To raise silkworms, you need to prepare:
(1) breeding cage
The best breeding cage was 1 male, 4 female, 5 single cage groups, with 1 cage per cage. The cage was 50 cm long, 35-40 cm wide and 35 cm high. A passage with a width of 10 cm and a height of 15 cm was set up under the rear of a group of cages for male rats to enter and exit during mating.
Each cage has a round hole with a diameter of 7-8 cm, which is connected with the mating channel, so that the male and female can freely enter the female cage when the male and the female are in the same position. A sand bath box is placed between the two cages.
(2) hay box
It can be made of iron sheet and wire mesh.
(3) drinking bottle
It is suitable to use 150-200ml small bottles, with rubber stopper dropper.
(4) sand bath box
The hairy mouse should take a sand bath once or twice a day. Sand bath has a certain effect on the growth and cleaning of plush, so it is necessary to have equipment. Placed on the side of the cage, can be placed in the cage.
Sand used in sand bath can be ordinary yellow sand or white sand, but it must be disinfected before use. First, sieve the sand to remove dust and large particles, take the middle fine sand, soak and wash it with boiling water, then dry or dry it out, and then add 1% – 2% talc powder to mix and set aside.
(5) cork block
The soft wood block or pumice stone (Jiangshi powder) should be placed in the cage for the hairy mouse to gnaw their molars. The cork block should not be too large and its shape is not limited. However, it should be noted that it does not have the smell of pine oil or camphor wood.
(6) stool tray
It is specially used for collecting excrement and urine, and the size depends on the size of the cage.
Built in a high-rise, sunny dry non downtown. The windows should be smaller, and the north and south windows should not be opposite to each other to prevent air convection. In winter, there should be heating equipment, preferably water heating or steam heating. The indoor temperature should be kept between 10 and 20 ¡æ throughout the year. Too low or too high is not conducive to the life of hairy mice.
It is suitable to raise 100 breeding rats in an area of 20 m2. The cage can be stacked 3-5 layers. The front window of the room should be installed with green curtain. The floor should be kept away from moisture and cool. One 40 Watt fluorescent lamp should be installed every 10 m2.
The shed should be built in the place with leeward and sunny, high and dry terrain and good drainage. It is cold in winter in northern China, and it is usually reared indoors. Generally, the combined iron wire cage (galvanized iron wire cage is preferred), the volume of each cage is 50cm ¡Á 45cm ¡Á 10cm, or 60cm ¡Á 30cm ¡Á 30cm, and the diameter of cage channel is 13cm ¡Á 13cm.
The mesh of wire cage is 2.4cm ¡Á 1.2cm. If the structure of bamboo and wood is used, the cage is easy to be gnawed. The male and female should be kept separately during the non estrous breeding period. In addition to the feeding trough, drinking water pipe and springboard, a movable wooden litter box with the size of 30cm ¡Á 25cm ¡Á 20cm should be placed in the cage before the female pregnant and giving birth.
In addition, a sand table (made of wood or iron sheet) is placed in the cage. The size of the sand table is 30cm ¡Á 15cm ¡Á 8cm. It contains 4cm thick dry and clean fine sand. It is better to put a small amount of talcum powder. In addition, some small sticks can be put into the cage for rats to grind their teeth.
It is very important to strengthen sanitation and epidemic prevention. First of all, the air and water should be fresh and hygienic. Second, it is not allowed to contact with other animals or polyculture. Third, pay attention to prevent rats from entering the feeding room and feed room. Disease prevention and treatment.
Source: Baidu Encyclopedia — Plush mouse
Let me answer them one by one
1¡¢ Things to prepare
Cage: if you have one, you can buy a three-layer standard cage, which is suitable for a chinchilla. Moreover, the price is relatively reasonable, about 150 yuan. If you have economic conditions, you can also buy the very popular F12, F22 cages, and there are many F12, 450, f2550 cages. If you have economic conditions, you can buy a double deck villa, about 750. In the future, it is also convenient to raise two
Chinchilla’s Nest: Wooden in winter and porcelain in summer
Food basin, if necessary, you can buy a straw rack, staple food and grass open
Kettle, this is indispensable
Toilet. Generally buy Alex triangle toilet. If you don’t want to wash the toilet every day, buy some sawdust pad in the toilet, so you can change it every 2-3 days
Bathroom, of course, with a bath, you also need to buy bath sand
Springboard, this is indispensable in the cage, chinchilla is a jumping animal, without springboard, they will be very boring
If you bite wood, you can buy molars
Others according to personal preferences, add some small furniture, gadgets
2¡¢ Cage with good cost performance
Generally speaking, F12 and F22 are the best ones in the market. They are quiet and spacious. If you want to buy a standard cage, Alex’s is good. Now there is a standard cage with drawers. It’s convenient to clean
3¡¢ Chinchilla food
Good chinchilla food is naturally the United States Fengdan. There are many people around Mazuri, the evaluation is also good
4¡¢ The choice of cat DD and MM
If you are only going to raise one child, you are advised to choose a younger brother, because when he grows up, he is more gentle than his sister, and he is less likely to be petulant to his parents. Of course, my younger brother has a certain chance to have hair biting symptoms due to loneliness and dissatisfaction in adolescence. But first of all, it is not a “certain biting”, and biting is not a common phenomenon. Since you only have one child, you must take good care of the child and prevent him from being lonely. With the company and comfort of IKEA mice, you can avoid the problem of biting hair Question. If you don’t want to have a baby or a couple, you’d better choose a younger brother first, because chinchilla is a natural “matrilineal clan”. Under normal circumstances, all the girls of chinchilla are in the upper hand of “family life”. Although there are cases of sadistic love in which a younger brother bites his sister on the way to get sexual excitement, he is more likely to be beaten and scratched by his wife in daily life In this respect, longmao’s younger brother Ben is a typical 24 filial husband. First of all, when the younger brother grows up, it’s best to marry him a “child adopted daughter-in-law” wife. First of all, the little sister’s sense of female supremacy has not yet fully awakened, so she is familiar with her younger brother in her childhood, so that she can’t get angry and roar; secondly, the younger sister is a newcomer, and the younger brother is the “villain” in the family, and the younger sister should be a girl When the younger brother smelled his sister’s urine, he would find that the other side was a girl. When the younger brother fully realized that the parents would not neglect themselves and eliminate the jealousy, he would take good care of and flatter the “dragon cat Sister” from the sky. The love process between the two sides would be very easy and smooth ¡£ However, it’s better not to marry an adult daughter-in-law with the same age, so that the adult daughter-in-law will not be forced to enter the house. If you take a younger sister first, and when she grows up, you can find a little husband for the elder sister. However, it is very small for the eldest sister to raise her younger brother as a baby, but it is very small because of her female power, the sense of being a local villain, and her fat adult physique But it is easy to bully the younger brother to have no strength to fight back; to find a balanced adult husband for the big sister, the husband can beat his wife, but it takes a long time to stop fighting, and it takes a longer time for love to break in, which makes parents very upset. Of course, if you have a “love at first sight” baby chinchilla, then don’t care whether TA is a younger brother or a younger sister. Hold him home for the first time and say again ~ ha ha, fate is the most important!
4¡¢ Attention points
Don’t feed him anything at all. He should only eat fixed food and grass every day. He can occasionally buy some professional snacks and a small amount of apples. His intestines and stomach are very fragile. If he has diarrhea, it is very troublesome. He should have lactobacillus tablets without cocoa powder at home. He should take one tablet a week when he has diarrhea, Don’t let chinchilla catch a cold. It’s terrible because there is no anti cold gene in his gene. If you have a cold, you’d better send him to the pet hospital immediately. Don’t put him in the place where the wind blows. If the owner catches a cold, stay away from your cat. It’s not easy to catch a cold, So they feel safe
That’s it. I hope it can help you
1. Summer is a sad season for chinchilla. Because chinchilla has thick fur, it is better to turn on the air conditioner at home to reduce the indoor temperature when the weather is muggy in summer.
2. The cage should be placed in a cool and airy place, but not at the air outlet. If the chinchilla has been directly blown by the wind, it will catch a cold.
3. Usually can use a small amount of snacks to please chinchilla, close to it; but do not feed more, such as raisins, feed 1 to 2 pieces a day. If you feed more snacks, it will not only make the chinchilla picky and avoid staple food, which will lead to long-term malnutrition, but also cause indigestion and diarrhea.
4. The cage should be placed in a quiet place. If the surrounding environment is noisy, chinchilla will not rest well because of tension.
5. When chinchilla first arrives at a new home, the owner should not rush to release it from the cage. He should first let him stay in the cage for a period of time to familiarize himself with the new environment and the new owner, and then let him play for a while. The time control can be shortened, and the space for playing can also be small.
6. Usually, when the owner is free, he can call the name of chinchilla gently beside the cage and talk to it. In this way, the chinchilla can remember its name and its owner’s voice. It should be noted that we must say it kindly and not scold it loudly, otherwise the chinchilla will only be afraid of you and will not be close to you.
First you need a chinchilla cage, grain, alfalfa, Timothy. Also need a porcelain nest (for summer use), wood nest (for winter), kettle, rice bowl, shavings, bath box, bath sand, these are necessary. You can also provide some apple sticks. If possible, prepare a toilet with wooden pedals.
Chinchilla is a very cute pet. Basically do not have attack power, encounter the enemy only escape and pee at the enemy.
Moreover, chinchilla is very docile and lively. It likes to jump around, be active and full of curiosity. It sniffs every new thing first, and then bites to study it. Chinchilla belongs to plateau animals and is not easy to get sick. Chinchilla is very clean and has no parasites. Chinchilla can take a bath with sand, and can spend the weekend by itself without worrying about taking care of it. As a single vegetarian animal, chinchilla’s feces are oval, dry and granular, and have no taste, so there is no problem in raising them indoors. Chinchillas are soft and don’t shed as much hair as dogs and cats. If you want to raise chinchillas, it is recommended to start feeding the kittens after weaning at the age of 2-3 months, so that the chinchilla is most likely to reach a tacit understanding and closeness with its owner. But even if you start raising adult chinchillas midway, they can also respond to the care of their owners. Chinchilla doesn’t know only one owner and listen to one owner all his life, but it often “chooses” one of the most intimate and dependent owners among its own loving masters.
The fatal mistake of raising chinchillas
1: Almost all people feed chinchillas on a daily basis, but this is too lethal for chinchillas. The evolution of the chinchilla system now is to digest the environment of the wild for a long time. You know, in the wild, nature doesn’t favor such a nutritious meal. In this way, it is slowly destroying the digestive system of chinchilla.
2: Staple food, in China, it seems that Mazuri is the best grain. In foreign countries, the best food is natural food made by small organizations. The second is Li Bao, the main food of Aibao is quite good, and the last is Mazuri. Mazuri is rich in nutrition, but it is a little too rich for chinchilla. Mazuri can only be said to be the best commercial grain. If you are a lazy person, Mazuri is a better choice.
The fatter the chinchilla, the better. Fat is lovely, but this is exactly the fatal problem of the late chinchilla. The best weight for adult chinchillas should be between 500 and 700 grams.
In fact, chinchilla is not as delicate as expected. The daily nutrition intake of chinchilla from the staple food is enough. So we feed Timothy every day to keep their original digestive system. Just like people, people will be accompanied by a variety of diseases in their old age when they are fat, so is the chinchilla. No matter at home or abroad, we should try our best to create the living environment of chinchilla in the wild, instead of changing it artificially. There are almost no chinchillas in the wild now. I just hope that through our efforts, we can see these little creatures again in the wild.
Finally, I would like to say that we should not make money from chinchilla. Chinchilla has been abandoned in evolution. We hunt and kill a large number of them. No matter from any point of view, we should no longer satisfy us in these small creatures.
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Genealogy of chinchilla
Standard grey + standard grey = 100% standard grey
Standard grey + Beige = 50% Beige + 50% standard grey
Gold + standard grey = 100% beige
Silver spot / silver white / pure white + standard grey = 50% silver spot / silver white / pure white + 50% standard grey
Pink + standard grey = 25% Beige + 25% pink + 25% standard grey + 25% white
Velvet black + standard grey = 50% velvet black + 50% standard grey
Velvet coffee + standard grey = 25% Beige + 25% velvet coffee + 25% standard grey + 25% velvet black
Two standard grey with purple grey gene = 50% standard grey with purple grey gene + 25% standard grey + 25% purple grey
Purple grey + standard grey = 100% standard grey carrying purple grey gene
Chocolate + Logo
There are many chances. Bear black, medium coffee, dark coffee, dark black, light coffee, light black, chocolate, logo, pure black, beige
Logo + pure black = bear black, dark black, light black, pure black, logo
Picture of chinchilla
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The color of chinchilla can be roughly divided into:
Standard grey, gold, golden spot, velvet black, pure black, light black, all black, velvet coffee, silver spot, silver white, pink white, pure white, pure coffee, purple gray, gray blue, purple coffee.
Sort by market price:
Black chinchilla is the most expensive, with a maximum of over 10000 yuan. The standard ash accounts for nearly 90% of the chinchilla family, so the price is the cheapest. The Dutch variety of surface ash costs 500-600 yuan
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Various diseases of chinchilla