Why do dogs shed tears

       When the dog’s tears are serious, the dog will always cry. So the host should use eye drops to wash its eyes.

       Five ways to remove dog’s tears:

       1. Take a clean towel and wipe the dog’s eyes with warm water every day. Pay special attention to the eye socket, which is especially easy to hide dirt.

       2. Trim the hair around the eyes to avoid the hair irritating conjunctiva and tearing.

       3. If the eyes are too dry or secretions are too much, you can use artificial tears or use physiological saline water to wash and clean the eyes. This truth is the same as people have to wash their faces every day, and dogs will not wash their own faces, and certainly need the care of their owners!

       4. Eye massage three times a week can make the dog feel comfortable and enhance the relationship between the dog and the owner. On the other hand, it can help smooth the nasolacrimal duct and reduce the occurrence of tear marks.

       Extended data

       Dog tears are a kind of secretion from the eyes of pet dogs. The lacrimal gland is an accessory organ of the eye. Under normal circumstances, the lacrimal glands secrete tears to moisten the eyeball and then enter the nasal cavity through the lacrimal duct, which will not flow out from the corner of the eye. For example, when animals cry, the lacrimal gland divides too much tear and cannot be discharged from the lacrimal duct, tears will flow out from the corner of the eye. Over time, tears formed.

       Reference Baidu Encyclopedia_ Dog tears

       Always shed tears, is likely to be suffering from eye disease! So you don’t have to be big. You have to treat it quickly.

       Lacrimal gland inflammation

       The main reason is that the lacrimal gland which secretes tears is infected, which causes abnormal large amount of tear secretion, and the nasolacrimal duct has no time to dredge so many tears, which will lead to the outflow of tears, and over time will form ugly tear marks.

       Treatment: the common way is to use drug control, and the treatment period should be based on the severity of the situation, which may vary from five days to four weeks.

       There are many reasons for tears. The common causes are conjunctivitis, keratitis, eyelid entropion, inverted eyelashes and foreign bodies, trauma and other factors caused by pathogenic infection, such as bacteria, viruses, mold, etc., can also lead to more tears and nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The best treatment is to find out the cause of disease, and then symptomatic treatment

       There may be mild keratitis, usually caused by trauma or foreign bodies, and can occur in some infectious and parasitic diseases.

       The main symptoms of acute keratitis are shyness, tears, pain, eyelid atresia, conjunctival flush.

       I suggest you take it to the pet hospital to have a good look

       1. Diet: if your dog’s food tastes very heavy, then you should pay attention to the tear marks, which may be the reason for this. Change the light and salt free ones as soon as possible. Pay attention to the fact that the dog sometimes has too much tear secretion due to food sensitivity (dog food is very important, sometimes change the dog food, you will find unexpected effect, it depends on your dog What kind of dog food is suitable for).

       2. On fire: if your dog urine is very yellow, usually do not want to drink water, tears are likely to be the reason for this, usually drink more water, add apple vinegar in the water can also play a certain role, brand is not limited, add a bottle cap each time, if the concentrated is less, add a few drops.

       3. Beauty problem: This is the easiest to find. If you find that the hair around the dog’s eyes is always pricking into the eyes, and the hair around the eyes is too long and irritating to the eyes, it is that the hair is not repaired well during the beauty, you can cut it yourself.

       4. Lacrimal gland blockage: This is more troublesome, need a little bit of treatment, eye drops must have, can use “Lambert zaciwellen – dispel tear mark liquid”, 25 yuan a bottle, very good, in addition also useful Weidi and so on. (it’s very important to massage the corners of your eyes. Don’t finish the eye drops, just massage).

       5. There is also the need to often dig ears, ear hair, ears dirty things are easy to shed tears; or there are people smoking at home or living in poor air; there is another reason is that dogs are born with more tears.

       One reason: ear canal infection

       When the ear canal is infected by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or swelling, pain and itching of the ear, dogs often scratch their ears with their hind feet. Because the auditory nerve and facial nerve are interlaced on the face, it is a very sensitive area, and the pain in the deep part of the ear canal will extend around the eyes and stimulate the secretion of lacrimal glands, When too much tears can not be discharged from the nasolacrimal duct, it will overflow from the corner of the eye near the nose. After a long time of accumulation, the brown tear stains on the hair will be very obvious.

       Treatment: you can ask a doctor to diagnose the cause of ear canal infection, and then choose the right treatment. Do not buy ear medicine for treatment. As a result, ear disease becomes drug-resistant, which makes it more difficult to treat ear diseases. When the treatment of ear canal disease is completed, tears no longer secrete exuberant, at this time, how many tears will be found to disappear automatically.

       Cause 2: obstruction of nasolacrimal duct

       Because the nasolacrimal duct is inflamed and swollen due to infection, the whole pipe is completely blocked or not completely blocked, so the tears can not be discharged from the nasolacrimal duct normally, and will naturally overflow, and then form ugly tear marks.

       Treatment: Generally speaking, the veterinarian will recommend the use of antibiotics for treatment, combined with the implementation of small surgery to unobstruct the nasolacrimal duct, which should be improved. This treatment method and frequency will vary according to the degree of symptoms. It may take several rounds to dredge the nasolacrimal duct to solve the problem of obstruction of nasolacrimal duct.

       Reason 3: eyelid entropion

       Eyelid entropion, also known as the condition of inverted eyelashes, can cause eyelashes to stimulate the cornea all the time. This situation will make the eyes feel very uncomfortable, and then frequently scratch the eyes with their forelimbs. As a result, they are often seen with watery appearance, and also cause very serious tear marks.

       Treatment: the treatment of entropion usually involves surgery to solve this problem, which can be effectively solved by cutting the eyelids and burning the eyelash follicles.

       Cause 4: lacrimal gland inflammation

       If the lacrimal glands that secrete tears are infected, resulting in abnormal large amount of tears, and the nasolacrimal duct has no time to dredge so many tears, it will lead to the outflow of tears, and over time will form ugly tear marks.

       Treatment: the common way is to use drug control, treatment period is the severity of the situation, may vary from five days to four weeks.

       Reason 5: special breed of dog and cat

       This phenomenon usually occurs in dogs with short noses (e.g. pug, Xishi, and hound dogs) or flat faced cats (such as Persia and jinjila). Because such dogs and cats have a large curvature of the nasolacrimal duct, the amount of tears discharged is limited. Even if the normal amount of water secreted by tears can not be loaded, it will cause unsightly tear marks and even black eye frames.

       1. Oral diseases. For example: the baby bear is prone to tears during the tooth changing period. However, many of them are cured when they are adults, or they can be cured by simple treatment.

       2. Emotional issues. See if your dog has a girlfriend recently.

       3. The food is too salty. Usually pay attention to the dog’s food, do not make salty, ham should be cut into small pieces to boil, to salt, and buy it a bottle of dog eye wash, it’s OK.

       4. Human problems. See if someone is bullying your dog recently.

       5. The air is not good. The air at home is not circulating, and there are many microorganisms in the air. When entering the dog’s eyes, the eyes will secrete antibodies to eliminate the microorganisms, which will lead to tears.

       Dog tears will make the eyes too wet, eye droppings increase, and contaminate the hair around the eyes. In order to cure the problem of dog tears, we must first find out the real causes of dog tears. The most common causes of tears in dog’s eyes: the eyes are irritated by many reasons, such as the water from the bath water into the eyes when taking a bath; the eyes are pricked by grass or other things when going out to play; or the dog always tears when smelling the irritating smell. However, this situation will usually be cured. The dog’s eyes will be washed with a lot of tears, and the irritant things will be discharged. Generally, it will get better in the next day, and it will be completely good in the third day. Problems that need surgery to cure: trichiasis some breeds of dogs are born with trichiasis, which may not be known when they are young. As the dog grows longer and longer, the situation of tears becomes more and more obvious. Trichiasis refers to the dog’s eyelashes are not along the eyes to the outside, but one or two will go into the eyes long, so always stimulate the eyes will also cause non-stop tears. This situation needs to be treated by surgery, which is similar to the double eyelid surgery of people. After the operation, the problem of dog’s total tears can be completely solved. Need eye medicine or eye ointment can cure the problem: eye inflammation caused by dog eye inflammation, there are many reasons, I can not say specifically. When the dog’s eyes appear continuous tears, and the eyes are red, swelling around the eyes, it indicates that the dog’s eyes have inflammation. We can use eye drops (usually chloramphenicol eye drops) and eye ointment (chloramphenicol or chloramphenicol eye ointment) to play a therapeutic role. Often also in the second day of medication has obvious improvement, three or four days should be basically good. It’s not the eye problem that causes the dog to shed tears: the obstruction of nasolacrimal duct and the problem of ear. Dogs and people, the internal organs of the head are also connected. As mentioned above, the blockage of nasolacrimal duct and the problem of ears may cause the dog to shed tears. However, we can’t find these two kinds of problems directly, so we can only turn to the doctor. So if your dog has ruled out the above three conditions, you should consider taking him to a doctor for a comprehensive examination. Because of the problem of diet, dogs always shed tears: eating meat or viscera too much. I think this is similar to the situation of people getting angry. To be exact, dogs don’t always shed tears as mentioned above, but there are more tears and more eye droppings. For some white dogs, there are more similar stains around the eyes.

       If the dog’s eyeballs are normal, there should be nothing wrong. If you don’t worry, ask the doctor again

       It is suggested that dogs should have a small bowl of dry and static water instead of running water. I think pure water or mineral water is better. When changing water, wash the wall of the bowl, otherwise it is easy to breed bacteria

       Wash and clean the crisp and tender leaves of Chinese cabbage and feed it to the dog. It can be broken into small pieces, and the dog can chew on the cold prevention vegetable by himself. It should go to get angry

       In addition, do not give the dog to drink general milk or milk powder, this is not digestible

       If you see it weeping again, wipe it off with a paper towel without perfume, or it will be too wet there

       Time: May 18, 2011

       Source: pedogue Pet Beauty School

       Author: pedogue Pet Beauty School

       Click:

       second

       Tears can lead to excessive wet eyes, increased eye droppings, and the hair around the eyes. The most common cause of dog eyes always tears: eyes are stimulated, there are many reasons to stimulate the dog’s eyes, such as bathing when there is water into the eyes; go out to play when the eye is pricked by grass or other things; or smell a pungent smell will make the dog always tears. However, this situation will usually be cured. The dog’s eyes will be washed with a lot of tears, and the irritant things will be discharged. Generally, it will get better in the next day, and it will be completely good in the third day.

       Trichiasis: a problem that needs surgery to cure

       Some breeds of dogs are born with the problem of trichiasis, which may not be obvious when they are young. As the dog grows older, the situation of tears will become more and more obvious.

       Trichiasis refers to the dog’s eyelashes are not along the eyes to the outside, but one or two will go into the eyes long, so always stimulate the eyes will also cause non-stop tears.

       This situation needs to be treated by surgery, which is similar to the double eyelid surgery of people. After the operation, the problem of dog’s total tears can be completely solved. Problems that need to be treated with eye medicine or ointment: inflammation of the eye. There are many causes of eye inflammation in dogs. When the dog’s eyes appear to be constantly shed tears, and the eyes are red and swollen around the eyes, it indicates that the dog’s eyes have inflammation.

       Eye medicine (usually chloramphenicol eye drops can) and eye ointment (aureomycin or chloramphenicol eye ointment) can play a therapeutic role. Often also in the second day of medication has obvious improvement, three or four days should be basically good. It’s not eye problems that cause the dog to shed tears all the time: clogged nasolacrimal ducts and ear problems

       Dogs and people, the internal organs of the head are also connected, as mentioned above nasolacrimal duct blockage and ear problems may cause dogs to shed tears, but we can not directly find these two kinds of problems, we can only turn to the doctor. So if your dog has ruled out the above three conditions, you should consider taking him to a doctor for a comprehensive examination.

       Attention dog assistant reminds you: dogs and people, the head of the internal organs are also connected, like the above-mentioned nasolacrimal duct blockage and ear problems may cause the dog’s tears, but we can’t directly find these two kinds of problems, we can only turn to the doctor. So if your dog has ruled out the above three conditions, you should consider taking him to a doctor for a comprehensive examination.

       Because of eating problems caused by the dog always shed tears: eat meat or viscera too much.

       I think this is similar to the situation of people getting angry. To be exact, dogs do not always shed tears like the above-mentioned, but only more tears, accompanied by excessive eye droppings. For some white dogs, there are more similar stains around the eyes.

       Cause one ear canal infection: the ear is closely related to the eyes. If the ear canal is infected or the ear appears swelling and pain, the dog will scratch the ear with its back foot, because the nerves of the ear and the eye are interlaced and very sensitive. When the scratching force is exerted, the dog’s eyes will shed tears.

       Reason 2 nasolacrimal duct blockage: when the dog’s nasolacrimal duct is inflamed and swollen due to infection, the whole duct will be completely blocked. Even if the blockage is not complete, tears can not be discharged from the nasolacrimal duct normally, so the tears will naturally overflow and over time will form tear marks.

       For example, when the dog’s eyelid is not treated in time, there are many reasons for the dog’s tears.

       Please read the following materials patiently and carefully!! It’s all about the detailed answers to your questions and some of my personal experiences!! I hope it will help you more or less…………………… Many people are very emotional, they say dogs cry and cry. Of course, sometimes dogs cry because they are afraid or sad. They will cry, but they will be silent. I remember that one summer morning, I went to study. It was still very early. I could see that there was a pickup truck near our community. Several people were wearing the same color of clothes and holding a long object in their hands, like iron bars. But because the distance was too far to see, there were several middle-aged women in pajamas shouting. I don’t know what happened. Out of curiosity, I ran up to see it. It turns out that there are several iron cages at the back of the car, and there are many dogs in the cage. This reflects that they came to catch the dog in the early morning. The hands of those wearing the same clothes are long and large iron pliers, which are specially used to clamp dogs into the cage (this is not evaluated). When they are quarreling, and I stand very close to the dogs, watching them, some of them are anxious to make “Gu Gu Gu” sound; some are nervous and huddle in a corner, and some are shaking with fear. I am particularly impressed by one dog, lying on his stomach, looking at a direction in despair, and still crying. At that time, I couldn’t say how sad I was when I saw it. I was stupid. I didn’t expect the dog’s emotion to be so rich. We must be kind to dogs. They are our friends! Of course, sometimes the dog tears does not mean that the dog is crying! There are many reasons why dogs cry! Maybe I’m sick. I’m……………………… Dog’s eye droppings and tears 1. Dog’s eye droppings: for dogs with normal eyes and problems, dog’s eyes and lacrimal glands will also have secretions, just as people have eye droppings. Usually, dog’s eye droppings are light colored and turn brown after drying. Sometimes, the inner corners of the eyes form a hard mass, which is easy to clean. 1. When a dog produces a large number of brown eye droppings, it shows that there is something wrong with the eyes: if there is something wrong with the dog’s eyes, there will be more dog eye droppings, and the color is very dark and turbid, which is not only concentrated in the corners of the eyes, but also around the eyes. There are many reasons for dog’s eye problems, which may be due to diet, such as eating too much viscera, getting a little angry like a human being, eye inflammation caused by stimulation, and of course, more serious diseases. These health problems can be reflected in eye dropsy, so dog eye dropsy is also a problem that can not be ignored. 2. You can have a small treatment: if the dog suddenly has an increase in eye dropsy, you need to pay attention to see whether the dog’s eyes are in tears, to see if the eyes are particularly red, and to think about what causes it. You can give it a little bit of chloramphenicol eye drops to try, generally for small irritation caused by inflammation, will work. Usually one day, the dog’s eye dropsy, tears, red eyes will soon improve, if used for a day or two, there is no sign of improvement, then you need to take the dog to see a doctor. 3. It is very important for long haired and light colored dogs to clean their eye droppings in time: of course, there is such a situation. Dogs have more eye droppings, and there is nothing abnormal. It is more important to clean up the dog’s eye droppings in time, especially for the light colored long haired dogs. Long haired dogs have more hair, so it’s easy to get hair into their eyes. Although, you will find that the sensitivity of the dog’s eyes is far worse than that of the human. Sometimes when you see the root hair in the eyes, it will not have any uncomfortable performance. But hair into the eyes will certainly have certain irritation to the eyes, so long haired dogs are easy to produce brown eye droppings, or more eye droppings. For this kind of dog, cleaning eye droppings is more important than short hair and dark dogs. If you don’t clean it in time, the eye poop will dye the hair under the dog’s eyes to reddish brown like a dye. If you want to wash off this color, it can be said that it is more difficult than going to the sky. Dogs that are prone to tear marks due to eye droppings: bixiong, lady, ancient shepherd dog, bearded shepherd dog, Polly, komon, Xishi, light colored pine lion (easy to cause eye inflammation due to inner eyelashes), etc. This kind of dog is characterized by big eyes, long hair around the eyes and light coat color. 2¡¢ Dog tears: first of all, you need to know what is the cause of your dog’s tears? 1. Diet: If your dog’s food tastes very strong, then you should pay attention to the tear marks, which may be the reason for this. Change the light and salt free ones as soon as possible. Pay attention to the fact that the dog sometimes secretes too much tears due to food sensitivity (dog food is very important, sometimes you will find unexpected effects by changing the food, depending on what kind of dog food your dog is suitable for (yes). 2. On fire: if your dog urine is very yellow, usually do not want to drink water, tears are likely to be the reason for this, usually drink more water, add apple vinegar in the water can also play a certain role, brand is not limited, add a bottle cap each time, if the concentrated is less, add a few drops. 3. Beauty problem: This is the easiest to find. If you find that the hair around the dog’s eyes is always pricking into the eyes, and the hair around the eyes is too long and irritating to the eyes, it is that the hair is not repaired well during the beauty, you can cut it yourself. 4. Lacrimal gland blockage: This is more troublesome, need a little bit of treatment, eye drops must have, can use “Lambert zaciwellen – dispel tear mark liquid”, 25 yuan a bottle, very good, in addition also useful Weidi and so on. (massage the corners of your eyes. This is very important. Don’t finish the eyedrops. Massage them). 5. There is also the need to often dig ears, ear hair, ears dirty things are easy to shed tears; or there are people smoking at home or living in poor air; there is another reason is that dogs are born with more tears. To the dog’s tears: ¢Ù pet shop has to sell tear stains of the potion, to try it. ¢Ú Cut the yellow hair. ¢Û Insist on washing face with warm water sooner or later and blow dry after washing. ¢Ü If the inflammation is serious, you can use chlorphenamine, but don’t use it every day. ¢Ý Removing tear marks is not a day or two can be removed, the most basic is to pay attention to diet, the best is dog food, do not give it to eat people eat too salty food too heavy, salty eat not only will appear tear marks, but also will appear dog skin (that is, equivalent to human scalp scraps), abnormal hair removal phenomenon, serious will cause liver hydrops and liver edema. ¢Þ Or use cotton gauze to dip in the tea you have drunk and wipe it gently. After a period of time, you will get better.

       Time: February 23, 2011 source: pedogue pet beautician training school Author: yanghn Click: many pet owners found the dog tearful, affectionate looking at themselves, as a caring and responsible owner, do you know, the dog has been crying, is likely to suffer from eye disease! * reason 1: ear canal infection many people listen to it, which will inevitably doubt the relationship between eye tear marks and ears. In fact, the relationship can be very big, and this is also the most common cause of dog tear marks. When the ear canal is infected by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or swelling, pain and itching of the ear, dogs often scratch their ears with their hind feet. Because the auditory nerve and facial nerve are interlaced on the face, it is a very sensitive area, and the pain in the deep part of the ear canal will extend around the eyes and stimulate the secretion of lacrimal glands, When too much tears can not be discharged from the nasolacrimal duct, it will overflow from the corner of the eye near the nose. After a long time of accumulation, the brown tear stains on the hair will be very obvious. Treatment method: you can ask a doctor to diagnose the cause of ear canal infection, and then choose the right treatment method. Do not buy ear medicine at will, which will lead to drug resistance of ear disease and make it more difficult to treat ear diseases. When the treatment of ear canal disease is completed, tears no longer secrete exuberant, at this time, how many tears will be found to disappear automatically. * reason 2: nasolacrimal duct blockage: inflammation and swelling of nasolacrimal duct due to infection, resulting in complete or incomplete blockage of the whole pipe. As a result, tears can not be discharged from nasolacrimal duct normally, which will naturally overflow and form unsightly tear marks. Treatment: Generally speaking, the veterinarian will recommend antibiotics for treatment, combined with the implementation of small surgery to smooth the nasolacrimal duct, which should be improved. This treatment method and frequency will vary according to the degree of symptoms. It may take several rounds to dredge the nasolacrimal duct to solve the problem of obstruction of nasolacrimal duct. * reason 3: entropion eyelid entropion, which is the so-called inverted eyelashes, can cause eyelashes to stimulate the cornea all the time. This situation will make the wangwangmeow eyes feel very uncomfortable, and then frequently scratch the eyes with their forelimbs. Therefore, they are often seen to have watery appearance and also cause very serious tear marks. Treatment: for entropion, surgery is usually performed to solve this problem, which can be effectively solved by cutting the eyelid eyelids and burning the hair follicles. * reason 4: lacrimal gland inflammation is mainly due to the infection of the lacrimal gland which secretes tears, resulting in abnormal large amount of tear secretion, and the nasolacrimal duct has no time to clear up so many tears, which will lead to the outflow of tears and the formation of ugly tear marks over time. Treatment: the common way is to use drug control, and the treatment period should be based on the severity of the situation, which may vary from five days to four weeks. * cause 5: hereditary disease primary tear excess disease is a hereditary disease. Tears are often secreted too much, which can easily cause tear stains. * reason 6: special breed of dog and cat This phenomenon usually occurs in dogs with short noses (e.g. pug, Xishi, and hound dogs) or flat faced cats (such as Persia and jinjila). Because such dogs and cats have a large curvature of the nasolacrimal duct, the amount of tears discharged is limited. Even if the normal amount of water secreted by tears can not be loaded, it will cause unsightly tear marks and even black eye frames. The above statement is often judged as the cause of dog’s tear stains. It is only provided to the owners who have the same troubles for reference. However, I would like to remind you that if you want to know exactly the problems and factors causing dog and cat disease, you’d better seek the help of professional veterinarian. After correct diagnosis, the treatment time of dog and cat disease will not be delayed!

       1¡¢ Falling foreign matter

       When the dog goes out to play, some sand dust may blow down into the eyes. Tiny particles will cause great irritation to the eyes, causing pain and causing tears. At this time, the owner of the dog should check whether there are some small foreign bodies on the upper and lower eyelids and conjunctiva surface of the dog. When foreign bodies are found, some eye drops with bactericidal effect can be used for repeated flushing until the foreign bodies come out.

       2¡¢ Congenital inverted eyelashes

       The growth direction of some dog eyelashes is different from that of normal dog’s eyelashes. This part of dog’s eyelashes grow towards the eyeball. When reaching a certain length, it will be back stabbed to the eyeball, which will stimulate the eyeball for a long time, causing the dog’s eyes to shed tears, the eyelids will have the phenomenon of redness, and there will be tear marks at the corners of the eyes. For this part of the dog, the owner needs to regularly check the length of the dog’s eyelashes, when reaching a certain length, trim or remove the eyelashes. As the eye is very close to the eyelashes, careful operation is required to remove and trim the eyelashes to avoid damaging the dog’s eyes.

       3¡¢ Improper diet

       When a dog eats some high calorie and high salinity dog food for a long time, it is easy to cause a fire, resulting in tears, more eye droppings and darker tear marks. At this time, the dog owner needs to adjust the dog’s diet structure, eat more light food, dog food can choose some balanced nutrition of ecological dog food, such as home fun ecological dog food. In daily life, you can also make some nutritious meals for your dog. During this period, you should let your dog drink more water.

       Extended data:

       How to reduce tear marks:

       1. Just said that too salty diet will make dogs cry a lot, so the best diet is light and low salt natural dog food. Here we recommend “greedy but not greasy natural dog food”. It is low in salt and low in oil, rich in protein, which can meet the nutrition of dogs every day, and can relieve the dog’s tear marks and hair loss. It’s best to match carrots, cooked egg yolk and other healthy ingredients to provide more vitamins and minerals.

       2. Pay more attention to the dog’s mental health, accompany the dog more, provide a happy and comfortable living environment for the dog, reduce the situation of tears.

       3. Usually pay attention to help dog care, owners can often help dogs wipe eyes, but pay attention not to hurt eyes.

       Reference: Baidu Encyclopedia dog

       1. Ear canal infection

       When the ear canal is infected by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or swelling, pain and itching of the ear, dogs often scratch their ears with their hind feet. Because the auditory nerve and facial nerve are interlaced on the face, it is a very sensitive area, and the pain in the deep part of the ear canal will extend around the eyes and stimulate the secretion of lacrimal glands, When to

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *