What is the most ugly department in the world? I think many doctors will say that it is the most difficult to see a child. Because children don’t have the ability to act or even express themselves well, it’s difficult to describe exactly what’s wrong when they are uncomfortable. Therefore, it is not easy to be a pediatrician. After all, there is no such step as interrogation. We can only judge the condition by experience and examination results.
As with treating children, it is very difficult to treat pets. Cats can’t talk. Most of the time, even if they don’t feel well, they just hide and lick their fur. Therefore, for families with domestic cats, in order to prevent the pet from getting sick and the owner does not know the occurrence of this situation, we should observe the cat more often.
When cats have these symptoms, they may be sick. Don’t delay!
First: observe the mental state of cats
In fact, whether the cat is sick or not is very easy to observe. If the cat can eat, drink, jump, and be very active, then the cat must be OK. If the cat begins to wilt, sleepy and unresponsive to its owner’s call, then even if it is not seriously ill, it is likely that something is wrong with the cat. Therefore, owners can take time to observe the cat every day. If they find that the cat’s mental state is not good, they should carefully check and check to see where the cat is uncomfortable, so as to find out and treat the cat as soon as possible.
Second: look at diet and feces
Under normal circumstances, a cat’s daily food is relatively fixed. If you suddenly find that the cat’s appetite decreases or even refuses to eat, then the cat is definitely not comfortable. In addition, when shoveling excrement, you can also observe the cat’s feces. The feces of healthy cats are hard and hard. If you find soft stool or loose stool, the owner should pay attention to it.
Third: check the hair / skin / teeth and other parts
As a qualified excrement removal officer, it is necessary to check the cat’s body regularly. For example, you can often hold the cat to play, by the way, check whether the cat’s ears are clean, whether there are cat ringworm on the body, or open the mouth to see if there are ulcers and so on.
Most cats are still very healthy, so as long as the owners care, it is not easy to get sick. However, as a excrement removal officer, observing the health status of his kittens is also responsible for his pet. If problems are found and solved as soon as possible, the kittens will be free from pain.
The common diseases, symptoms and treatments of cats are as follows:
£¨1£© Pasteurellosis (hemorrhagic septicemia)
pathogeny. Pasteurella. It is caused by respiratory tract infection. symptom. When the body temperature rises to above 40 ¡æ, anorexia or no eating, shortness of breath, water flowing from the mouth, diarrhea, eye closure, long-term lying down, body temperature falling below 37.5 ¡æ before death, shaking, paralysis or “pulling wind” phenomenon, the course of disease is 12 hours to 5 days. Autopsy. There are small bleeding spots in serous membrane and mucous membrane of the whole body, small bleeding points in auricle and heart, pulmonary congestion and edema, sometimes pericardium and pleura adhesion. treatment. Any of the following prescriptions can be used. (1) (2) oral administration of sulfamethazine (0.05-0.05) per kilogram of body weight per time, 1 g, 3 times a day for 3-5 days, and then take a course of treatment after 2 days of discontinuation. (3) oral administration of Sanhuang powder: 5g of Coptis, 5g of Scutellaria baicalensis, 3G of Cortex Phellodendri, 6G of forsythia, 9g of dandelion, and perfusion of decoction water for 3 times.
£¨2£© Paratyphoid disease
pathogeny. Salmonella. The disease was mainly caused by digestive tract infection. The pathogen was Gram-negative and the target was kittens. symptom. When the body temperature rises to above normal temperature, food loss, diarrhea, fecal stench, dyspnea, sometimes cough and unsteady walking. Cut it out. Lymphadenectasis, renal cortex, pericardium with small bleeding points, intestinal mucosal necrosis, intestinal wall hypertrophy, small pulmonary caseous lesions. treatment. One of the following prescriptions can be selected: (1) oral administration of chloramphenicol tablets, 0.04 “– ‘0.06 g / kg body weight, 2-3 times a day for 2-4 days I (2) oral administration of oxytetracycline, 0.02-0.03 g / kg body weight each time, 3 times a day; 1 (3) oral Administration of Sanhuang powder, plus 9 g of Portulaca oleracea; I (4) oral administration of garlic juice (a piece of mashed juice), three times a day for a week.
Pathogen: Yersinia pestis, gram negative. The main source of infection is rodents and the vector is fleas. Symptoms I sudden chills, chills, followed by high fever, walking unsteadily, slow reaction. Papules or blisters (containing a large amount of Yersinia pestis in the blister fluid, which can be confirmed by microscopic examination), swelling and tenderness of inguinal lymph nodes. The body temperature of most cats began to drop after 7 days, and the general condition improved. If it belongs to heart failure plague or pulmonary plague, the disease is dangerous and should be rescued in time. treatment. Any of the following prescriptions can be used. (1) (2) the effective treatment for severe cases is early medication, intramuscular injection of streptomycin, 10 mg / kg body weight, twice a day, continuous injection for 3-5 days. I (3) intramuscular injection of chloramphenicol, 0.01-0.02 g / kg body weight, twice a day (or oral administration of chloramphenicol tablets, per kg body weight, each time, twice a day) (4) take sulfadiazine tablets orally, 0.05 “- 0.1 g per kg body weight, 3 times a day for 5 days.
The pathogen is rabies virus, which belongs to clavivirus. The virus can be transmitted through wounds and can occur all the year round, but the obvious season of the disease in Western Sichuan is the flowering period of rape from February to March. Symptoms: according to the onset process of sick cats, it can be divided into incubation period (depression period, about 10 days and half a year), onset period (exciting period or violent period) and paralysis period (death period). In the incubation period, abnormal behavior, restlessness, sometimes standing staring, salivating, encountering stimulation such as sound or touch; often panic or jump. Cat’s violent period is particularly obvious, abnormal barking, irritable, regardless of the breeder, raw human, poultry or all things, often take the initiative to attack, especially the same kind of animals, bite each other. When the waiting period is over, the sick cat is in a paralytic stage, extremely emaciated and swaying. Soon, the hind limbs or limbs are paralyzed or die of exhaustion. The whole course of disease is 3-6 days short and 6-8 days long. In some cases, it can be extended to more than Lo days. If the cat’s behavior is suddenly abnormal in the obvious season of the disease, and some of the above symptoms appear, it should be considered as the disease first, and decisive measures such as hunting and killing should be taken immediately. Autopsy. The common diseases were cerebral and spinal cord hemorrhage, vasodilation, congestion or erosion of oral and throat mucosa, and congestion or hemorrhage of gastrointestinal mucosa. At present, there is no specific drug to cure the disease, but the following Chinese medicine can be used for trial treatment. Raw Sanguisorba Sanguisorba 9g, Codonopsis pilosula 3G, Duhuo 3G, Qianhu 3G, Poria cocos 3, Chaihu 3G, Platycodon grandiflorum 3 G, Fructus aurantii 3 G, Ligusticum chuanxiong 3 G, ginger 3 G, fresh asparagus root 30 g, licorice 3 G, a bowl of boiling water, divided into 3 times orally, 2 times a day.
This disease is a protozoan disease which is common to human and other mammals. The pathogen is Toxoplasma gondii, and its sexual development stage is feline. Cats are the terminal hosts of the disease. +Symptoms t fever, loss of appetite or food cessation, diarrhea, constipation alternately occur, bowl surface lymph node swelling, dyspnea, unsteady pace, severe cases of late body temperature dropped sharply and died. For young cats, hepatitis, myocarditis, myositis, pneumonia, meningitis, dysentery, vomiting and lymphadenopathy may occur. Cutting examination: lymph node enlargement, pulmonary edema with small nodules and necrotic foci, * enlargement, granulomatous changes in liver, spleen and heart, intestinal ulcer and cellulitis. treatment. Any of the following prescriptions can be used. (1) (2) injection of sulfadiazine, 0.014 g / kg body weight, twice a day, for 2-3 days; (3) to prevent bacterial complications, penicillin can be intramuscularly injected with 10000-20000 units per kg body weight, 2-3 times a day for 2-3 days. At ordinary times, pay attention to drinking water and environmental sanitation, strictly prohibit feeding raw meat to cats.
pathogeny. It is a genus of Aspergillus, which widely exists in nature. The spores of Aspergillus can be infected by respiratory tract or digestive tract, and the mortality rate can be more than 50%. symptom. Performance dyspnea, asthma and rapid breathing, mental fatigue, thirst increased, body weight loss, later diarrhea. Some eye inflammation, eye and nasal mucosa with serous secretion. There is no change in body temperature. Autopsy: individual nodules can be found in the trachea of the sick cat. The most severe nodules are miliary or melting. Larger nodules are distributed on the serous membrane of the lung and abdominal cavity. Some of them cause pulmonary hepatopathy and diffuse pneumonia. treatment. The main way to prevent the disease is to improve the site, feed, drinking water, houses, sleeping quarters and other conditions. At present, there is no specific drug treatment for this disease. It is reported that nystatin has a certain curative effect. Each adult cat is given 5 ¡Þ 00 units each time, twice a day, for 2 days. Chinese medicine can also be used to treat t Houttuynia cordata 6 g, dandelion 3 G, Jin Gu Cao 3 G, Platycodon grandiflorum 3 G, conch 3 G, decoction water 3 times.
pathogeny. According to the nature of occurrence, there are primary and secondary causes. Gastroenteritis of cats is mostly primary, mainly due to improper feeding, poor feed varieties, poor feeding methods, there are foreign bodies in the feed, eating too much hard to digest feed, or eating moldy and rotten food. symptom. Eat slowly or stop eating, mental depression, conjunctival congestion, oral mucosa sometimes yellow white or bluish white, like drinking water. After the symptoms of enteritis gradually obvious, abdominal palpation has pain, and often has a cry. When the condition is aggravating, the tongue thickens, vomit or vomit, and begins constipation, then diarrhea. The feces contain undigested food, mucus, mucous membrane, blood and foam, and have bad odor. If the cat’s body is not thin and weak before the disease, the coat color is not coarse and disorderly, and the body temperature does not rise when the disease occurs, it should be suspected as the disease. One of the following prescriptions can be used: (1) chloral hydrate 0.5-2g, dissolved with appropriate amount of clean cold water, once poured into the rectum; (2) oral ichthyolide, 0.1-0.2g each time; I, furazolidone, 0.02-0.04g, twice a day; and (3) sulfaguanidine, per kilogram body Weight 0.1-0.2g each time for 2-4 days, double the first dose, (4) mash garlic juice, add appropriate amount of water once, twice a day, (5) orally take Chinese medicine ginger, tangerine peel, Aucklandia, pinellia, Poria cocos, Amomum villosum each 3 grams, add water to boil juice, two times by gavage, good for vomiting
£¨8£© Feline infectious enteritis
pathogeny. Viruses. This disease is a highly contagious viral disease. The incubation period of natural contact is generally less than 6 days. It mainly occurs in cats under one year old. It is characterized by fever, cytopenia, vomiting and diarrhea, with a high mortality rate. Symptoms: mental fatigue, lack of appetite. The temperature began to rise above 40 ¡æ and returned to normal after one and a half to two days. At this time, the patient’s condition worsened, the spirit became more sluggish, the hair was rough and disordered, vomiting and bloody diarrhea were common, there was a large amount of purulent secretion in the eyes and nose, the head and front claws were close to the abdomen, and they were indifferent to the people and the surrounding environment. Sick cats often die soon after their body temperature reaches the peak for the second time, or return to health after the body temperature drops again. treatment. There is no effective drug to cure this disease. The more effective prevention measures are: strictly isolate the sick cats, thoroughly disinfect the equipment in the field, and inject immune serum as soon as possible to the cats who have not shown symptoms in the disease group, and inject 1 ml each time for each pound (about 400 g) body weight. The new cats were vaccinated for two weeks before they were put into the contaminated houses. (the immune serum can be obtained from the blood of convalescent cats, and can also be purchased from veterinary biopharmaceutical factories).
Etiology s this disease often occurs in young cats, mostly due to cold and secondary to the disease I also often have bacterial infection. Pneumonia can also be caused by drastic changes in temperature, dark and humid buildings, poor ventilation or long-distance airtight trafficking. symptom. Sick cats often appear mental depression, first sneezing, runny nose, and then the disease worsened, body temperature increased to more than 40 C_ Dyspnea, rapid and weak pulse, pale mucosa, disordered and burnt hair, paroxysmal cough. If the acute cases are not treated in time, they will die soon. One of the following prescriptions can be used for treatment: (1) intramuscular injection of 10% sulfathiazole for adult cats and 1-2 ml for kittens; (2) penicillin intramuscularly for 10000 “- 20000 units per kg body weight, 2-3 times a day; (3) oral tetracycline or oxytetracycline, 0.1-0.2g per kg body weight, twice a day; (4) intramuscular injection of streptomycin,. (5) Chinese medicine: Honeysuckle 12 g, clematis root 9 g, Houttuynia 15 g, decoction water 3 times orally.
£¨10£© Spongiform disease
pathogeny. The cause of the disease is not clear. Cats often occur in winter and spring, easy to secondary to other diseases, high mortality, people in Southwest China known as “fanmian.”. symptom. Frequent vomit dirty, often retch, sometimes spit excellent white and sticky bubble like liquid. treatment. This disease has not seen more reports, can try the following Chinese medicine treatment: Astragalus membranaceus 9 g, perilla 3 G, Acorus calamus 3 G, ginger 3 tablets, Fangfeng 3 G, Poria cocos 6 g, Amomum villosum 3 G, FA Xia 3 G, tangerine peel 3 G, hawthorn 6 g, vegetable Fu Zi 6 g, raw ochre 12 g, Zhuru 6 g, Glycyrrhiza 3 G, fried and perfused, 3 times a day.
£¨11£© Cold (cold)
Etiology: often due to severe cold or climate change (sudden cold and sudden heat) and occur. If not treated in time and strengthen nursing, it is very easy to secondary pneumonia or hemorrhagic septicemia. Symptoms: listlessness, elevated body temperature, loss of appetite, mild dyspnea, runny nose, sneezing and sometimes coughing. treatment. One of the following prescriptions can be selected: (1) intramuscular injection of compound quinine solution for adult cats, 1-2 ml each time, twice a day; I (2) oral administration of compound aspirin, 0.1-0.3 g for adult cats, 2-3 times a day; (3) oral administration of Sangju Ganmao tablets or Yinqiao Jiedu tablets, 1-3 tablets for adult cats, 3 times a day for adult cats; (4) single prescription: 1 root of fresh onion, 2 tablets of ginger, 15g of red granulated sugar, washed with fresh water Soak and warm hot liquid was administered three times. If the body temperature does not drop and there are systemic symptoms, antibiotics or sulfonamides can be used for treatment (see the dosage before).
£¨12£© Hepatic leech disease
pathogeny. Fasciola hepatica. Along with the blood line, it enters into the main parasitic bile duct through the portal vein. symptom. Visible mucous membrane is pale, anaemic emaciated, do not like to run jump. The hair is rough and random, and easy to fall off, especially in the chest and body side. Gradually, digestion and scratching disorder, loss of appetite, diarrhea and constipation alternate. Sometimes the temperature rises. The disease continues to develop and is likely to cause death. On autopsy, the swelling of the bile duct was seen, and the worm could be found by cutting the bile duct. Treatment: any of the following prescriptions can be used: (1) oral administration of thiodichlorophenol tablets (also known as Betin), 0.ci5-0.1g/kg body weight each time; (2) oral administration of hexachloroethane (also known as trematode), 0.1-0.2g/kg body weight each time. The thin and weak cats were divided into two groups, with an interval of 2-3 days. Before and after treatment, avoid feeding rich protein and easy to ferment food, in order to prevent swelling after medication.
£¨13£© Guinea worm disease
Pathogen: dracunculiasis medinalis. It is a zoonotic infectious disease, which is rarely recorded in veterinary literature. It has occurred in some areas of China in recent years. symptom. The hair is rough and lusterless, depressed in spirit, poor in diet, emaciated, not fond of catching rats, easy to be frightened, and sometimes calls frequently. The temperature is normal. Some of them did not have urticaria, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspnea and other symptoms, which is not exactly the same as the literature. At the time of diagnosis, a long nylon thread like cylinder with a diameter of about 2 mm can be felt in the posterior costal region of the elbow process and the anterior femur of the left and right sides of the forelimb (usually in the left thigh). It is curly and feels sliding. It can transfer its position under the skin, and the worm can be found immediately after incision. treatment. There is no need to take medicine. The main treatment is to take out the insect body according to the routine surgery. On the first day after operation, the affected cat may have muscle tremor, like to lie still and lose appetite. After the second day, the above symptoms gradually disappeared. Six days later, the wound healed and the spirit and diet began to return to normal. be careful. (1) After the wound healed, the other parts of the body were removed by a second operation. The cat had strong resistance, and no medicine was needed if the wound was not infected.
pathogeny. It is scabies (also known as mites), there are scabies and itch mites. Mites live by sucking on dandruff, * * and lymph. Symptoms: itch mite parasitized in the external auditory canal, lesions often go deep into the middle and inner ears and meninges. Cats often shake their heads and scratch their ears. Sarcoptes scabies mostly parasitic on the cat’s face, nose, ears and neck, which can thicken the skin, produce chapped and yellowish brown skin, and often cause the cat to die. Treatment; cats are sensitive to all kinds of drugs, especially for toxic external use. There are many prescriptions for the treatment of this disease. Here we only introduce a safe and simple treatment: 8 g quicklime, 12 g sulfur and 100 ml water. First, pour water into lime, stir it into porridge, then add sulfur, mix and stir, and then slowly pour it into water, heat and stir at the same time, cook for 1-2 hours until it turns amber (red and yellow), cool in the air, take the clarified liquid and rub it on the affected part every 3 days. Wipe 3 ~ 4 times after the skin may be dry crack, at this time you can wipe some edible vegetable oil, such treatment 7 ~ 8 times can be cured. (note. It is forbidden to use carbonic acid, which may cause death if the cat licks it.
£¨15£© Poisoning of rodenticide “Antuo”
pathogeny. It has no toxicity to rabbits and chickens, but can cause poisoning to cats, dogs and other domestic animals due to ingestion of poison bait. Domestic cats are usually poisoned by predation of poisoned mice. symptom. A sudden drop in temperature and difficulty in breathing. Secondly, pulmonary edema and pleurisy, sometimes strange calls, easily mistaken for rabies. Autopsy: the lung was dark red, with significant edema and bleeding spots of different sizes. The pleural cavity had clear fluid, pericardium had mild edema and most bleeding spots. There are bleeding spots on the surface of the kidney. The liver is dark red, slightly swollen. The spleen is dark red with bleeding spots. Any of the following treatments can be used. (1) First give emetic to eliminate poison (can try Veratrum or Apocynum injection. 1% potassium permanganate solution, 20 ml every 4 hours, or gastric lavage with this medicine. I (2) when the heart is weak, intramuscular injection of 0.05 “- 0.1g (25% concentration, generally 0.2” – 0.4ml each time) can be used to strengthen the heart and diuresis, (3) dyspnea, the body For patients with elevated temperature, pneumonia and pleurisy, antibiotics or sulfonamides can be injected (the same dose as before).
£¨16£© Poisoning by “zinc phosphide”
Cause: zinc phosphide is a phosphorus containing preparation. Cats are poisoned by ingestion or predation of rats killed by this drug. Symptoms: depressed or excited at the beginning of the disease, loss of appetite, not like to move, slight sweating, increased bowel sounds, excretion of thin feces, rapid breathing. Later, he did not eat or drink. He was frightened, his pupils narrowed and he was sweating. Local or systemic muscle tremor, mouth salivation, tears, runny nose. Then the heart rate increased, dyspnea, shivering all over the body, violent restlessness, sweating, frequent urination, fecal incontinence, fell to the ground like a coma, and finally died of respiratory center paralysis. Treatment: any of the following prescriptions can be used: (1) induce vomiting first, or wash stomach with 1% heavy Cao Shui or 1% salt water, (2) use 1% atropine sulfate as skin shot, 0.003, -, 0.005 g each time, (3) intramuscular injection of 0.015 “- 0.03g per kg body weight, (4) intramuscular injection of 25% chlorophosphoridine, 0.5 ml of adult cat each time, 5 times diluted with normal saline. In addition, to symptomatic treatment (such as strong heart, etc.).
£¨17£© Salt poisoning
Cause: lack of feeding experience, domestic cats lick salt, or feed leftover broth, especially pickled, marinated, salt, bacon soup, etc.) excessive amount of salt, causing poisoning. symptom. Extreme thirst, loss of appetite, vomiting, flushing of the mucous membrane of the lips, constipation or diarrhea, gnawing teeth, loss of consciousness. In severe cases, conjunctival congestion, walking instability, heart weakness, and finally feeling disappeared, hind limb paralysis, a sleepy state. The temperature is generally normal. Acute poisoning within a few days of death, chronic poisoning will appear anemia, body gradually emaciated. At the time of dissection, there were bleeding inflammation in gastrointestinal tract and multiple ulcers on gastric mucosa. The diagnosis was mainly based on extreme thirst, frequent drinking water and mucous membrane flushing. Treatment: any of the following prescriptions can be used: (1) gastric lavage, inject a large amount of clean warm water into the stomach, and then take 2-5 ml castor oil and appropriate amount of rice soup and other mucilage agents to make salt diarrhea and protect gastrointestinal mucosa; (2) when there is “wind pumping phenomenon, oral administration of the sedative” dongmianling 1 / 4-1 / 3 tablets “.
£¨18£© Burn and rat bite
The cause of the disease is that t family cats are particularly timid and cold in winter. They like to lie by the hearth and stove. Some of them even drill into the firewood stove after meals to keep warm, so they are easy to be burned and scalded. In addition, when the cat catches mice, it is also easy to be bitten by rats. Symptoms: General livestock burns can be divided into four categories, namely, first, second, third and fourth degree burns. Domestic cats are sensitive and usually have first degree burns (mild burns). The main feature is skin flushing or slight edema. The naked eye can see that the hair is burnt and the skin surface is slightly damaged, and there is pain. Sometimes a layer of epidermis is falls off without leaving scar. If it is bitten by a mouse, it can be seen that the injured part mostly occurs in the forelimb, and the blood and exudate often adhere to the fur around the injured part Even, the cat kept licking with its tongue to clear the blood. treatment. One of the following prescriptions can be selected: (1) after scalding, carefully remove the scorched hair of the injured part and the surrounding area, clean the injured surface with warm boiled water, dry it with sterilized gauze, and then coat it with 5-10% potassium permanganate solution for 2-3 times to promote the growth of the injured surface; (2) for the less serious cases, shikonin oil and Wanhua oil (patent medicine, medicine) can be applied (3) in case of suppuration, clean with 0.5% Furacilin Solution or 4% boric acid solution, wet compress or spread edible vinegar; (4) if the wound is bitten by a mouse, the bloodstained fur around the wound should be cut off as soon as possible, and the whole wound should be exposed. After cleaning with warm boiled water, 5% iodine wine should be smeared, several times a day. (5) in case of suppuration after rat bite, the skin should be cleaned with 5% iodine To remove the necrosis of the wound, apply purple potion (also known as gentian violet and blue potion) several times a day until the wound becomes crazy. In order to prevent wound infection and secondary systemic symptoms, in addition to taking the above measures, we can also consider feeding antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Cat in the process of disease, often appear a variety of abnormal phenomena, medical known as clinical symptoms. As long as the cat owners often observe the cat’s daily life habits and detect the abnormal situation as soon as possible, they can know whether the cat is sick in time. The abnormal performance of sick cats generally has the following aspects: mental state, sick cats often show listlessness, like to lie down, no mind or half closed eyes. The more serious the condition is, the weaker the reaction will be, and even coma and disappearance of various reflexes (such as pupil’s reflection to light) and so on. Some may also have a kind of opposite mental disorder, that is, the cat is excited and restless, turns around, bites things disorderly, barks, manic and so on. The cat with nutritional condition often has rough, dry, lack of luster, thin and energetic back hair. Healthy cats are usually smooth and lustrous with plump muscles. Temperature can be measured directly with a thermometer. In general, the nose of a cat can be observed. If the nose is dry, it is a sign of high body temperature. In addition, the skin temperature changes of the ear root and body surface can also be used as a reference for body temperature. The body temperature of healthy cats is 38.0-39.5 ¡æ. Once the cat’s temperature rises, it is often accompanied by thirst, listlessness, slow action, loss of appetite and other phenomena. Posture cat’s abnormal posture when standing, lying down, walking and jumping is also a kind of disease of cat. For example, the cat’s limbs are painful and often limp when walking, and the posture is not correct when standing. When the cat has abdominal pain, it often curls up with its head under the abdomen and lies in unnatural posture. The normal breathing rate of breathing cats is 20-30 times per minute. If the number of breaths is increased or decreased, and at the same time, dyspnea, nostril dilation, or even mouth breathing, abdominal fan movement, it indicates that you may have respiratory diseases or other systemic diseases. However, attention should be paid to distinguish between seasons, temperatures, and changes in cat’s normal physiological respiration caused by changes in activity. Generally speaking, the sick cats have different degrees of anorexia and refeeding. Of course, we should pay attention to the difference between the cat’s picky eating habits and the amount of water the cat drinks. If cats have fever or diarrhea, the amount of drinking water will often increase when they are dehydrated, but when they are seriously ill or seriously exhausted, the amount of drinking water will be reduced or even not. The eyes of a cat are bright. The changes of cat’s third eye face are also closely related to the disease. Under normal circumstances, the third eye face has an inner angle in the cat’s eyes, which can’t be seen at ordinary times. When the kitten is sick, the third eye face will protrude and cover up part of the eyeball, sometimes even half of the eyeball. The more prominent the third eye face, the more serious the condition is. In addition, when healthy, the cat’s eyes are very clean, very little secretion. If the disease, the eyes will appear purulent or serous secretions. When observing the cat’s eyes, it is also necessary to pay attention to whether the eyes and faces of both sides are symmetrical. For example, swelling in one case often indicates that there is local disease of the eye; if both sides are swollen at the same time, it is mostly caused by systemic diseases such as heart, * *, and severe malnutrition. The normal color of the mouth cat is light pink. When the cat has a fever, its mouth becomes flushed, when it is anemic, it is pale, when it is sick, it is brown when it is sick, and it is purple when it is seriously ill. In addition, we should also pay attention to the cat’s oral secretions, tongue surface, gingiva, buccal mucosa, throat, whether there are blisters, ulceration, swelling and other abnormalities. In cats with normal nose, the tip of the nose is cold and moist. If the cat’s nose is hot, dry, or even cracked, it is abnormal. In addition, cats rarely have a runny nose, which can be a sign of a disease. The ears of a cat move freely and are sensitive to sound. The opposite is true of sick cats. In addition, attention should be paid to whether there are secretions, hair loss and other abnormal phenomena in the cat’s ear. Vomit cats throw up easily when they say goodbye. Vomiting in cats can be divided into pathological and physiological vomiting. Physiological vomiting is a normal phenomenon, but if it is caused by gastrointestinal disease, fever. Those caused by cold, pneumonia, * * disease, food poisoning, foreign bodies in the stomach, parasites or gastric bleeding, expensive choice should not be taken lightly. Coughing and sneezing a cat sneezing is often a sign of catching a col