than the model subspecies in quantity, so it is often the target of crocodile turtle breeding enthusiasts. The body color is bright yellow, and the protrusions of head, neck and limbs are very many and sharp.

       Source: Baidu Encyclopedia – pet turtle

       Many people want to raise turtles, because they think they are fun, strong vitality, quiet, and need a small place. Many friends have raised them, but few of them have been raised well. They are bought and raised according to the method of pet dealers. It is a pity that they die soon. This shows that although tortoises have stronger vitality than most pets, they are not as easy to keep as they think Many innocent turtles have been saved from misfortune. Here is my own experience in raising turtles for more than ten years. I hope you can point out some mistakes.

       1. Shopping: pet turtles mainly include Mississippi red eared turtle, yellow throated turtle, Burmese tortoise, crocodile turtle and so on. The most common and the only one I have raised is the Mississippi red eared turtle. It is good-looking in color, moderate in size and easy to raise, so I recommend you to buy this kind of turtle. Yellow throated turtles are big and ugly. They are usually used to cultivate green turtles. Burmese tortoises are rare and have different habits. So if you keep a tortoise in the water, you must ask whether it is a tortoise or a water turtle when you buy a turtle. As for the crocodile turtle, its appearance is more personalized, but this kind of turtle is fierce and has been raised I’ll hurt you later.

       2. Living: it’s very important to build a new home for the turtle when it’s bought. It’s also very important because someone keeps the turtle in a fish tank and drowns. Don’t laugh. It’s true. First of all, the Mississippi red eared turtle is a reptile, not a fish. It needs to absorb oxygen directly from the air, not from the water. Therefore, the new home you prepare for it should consider the convenience of its breathing, which is deeper The fish tank is not suitable, especially when the turtle is full of water. It has to swim very hard to reach the surface of the water and stretch out its head for air exchange. It will drown if it is out of strength for a long time. Moreover, this kind of fish tank is relatively long but narrow, which is not conducive to the movement of tortoise and tortoise. Because its active radius is not large, we can use the round fish tank with the shape of spittoon for raising goldfish The tank port is smaller, which is not conducive to observation and playing with turtles. The small basin is also very good. The glass air collecting tank used in the chemical laboratory is used. The upper and lower openings are the same size, which is very good! Put a stone in the middle of the fish tank, which is for the turtle to bask in the sun and rest. Because the turtle can not always soak in the water, otherwise it will seriously affect the health, and even the turtle shell will rot! The size of the stone should be larger than that of the turtle, accounting for about one sixth of the fish tank area. The height should be slightly higher than that of two turtles. The top should be flat. Of course, water should be added into the tank. The water surface should be slightly lower than the surface of the stone. Because turtles and turtles do not breathe in the water, the water requirement is far lower than the standard of fish culture. As long as the water is not too muddy and stinky, it is OK to put the fish tank In the corner, bathroom and other places too dark, it is best to put in the sun can shine, more quiet place, my home is put on the desk in the study.

       3. Diet: what do turtles eat? Many people buy the “special turtle food” recommended by a pet dealer. When they go back home, they find that turtles don’t like it or even don’t eat it at all. In fact, the so-called “turtle food” is basically a fraud. The profiteer only cares about the life and death of the weak tortoise they just bought. They sell you the garbage that they don’t eat at all. They want you to buy another one as soon as you die Therefore, when buying turtles, do not buy the so-called “turtle food” recommended by unscrupulous merchants. I am not responsible for raising them! The red eared turtle mainly eats meat, such as small fish, shrimp, loach, earthworm, insects, etc. I often give the dead flies as snacks. The newly bought little tortoise and tortoise are generally weak in eating ability and can’t eat live food, so you need to feed it a little bit at this time When feeding it, you should be very patient. Cut the fresh meat into the size of mung bean, clamp it with tweezers, and slowly extend it to the nose of the little turtle. It will smell it carefully before eating it. Sometimes, it will react slowly, so it can’t be anxious. Practice can make perfect. Generally, a total of one cigarette end is enough for one feeding, and three or four times a week should be fed when it is small, so that it can quickly adapt to the ring When the tortoise grows up, it will sleep if it is hungry for a long time. If the turtle is too small, it will not wake up again. When it grows bigger than the matchbox, it will eat by itself. At this time, it can put some small fish and shrimps in the water to let it practice predation. Don’t put too much, otherwise it will bite a lot but don’t eat, so it only needs one day at most The water stinks and stinks. It’s the same with feeding meat. Don’t waste it. You can feed as much as you can, otherwise it will be broken. My tortoise used to hold its head and limbs unable to shrink back. It’s funny. There are several times when I even vomited, which shows how unproductive the tortoise is! If you feed too much, the tortoise will grow too fast. If it grows up, it will not be fun and cute at all, unless you are prepared to eat, ha ha! I have a friend and I bought tortoise, the result is fed too much, less than two years to grow up to the mouth of the bowl, the body patterns are all gone, gray is very ugly, but also issued a wheezing breath, dinosaur like, when that big can eat a basin of loach a week, visible its terror, so when you grow up, you can feed it once a week, you’d better feed some Small fish, this can make its shell long and hard.

       4. Daily life: turtles and turtles will encounter some special physiological phenomena in their growth. If they are not handled properly, they will also have a great impact. Among them, the one that impresses me most is molting.

       Tortoise and snake are close relatives, so they will molt, but unlike snakes, tortoise scales will also fall off!! My tortoise molted when I was about four years old. At that time, there was no digital camera, so I didn’t record this strange appearance. What I want to warn you is that the tortoise should not help it artificially during the molting process. It will take care of it by itself. I just don’t know how to “help” it, which has caused lifelong damage to it. Here I apologize to the poor turtle, and the next one will take care of it If your tortoise has reached the age of molting, congratulations. This shows that the method of raising tortoise in front of you is correct, otherwise it will not live this day. Ha ha!

       http://www.hootoo.cn/read.php?tid=3245

       Most turtles are very tame, any food can be accepted, from the point of view of food, it is easy to keep pets. But tortoise and lizard are the same, need to sunbathe. In addition, the tortoise’s body shape is close to round, its weight is much more than that of its outward opening, and the amount of exercise is also very large. Generally, cages tend to be too narrow, which is more troublesome compared with other reptiles.

       1. Things

       Although it is said that all kinds of food are eaten in Urumqi, it is necessary to pay special attention to the phenomenon of malnutrition caused by feeding cheap food with low nutritional value. Turtles need a lot of calcium and should be fed food containing a lot of calcium. Recently, special feed for tortoise with balanced nutrition has been introduced in the market, which can be eaten safely. In addition, carp feed, dog food is also very appropriate food. Occasionally feeding some fresh food, such as boneless fish, snake meat, mice, will win the turtle’s love. Only feeding fish and meat slices will cause malnutrition, and water-soluble nutrients should be added. What is mentioned above is the food provided to Turtles who often live in the water. For example, tortoises who are not in the water and love plant food are not suitable for artificial feed. Generally, leafy vegetables, Korean vegetables, carrots and other vegetables can be used together with nutrients to feed. We can use the feed of Jiuguan bird to feed.

       2. Cage

       Aquatic turtles can be raised in water tanks and other containers. The actual size of the turtle is larger than it looks, and the amount of exercise is also large, so it needs a larger cage. On average, the sink with a side of 60 cm is still too small, so it’s best to use a storage box for clothes.

       3. Others

       Turtles don’t get ultraviolet radiation, and they can’t use calcium either. Compared with lizards, the facilities to prevent turtles from escaping are relatively simple. As long as the water supply facilities are well done and there is a cool place to rest, it is not easy to have heatstroke, and the way of sunbathing is relatively simple. If the young turtle does not take enough calcium, the shell will become soft; if the vitamin A is not enough, the eyes may turn white. When the above phenomenon occurs, in addition to the problem of vitamin A and calcium deficiency, it may also involve long-term feeding of low nutrition food, lack of ultraviolet radiation and other problems, which may be the wrong feeding method. It is necessary to provide nutritious and balanced food by heart, and to take sunbathing by using sun lamps, so as to completely change the breeding environment.

       Common diseases

       Crustacean diseases of aquatic turtles

       The crustacean of captive aquatic turtles may ulcerate. Although they are all crustacean lesions, due to different symptoms, the types of pathogens are also different. Gram negative bacteria. Gram positive bacteria. The symptoms include crustacean peeling, pigmentation, ulcer, paralysis of four skills, loss of feet and feet, and necrosis of internal organs. Crayfish, snakes, sea maggots and other animals as feed, as well as soil, polluted water, etc., may be the source of infection. Bacteria enter the body through a bruised wound. The patients were treated with medicated bath and given proper antibiotics all over the body. However, all kinds of turtles are allergic to some antibiotics, so special attention should be paid when using them.

       Maybe in the future

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       As a new kind of exotic pet, tortoise is loved by pet lovers. It is gentle in character, not picky about food, easy to raise. However, it should be noted that turtles are active, and the breeding space should not be too narrow. It is best to have a sunbath every day.

       Purchase

       Buying a healthy turtle is an important first step, which will be much more convenient in the future. Before purchasing, it is better to look at some information and pictures of the tortoise to be bought or refer to other people’s turtles, so as to avoid being cheated in the purchase; when purchasing, gently pull the turtle’s limbs, if it retracts or struggles forcefully, it indicates that it is a healthy turtle; then check the tortoise’s * *, and if there is stool pollution, it indicates that there may be a problem with the digestive tract. In addition, we should carefully observe whether it is lively, whether the pace is normal, whether the reaction is sensitive.

       Feeding

       Turtles need a lot of calcium and should be fed food containing a lot of calcium. Can feed some nutrition balanced turtle special feed, occasionally can feed some boneless fish, shrimp and other fresh food. However, only feeding fish and meat slices will cause malnutrition, so water-soluble nutrients should be added, and some vegetables, such as cabbage leaves and carrots, can be used to supplement vitamins.

       Cuisine

       If you don’t often irradiate ultraviolet rays, the tortoise can’t use calcium, and the shell of the young turtle is easy to become soft. Therefore, you can put it outdoors before going to work in the morning, and then move it indoors after work in the evening, so that it can be properly exposed to the sun to enhance physical fitness, but remember to be exposed to the sun in summer. In terms of disease, prevention is still the main way to prevent bacteria from entering the body through the bruised wound. Treatment can be used bath, systemic application of appropriate antibiotics, but some turtles will be allergic to antibiotics, the use of antibiotics to pay special attention.

       http://www.people.com.cn/GB/paper1787/12966/1165491.html

       At the end of autumn and the beginning of winter, the tortoise goes into hibernation, does not eat or drink, and stays quietly. With the Qingming Festival around, the weather gradually turned warm and the tortoise began to eat. At this time, you can prepare some small fish, shrimps or lean meat strips to feed it. When you watch it gobble up, don’t mention how happy you are. It likes to have water environment and bask in the sun on the balcony during the day. The summer sun will do harm to it, so put it in a cool place. You can feed it something every day. It also likes a clean environment and needs to change water every day to keep the water clean. Wish your little turtle healthy growth!!!

       First buy a turtle and tell you how to choose. Take a look. The shape of the turtle should be beautiful, and the geometric patterns on its back should be arranged in order. The shell of the turtle should be flat and oval without any defect. When the tortoise crawls, the pace should be steady, and the abdominal armor should not touch the ground.

       Second touch. Gently touch the tortoise, the shell should be smooth and smooth, no sticky, no edges and corners. When touching, both the * * and limbs should be retracted into the shell immediately. The epidermis should not be too rough.

       Three tries. Put the selected turtles in a glass jar, and then put water. The height of the water is generally 3:1 or 5:1 according to the ratio of water and turtle height. If the tortoise sank to the bottom of the water, put in the food, the tortoise with strong appetite will swallow immediately.

       In fact, tortoise is very tame, any food can be accepted, from the point of view of food, it is very easy to keep pets. But tortoises and lizards alike need to sunbathe. In addition, the tortoise’s body shape is close to round, its weight is much more than that of its outward opening, and the amount of exercise is also very large. Generally, cages tend to be too narrow, which is more troublesome compared with other reptiles.

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