What are the steps of sterilizing cats – how to do the operation

       1. How old can a cat be sterilized?

       Once a cat is sexually mature, it can be considered for sterilization. Generally speaking, 6-8 months old is the best time for sterilizing cats. Early implementation of sterilization surgery, cats recover quickly, the risk of disease is low. Many parents of sterilized cats reported that cats who had been sterilized earlier tended to be pure and quick.

       2. Do cats need serum before sterilization?

       Cats vaccinated on time every year do not need to be injected with serum before sterilization. The protective effect of timely vaccination is enough to protect the cat. Immunized cats injected with serum will destroy the immunity produced by the vaccine in cats, which is very harmful to the health of cats.

       If the cat has not been immunized, the vaccine can be injected one week before sterilization to achieve protection.

       3. Can I have prophylactic injections at the same time on the day of sterilization?

       If there is no time to vaccinate in advance, it is also OK to vaccinate on the day of operation. However, it should be noted that:

       1) We must choose a regular animal hospital and a highly skilled veterinarian

       2) Be sure to choose a vaccine with quality assurance

       The first point is to ensure the success of the operation and exclude all secondary infections caused by the operation. Second, ensure that the vaccine can take effect in time to further ensure the safety of cats.

       At present, most of the stray cats rescued by lucky local cat community rescue project are immunized on the day of sterilization operation. Judging from the current situation, the recovery situation is very good.

       4. How long does it take for a cat to recover after sterilization?

       It only takes a few minutes for male cats and half an hour for female cats to be discharged. Generally, after 1-2 days of recovery, the cat can take care of itself (the male cat can recover on the same day). After 5-7 days of recovery, you can share a good life with the cat.

       Therefore, as the owner, you only need 1-2 days to monitor the whole process of sterilizing the cat. It is a good choice to take the cat for surgery on weekends.

       5. Heard of male cats after surgery will appear urinary tract infection, because the operation did not do a good accident or often occur?

       If we choose a regular animal hospital and a highly skilled veterinarian, normal sterilization will not bring other problems to the health of the cat, and the above problems will not occur. Once again, it is suggested that we should choose a regular animal hospital and a highly skilled veterinarian to sterilize the cat.

       6. My Mimi has given birth to several nests, and now several times a year the oestrus calls very noisy, and does not eat food, the body is very thin. I want to ask if there is any other way, besides sterilization, is there any other way to make it not cry and not hurt the body?

       There is no contraceptive drug specially developed for cats. Sterilization is the best method recommended by veterinarians all over the world.

       It is very wrong to give the cat a human contraceptive. The hormone components in the drug will greatly interfere with the hormone balance in the cat. Taking it often will cause great adverse effects, even tumors.

       In male cats, the scrotum was incised longitudinally and the vas deferens were removed. The operation is very simple and fast, and the postoperative maintenance is also very simple. Unless it is cryptorchidism, it is necessary to find cryptorchidism, pull open the stomach to take out, postoperative care to prevent infection.

       After sterilization, open the abdominal cavity and remove the ovary, fallopian tube and part of the female cat. After the operation, good care must be taken to ensure that there is no infection or damage to the knife edge before the suture is removed. Do not remove the original bandage of the cat without authorization. You can put the self-made surgical suit on the outside to protect it.

       No matter male or female, they must keep warm after operation and stay in the pet hospital to know that the cat wakes up from anesthesia, so as to prevent anesthesia allergy after returning home. After returning home, pay attention to observe the cat, and after urinating, you can rest assured.

       Vaccination should be given before operation or during the vaccination period. The weight should be up to standard. If not in the estrus period, take a bath before operation (because you can’t take a bath one month after the operation)

       character

       Cats like to move alone and freely. In addition to estrus, rarely live together in groups. [1]

       The nature of a cat is not to recognize a particular owner. But when cats are fed in a family

       For a period of time, with the care, training and support of the owner, the lonely habit can also be changed, and eventually establish feelings with the owner. In this process, it will establish a concept of its own territory for the host’s family and its surrounding environment, and will not allow other cats to enter its own territory. Once there is an intruder, it will immediately launch an attack.

       The cat’s jealousy is strong, because it will not only envy the same kind of pet, but also cause the cat’s indignation if the owner shows too much affection to the child. For example, if you hold one of the two cats, the other cat will immediately make a threat, and the cat in your arms will not be outdone and prevent the other cat from approaching its owner.

       Cats have a “cleanliness addiction” and are one of the most hygienic animals. Every time, the cat washes his face several times with his claws; he urinates at a fixed place every time, and covers the feces with soil after defecation. Cats do not have the habit of defecating and urinating anywhere. Therefore, the owner can place a bedpan with bedding (such as sand, sawdust, broken absorbent paper and coal ash residue) at the corner of indoor or feeding cage (larger space), so as to collect all urine and urine, so as to keep the environment clean.

       Love sleeping

       Sleep is an important behavior that animals can not lack. Sleep can relieve the fatigue of body and brain, and prepare strength and energy for the next activity.

       Cute cat sleeping

       Cats sleep about twice as much as humans. But cats don’t sleep as intensively as people do. They sleep several times, so cats can get up at any time of the night. The big headed lion of the cat family sleeps about 20 hours a day.

       Studies have shown that three-quarters of cats’ sleep is fake sleep, or napping. So, it seems that the cat sleeps 16 hours a day, but it only sleeps for 4 hours.

       People have various postures when they sleep, and cats, like humans, also have various postures when they sleep. Cats sleep on their stomach, sit and sometimes sleep on their backs. Cats can also talk in their sleep, which is singing. Cats wake up and open their eyes when they have nightmares.

       Cats are very careful about the choice of sleeping places. In summer, cats can accurately find a ventilated and cool place. In winter, the cat can find a warm place accurately. In addition, the cat also follows the movement of the sun many times to move to sleep. Like a sunflower, it’s always facing the sun.

       Cats always strive for the most comfortable place to sleep. For example, sleeping close to the heater often causes the cat’s tail to be scorched; sometimes the female cat and the kitten will choose a comfortable place to sleep together, but it is easy for the kitten to suffocate and die; sometimes the cat will trample over the furniture and supplies to find a good place to sleep. These cat owners have to pay attention.

       Catching mice is a habit of cats. The mouse was terrified at the sound of the cat. How many mice can a cat catch in a year? According to a report, a cat can catch 150-200 rats a year. What an amazing number! No wonder cats become family pets.

       enjoy being neat and tidy

       Cats love to be clean and hygienic, which increases people’s love. Cats generally don’t defecate everywhere. After defecation, they cover them with sand and smell them with their noses to see if they are covered. Therefore, people can collect cat’s excrement cleanly by setting up bedpan in the house, which is filled with sand or coal ash.

       Cats attach importance to their own health, with the habit of self purification of fur, often use the tongue to lick the body, limbs and other parts of the fur to remove the dirt on the fur, and keep the fur clean and bright. The female cat also helps the kitten lick the fur to catch the lice, showing the precious “maternal love”.

       Cats love bright, dry environments. Unlike mice and rabbits, cats do not want to hide in dark corners during the day. The cats in the house are usually kept on sunny balconies or windowsills.

       Cats are afraid of water, but cats can take a bath, and also love to take a bath, and even can swim. If you have a cat at home, whether it’s a Chinese cat or a foreign cat, you can give it a bath. When the cat takes a bath, it starts to cringe a little, but soon it quiets down and lets you wash it. Over time, and develop the habit of bathing. If you do not give it a bath, loss of appetite, skin itching, showing uncomfortable appearance. After the cat bathes, must use the towel to wipe the wool dry, then basks in the sun, otherwise must blow its wool to dry, lest colds.

       Cats don’t swim in the water automatically. But if you throw it into the water, will you drown it? In fact, it swam to the shore. Its swimming style is also very interesting, the swimming style is “paparazzi style”. Adult cats have been tested several times, and all cats can swim safely to the shore, and the swimming distance is about 0.5 ~ 1 m.

       Cats like people to scratch their mandible [neck] gently with their hands. No matter how strange or unruly cats are, once they scratch their mandibles, they will bow down and tame. However, the cat is afraid to scratch its tail. If it does, there is no one who does not run away immediately, or will attack you with its claws. Please pay attention to this.

       reference material

       Thumb doctor:

       In male cats, the scrotum was incised longitudinally and the vas deferens were removed. The operation is very simple and fast, and the postoperative maintenance is also very simple. Unless it is cryptorchidism, it is necessary to find cryptorchidism, pull open the stomach to take out, postoperative care to prevent infection.

       After sterilization, open the abdominal cavity and remove the ovary, fallopian tube and part of the female cat. After the operation, good care must be taken to ensure that there is no infection or damage to the knife edge before the suture is removed. Do not remove the original bandage of the cat without authorization. You can put the self-made surgical suit on the outside to protect it.

       No matter male or female, they must keep warm after operation and stay in the pet hospital to know that the cat wakes up from anesthesia, so as to prevent anesthesia allergy after returning home. After returning home, pay attention to observe the cat, and after urinating, you can rest assured.

       Vaccination should be given before operation or during the vaccination period. The weight should be up to standard. If not in the estrus period, take a bath before operation (because you can’t take a bath one month after the operation)

       To the pet hospital. Our local male cat’s quotation is basically 200-500, depending on the specific anesthetic. Basically, it is to remove and suture after anesthesia, and some doctors with special skills are basically minimally invasive. If the male cat is invisible, it will be a major operation. Sterilization of female cats is also a major operation, because a cut is needed to remove the penis and ovaries (it seems to be the case). Therefore, the price is relatively high. Hundreds or thousands of them are possible. It’s more expensive to breed cats.

       First of all, sterilized cats should be healthy

       Secondly, in order to ensure safety, it is better to cut off food and water 12 hours in advance before sterilization, so as to avoid vomit caused by anesthetic reaction in cats and cats, which may cause foreign bodies to enter the trachea

       If it is a female cat, the operation should be performed 10-15 days after the cessation of oestrus. Because during estrus, the organs in the body are in a state of hyperemia, and hormones can also cause blood coagulation to slow down

       It is best that the cat has been immunized and within the period of validity of the immunization.

       Complete Handbook of postoperative care

       1. Ventilation is needed in the first summer to prevent heatstroke (almost 100% of them die). In winter, it is necessary to be fully warm. After anesthesia, the thermoregulation ability is very poor, and it needs to be controlled manually

       2. Keep it flat. Don’t block your nose with your neck. In a word, keep your respiratory tract unobstructed

       3. Find something with strong water absorption to prevent urination from wetting the body and gauze

       4. Put your mouth and tongue outside naturally. Don’t put it back

       5. Apply eye drops many times to keep eyes moist and avoid strong light (the same as mydriasis)

       6. Put it on the ground (cushion things) when you go home. Don’t put it high to avoid falling

       7. If the female cat’s operating suit is not suitable, it can be adjusted by itself (such as unable to walk, backward walking, etc.) and can not be taken off

       8. The male cat should lick the wound as little as possible. It doesn’t matter if he licks it occasionally

       9. Don’t eat in a hurry. When the cat is sober (from walking) and takes the initiative to eat, it is normal to not eat for 2 or 3 days

       10. Drink a small amount of water as much as possible. Drink more water and urinate more often, which is conducive to the metabolism of anesthetics. But pay attention not to feed the water quickly and can’t choke. Remember

       This is the most basic care

       Next, I will write about the reaction after the operation. Generally, cats will move when they wake up, and then they will go to sleep. When cats wake up, their eyes will move, they will blink, their breath will accelerate and deepen, and sometimes they will take deep breath. This is the manifestation before waking up. Most of them have no abnormal performance after waking up.

       Some cats are very fat and wake up full. After waking up, they don’t like to move or wake up for a long time. This is normal. Because anesthetics are close to the limbs, the more fat they are, the slower the metabolism of anesthetics is

       Some cats wake up howling, ferocious, not necessarily pain performance, but some of the hallucinations not awake, regardless of him. For the sake of safety, when the cat is awake, people should touch him less to avoid biting and scratching. In the meantime, pay attention not to let the cat fall and bruise. It will be over soon

       Postoperative fever is normal, generally about 1 day, more than 2 days, is the normal reaction of the operation, if there is a long time of fever is not normal

       After the operation, the stool will be abnormal, and one or two days will not be defecated. The reason is that the stomach and intestines are slow after the operation, and there is no need to defecate for 3 days after eating. In * *, it is usually about 1 / 4 of a bottle, which will be normal in the future

       Generally, there will be protuberances under the wound when the suture is removed. It is hard and the scar left by the suture of abdominal wall muscle layer is normal. It will disappear by itself. There is no problem. The fatter the cat bag is, the bigger the bag is. If the bag is soft, it is abnormal. This bag can be deliberately reduced or not during the operation, but I think that is not a good thing After all, the suture should be firm first. When the cat moves, the muscle layer of the abdominal wall has the greatest tension, so it is not harmful to sew firmly

       There is also the problem of the size of the female cat’s knife. Generally, there should be about 3 stitches. My favorite one is two needles and one needle. In fact, the size of the knife edge has nothing to do with healing and pain. (of course, it doesn’t count if it’s too big). The operation of female cat needs to go deep into the abdominal cavity with a finger. I can’t reach the blade of a needle. Moreover, the knife edge is based on the principle of smooth operation, so there is no need to pursue a small knife To be honest, the operation is good or bad in the stomach. You can’t see the operation in Beijing. I haven’t investigated it in other places

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *